Posts Tagged ‘soyabean’

Commodity Weekly Commentary 20th – 24th September 2010

Its seems that sky is the limit for bullion counter now a days, as prices surged high to their life time highs on domestic bourses. However, strong Indian rupee limit the upside movement in prices in both gold and silver. In international markets gold hit a record high above $1,280 per ounce last week, as currency market jitters and broader economic uncertainty enticed more investors towards the metal’s safe-haven credentials. The metal’s rise this year has been fueled largely by investor nervousness that stemmed from the fallout from the euro zone debt crisis and from economic data that has suggested global economic growth may be losing momentum.

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Base metals also surged high last week on weakness in dollar index and after reassuring comments from China’s central bank about its plans to keep monetary policy loose. In energy counter crude oil lost its esteem and traded down. Crude traded around $76 per barrel amid low U.S inventories, while Chicago pipeline leak continues weighing on prices as new Tropical Storm Karl threatens the Gulf of Mexican. The EIA report showed a drop in fuel demand by 1% to 19.5 MB. Gasoline also shed 694 thousand barrels to 224.5 MB. This comes at a time where imports have reached their lowest level in five months.

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Unlike metals, agro commodities fell like nine pin, even fall in dollar index could not supported them very much. It was not a good week for spices as sellers were more active than buyers in spot market. Future market reacted in the same fashion. Panic selling was continued in turmeric, jeera and chilli as well. Cardamom was also the victim of arrival pressure and closed down. Stockiest liquidation at higher levels dragged down chana futures on NCDEX as well. With declining prices of churi and korma, guarseed and guargum continuously traded southward.

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Wheat closed down on negative cues. Furthermore, traders preferred profit booking at higher levels in menthe futures. Strong crop projection of soya bean along with rise in crop projection of mustard seed crop in rabi season compelled oilseeds and edible oil futures to trade in negative zone. Higher domestic stocks, imports in the middle of arrivals in the domestic mandies further pressurized the oil seeds prices. As per expectation, the total crop size of soyabean in the current season is likely to be around 95 lakh tonnes, up 2% from last year.

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However there was a commodity which surprised the market with its nonstop three week upside on higher offtake amid tight supply and it was maize.

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News Round Up 2nd -6th August 2010

•India’s food ministry proposes to sell 2.74 million metric tonnes of food grain over the next six months from federal stocks in a bid to free-up warehouse space.

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•The government has allowed export of 3,00,000 tonnes of rice and wheat through diplomatic channels to Bangladesh and Nepal.

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•Soyabean Processors Association of India expects soybean production in the country at 85 lakh tonnes (lt), which is far below last year’s 95 lt.

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•Turmeric area in Andhra Pradesh stood at 0.53 lakh hectare against 0.41 lakh hectare, nearly 101 % of the normal area covered.

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•Water level in India’s main reservoirs was at 19 per cent of capacity on July 22, 2 per cent higher than the previous week’s level, government data showed.

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•Wholesale Price Index For food articles 9.67% on week ending 17 July against 12.47% previous week.

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•Commodity futures market regulator FMC may consider the creation of an appellate tribunal akin to that in stock markets for the resolution of disputes between clients and brokers.

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•Supply from the OPEC (except Iraq) has averaged 26.95 million barrels per day (bpd) this month, up from 26.75 million bpd in June, according to the survey of oil firms, OPEC officials and analysts.

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SOYABEAN “Influenced by ………..”

Double digit food inflation has become a nightmare for Indian economy. Hot discussion is still on. But the question is how oil seeds will contribute in food inflation,  which is the major part of it and the second largest import item of India. What will be the price behavior of oil seeds in futures? Let us have a look.

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PAST YEAR MOVEMENT.

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If we have a look at the price movements of soyabean in the year 2009, it had started its yearly rally at around Rs 1900 per quintal with recovery in international palm oil and energy prices; it touched a yearly high of Rs 2824 per quintal. Smart recovery in international demand mainly from China and India coupled with crop loss in Brazil and Argentina played crucial role in giving upside to the international oilseeds and edible oil prices. Zero import duty on crude edible oil and very nominal duty on refined palmolein have favoured the import over domestic oils at the expenses of Indian oilseed producers and crushers.

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In the oilseeds complex, soybean futures gave the investors the second highest return of 21.86% after CPO at 28.03%.

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However, by the end of 2009, prices cooled off significantly and glimpsed a downside of and respectively.

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A ROAD TRIP TO CHINA………..

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In a very short time, China has built up what is likely the world’s largest soybean processing sector to produce soymeal & soyoil. U.S. has become.one of the major beneficiaries to satisfy the insatiable demand of China. China is the main driver of global soybean prices. The increasing demand.for animal protein in China & competing demand for its farmland, the country will not be able to increase its production & will have to import the.commodity to retain its huge appetite. China accounted for 79 percent of U.S. soybean exports in the week ended April 8,2010 according to a U.S.

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Department of Agriculture report. China is forecasted to account for 54 % of global imports of the oilseed, and 25% of purchases of the edible oil.this year, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

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EXIM SCENARIO

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During FY09-10, the soy meal exports were lower as compared to previous year except the month of October due to higher export price. Soyabean oil imports may exceed last year’s 990,000 tonne as the premium for soyabean oil over palm oil contract., Soyabean oil costs $92.66 a tonne more than palm oil, according to Bloomberg data. The premium narrowed to $60.81 on March 31, the lowest since November 7, 2007, reducing the appeal of palm oil, its substitute.

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SEMINAR OUTCOME

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Based on the outcome of meeting at 31st All India seminar on rabi oilseeds & oil trade and industry on 12th March, 2010 at New Delhi, total soyabean production has been set lower for this year at 85 lakh tonnes. The marketable surplus for crushing is also estimated to be lower at 75 lakh tonnes. The peak oilseed crushing season is the second half of the financial year, in which mills sign most of their meal supply contracts with overseas agencies. The Advance estimates peg oilseed production at 26.32 million tonnes, as compared to 28.16 million tonnes in last year second advance estimate which is 1.84 million tonnes less than the earlier estimates for 2008-09. However, the resulting overall production of Rabi oilseeds is lower than the earlier year’s 2nd advance estimates of 2007-08 & 2008-09 respectively.

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PRICE ANALYSIS of CURRENT SCENARIO

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NCDEX soybean futures have always been tracking the futures at CBOT& BMD alongwith the oilseeds complex futures at both NCDEX & MCX. This year soybean futures prices have been trading downtrend to sideways, starting the year at 2382 levels to a contract low of 1966.00 levels registered a decline of 13.72 % at the NCDEX.

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At CBOT soybean futures hit a three-month high, upbeat economic data from China strengthened the outlook for U.S. agriculture export demand & tracking firm crude oil market. The current status at the NCDEX & CBOT future market for soybean is in backwardation condition, where the prices of the forth-coming contracts are trading lower than the current month. This reveals that the overall trend is still bearish for this commodity. The factors supporting the bearish trend are:

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•Lack of fresh fundamentals & poor export demand.

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•Subdued trading activity.

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•According to the Solvent Extractors’ Association of India, the soybean stocks as on 1st April is at 4.5 million tonnes.

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•Factors such as record output in Brazil and Argentina is limiting the rally.

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SO, WHAT NEXT?

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In short term, the soybean futures are expected to trade on a positive note due to short covering and fresh buying at lower levels. In medium term, the future market may get some initial strength, taking a support at 2000 levels & also from the lower dollar and higher crude oil prices. If crude oil prices continue to rise, production cost of soybeans likely will continue to rise, & these higher costs necessitate higher corn and soybean prices for farmers to be profitable. However, downside is expected to be limited based on recovery of soybean prices since the beginning of month of April.

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We can expect the futures to witness the level of 2400 in the months to come.

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