Posts Tagged ‘QIBs’

CIL sets IPO record; to list on Nov 4

India’s IPO market created history on Thursday with state-owned Coal India share issuer in the becoming the biggest country, beating Reliance Power’s 2008 initial public offering.

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At the time of going to press, the CIL issue was subscribed 15.26 times, collecting Rs 2,36,113.28 crore. The shares will debut on the market on November 4, a day before Muhurat trading that marks Diwali.

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Responding to late rush from retail investors, the company postponed the close of the issue to 9 pm.

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At the upper end of the band, CIL will be the seventh biggest Indian company by market cap, after ONGC, State Bank of India, TCS, Reliance Industries, Infosys Technologies and NTPC, based on Thursday’s closing price. CIL’s Rs 15,474 crore IPO has overtaken Reliance Power’s Rs 11,700 crore issue.

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Buoyant demand from retail and wealthy investors on the final day added to the strong response from institutional buyers. This also signalled success for the government’s upcoming share sales.

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Retail investors, who often take cues from institutions in IPOs, had put in bids for shares 1.44 times or for 28,60,44,375 shares. Retail investors will get a five per cent discount on the final issue price.

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Wealthy individuals had separately bid for 13.89 times the shares available for them.

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Bidding for the mega IPO closed on Wednesday for qualified institutional buyers, including foreign institutional investors, mutual funds and insurance firms. And for the portion reserved for them, the issue was over subscribed by 24.70 times, lead by FIIs.

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The IPO has generated a demand of 493,38,72,050 shares from FIIs. Calculated at the upper end of the price band, this demand is worth Rs 1,20,879.86 crore and at the lower end worth Rs 1,11,012.12 crore. Even at the low end, the demand surpasses the record Rs 1.08 lakh crore pumped in by FIIs into the capital
market.

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India’s largest new issue came amid a flurry of big deals in Asia.

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At the top of its price range, Coal India would be valued at 15.7 times trailing earnings. The issue also got the highest demand for an Indian issue, helped by qualified institutional buyers.

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The demand from QIBs for CIL was at Rs 1,73,398 crore with 100 per cent application amount, compared with Rs 1,88,923 crore with 10 per cent margin for Reliance Power IPO. In case of Reliance Power, the QIB portion was covered 30.68 times.

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“The response to Coal India IPO, from all classes of investors, has surpassed even the most optimistic predictions. It has caught even the biggest optimists by surprise,” SMC Global Securities strategist Jagannadham Thunuguntla said in a note.

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He said the response puts the government on target to achieve its divestment target of Rs 40,000 crore in fiscal 2011 and even exceed it if other issues like the follow-on offering of Power Grid, Steel Authority of India, ONGC, Shipping Corporation of India, Indian Oil Corporation and IPO of Manganese Ore fall in place.

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The government, which has collected Rs 17,500 crore from public issues, including Coal India, may raise its divestment target and get over Rs 58,500 crore, SMC Capital added.

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At the upper end of price range, Coal India issue is worth Rs 15,474 crore and at the lower end it would fetch about Rs 14,211.81 crore.

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The upper band would also give it a market capitalisation of Rs 1.54 lakh crore ($34.7 billion).

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Meanwhile, the broader market recovered from a two-day slump and closed up 1.95 per cent at 20,260.58 points. Now all eyes will be on whether it will be a strong listing on the eve of Diwali.

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RED HERRING PROSPECTUS: A CAREFUL EXERCISE

Initial Public Offering (IPO) is an exercise done by a company for raising capital by going public. IPO is raised generally in two ways either through fixed price or through Book Building. Generally, most of the companies follow the book building process. For this purpose, the company assigns the Merchant Banker as a Book Running Lead Manager (BRLM) for the IPO to handle the responsibility of Book Building Process.

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Book Building is a mechanism through which a consensus price of IPO can be determined on the basis of bids received from the informed investors such as Qualified Institutional Buyers (QIBs), Non-Institutional Buyers (NIBs) and Retail Investors. The process helps in making a correct evaluation of a company’s potential and the price of its shares. In most of the IPOs generally the allocation of the total issue into these 3 categories comprises of 50%, 15%, 35% of the total issue respectively.

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However when the dilution of the promoters stake is less than 25% the minimum allocating proportion for these categories changes to 60%, 10%, 30% of the total issue,respectively. The company aspiring to be public, files Red Herring Prospectus (RHP),framed by merchant banker, to the regulatory body SEBI that is supposed to cover all the important information about the company, its promoters and its businesses with due diligence.

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RHP is supposed to be the most important document for the company as it acts as a medium of imparting all the critical information regarding the issuer company to the public.Generally prospectus spreads over 300-400 pages. However, investors can concentrate on few key chapters to have the overall understanding of the public issue. Industry Overview, Company Overview, Capital Structure, Objects of the issue, Financial Information and Management discussion and Analysis are some of the chapters that one should necessarily focus on.

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Let’s understand the relevance of each of these topics one by one:

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Industry Overview: This chapter covers the prevailing market scenario of the industry in which the company operates. We get to know that how much the particular industry contributes to the growth of the country’s economy. That is the behavior of the industry with respect to the growth momentum of the country’s economy. Moreover it entails the government plans and initiatives, budgetary allocation in accordance with five year plans for the industry. This gives the picture of potential opportunity in the industry and its key drivers. It also includes the various linkages regarding the relation of industry to the domestic and global economy.

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Business Overview: This compasses all the information related to the business domain of the company – how the business commenced its operations, grown over the period. The product details of the company and where does it lies in the value chain of the industry. The product scope,how the distribution channel works, the marketing strategy, raw material procurement, details about the vendors, clients and their relation withthe company, the revenue generation process, target market, location of operation. All these information helps in knowing the strengths and weaknesses of the company. It also gives information regarding the future aspects of the company.

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How the company is expecting to expand its business, strategies to increase the market share of the company.

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Capital Structure: It tells us about the shareholding pattern of the company. The constituents of the present equity capital of the company, since inception to the present pattern of the shareholding. The details of the how it has raised its capital under the due period. It gives us the details aboutwho are the stakeholders along with their respective stake in the company.

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Objects of the Issue: This chapter assumes high degree of significance in the RHP as it answers the very first question that comes to the mind of the investors that for what reason the company is going public. It entails the objectives of the issue as where and how the company is going to deploy the funds raised from the issue. At times the company induces the fund requirements from the internal accruals that can be from the present business profits of the company or through the debt syndication from banks along with the issue proceeds.

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Company sometimes also utilize the issue proceeds to repay its debt so as to reduce its interest burden. Thus, it contains the purposes of the issue with their respective amount being required.

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Financial Information: This includes all the financial statements of the company on the stand alone and consolidated basis viz. Profit and loss statement, balance sheet, fund flow statement. These statements show the performance of the company from past 4-5 years along with the annexure that details various heads of these statements. Financial Statements helps the investors in knowing the health of the company in numbers.Various ratios and multiples are arrived with the help of these statements.

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Management Discussion and Analysis: This chapter summarizes the company businesses and its development in due course of time. Year-on-year financial comparison is explained in this part of the document. This helps us in knowing the management’s efficiency to grow a company. Certain important events, factors affecting the operations of the company or some specific strategies of the company are explained in this part of the document.To sum up, RHP being the formal document of the company plays an integral role in assessing the company’s business prospects and thus helps investors in taking decision for subscribing an IPO or otherwise.

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However, it is generally perceived as a lengthy exercise by some section of investors.This can be achieved by going through the above discussed topics that can impart all the relevant information of the company leading to a wise investment decision. After all, “Moneywise Be wise”.

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SEBI Allows Auctions for QIBs in FPOs :)

SEBI Allows Auctions for QIBs in FPOs

Market regulator, SEBI has introduced a significant change in the way institutional bidders invest in follow-on public offers by allowing allotments through auctions.

 

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) has amended the Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements Regulations (ICDR) to allow pure auctions for qualified institutional investors (QIBs) in follow-on public offerings to begin with.


The method may be later extended to initial public offerings.

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Under the new method, bidders will be free to bid at any price above the floor price.

At present, allotments are made at the floor price.

Retail investors, however , will be allotted shares at the floor price.

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The board also decided that the issuer is free to place a cap either in terms of the number of shares or percentage to issued capital of the company so that a single bidder does not garner all the shares on offer, ensuring a wider distribution of shareholding.

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Jagannadham Thunuguntla, Equity Head,  SMC Capitals, said this means an institutional investor can continue to bid above the floor price and the QIB allotment will be made to the highest bidder.


“The intent is to enable companies to mop up more funds. Earlier, even when there were huge subscriptions and huge demand for an issue, the company could not get more money. This becomes more relevant in the context of the recently announced divestment plans and FPOs by the government for public sector units,” he said.

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Auction for QIBs is welcome as it would allow risk-taking entities and not just the promoters to be a part of the price discovery process, other analyst said.


A SEBI release issued after the board meeting also said the minimum market capitalisation required by listed firms to sell shares in follow-on offerings has been halved to Rs.5,000 crores  from Rs 10,000 crore.

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Moreover, the market regulator has also made it a mandatory that all listed companies would have to furnish audited or un-audited balance sheets on a half-yearly basis within 45 days from the end of the quarter instead of the current yearly basis.

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This would imply that Indian companies will be required to disclose balance sheet items.


Shareholders would be able to access the statement of assets and liabilities of the company and its solvency position on a half-yearly basis.


Shareholders would receive immense help in making informed investment decisions now and would be in better position to assess the financial health of the companies, with the implementation of this SEBI regulation of mandating frequent disclosure of the asset-liability position of companies by companies.

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