Posts Tagged ‘Potato cultivation’




Commodity Check :

Potato is probably the most popular food item in the Indian diet. Potato is a very rich source of starch. It also contains phosphorus, calcium, iron and some vitamins.

Indian Scenario

India is the third largest potato-producing country in the world, after China and Russia,with a total acreage of 14 lakh hectares, producing 250 lakh tonnes of the crop.

Potato is cultivated both as a Kharif & Rabi crop, under assured irrigation during short winter days from October to March.

Potato cultivation is more concentrated in the Gangetic plain comprising Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal.

Price Movement

The price of potatoes from UP, Haryana and Punjab in the four key wholesale mandis of Delhi, Azadpur, Okhla, Keshavpuram and Ghazipur, ranges from Rs 10 per kg to Rs 16per kg, up from Rs 6-15 per kg a couple of months ago.

The prices, however, saw an up-trend touching highest in the last five years, at Rs.1,400 per quintal (100 kg) owing to poor production in the neighboring states of Bihar and West Bengal.

The current potato prices in the market are reigning between Rs.1,400 and Rs.1,700 per quintal.

The horticulture department expects the acreage to rise to 545,000 hectares this season in the backdrop of bullish prices.

The farmers would prefer potato since this would fill in their paddy losses without affecting their rabi wheat crop in winters.

The trend could again result in windfall production of potato next year, causing severe storage problems, as was the scenario last year.

Last year, the prices nosedived so much that the cold storage had no space and the crop was forced to lie on roads.

Prices…. Fireworks

Food prices are likely to go up in the coming weeks as floods in the southern states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh have destroyed crops.

Due to crop failure in states like Maharashtra, West Bengal and Karnataka, the potato crop output this year has fallen by about 20%.

The common man has been hit hard by the rising prices of potatoes and vegetables which have soared by 81% and 43% respectively in the past one year.

The prices are unlikely to come down before December as new crop is likely to arrive only in late November, which will then ease the supply pressure.

Rising prices of other vegetables are also providing support to the potato market. The potatoes available during April-October period are largely supplied by cold storages.

About 16-17 MMt of potatoes are estimated to have been stored from 2008-09 crop to meet the demand in lean season.

According to the Nasik-based National Horticultural Research and Development Foundation (NHRDF), potato production in 2009-10 is estimated to be about 31 million metric tonnes (MMt), same as last year.

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