Posts Tagged ‘sum assured’

Surge in Vehicles Sales Pushes Profit of General Insurance Industry, Up :)

general insurance

The general insurance industry reported growth of 14 per cent in July, mainly due to sales of motor insurance policies.


In July, passenger vehicle sales reported growth of 29.1 per cent and commercial vehicle sales grew at 9.6 per cent.

Consequently, sales of motor insurance policies also increased.


In the reporting month, gross written premiums (GWPs) of the public sector insurers stood at Rs 1,680 crore, which is higher by 13.5 per cent.

Private sector players’ GWPs grew 14 per cent at Rs 1,176 crore.


Meanwhile, state-owned players such as United India Insurance, New India Assurance and Oriental Insurance posted double-digit growths.


National Insurance was the only public player to have a single-digit growth.


Even as the public sector players posted a good growth,the two big private players — ICICI Lombard General Insurance and Bajaj Allianz General Insurance — registered negative growth.


However, market is picking up.

Though there is some slowdown in the travel insurance segment, but motor insurance is picking up.


Private Sector Life Insurers Sailing in Choppy Waters :(

Private insurers sailing in choppy waters

Even after 8 years in operations, most of the companies seem to be sailing in choppy waters while the latest profit/loss numbers reveals that almost all of the 22 companies are still making losses.


Net losses of the private sector life insurers have risen to a whopping Rs 4850 crore during the last fiscal from 2001-2002, showing a uncanny rise of over 2000%.


However, Reliance Life has suffered the highest loss of Rs 1085 crore and its pool of the policy holders fund is a meager Rs 50 crore.

Moreover, ICICI Prudential Life is sitting on a net loss of Rs 780 crore while the cushion for policy holders is Rs 200 crore.

As for Birla Sunlife, the loss amounts to Rs 700 crore with a 130 crore surplus for the policy holders fund while HDFC Standard Life has netted losses of Rs 500 crore with a policy holders fund of 160 crore.


Additionally, IRDA is looking at the numbers very closely now and is also doing a check on the risk profile of individual companies and trying to build in a system of early warning given the fact that life insurance is a long gestation business.


Meanwhile, it is the speedy expansion in business that has cost the companies dear and the coming days will see a change in strategy.


At the same it is said that such multi million losses may hit valuations of private life insurers especially if the companies are keen to list on the stock exchanges.




What is insurance?

We face a lot of risks in our daily lives. Some of these lead to financial losses. Insurance is a way of protecting against these financial losses. For a payment (premium), an insurance company will take the responsibility of compensating your financial losses.

What is general insurance?

Insuring anything other than human life is called general insurance. Examples are insuring property like house and belongings against fire and theft or vehicles against accidental damage or theft. Injury due to accident or hospitalization for illness and surgery can also be insured. Your liabilities to others arising out of the law can also be insured and is compulsory in some cases like motor third party insurance.

Why should one insure ?

One of the main reasons one should insure is to protect one’s belongings and assets against financial loss. When one has earned and accumulated property, protecting it is prudent. The law also requires us to be insured against some liabilities. That is, in case we should cause a loss to another person, that person is entitled to compensation. To ensure that we can afford to pay that compensation, the law requires us to buy liability insurance so that the responsibility of paying the compensation is transferred to an insurance company.

Who should buy general insurance?

Anyone who owns an asset can buy insurance to protect it against losses due to fire or theft and so on. Each one of us can insure our and our dependents’ health and well being through hospitalisation and personal accident policies. To buy a policy the person should be the one who will bear financial losses if they occur. This is called insurable interest.

What kinds of policies are there?

Most general insurance policies are annual – that is, they last for one year. Some policies are given for longer periods – like fire insurance for residences – and some for shorter periods – like insurance for goods transportation or for emergency medical treatment during foreign travel.

How much should I insure for?

The amount you insure for is called the sum assured. Normally a policy should cover the value of the asset – either the market value while insuring, or the cost of replacing the asset should it be lost or destroyed. The premium will depend on the sum assured.

What is the periodicity of premium payments?

Most general insurance policies are annual and the premium payment is in advance. No risk commences unless you have paid the premium. In some long term policies companies have the facility of collecting premiums periodically.

Why do different people have different premiums ?

The premium is calculated on the extent and nature of the cover you want. A higher sum insured means a higher rate of premium. Similarly a higher risk will be charged a higher premium. An example of this is that an older person will have to pay a higher premium for health insurance for the same sum insured. Sometimes the risk is higher depending on the location of risks – for example in motor insurance in areas where accidents are higher. So the premium will vary according to the nature and severity of the risk.
If I buy a policy and don’t make a claim, it is a loss. So, why should I buy insurance?

General insurance is not meant to be for savings or investment returns. It is meant for protection. What you pay for is the protection against a risk. To approach it as something from which returns should be obtained is not the correct approach as there is a price to pay for protecting a property worth lakhs for a few hundred rupees.