Posts Tagged ‘PSU’

Weekly Update 26th – 30th April 2010

Domestic markets started the week on a negative note on the back of the Greek debt issues and Goldman Sachs fraud issues, but managed to close in the positive terrain supported by firm US markets in line with less than expected hike in Policy Rates & Cash Reserve Ratio by RBI to tame the inflation; Policy rates and CRR increased by 25 bps each. The food price index rose 17.65% in the 12 months to April 10, marginally higher than an annual rise of 17.22% in the previous week. Moreover IMF announcement of India`s growth at 8.5% for the calendar 2011 boosted the sentiments.

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Additionally, announcement of government recapitalization of PSU banks stimulated banking sector and banking stocks were among the major gainers of the week. Good corporate numbers, expectation of good monsoon together with buying by foreign institutions kept the momentum intact for the rest of the week. Going forward market participants globally would be closely watching G20 finance chiefs plan to withdraw economic stimulus as the recovery strengthens.

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The IMF this week said that rising government debt is one of the biggest threats to the world economy.

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Forecast of normal monsoon season by Indian Meteorological department may keep the sentiments positive in the coming week but volatility may rise ahead of the expiry. On the global front, the UK’s economy grew at a slower than anticipated pace in the first quarter. In US, sales of new homes surged by 27 percent in March and orders for most durable goods climbed, indicating the U.S. economy is speeding ahead into the second quarter. Greece troubles that kept the markets jittery especially for the payments approaching in the month of May came to an end after it said that it has sought a relief aid from the European Union to save it from a default.

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US stock markets kept the rally intact which held the other world markets and did not let them fall.

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Shanghai remained under pressure as commodities saw some pressure and profit booking at higher levels. Indian stocks are seeing more strength in cash stocks and banking stocks. Nifty has support between 5200-5100 levels and Sensex between 17400-17200 levels.

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This week is full of event risk, especially from US economy side. Gradually, commodity is retreating from the higher levels but it will be too early to say that it is giving a clear indication for the approaching time. But yes, upside is limited.

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Negative expectation of US GDP figure for the first quarter may hammer the prices. If dollar index trades above the level of 82 then it would keep gold to be in sideways territory. Copper saw three weeks nonstop downside and it is expected to see more downside. Range trading in crude oil is indicating the saturation at the higher levels and market needs big news to see further upside..

Union Cabinet Approved the Implementation of Guidelines on Corporate Governance

The Union Cabinet approved the implementation of guidelines on corporate governance for Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) from voluntary to mandatory basis.

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The official statement said, “The guidelines have now been made mandatory and are applicable to all CPSEs. They cover issues like composition of Board of CPSEs, audit committee, subsidiary companies, disclosures, Code of conduct and ethics, risk management and reporting,”

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PSUs will now have to compulsorily follow corporate governance norms as per a cabinet decision.

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An official close to the matter said, “The guidelines have now been made mandatory and are applicable to all central public sector enterprises (CPSEs). The guidelines cover issues like composition of board of CPSEs, audit committee, subsidiary companies, disclosures, code of conduct and ethics,”.

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These guidelines follow from the first draft of June 2007 which were modified as per the feedback received during the experimental phase.

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It includes additional provisions relating to monitoring the compliance of guidelines by the CPSEs and formation of remuneration committee, reports IANS.

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The statement says, “There was a continued need to adopt and apply the good corporate governance practices in respect of CPSEs where huge public funds are invested in the light of recent events in the corporate world,”

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According to statements issued, “NKN is expected to encourage a larger section of research and educational institutions to create intellectual property. Health, education, grid computing, agriculture and e-Governance are the main applications identified for implementation and delivery on NKN,”

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In the initial phase, a core backbone consisting of 15 PoPs have been established with 2.5 Gbps capacity. Around 40 institutions of higher learning and advanced research have been connected to the network and six virtual classrooms set up.

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The statement added that the guidelines have been modified and improved with the experience gained during the experimental phase and includes additional provisions relating to monitoring the compliance of guidelines by the CPSEs and formation of a Remuneration Committee.

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Further, it said that suitable modifications in the guidelines would be carried out to bring them in line with prevailing laws, regulations and acts, adding that it will facilitate protection of interest of shareholders and other stakeholders, and also ensure transparency in the operations of CPSEs.

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Other details:

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” The number of functional directors should not exceed half of the board”s strength and at least a third should be independent directors.

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” The audit committee of these companies should have a minimum of three directors as members and an independent director should head the committee.

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Additional provisions relating to the compliance of guidelines by government-run firms and the formation of a remuneration committee.

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” Remuneration of directors should be disclosed in the company”s annual report.

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Stay Tuned for More Updates :)

CURRENCY FUTURE – BETTER FUTURE FOR CURRENCY TRADERS

There is good news for currency traders who would like to trade in currency futures. After trading in dollar-rupee futures, now corporate and retail investors will also be able to trade in currencies such as Euro, and Japanese Yen.

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Currently dollar-rupee futures are trading on three recognized exchanges, NSE, MCX Stock Exchange and BSE. But the currency derivative is liquid only on the first two bourses, which have together posted an average daily turnover of around Rs. 18,566 crore in December, up from a couple of thousand crore when the currency futures trading commenced in the second-half of 2008.

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NSE commenced currency futures trading in India on 29th August 2008. It has witnessed healthy growth in the turnover and open interest positions during its first completed month of currency futures trading in India.

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Brief of currency future

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Currency futures contracts are those contracts which allow investors to hedge against foreign exchange risk and traders to speculate on the movement in Currency. Since these contracts are marked-to-market daily, investors can exit from their obligation to buy or sell the currency prior to the contract’s delivery date.

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Major Profitable accounts

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The introduction of new currency pairs will go a long way in helping market participants, especially international traders, hedge against cross-currency Volatility and mitigate risk in export and imports across all major traded currencies and will add depth to the exchange-traded currency futures market.

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Along with the above mentioned participants, Currency futures trading in India has generated huge interest among Indian retail investors and traders.

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There is a strong demand for information gathering about the intricacies of currency futures from small investors and enterprises. For instance, entities that have borrowings in Euro will get one more avenue, apart from the over-the-counter market that is dominated by banks, to hedge them against volatility in the 16-nation common currency.

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Due to the transparent mechanism of execution in currency futures trade, increased participation by corporations and high net worth individuals, too, could be witnessed.

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Contract specification

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As in the case of the dollar-rupee futures, the contract size has been fixed at 1,000 units each for pound and euro, and 100,000 units for the yen, across 12 concurrently available contracts, one for each month.

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The contracts, like the existing dollar futures, would be cash-settled in rupees and the settlement price would be at RBI’s reference rate for all the four currencies.

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However, there are different initial margins (cash) that an investor needs to put up for trading each currency on day one and subsequently though this has not been changed for the dollar.

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The market regulator has also decided to modify the calendar spread margin to be applied on the dollar-rupee contracts.

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All the new contracts would be quoted in rupee terms, while the outstanding positions would be in the respective foreign currency terms.

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The maximum maturity of the contract would be 12 months, while all monthly maturities from 1 to 12 months would be made available.

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The contracts would be settled in cash in rupees.

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The client-level position limit has been capped at 6 per cent of the total open interest position.

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Responses:

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Market participants responded enthusiastically to the inclusion of these new currency pairs. The three new currency pairs clocked Rs. 1,98,761 contracts resulting from 7,762 trades at a total value of Rs. 1,277.13-crore on the NSE on day first, which is approximately comes out to be 9.61 percent of the total turnover in value terms. Out of the three new pairs, euro-rupee (EURINR) was the most traded currency pair clocking 1, 82,013 contracts.

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Total contracts and open interest in EUR/INR and GBP/INR:



First Traders inception of currency futures 🙂

The first trade in the new currency pairs was executed by East India Securities, IndusInd Bank executed the first trade amongst banks. Union Bank was the first PSU bank to trade and execute the single largest trade. ICICI Bank and State Bank also participated actively. This market has now become bigger than the cash segment of the equity market, which recorded average volumes of Rs. 20,000 crore last month.

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The beauty of exchange-traded currency futures are that they allow a participant to directly buy or sell the Dollar,Euro,Yen or GBP without having an underlying exposure, so it’s also a view-based market. One can take this opportunity of investing smartly in currency futures and gain by every tick.

Stay Tuned for More updates 🙂

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Note : For More Latest Industry, Stock Market and Economy News and Updates, please click here

BUDGET PREVIEW 2011 – Final Part :)

Continuing The Final Part Of The Budget Preview 🙂

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We believe that this year Finance Minister will take a gradual move towards fiscal consolidation by increase in Excise duty. Excise duty forms around 40% of Indirect Tax collections. Excise duty collections were down by 13% in April to December period to close to Rs. 70,000 crore comprising around 66% of Budgeted Estimates of Rs. 1,06,477 crore. The factors that contribute to our belief are; 😀

·Though the growth in corporate sales is not astonishing but profitability has improved to due to various cost control efforts which is quite evident by the corporate tax collection that have shown a growth of 44% in December 2009. Cumulatively Net direct tax collections increased by 8.5 per cent during April- December 2009.

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·India being a consumption story has shown healthy growth in sales of consumer durables. For instance Automobile industry’s sales went up by 32 per cent in December over the same month in 2009. It is believed that a gradual hike in duty will get absorbed without affecting medium term prospects of the industry.

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·Partial rollback would also help the finance ministry effect a calibrated integration of excise duty with the services tax by the end of the next financial year, when the proposal for a Goods and Services Tax is likely to be implemented.

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·Finance Minister had indicated that he would like the fiscal deficit for 2010-11 to be around 5.5 per cent of GDP. The proposal to raise excise duty by two hundred basis points is being endorsed also to help the finance ministry raise more revenue and stick to the projected fiscal deficit target.

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Disinvestment would be the key focal point in the Budget. We believe that the Finance Minister would place high targets from the PSU sale proceeds. The factors that contribute to our belief are:

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·In order to bring Fiscal deficit under control that would subsequently ease upward pressure on interest rates.

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·This will help Investment in social sector projects which promote education, health care and employment & will also help in Capital investment.

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On the Corporate Tax front, we believe that the Finance Minster is unlikely to lower tax to 25% from the current 30% as per Industry demands. The rationale behind our belief is:

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·The direct tax code that proposes corporate tax to be 25% will be implemented in fiscal 2011 – 2012 & Industry have to wait till its implementation as it will replace the existing Income Tax act.

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·Already, government is trying to make up more tax revenue & is unlikely to take step in this direction as it may come as an obstacle in order to control fiscal deficit.

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On deregulation of Petroleum sector, we believe that in order to cut down on subsidies government could provide the road map for partial deregulation of the petroleum sector. The road map may provide OMC’s to review the prices of petrol and diesel on a regular basis however, LPG and kerosene could continue to be administered by the government. Factors that complement to our belief:

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·In view of the commitment of the UPA regime to flagship social security programmes that require huge allocations, Mr. Mukherjee has told Mr. Deora that it would not be possible to provide huge subsidies to the OMCs in future.

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·On the External Economy side, we expect that the Finance Minister may continue to provide certain concessions like interest subsidy and extension of other export oriented schemes. The rationale to our belief:

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·In the recent two months i.e. November & December, merchandise exports registered a positive growth of 18.2% & 9.3% respectively. But in the period of April to December 2009, the exports were still negative to the tune of 20% as compared to the corresponding period.

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·The world economic recovery especially in US & Europe is still questionable & the regions constitute approximately 15% & 21% respectively of our merchandise exports, thus directly affecting the trade.

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·Sectors such as engineering goods, jute, carpets, handicrafts and leather goods are continue to be in bad shape, others such as gems & jewelry drugs, plastics and petroleum products are showing improvement.

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·Concluding, the main point is that it may not be a good time to take back the stimulus so soon that may derail the recovery.

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Note : For More Latest Industry, Stock Market and Economy News and Updates, please click here

Weekly Update of The Market (08th-12th February)

Hello Friends, here, we bring you the weekly overview of the Indian as well as of the Global economy and  latest global business and industry updates.

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Weekly Update of The Market (08th-12th February)

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After starting the year on a good note & Indices making fresh highs within few weeks many Asian markets have corrected between 7 to 10%.

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The global sell off over sovereign debt problems in Europe and an unexpected rise in jobless claims in US put investors on the defensive mode.

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The anxiety about sovereign debt in Greece, Portugal and Spain sparked a sell-off in the Euro & has led strength to US dollar.

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Foreign investors sell off is an outcome of dollar-carry-trade unwinding as when they borrowed the dollar was cheap & now it is recovering.

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Investors viewed the markets in year 2010 with confidence in view of recovery gaining momentum is now shaken over the debt problems, nascent economic recovery & confidence of the governments that stand behind the euro.

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Efforts of China to curb lending preventing overheating in economy also pose a risk to derail the global recovery.

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Back at home, the effect of turmoil in the international market also made government to think its strategy on ambitious disinvestment programme.

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Lukewarm response to the NTPC, the much awaited issue managed to get subscription of just 1.2 times on its closing day.

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The maximum bid of 20.87 crore shares was put by Indian institution under the first time adopted French Auction route.

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This has challenged the finance Ministry hopes on the proceeds from disinvestments to make up the sliding revenue & rising expenditure.

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While it looks that PSU disinvestment may not yield desired results on market weakness, the 3G auction i.e. expected to garner Rs. 35,000 crore could be postponed to next fiscal year.

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The fate of some of the IPO’s like NMDC, Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd and Rural Electrification Corporation that are on the disinvestment agenda before March 31, looks tough to sail through, if the stock markets do not rise and big investors do not come back.

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On the contrary, Banks like Bank of Baroda & Indian Bank that were expected to raise money overseas have put now their plans on hold.

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The good news from the external sector continued as the data showed a 9.3% annual increase in exports in December to $14.6 billion, a second consecutive month rise.

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While imports increased by 27.2% from a year earlier to $24.75 billion.

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Food inflation remained at high levels & rose to 17.56% in the week ended 23 January 2010 from 17.40% in the previous week on the back of rising pulses & potato prices.

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Markets are likely to take a closer view of the advance estimates on economic growth for the current fiscal ending March 2010 scheduled to be released on Monday.

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In the days to come an activity in the sectors like railways, fertiliser, textiles, pharma, education, power and infrastructure may be seen on expected positive policy announcements and budgetary sops.

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It was clearly mentioned last week that world markets are going in downtrend and one should be careful in such a scenario and that one should be moving in cash.

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Now the markets have taken a very sharp fall last week due to rise in Dollar Index and fall in all asset classes.

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The coming week might see some counter rally from lower levels.

Nifty faces resistance between 4900-5000 levels and Sensex between 16400-17000 levels.

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If we talk about commodity markets then one can see that strengthening dollar and lack of firm global cues had pressurized commodities prices to move southward.

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Investors are selling riskier assets and putting their money in dollar as a safe haven buying.

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Debt concerns facing Greece, Portugal and Spain coupled with dollar index which is trading above the mark of 80 is most likely to compel commodities to trade lower.

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French and euro zone GDP, USD advance retail sales, USD U. of Michigan Confidence will give further direction to commodities.

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Investors should keep an eye on gold – silver ratio.

It was 58:1 few months back, now reached to 67:1 on MCX, heading towards the level of 70:1.

It is demonstrating more selling in silver.

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Stay Tuned for More on weekly updates.

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Note : For More Latest Industry, Stock Market and Economy News and Updates, please click here

SEBI’s Auction Move on FPOs Impresses Marketmen :)

 

SEBI's Auction Move on FPOs Impresses Marketmen

SEBI's Auction Move on FPOs Impresses Marketmen

SEBI’s has planned to remove the cap price for the follow-on public offerings and this idea seems to be impressing market players.

SEBI has said that  it would introduce “pure auction as an additional book building mechanism for institutional investors for follow-on public offerings (FPOs).”

Analysts and market men feel that this is going to generate loads of excitement and fun for market players, as those investors who are convinced about a particular issue will invest at a higher price to seek allotment and those not-so-convinced can invest at a lower price.

Merchant bankers said it will be interesting to see how this will work as there are a few PSU FPOs likely to hit the market soon.

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PSUs likely to come out with FPOs include NMDC, MMTC, Neyveli Lignite Corporation, Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers, National Fertilizers, Coal India and Engineers India

As of now, the IPO price is determined through a price band (which has a lower and upper level).

An auction or floor price is the minimum price at which bids can be made for an IPO.

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Meanwhile, merchant bankers welcomed SEBI’s announcement on Monday that exchanges could have a separate platform for Small and Medium Enterprises (SME).

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As the primary market size grows, the smaller companies are getting lost amid the big ticket IPOs.
Having such exclusive guidelines for SMEs is definitely a good idea, said merchant bankers.

SME platform SEBI on the lines of the AIM on the London Stock Exchange will be better.

Those SMEs with a paid-up capital of between Rs 10 crore and Rs 25 crore have an option of either being on the SME exchange or the main bourses.

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According to the new guidelines, SMEs should have a maximum paid up capital of Rs 25 crore for listing.

For an investor the minimum application size in an SME IPO will now be Rs 1 lakh.

Though such a limit might seem like it will prevent the retail investor of small means from investing in SME IPOs, merchant bankers said that it is a good move.

“This will allow retail investors to take more informed decisions. It will protect these investors as the chances of manipulation with respect to smaller companies are much higher. Those investors with the right amount of knowledge and liquidity will be the ones investing in these IPOs,” said Mr Jagannadham Thunuguntla, Head of Equity at SMC Capital.

Having the merchant bankers underwriting the IPO will make sure that they price the issue properly and also provide proper valuations.

Merchant bankers are also happy that for an SME issue the minimum number of investors is only 50 for a particular issue.

“For an issue, as of now, there has to be a minimum of 1,000 investors,” said Mr Thunuguntla.

Merchant bankers expect only two PSU public issues

Merchant bankers expect only two PSU public issues

Merchant bankers believe that not more than two public sector IPOs are likely to happen this year, notwithstanding the Finance Minister’s statement indicating that disinvestment is still top on the Government’s agenda.

National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) and Oil India are the two PSU companies which merchant bankers think will hit the markets with their IPOs.

“NHPC and Oil India are the most likely companies to come out with IPOs this year and you might see minority stake sales in PSU banks as well. The Government will divest slowly and there will not be many big bangs IPOs,” said Mr Saurabh Mukherjea, Head of Indian Equities at Noble Group.

NHPC and Oil India will raise close to Rs 3,000 crore through their issues.

The Finance Minister even issued a list of companies proposed for disinvestment. In 2009-10, the Government proposes to disinvest a small portion of equity in Rail India Technical and Economic Services Ltd, Cochin Shipyard, Telecommunications Consultants India Ltd, Manganese Core India Ltd, Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd and Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd.

But investment bankers said they expected disinvestment to happen only in those companies which are more profitable.

The validity periods of the DRHPs filed with SEBI of both NHPC and Oil India expire in September this year, said Mr Jagannadham Thunuguntla, Equity Head at SMC Capitals.

He added that the Government will look at selling its stake in only a few companies, which will also garner most funds rather than sell small stakes in several PSUs.

“The Government may not be as aggressive as the market would wish it to be,” he said.

Revival

Investment bankers said that the signs are pointing towards a revival of the IPO market and that even two PSU divestments would pave the way for this. “PSUs hold the key to the revival of the primary market and the outcome of these IPOs is very critical,” said Mr Thunuguntla.

“Once the Adani Power (private sector) and NHPC IPOs go through we will get a clearer picture of things to come,” said Mr Mukherjea.

Mr Rangari said most PSUs were under-valued and that their IPOs usually enjoy good response from the investors. He said that his company has gota few mandates and has one issue a month lined up for the next four months. They are small issues whose total size is between Rs 100 crore and Rs 150 crore each.