Posts Tagged ‘recession’

BUDGET PREVIEW 2011 – Final Part :)

Continuing The Final Part Of The Budget Preview 馃檪

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We believe that this year Finance Minister will take a gradual move towards fiscal consolidation by聽increase in Excise duty. Excise duty forms around 40% of Indirect Tax collections. Excise duty collections were聽down by 13% in April to December period to close to Rs. 70,000 crore comprising around 66% of Budgeted聽Estimates of Rs. 1,06,477 crore. The factors that contribute to our belief are; 馃榾

路Though the growth in corporate sales is not astonishing but profitability has improved to due to various聽cost control efforts which is quite evident by the corporate tax collection that have shown a growth of聽44% in December 2009. Cumulatively Net direct tax collections increased by 8.5 per cent during April-聽December 2009.

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路India being a consumption story has shown healthy growth in sales of consumer durables. For instance Automobile industry’s sales聽went up by 32 per cent in December over the same month in 2009. It is believed that a gradual hike in duty will get absorbed聽without affecting medium term prospects of the industry.

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路Partial rollback would also help the finance ministry effect a calibrated integration of excise duty with the services tax by the end聽of the next financial year, when the proposal for a Goods and Services Tax is likely to be implemented.

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路Finance Minister had indicated that he would like the fiscal deficit for 2010-11 to be around 5.5 per cent of GDP. The proposal to聽raise excise duty by two hundred basis points is being endorsed also to help the finance ministry raise more revenue and stick to聽the projected fiscal deficit target.

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Disinvestment would be the key focal point in the Budget. We believe that the Finance Minister would place high targets from the PSU sale proceeds. The factors that contribute to our belief are:

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路In order to bring Fiscal deficit under control that would subsequently ease upward pressure on interest rates.

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路This will help Investment in social sector projects which promote education, health care and employment & will also help in聽Capital investment.

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On the Corporate Tax front, we believe that the Finance Minster is unlikely to lower tax to 25% from the current 30% as per Industry demands. The rationale behind our belief is:

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路The direct tax code that proposes corporate tax to be 25% will be implemented in fiscal 2011 鈥 2012 & Industry have to wait till its聽implementation as it will replace the existing Income Tax act.

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路Already, government is trying to make up more tax revenue & is unlikely to take step in this direction as it may come as an聽obstacle in order to control fiscal deficit.

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On deregulation of Petroleum sector, we believe that in order to cut down on subsidies government could provide the road map for partial deregulation of the petroleum sector. The road map may provide OMC’s to review the prices of petrol and diesel on a聽regular basis however, LPG and kerosene could continue to be administered by the government. Factors that complement to our belief:

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路In view of the commitment of the UPA regime to flagship social security programmes聽that require huge allocations, Mr. Mukherjee has told Mr. Deora that it would not be聽possible to provide huge subsidies to the OMCs in future.

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On the External Economy side, we expect that the Finance Minister may continue to聽provide certain concessions like interest subsidy and extension of other export oriented聽schemes. The rationale to our belief:

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路In the recent two months i.e. November & December, merchandise exports registered a聽positive growth of 18.2% & 9.3% respectively. But in the period of April to December聽2009, the exports were still negative to the tune of 20% as compared to the聽corresponding period.

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路The world economic recovery especially in US & Europe is still questionable & the regions constitute approximately 15% & 21%聽respectively of our merchandise exports, thus directly affecting the trade.

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路Sectors such as engineering goods, jute, carpets, handicrafts and leather goods are continue to be in bad shape, others such as聽gems & jewelry drugs, plastics and petroleum products are showing improvement.

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路Concluding, the main point is that it may not be a good time to take back the stimulus so soon that may derail the recovery.

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Note : For More Latest Industry, Stock Market and Economy News and Updates, please聽click here

BUDGET PREVIEW 2011 – Part 1 :)

At last the much talked topic 鈥淏UDGET鈥 among AAM ADMI, CORPORATES or聽INVESTORS that comes to INDIA 鈥 is approaching. 鈥淭he million dollar question is that will 2010 budget be another year to cheer the聽economy by giving some relief in indirect taxes, personal income tax and by聽implementing various schemes to induce social & infrastructure sector in聽order to maintain high trajectory growth鈥.

Generally, it is seen that the聽incentives which are given in the period of recession or slow down and moreover,聽when the government in power is about to complete its tenure, are above from聽expectations. It is seen that budget in two years usually comes good when the聽Govt. is in the last year of power & in the first year of the rule as a vote of thanks.The mid three years out of the five year term usually remains tight on the聽policies.

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For the common man, we expect that Finance Minister may raise the exemption limit in personal income tax & investment聽limit Under Sec.80C. The reason to our belief:

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1. The rocketing prices of food articles like sugar, pulses and vegetables have been cutting the pockets of a middle class.

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2. By coming out with these measures (above mentioned) the government will lower the tax incidence on the common man & will聽also help it to put the opposition on backfoot.

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By & large everyone is aware of the level of fiscal deficits globally and many of us know that it is essential to minimize deficits &聽returning to fiscal consolidation is necessary. The main question is why it is so important. Let’s look at the consequences of high聽fiscal deficit:

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A risk to high government borrowings leads to more debt servicing that cuts expenditure on various social welfare schemes, if TAX聽revenues do not matchup. In the current financial year, out of the 4 lakh crore borrowing, more than 50% has gone towards interest聽payments.

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Secondly, the higher government borrowing from market means less availability of funds to private borrowers. In the current Fiscal year, due to dismal credit growth, we haven’t seen pressure on Interest rates. But going forward we foresee normal聽credit growth in the next financial year. However as the government borrowing is expected to remain at same level in the next聽fiscal, pressure on interest rate is expected.

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So, this year the theme of Budget would any way be to maintain economic recovery through investment for building infrastructure聽rather than funding the expenses/consumption. But at the same time focus will be to bring down the fiscal deficit.

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The catch here is聽bringing down deficit by cutting expenditure means risk to growth & the other alternative is to increase revenues. While the direct聽tax collections are encouraging, on the indirect taxes front the government is still struggling to get desired revenues. This is聽because after September 2008, when the global financial system collapsed, the government came out with stimulus packages to聽keep up the desired growth pace.

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Excise rates since December 2008 had been progressively cut from 16, 12 and 8 per cent to 10, 8聽and 4 per cent respectively depending on the product in question. Service tax was also reduced from 12 to 10 per cent.

CRUDE OIL 鈥. 鈥淐an It Continue The Recovery With Same Pace In 2010鈥

Crude oil, which is the 聽lifeblood of the economy, has shown stunning recovery in this year as prices have merely doubled from low of $35 to nearly $80. Thanks to the dose of economic stimulus packages which revived the global economy to come out of recession and hence the traders sentiments in crude oil turned in favour of bulls. But the million dollar question is that can crude continue this recovery in medium term. But as of now it seems that the speculative upside and downside rally is over which was seen when it rocked higher toward $147 and then plunged to $35. From here on, the key fundamentals of supply and demand will be the driver of crude prices.

In the year 2009 dollar weakness was the prime reason for the swift rally in crude oil prices. As crude oil is considered as other asset class and massive flow of hedge funds supported the crude oil prices.

Stunning recovery worldwide after a severe recession and the improvement in expected GDP figures by IMF also kept bulls interested.

Now as the global economy is slowing limping back to normal which is suggested by various economic indicators but still the skepticism of pace of recovery is questionable which will further guide the crude movements.

It is important to remember that current pricing on crude oil is influenced by world demand, not just U.S. demand. The Asian economies are improving; China’s economy expanded by 8.9% in the third quarter. Global macro economy will be the key driver of the crude oil prices in times to come.

Crude oil is primarily a transportation fuel. So increase in crude oil usage in transportation will get boost as the global economy continue to recover.

Oil has risen by 79 percent this year on signs that global economy is recovering from its worst recession since World War II, stoking fuel demand amid output cuts by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.

OPEC countries kingpin Saudi Arabia, also believes that $75 per barrel is a fair price for both consumers and producers. In September meeting, OPEC members said they were content with the direction in which prices were heading. While voicing worries about high oil stock levels globally, they decided to hold production steady and focus on compliance factor with existing production quotas. The lack of production discipline, however, appears to continue. According to latest OPEC report group’s production averaged 26.52 million barrels per day in October, a 50,000 barrel per day increase from September.

Recently OPEC, supplier of about 35 percent of the world’s crude oil, revised its estimate for 2010 global demand growth by 750,000 barrels or 0.9% to 85.07 million barrels a day. OPEC in September agreed to maintain output quotas at 24.845 million barrels per day, will hold its next meeting in Luanda, Angola, on December 22.

The hurricane season in the US has also remained quite in this year as no major hurricane hit the US聽refineries. Hurricane season generally starts from June 1 and lasts through November.

In a nutshell crude oil will not see one sided movement and will remain volatile in the year 2010. Dollar聽index has been under lot of pressure in the year 2009, which has given support to the crude oil prices聽but as the dollar index is expected to show some recovery in first quarter of 2010 that can exert聽pressure on crude oil prices.

OECD demand of energy is slated to increase in the year 2010 and will give聽support to the crude prices. China energy demand is also expected to rise in the year 2010 and that will聽keep the prices supported.

So overall the prices in the next year can remain in the range of $55-85.

Bear and Bull – Part 1

Hello Friends here we come up with our another write up on 鈥淪MC Gyan Series鈥 馃檪

Have you all ever wondered that what exactly this Bull and Bear Market is ?

 

Bull markets and bear markets...what are they?

Bull markets and bear markets...what are they?

What are they? What do they look like? What’s the origin of this terminologies?

Lets Talk about it

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When we talk about bull and bear stock markets it reminds us that it’s a zoo out there. And, like any zoo, there are quite a few wild species to be found 馃槈

The first two are the bulls and the bears.

Bull market is when stock prices are climbing strongly and a Bear market is when they’re languishing.

Bear Market

To be more precisely, in finance, a bear market is a market condition that occurs when the prices of shares decline or are about to decline.

Figures may vary, but if prices decrease by 15 to 20% then the market is assumed as a bear market.

In general, a bear market resumes if the government goes into recession and if the inflation rate is high.

Bull Market

A bull market is a condition of a financial market of a group of securities in which prices are rising or are expected to rise.

The term “bull market” is most often used to refer to the stock market, but can be applied to anything that is traded, such as bonds, currencies and commodities.

Bull markets are characterized by optimism, investor confidence and expectations that strong results will continue.

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Myth About Bull and Bear Markets

One common myth is that the terms “bull market” and “bear market” are derived from the way those animals attack a foe, because bears attack by swiping their paws downward and bulls toss their horns upward.

This is a useful mnemonic, but is not the true origin of the terms.

Long ago, “bear skin jobbers” were known for selling bear skins that they did not own; i.e., the bears had not yet been caught.

This was the original source of the term “bear”.

This term eventually was used to describe short sellers, speculators who sold shares that they did not own, bought after a price drop, and then delivered the shares.

Because bull and bear baiting were once popular sports, “bulls” was understood as the opposite of “bears.” I.e., the bulls were those people who bought in the expectation that a stock price would rise, not fall.

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Stay Tuned for more on this where we would touch upon if bull and bear markets are inevitable and what are the basics investors should keep in mind while trading in bear and bull market.

Economic Indicators Part 2 :)

Hello Friends, just an extension of our yesterday’s blog on economic indicators where we talked about the categories of Economic indicators and relationship between various indicators.

ECONOMIC INDICATORS WITH A FOCUS ON STOCK MARKETS AS A LEADING INDICATOR

ECONOMIC INDICATORS WITH A FOCUS ON STOCK MARKETS AS A LEADING INDICATOR

Now in this Blog, we would look upon issues like what current economic indicators reflect about the state of Indian and global economy in coming months, factors that impact the degree of correlation and general effects of the stock maket indices(economic indicators) on the economic performance of the country.

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For Indian Markets, we can refer collected data for sensex growth, GDP growth and IIP index growth for 40 quarters over the last decade i.e FY99-FY09.

On the basis of the observation, it is analyzed that there is a correlation between the indicators; however, there is a time lag of at least 3 months between the sensex performance and economic indicators performance.

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Out of the 40 time periods being observed, the time lag and the correlation has been reflected in 80% of the cases.

Therefore, on the basis of the study, we can conclude that Indian economy might witness a revival over the next 3 to 6 months.

However, the Indian stock market indices are not only the reflection of the expectation of India Inc performance; the Indian markets are highly influenced by FII inflow too.

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Thus, Indian markets not only indicate the future economic conditions of the country but the global liquidity conditions too.

Therefore, if the stock market improvements that started towards the end of the first quarter of 2009 can be further sustained, it may be an indication that economic activity levels might start to improve towards the end of 2009 / beginning of 2010 backed by the correlation theory and time lag of 6 months to 1 year.

The Leading effect of the stock maket indices on the economic performance of the country can be rationalized on the following basis:

1) Futuristic approach of stock prices

Current stock prices reflect the expected operational performance of industry. The price of a stock equals the present value of future dividends.

Hence, stock prices should rise because of higher expected corporate profits, giving the rate of return used by investors to discount future earnings.

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Since investor’s expectations about corporate profits depend on expectations about the prospective state of the economy, then stock prices should rise or fall before the actual rise or fall of general economic activity and corporate earnings.

Thus, the stock market is forward-looking, and current prices reflect the future earnings potential, or profitability, of companies.

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Since stock prices reflect expectations about profitability and since profitability is directly linked to economic activity, fluctuations in stock prices are thought to lead the direction of the economy.

If the economy is expected to enter into a recession, for example, the stock market will anticipate this by bidding down the prices of stocks.

2) Wealth Creation Effect

The “wealth effect” is also regarded as support for the stock market’s predictive ability.

Since fluctuations in stock prices have a direct effect on aggregate spending, the economy can be predicted from the stock market.

When the stock market is rising, investors’ wealth increase and they spend more.

As a result, the economy expands.

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On the contrary, if stock prices are declining, investors experience a decrease in wealth levels and spend less.

This results in slower economic growth.

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However, the factors that impact the degree of correlation are:

the variability in interest rate,

the money supply,

the rate of inflation and

the degree of confidence of market participants regarding the state of the economy.

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Thus, although the stock market is relatively reliable as a predictor, it should be used with caution and in conjunction with other leading indicators in forecasting the turning points of business cycle.

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We can also rationalize the view of 97% economists that U.S economy will be out of recession by end of CY2009.

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However For More latest Industry,Stock Market and Economy News Updates, Click Here

G-5, G-8..Not Anymore..Its G-20 Now !!

G20-world-economy

For the world, apparently, eight is no longer enough.

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The G-8 group of powerhouse economies, which expanded from the original G-5 one by one over three decades, stepped off center stage Friday with the ascension of the G-20 into the role of overseeing the global economy.

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The Group of 20 will take on the role of caretakers of the global economy.

The shift toward multilateral decision-making is sure to please some emerging economies 鈥 China and India in particular 鈥 and irritate those Americans who believe the United States shouldn’t be handing off its power to international institutions.

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Heading into the second day of a summit aimed at ensuring the world economy emerges from its worst recession in generations with better safeguards against another crisis, the G20 also vowed to keep emergency economic support in place until a recovery is secured, according to the draft obtained by Reuters.

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The document said G20 countries had a “responsibility to the community of nations to assure the overall health of the global economy” and pledged to try to secure next year a deal in long-running world trade talks.

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Larger G-20 would take over 鈥 a council that, by simple virtue of a membership that unites more than 80 percent of the global economy, and would be a force to be reckoned with.

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The group, which also accounts for 90 per cent of the world’s economic output, also agreed to rein in financial industry excesses that triggered the credit crisis two years ago, and to tighten rules on how much capital banks must have to absorb losses.

The new rules aimed at improving the quality and amount of capital should be ready by the end of 2010 and will be phased in in the following two years, the draft said.