Posts Tagged ‘profit’

CESC Bags 140 mw Hydro Power Project in Himachal

CESC Ltd, the Power utility, has bagged a hydro power project from the Himachal Pradesh government on a competitive bidding process. The company has been allocated one project in Himachal Pradesh at Lara Sumta, Vice Chairman Sanjiv Goenka told.

He also said that the company would make an investment of Rs 46 billion as equity component in its power projects over the next 4-5 years and would require about Rs 100 billion as debt component for its projects.

CESC currently trading marginally lower by 0.58% at Rs 393.05. The stock hit an intraday high of Rs 396.90 till now, as against the 52-week high of Rs. 410. The stock hit a low of Rs 392 during the day. The stock had hit a 52-week low of Rs 180 on 12 March 2009.

The stock opens at Rs. 395.05 at BSE. The total traded volume of the scrip on BSE till now stood at 14147.

Meanwhile today, the BSE Sensex is trading with marginal losses of 7.42 points, or 0.04%, at 17,111.61. It has touched an intraday high of 17,275.19 and low of 17,068.37.

On BSE, 2,876 lakh shares were traded in the counter and out of that 1,110 stocks are in positive while 1,703 stocks are on he sellers” radar.

AB Nuvo has an equity capital of Rs 125.60 crore as of March 2009. The face value per share is Rs 10. At the current price of Rs 393.05, the P/E multiple stood at 11.99 with book Value of 233.87 and P/BV at 1.68.

Considering the current price, the stock had outperformed the market over the past one month till 13 November 2009, rising 5.26% as compared to the Sensex”s return of 1.55% and NSE Nifty”s of 2.09% return. It outperformed the market in past one quarter ending September 14, 2009, gaining 10.14% as against 5.53% rise in the Sensex and 6.13% rise in NSE Nifty.

CESC is a fully integrated power utility with its operation spanning the entire value chain: right from mining coal, generating power, transmission and distribution of power. We serve 2.3 million customers within 567 square kilometers of Kolkata and Howrah, delivering safe, cost-effective and reliable energy to our consumers. Even after 100 years of service, we still feel younger than ever.

The Company has posted a net profit after tax of Rs 1260 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2009 as compared to Rs 1240 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2008. Total Income has increased from Rs 7860 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2008 to Rs 9850 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2009.

Seasonal Index……“Time is Money” Part 1

Hello Friends here we come up with our another write up on “SMC Gyan Series”

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Seasonal Index……. “Time is Money”

In this Blog, we are going to read more about the old saying  “Time is Money” which is represented quite aptly by SEASONAL INDEX.

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Seasonal Index……. “Time is Money”

The old T saying “Time is Money” is rightly represented by Seasonal Index.

To maximize profit, investors should have good knowledge of markets where demand & supply of commodities have their own seasonality & the future prices of agri contracts with volatile market psychology, triggering stop-loss orders, hitting targets & speculator closing out of positions.

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What is a Seasonal Pattern?

Seasonal Indices are the virtual mirror image & identifiable seasonal movement on commodity data between two dates of the recent past, influenced by general price trend, sentiment, exchange rates etc.


It provides a better way of understanding the repetitive and predictable movement, but one should not be swayed by preconceived ideas about them, as they do not determine the actual signals, but the time of execution instead.

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Reasons for studying seasonal variation :

The reasons for studying seasonal variation are:

· To learn how seasonal forces can affect the commodity market.

· Better understanding of the price movement within a time series.

· To learn how seasonal’s can be used to identify the trade timing of a market.

· Prediction of the future trends & magnitude of price changes.

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Stay Tuned for more on this.

In next blog, we would touch upon the points related to

the analysis of the seasonal pattern of the commodity prices,

how an annual average method can be used to generate a seasonal pattern in predicting the future prices of the commodity,

and seasonal pattern in the year 2009.

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Note : For More Finance Gyan, Latest Industry, Stock Market, Economy News and Updates, please click here

Bear and Bull Part 2

Hello Friends,

Just an extension of our previous blog ” Bear and Bull Part 1″.

Both bull and bear markets are inevitable

Both bull and bear markets are inevitable

In this Blog we would touch upon if bull and bear markets are inevitable and what are the basics investors should keep in mind while trading in bear and bull market 🙂

Both bull and bear markets are inevitable!

Smart investors try to anticipate both events to profit from their eventuality.

Bear markets are generally shorter in duration than bull markets.

To avoid being hurt by bear markets you must recognize the signs early and move part of your assets into cash equivalent investments.

It is recommendable that one should invest for the long term. Don’t let the bears get you down!

The same thing is true of bears – don’t panic and sell low.

Let the bear market run its course, which history tells us is likely to be short.

On the other hand, a bull market can leave many investors feeling pretty good about their ability to prosper.

Their confidence bolstered by the good times.

Some even find themselves swept up in “Bull Market Myopia” and forget the basic tenets of smart investing, like asset allocation and portfolio diversification.

Holding good stocks through bull and bear markets is a prudent strategy.

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However, many investors feel that they do not want to be in the market during a bear market. It is difficult to predict when to move in and out of the market.

When a bear market ends, a strong upward move can occur in a short time.

If you are not in the market you will miss the move. The probability that your timing will be wrong is very high.

Unlike slow-starting bull markets, bear markets may start with a mini-crash – a major drop within a few days when investors least expect it.

Many investors are afraid to get out of a bull market for fear of missing “big profits” at the top of the market.

This is a recipe for disaster!

It is also known as greed!

As a bull market continues to increase, investors should start to decrease their stock holdings and move them into cash or money markets accounts.

Now, besides bulls and bears there are two other animals in our zoo to keep watch for!

Ostriches:

Are investors who stick to their old strategies, oblivious to changes in the world around them.

And then there are the Hogs.

Bulls can make money. Bears can make money.

But Hogs are investors who are too greedy and usually get slaughtered!

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Note : For More Finance Gyan, Latest Industry, Stock Market, Economy News and Updates, please click here..

Interest Rate Futures Section – Final Part :)

Interest Rate Futures Section Final Part

Interest Rate Futures Section Final Part

Hello Friends, we are here with the Final Part of our Interest Rate Futures educational section.
We would touch upon the benefits of the Interest Rate Futures and the future scenario related to it.

Here we go :

Key benefits of Interest Rate Futures:

Directional trading

As there is an inverse relationship between interest rate movement and underlying bond prices, so if one has strong view that the interest rates will rise in near future then he can take short position in IRF contracts and can be benefited from the falling futures bond prices.

Hedging portfolio

The holders of the GOI securities are exposed to risk of rising interest rates which in turn results in the reduction in the value of the portfolio.

So in order to protect against a fall in the value of the portfolio they can take short position in IRF.

Calendar spread trading

This spread is also known as an inter-delivery spread.

It is the simultaneous purchase of one delivery month of a given futures contract and the sale of another delivery month of the same underlying on the same exchange.

For example:

Buying a September 09 and simultaneously selling a December 09 contract.
A market participant can profit as the price difference between the two contracts widens.

The either case can also be possible.

Reduce the duration of portfolio:

Bonds with longer maturities are more sensitive to interest rate changes, and bond portfolio with longer duration will be more exposed to the vulnerability of the movement in interest rate.

So portfolio manager who is concerned about the rise in the short term interest rate risk would like to reduce the duration of the portfolio.

By entering into the IRF contract to NSE, the portfolio manager can reduce duration of the portfolio.

Arbitraging between cash and futures market:

Arbitrage is the price difference between the bond prices in underlying bond market and IRF contract without any view about the interest rate movement.

One can earn the risk-less profit from realizing arbitrage opportunity and entering into the IRF contract traded on NSE by initiating cash and carry trade.

Responses After launch:

After the launch of currency futures in August 2008, Interest-rate futures are the first major product to be introduced in India.

The interest rate futures began on August 31,2009 clocking trading volumes of Rs 276 crore in their first day of trade.

Market participants responded passionately to the product launch on the first day.

In around five hours of trading time available after inauguration, 1,475 trades were recorded resulting in 14,559 contracts being traded at a total value of Rs 267.31 crore.

In the beginning only two quarters has been introduced out of four, among which December 2009 was the most active with 13,789 contracts which has been traded actively.

There are nearly 638 members registered for this new product, out of which 21 are banks and there contribution to the total gross volume was 32.48 percent.

Future scenario:

BSE had received regulatory approval for interest rates futures and would launch in 8-10 weeks.

The Multi Commodity Exchange’s foreign exchange derivatives bourse has sought permission to launch trade in interest rate futures.

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However, For More latest Industry, Gyan, Stock Market and Economy News Updates, Click Here

Systematic Investment Plan(SIP)..Whats That?

Systematic-Investment-Plan-SIP

Wealth creation is an art and over the years it has changed its avenues and area of interest for investors.

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In this blog, we will discuss what is SIP and what are the benefits of SIP?

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SIP or systematic investment plan is a simple and time honored investment strategy for creation of wealth in a disciplined manner over long term period.

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It aims at a better future for investors by giving a good rate of return as compared to one time investor in volatile market by lowering the average purchase cost.

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It is evident from the recent slowdown that the Mutual fund invested trough SIP route has prevented the pitfalls of equity investment and is enjoying the high returns, if compared.

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So it makes all the more sense today when the stock markets are volatile.

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BENEFITS of SIP.

1. Power of compounding:

If money is invested at an early age one can make money work with greater power of compounding with significant impact on wealth accumulation.

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2.Rupee cost averaging:

It is not so easy to predict the movements of the market.

An automatic market timing mechanism that eliminates the need to time one’s investments is Rupee cost averaging.

Though SIP does not guarantee profit, but one can invest through it as it goes a long way in minimizing the effects of investing in volatile markets.

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3. Convenience:

It is very easy and convenient to operate through SIP route as it could be done by simply providing post dated cheques with the completed enrolment form or give ECS instructions.

The cheques can be deposited on the specified dates and the units credited into the investor’s account.

The SIP facility is available in most of the categories in domestic Mutual Fund industry.

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SIP features:

If one would like to earn a good return from its principal then he should have a disciplinary approach.

The disciplinary approach is a vital to earning good returns over a longer time frame.

Once invested through sip route, investors are saved from bothering to identifying the ideal entry and exit points from volatile markets.

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Conclusion:

Though SIP resolves a dilemma often facing investors due to ups and downs in the market price but investor finds it difficult to decide when to invest in the equity scheme.

The success of investors SIP hinges on the performance of his/ her selected scheme.

If the investor is able to make wise decisions and make the best of the Indian volatile market, SIP is definitely a powerful tool to create wealth over time.

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Know how to make money in shares!!!

Make Money By shares

Everyone wants a piece of the stock market. And why not?

But do you know how shares reward an investor?

If you are a shareholder, there are two ways you can benefit from the profits of a company: capital appreciation or dividend.

Read on to understand how shares reward you. 🙂

Dividends, dividends!

Usually, a company distributes part of the profit it earns as dividend.

Say a company earned a profit of Rs 1 crore (Rs 10 million) in 2004-05.

It keeps half that amount within the company.

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This is used for a variety of purposes — buying more machinery, land or raw materials, building a new factory or setting up a new office. It could even be used to repay loans.

The other half is to be distributed as dividend. 🙂

Assume the company has 10,000 shares.

This would mean half the profit — ie Rs 50 lakh (Rs 5 million) — would be divided by 10,000 shares.

So each share would earn Rs 500. The dividend would then be Rs 500 per share.

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If you own 100 shares of the company, you get a cheque of Rs 50,000 (100 shares x Rs 500) from the company.

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Everyone wants a piece of the stock market. And why not?

But do you know how shares reward an investor?

If you are a shareholder, there are two ways you can benefit from the profits of a company: capital appreciation or dividend.

Read on to understand how shares reward you.

Dividends, dividends!

Usually, a company distributes part of the profit it earns as dividend.

Say a company earned a profit of Rs 1 crore (Rs 10 million) in 2004-05.

It keeps half that amount within the company. This is used for a variety of purposes — buying more machinery, land or raw materials, building a new factory or setting up a new office. It could even be used to repay loans.

The other half is to be distributed as dividend.

Assume the company has 10,000 shares. This would mean half the profit — ie Rs 50 lakh (Rs 5 million) — would be divided by 10,000 shares.

So each share would earn Rs 500. The dividend would then be Rs 500 per share.

If you own 100 shares of the company, you get a cheque of Rs 50,000 (100 shares x Rs 500) from the company.

WHEN TO SELL STOCK?

WHEN TO SELL STOCK?

Buying a stock is simple, but Selling is actually harder as it requires regulation, understandable thoughts, and a tight rein on one’s emotions.

The ongoing optimism, slow economic revival, positive signs on the global front and high expectations from the stable government at home have forced bulls to give up their lethargic activities and to march northward.

Many investors who had seen the value of their stocks hit rock bottom and are now facing dilemma whether to sell or should they hold on? :O

Investors often face problems to take right decisions in volatile market as markets could head either way.

Wouldn’t it be disheartening if the markets rallied northwards, the day after you sold your stocks? What if the markets come crashing down tomorrow, depriving you of the opportunity to enhance profits?

So, the decision to sell is critical.


Some of the points when to sell your stocks:

Prima facie, if there is any drastic change in fundamental of a company, this should be the only reason to sell stock.

But a depth research has to be done before taking any decision. Changes includes;

-restructuring of its business model,

-different business focus and directions.

1. Margins Crashed

Margins are the profit that a company makes on its sales. Rising gross margins tell us that a company is reducing production costs or raising prices.

Conversely, deteriorating margins say either that production costs are increasing andthe company can’t raise prices proportionally or that the company is cutting prices in an attempt to maintain marketshare.

If there are expenses related to a new product’s introduction then margins might fall for inoffensive reasons.

Falling margins, either gross or operating, often signal a declining competitive position. Thus it’s important to check both. 🙂

2.Is There Any Drastic Change In Company’s Management?

If people in top management of the company say director or president who are liable for a company’s success begin to go away, there might be a few negative implications for the future outlook of that company as an investor.

You must look into and find out the root cause and also to see how much it could impact you.

If negative prospects, investor should sell the stock and should relocate the funds into a similar company that has stronger and more constant management.

3. What First Fascinated You To The Stock, No Longer Applies

For example, let’s suppose that you bought a stock of a health care company because of its innovative products in the pharmaceutical field and all of a sudden, it loses a crucial patent for a life-saving medicine.

This may result in a decrease of market share in its industry, which might lead to a reduction in future profits (resulting in a decline in the value of its stock).

4. Stock is Over Valued:

During bull market, high quality stocks appreciate value.

But more importantly, with so much hype around the stock, they are often set up for a fall.

Therefore, investor may use the strategy of selling them first and buy at lower price.

5. Need Some Cash-

Certain unexpected circumstances may affect the time when to sell stock. It is not wrong to sell stock to solve your financial emergency, especially the underperforming one.

However, it is advisable to have some emergency cash funds.

After all, basic investing rules is to start investing if you have enough money.

6. A Change in Monetary Policy-

The Central Bank, RBI changes monetary policy if it perceives that inflation is heating up.

By raising interest rates, it contracts the money supply and slows down the financial system.

It is generally seen that stocks normally react negatively against the action, and some time markets become more volatile.

If you are not happy with this type of risk then you should move a portion of your portfolio into stocks that will not be as affected with such changes.

7. A Company Suddenly Cuts Dividends or Lower Income Estimates-

This event should be investigated carefully before making any judgment to sell.

For good reason, the board of directors might want to retain more of their earnings for internal growth, rather than paying them out in dividends.

Sell a company’s stock if the performance is down.

Investors must never sell the stock of a fine company if its price goes either ways significantly – up or down.

Falling earnings margins and slowing earnings must be treated as a warning signal.

Lastly, I would like to say that always do your homework (Research) well while selling a company’s stock; you can useeither the top-down approach or the bottom-up approach.

Markets are often full of rumors. You cannot make money in the market by acting on market rumors.

Always listen to the stories, but remember you should do your own research–and do it thoroughly.

Make your buy or sell decision based on your analysis of the company, not on what others tell you to do.