Posts Tagged ‘Rupee’

CURRENCY FUTURE – BETTER FUTURE FOR CURRENCY TRADERS

There is good news for currency traders who would like to trade in currency futures. After trading in dollar-rupee futures, now corporate and retail investors will also be able to trade in currencies such as Euro, and Japanese Yen.

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Currently dollar-rupee futures are trading on three recognized exchanges, NSE, MCX Stock Exchange and BSE. But the currency derivative is liquid only on the first two bourses, which have together posted an average daily turnover of around Rs. 18,566 crore in December, up from a couple of thousand crore when the currency futures trading commenced in the second-half of 2008.

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NSE commenced currency futures trading in India on 29th August 2008. It has witnessed healthy growth in the turnover and open interest positions during its first completed month of currency futures trading in India.

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Brief of currency future

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Currency futures contracts are those contracts which allow investors to hedge against foreign exchange risk and traders to speculate on the movement in Currency. Since these contracts are marked-to-market daily, investors can exit from their obligation to buy or sell the currency prior to the contract’s delivery date.

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Major Profitable accounts

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The introduction of new currency pairs will go a long way in helping market participants, especially international traders, hedge against cross-currency Volatility and mitigate risk in export and imports across all major traded currencies and will add depth to the exchange-traded currency futures market.

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Along with the above mentioned participants, Currency futures trading in India has generated huge interest among Indian retail investors and traders.

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There is a strong demand for information gathering about the intricacies of currency futures from small investors and enterprises. For instance, entities that have borrowings in Euro will get one more avenue, apart from the over-the-counter market that is dominated by banks, to hedge them against volatility in the 16-nation common currency.

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Due to the transparent mechanism of execution in currency futures trade, increased participation by corporations and high net worth individuals, too, could be witnessed.

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Contract specification

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As in the case of the dollar-rupee futures, the contract size has been fixed at 1,000 units each for pound and euro, and 100,000 units for the yen, across 12 concurrently available contracts, one for each month.

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The contracts, like the existing dollar futures, would be cash-settled in rupees and the settlement price would be at RBI’s reference rate for all the four currencies.

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However, there are different initial margins (cash) that an investor needs to put up for trading each currency on day one and subsequently though this has not been changed for the dollar.

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The market regulator has also decided to modify the calendar spread margin to be applied on the dollar-rupee contracts.

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All the new contracts would be quoted in rupee terms, while the outstanding positions would be in the respective foreign currency terms.

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The maximum maturity of the contract would be 12 months, while all monthly maturities from 1 to 12 months would be made available.

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The contracts would be settled in cash in rupees.

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The client-level position limit has been capped at 6 per cent of the total open interest position.

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Responses:

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Market participants responded enthusiastically to the inclusion of these new currency pairs. The three new currency pairs clocked Rs. 1,98,761 contracts resulting from 7,762 trades at a total value of Rs. 1,277.13-crore on the NSE on day first, which is approximately comes out to be 9.61 percent of the total turnover in value terms. Out of the three new pairs, euro-rupee (EURINR) was the most traded currency pair clocking 1, 82,013 contracts.

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Total contracts and open interest in EUR/INR and GBP/INR:



First Traders inception of currency futures 🙂

The first trade in the new currency pairs was executed by East India Securities, IndusInd Bank executed the first trade amongst banks. Union Bank was the first PSU bank to trade and execute the single largest trade. ICICI Bank and State Bank also participated actively. This market has now become bigger than the cash segment of the equity market, which recorded average volumes of Rs. 20,000 crore last month.

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The beauty of exchange-traded currency futures are that they allow a participant to directly buy or sell the Dollar,Euro,Yen or GBP without having an underlying exposure, so it’s also a view-based market. One can take this opportunity of investing smartly in currency futures and gain by every tick.

Stay Tuned for More updates 🙂

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FII investment, this year, is the highest ever inflow in India

FDI inflow India Last year Touched 80 Thousand crores

The FII investment of Rs 80,500 crore in 2009 is the highest ever inflow in the country in rupee terms in a single year and comes a year after they pulled out over Rs 50,000 crore.

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FII inflow so far this year has broken the previous high of Rs 71,486 crore parked by foreign fund houses in domestic equities in 2007.

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Market analysts believe that the FII inflow in India may continue in the next year as well, if the liquidity conditions remain strong.

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As per Market experts, FIIs are expected to continue to be positive on domestic markets and in general Indian markets seems to fare well in 2010.

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Delhi-based SMC Capitals Ltd’s Equity Head Jagannadham Thunuguntla has supported the view, saying,

“If liquidity conditions remain strong next year, one can expect FII inflow to remain strong into India even in 2010 as well.”

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The Bombay Stock Exchange’s benchmark sensex, comprising 30 bluechip stocks, has gained more than 70% so far in 2009, one of the best performers among leading global bourses.

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“However, if dollar-carrytrade-unwinding starts, then one can expect rush of FII outflow from the country, resulting in pressure on Indian markets,” he cautioned.

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Significantly, last year the FIIs had pulled out a net Rs 52,900 crore from the domestic bourses — a trend triggered with the collapse of global financial services icon Lehman Brothers in the middle of September 2008.

This selling trend continued till the first two months of the passing year.

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Seasonal Index – “Time is Money” Final Part

Hello Friends here we come up with an extension of our previous blog, “Seasonal Index……“Time is Money” Part 2

In previous Blog, we had touched upon the aspect like analysis part of seasonal patterns in predicting the future prices of the commodity.

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Seasonal Index - “Time is Money” Final Part

In this Blog, we would read about that how an annual average method can be used to generate a seasonal pattern in predicting the future prices of the commodity and seasonal pattern in the year 2009.

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Annual Average Method

The annual average method can be used to generate a seasonal pattern as well as predicting the future prices of the commodity.

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This seasonal price index is derived by calculating the annual average price, and then by expressing the price for each month during the year as a percent of the annual average.

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Here, the data which is used to derive the seasonal price patterns are the monthly prices taken between the year April’2004 & November’2009.

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The monthly indexes over the years are averaged to derive a price index that represents those years.

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An example of the technique is presented in Table 1.

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The seasonal price index table suggests that the index increases from the month of June, the time the buyers enter the market with full potential & reaches the highest till the end of the year.

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In The Year 2009

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The prices movement of this year almost followed the seasonal pattern, except few months.

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The supply constraints of lower output, as farmers opted for cotton, worked as a high base effect for the futures with a flat production figure of 8.5 lakh tonnes in 2008-09.

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The recovery in prices was noticed owing to the unforeseen failure of monsoons & comfortable stocks of 25-30 lakh bags from last year for which guar prices traded higher all through-out the year.

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This commodity created a history as it made a life time high, since the date of launch at national bourse, on reports that the output is estimated at 30-35 lakh quintals, down 62% due to factors like scanty rains in the major growing areas.

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Stronger Rupee along-with volatile Crude oil prices brought some corrections in export earnings from Guargum markets in Europe/US.

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However, upcoming demand for by-products such as churi & korma from international markets kept the millers interested in processing guar.

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In a nutshell, if investors want to spin their money safely & stabilize their net returns, using seasonal Index can prove to be a fair advantage.

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Dubai Debt News Sent a Shudder Throughout World Markets

Just a year after the global downturn  derailed  Dubai’s explosive growth, the  city is now  so  swamped  in  debt that  it’s  asking  for a  six-month  reprieve  on  paying  its bills.

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Dubai Debt Fears Grip World Markets

 

This has cast a shadow on a world only just emerging from the worst economic crisis since the 1930s,  knocking markets  from Sydney to Sao Paulo and raising questions about Dubai’s reputation  as a magnet for international investment.

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For India, which has tens of thousands of its citizens living  and working in the emirate,  the concerns are more direct:  thousands of its expats staring at job losses and  the economy, sharply reduced trade.

India, which gets nearly a quarter of the remittances from the United Arab Emirates and  has lakhs of laborers working in the region, could be worse off than most other nations  if the crisis escalates into a full-blown one  like the Russian or Argentinean crises of the past.🙂

India’s exports to the UAE stood at $23.92 billion in FY09.

It is very likely that we may see one more leg of job losses in Dubai.

The only consolation for the region is that Abu Dhabi is booming.

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Indian shares and the rupee fell in sync with other global markets where investors are fleeing for safety after Dubai debt trap concerns.

The Bombay Stock Exchange benchmark Sensex on Friday tumbled over 451.63 points to 16,403.30 points in the first ten minutes of trading on hectic selling by funds in line with weak global cues and concerns over Dubai’s debt.

Similarly, the wide-based National Stock Exchange index Nifty dropped by 140.50 points to 4865.05 points.

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Brokers said the selling focus was more on banking and realty stocks after Dubai’s debt problems revived concerns about the global financial system and rattled markets across Europe and Asia.

Indian rupee fell 24 paisa to 46.55 against the dollar.  The MSCI Emerging Markets Index lost 1.4%.

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Most European indices were about 2% lower after Asia tumbled.

The Shanghai Composite Index slumped 3.6%, its biggest drop since August, and Brazil’s Bovespa Index slipped 1.1%. U.S. markets were closed for the Thanksgiving holiday.

Credit-default swaps tied to debt sold by Dubai rose as much as 131 basis points to 571.

“Dubai isn’t doing risk appetite any favours at all and the markets remain in a vulnerable state of mind,” said Market analysts.

“We’re still in an environment where we’re vulnerable to financial shocks of any sort and this is one of those.”

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Govt Not to Impose Restrictions on Foreign Borrowings

Govt Not to Impose Restrictions on Foreign Borrowings

 

The government ruled out limiting companies from borrowing money from overseas market stating that the rise in foreign money is not a matter of concern at present and there is no such proposal.

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However, companies are permitted to raise $500 million annually under the automatic route while infrastructure firms under the approval route can remit up to $100 million for rupee expenditure and for other companies the cap on approval route remittance is set at $50 million.

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Meanwhile, capital inflows reached record levels as investors borrow cheap from advanced countries and invest in high-yielding assets in developing countries while this led to speculations that government may put in place a system of auctioning ECBs.

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In India, foreign inflows through foreign institutional investors (FIIs), ECBs and foreign currency convertible bonds (FCCBs) have been on the rise, while FDI is not picking up as fast.

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On the other hand, on a quarterly basis, the funds raised through ECBs and FCCBs increased by 70% in the September quarter to $4.61 billion while FIIs have put in a record over Rs 71,900 crore in the equities market.

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Coming ‘Diwali’ – Gold Prices Set to Reach Over, Rs 16,000 level :)

Gold prices are again ready for a good rally and is likely to reach over Rs 16,000 level before 'Diwali'.

Gold prices are again ready for a good rally and is likely to reach over Rs 16,000 level before 'Diwali'.

After taking a brief consolidation, gold prices are again ready for a good rally and is likely to reach over Rs 16,000 level before ‘Diwali’.

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According to experts, gold prices have declined for a short period last week as the precious metal dipped following a counter rally taken by the dollar.

However, the US dollar index has again started showing weakness and today dipped by 0.6 per cent at 76.54 level, which will be positive for the gold price, SMC Global’s Rajesh Jain said.

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He said gold is likely to reach 1,020 dollar an ounce (28.34 grams) level in the international markets before ‘Diwali’.

However, in the domestic market the rising trend is likely to be capped with strengthening of Rupee against the US dollar, he added.

In the domestic market the prices are likely to be slightly over Rs 16,000 per 10 grams level, Jain said.

He said, the Rupee will keep on strengthening as the equity markets are performing well, which will encourage the Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) to bring in more money.

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Today, the gold was trading at Rs 15,585 per 10 grams, while in the global markets it was at $1,001 an ounce.

Meanwhile, independent analysts have remarked that the bull run in gold will continue as the various monetary and fiscal stimulus programs have failed to boost the world economy, feeding through to a dis-inflationary conditions.

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The US dollar, which is considered a safe haven, softens due to the weakening economic condition.

As dollar declines, many investors and central banks continue to hold gold as their safe haven to protect themselves from unforeseen global economic shocks, boosting the demand for the yellow metal.

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Gold Touches a New High of Rs 16,220 per 10 gram !

Gold-surges-alltime-high

Due to the speedy buying by stockists in advance of the festival season, in the midst of the global rates climbing to an 18-month high of $ 1,018.15 an ounce, GOLD rose by Rs 250 to touch a new high of Rs 16,220 per 10 gram in the gold market.

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However, it is said that after the metal in London increased to an 18-month high, the buying action gathered momentum as stockists indulged in buying gold.

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While, the concern was that a global economic revival may strengthen inflation in the midst of a weak dollar, enhancing demand for the metal as an alternative investment.

On the other hand, gold in overseas markets advanced 10.60 dollar, or 1.1%, to 1,018.15 dollar an ounce whereas silver coins also touched a record high of Rs 31,800 per 100 pieces.

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Further, standard gold and ornaments spurted by Rs 250 each to Rs 16,220 and Rs 16,070 per 10 gram, respectively.

On the other side, sovereign increased by Rs  50 to Rs 12,950 per piece of 8 gram.

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Marketmen said the precious metal might see new peaks in the coming days once the festival and marriage season starts on September 19.

Current upsurge maybe purely out of reason of stockists buying as retailers refrained from buying gold during ‘Sharaadh’, the ongoing inauspicious fortnight in Hindu mythology.

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According to analysts, gold may climb a high level of $1,100 an ounce in the overseas market in the next six months.

Silver ready shot up by Rs 700 to Rs 26,600 per kg and weekly-based delivery by Rs 910 to Rs 27,570 per kg.

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Silver coins rose to an all-time high by gaining Rs 200 to Rs 31,700 for buying and Rs 31,800 for selling of 100 pieces.

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However in between due to the increasing investment demand with the commencement of festival and marriage season, gold imports observed a huge rise during August at 21.8 tonnes as compared to the previous month where the import of the precious metal was 7.8 tonnes this year.

This shows that India’s gold imports have trebled in a gap of one month.

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