Posts Tagged ‘NSE’

SHIFT IN GOLD DEMAND: PERFORMANCE OF ETFs

Gold’s appeal as an alternative investment option remains high. Historically equities have performed better than gold barring certain minor aberrations here and there. However, asset allocation is an important aspect of any investment strategy. By balancing asset classes of different correlations, investors hope to maximize returns and minimize risk. While many investors may believe that their portfolios are adequately diversified, they typically contain only three asset classes – stocks, bonds/fixed income instruments and cash. To counter adverse movements in a particular asset or asset class, many investors now strive to achieve more effective diversification in their portfolios by incorporating alternative investments such as commodities. While gold has shown strong returns over recent years, its most valuable contribution to a portfolio lies in the fact that it is not correlated with most other assets. This is because the gold price is not driven by the same factors that drive the performance of other assets. Demand for gold may continue to rise as investors diversify their portfolio with an asset that is not correlated with the equity markets. In the melt down seen in 2008-09, gold was not correlated with the other assets and hence saved.

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Gold’s price action in the past few months has frustrated many traders. High volatility in prices created much risk for the investors as well as for intra day traders. At this time ETFs plays a major role as Gold ETFs provides investors a means of participating in the gold bullion market without the necessity of taking physical delivery of gold, and to buy and sell that participation through the trading of a security on stock exchange. Gold ETF would be a passive investment; so, when gold prices move up, the ETF appreciates and when gold prices move down, the ETF loses value. Each unit is approximately equal to price of 1 gram gold. But, there are Gold ETFs which also provide a unit which is approximately equal to the price of ½ gram of gold.

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Gold exchange traded funds (ETFs) serve several functions in both good times and bad. These days, we’re seeing it primarily workingas a safe haven for investors. According to the World Gold Council’s (WGC) latest Gold Investment Digest (GID), the quarter Q2 2010 recorded significant net inflows into various gold backed investment vehicles, as investors sought to harness gold’s investment benefits at a time of weakness and pronounced volatility in other asset classes. Investors bought 273.8 net tonnes of gold via exchange traded funds (ETFs) in Q2 2010. This represents the second largest quarterly inflow on record with the total amount of gold held in the ETFs monitored by WGC to over 2,000 tonnes (worth US$81.6 billion).

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Till now India has been the biggest consumer of gold but gold exchange traded funds (ETFs) were not much popular in India. However, things are changing fast inIndia. With increasing popularity more and more people are now putting their money on Gold ETFs. As a sign of this, India’s gold collection under exchange-traded funds rose 76 per cent in June 2010 from a year ago to 10.453 tonnes. There has been an increase of customers by 70-80 per cent (on year). Most of the participation  was from high net worth individuals and other retail investors. The gold ETFs, instruments that trade like shares and are backed by physical gold holdings, are more than three year old and may get crowded with some other funds planning their entry.

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Over the past nine years, gold has managed to post successive increases in its annual average price, navigating the choppiest of waters.

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From the above mentioned chart it is clearly visible that gold ETF’s has given significant return on yearly basis.GOLDBEES does the best and it does quite well in volumes also, thatis due to the fact that its expenses are lower than the competitors. More competition is always good for the customer, but unless someone comes up with an ETF with expenses lower than GOLDBEES, we can imagine GOLDBEES to be the best on this chart.

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ETF have shown consistent growth in volumes both in terms of number of trade and turnover. Based on the underlying asset different types of ETFs have been identified. The turnover and price of each class of ETF listed on NSE is given below.

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Advantages of Investing in Gold ETFs

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•Potentially cheaper to have price exposure to gold price as compared to other available avenues.

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•Quick and convenient dealing through demat account.

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•No storage and security issue for investors.

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•Transparent pricing.

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•Taxation of Mutual Fund.

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•Can be traded on stock exchange like buying / selling a stock.

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•Ideal for retail investor as minimum lot size to trade is one unit on secondary market.

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•NAV of a unit tracks price of approximately ½ or 1 gram of gold.

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The above mentioned benefits make gold ETFs much better investment avenue for the investors rather than investing in gold through any other source. However as we are seeing that strong investment demand for gold is quite visible, with investors viewing gold, a real asset and as a hedge against medium-term inflationary pressures and potential US dollar weakness. While also providing important diversification benefits, investors may continue to look to gold as a safe haven asset and an alternative currency in the face of volatile currency markets in coming period. Also the rising awareness among Indian investor regarding investment through gold ETFs may boost the demand in near future.

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Binani Inds to Buy Public Holding in Cement Unit

Binani Industries Ltd said on Wednesday it received board approvals to acquire the entire public holding in its unit Binani Cement, sending shares of both companies soaring.

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In a separate statement, Binani Cement said it will voluntarily delist equity shares from both BSE and NSE, after getting shareholders’ approval. Its shares rose as much as 20% on the news, while the parent’s stock rose 16%.

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Traders expect that the purchase price would be decided using a reverse book-building method, which pushed up the stock price, said Jagannadham Thunuguntla, equity head at SMC Capitals.

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In reverse book-building, shareholders can indicate the price at which they will tender the shares, he added.

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As on June 30, promoters hold 51.28% stake, while non-institutions hold 41.75%, institutions 6.97% and foreign institutional investors hold 2.10%, BSE data showed.

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Binani Group is into manufacturing of cement, zinc, glass fibre and downstream composites.

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Binani Industries would have to spend over Rs 700 crore to acquire the entire shareholding at the current share price, Thunuguntla said, adding that this would be part of Binani Industries internal restructuring plan.

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Shares of the Binani Cement closed up 14.41% at Rs 95.65, while that of Binani Industries closed 11.4% up at Rs 121.45 in a strong Mumbai market.

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Source:Moneycontrol

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CURRENCY FUTURE – BETTER FUTURE FOR CURRENCY TRADERS

There is good news for currency traders who would like to trade in currency futures. After trading in dollar-rupee futures, now corporate and retail investors will also be able to trade in currencies such as Euro, and Japanese Yen.

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Currently dollar-rupee futures are trading on three recognized exchanges, NSE, MCX Stock Exchange and BSE. But the currency derivative is liquid only on the first two bourses, which have together posted an average daily turnover of around Rs. 18,566 crore in December, up from a couple of thousand crore when the currency futures trading commenced in the second-half of 2008.

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NSE commenced currency futures trading in India on 29th August 2008. It has witnessed healthy growth in the turnover and open interest positions during its first completed month of currency futures trading in India.

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Brief of currency future

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Currency futures contracts are those contracts which allow investors to hedge against foreign exchange risk and traders to speculate on the movement in Currency. Since these contracts are marked-to-market daily, investors can exit from their obligation to buy or sell the currency prior to the contract’s delivery date.

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Major Profitable accounts

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The introduction of new currency pairs will go a long way in helping market participants, especially international traders, hedge against cross-currency Volatility and mitigate risk in export and imports across all major traded currencies and will add depth to the exchange-traded currency futures market.

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Along with the above mentioned participants, Currency futures trading in India has generated huge interest among Indian retail investors and traders.

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There is a strong demand for information gathering about the intricacies of currency futures from small investors and enterprises. For instance, entities that have borrowings in Euro will get one more avenue, apart from the over-the-counter market that is dominated by banks, to hedge them against volatility in the 16-nation common currency.

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Due to the transparent mechanism of execution in currency futures trade, increased participation by corporations and high net worth individuals, too, could be witnessed.

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Contract specification

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As in the case of the dollar-rupee futures, the contract size has been fixed at 1,000 units each for pound and euro, and 100,000 units for the yen, across 12 concurrently available contracts, one for each month.

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The contracts, like the existing dollar futures, would be cash-settled in rupees and the settlement price would be at RBI’s reference rate for all the four currencies.

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However, there are different initial margins (cash) that an investor needs to put up for trading each currency on day one and subsequently though this has not been changed for the dollar.

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The market regulator has also decided to modify the calendar spread margin to be applied on the dollar-rupee contracts.

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All the new contracts would be quoted in rupee terms, while the outstanding positions would be in the respective foreign currency terms.

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The maximum maturity of the contract would be 12 months, while all monthly maturities from 1 to 12 months would be made available.

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The contracts would be settled in cash in rupees.

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The client-level position limit has been capped at 6 per cent of the total open interest position.

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Responses:

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Market participants responded enthusiastically to the inclusion of these new currency pairs. The three new currency pairs clocked Rs. 1,98,761 contracts resulting from 7,762 trades at a total value of Rs. 1,277.13-crore on the NSE on day first, which is approximately comes out to be 9.61 percent of the total turnover in value terms. Out of the three new pairs, euro-rupee (EURINR) was the most traded currency pair clocking 1, 82,013 contracts.

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Total contracts and open interest in EUR/INR and GBP/INR:



First Traders inception of currency futures 🙂

The first trade in the new currency pairs was executed by East India Securities, IndusInd Bank executed the first trade amongst banks. Union Bank was the first PSU bank to trade and execute the single largest trade. ICICI Bank and State Bank also participated actively. This market has now become bigger than the cash segment of the equity market, which recorded average volumes of Rs. 20,000 crore last month.

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The beauty of exchange-traded currency futures are that they allow a participant to directly buy or sell the Dollar,Euro,Yen or GBP without having an underlying exposure, so it’s also a view-based market. One can take this opportunity of investing smartly in currency futures and gain by every tick.

Stay Tuned for More updates 🙂

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Indian Stock Market Reaction To Indian Budget :)

Indian stock markets, reacted positively to the budget, with a benchmark index breaking free to close 237 points higher than its previous weekly close. 🙂

The 30-share sensitive index (Sensex) of the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) moved up 237.92 points or 1.47 percent to end Friday at 16,429.55 points, 237 points above its previous weekly close at 16,191.63 points.

The broader S&P CNX Nifty of the National Stock Exchange (NSE) too posted gains to end the week at 4,922.3 points, up 77.4 points or 1.57 percent.

Broader market indices, however, ended the week in the red with the BSE midcap index closing 0.54 percent down and the BSE smallcap index 1.67 percent lower.

“Though it is not possible to keep everyone happy, the finance minister has done a commendable job. This was evident from the way markets reacted to the announcements,” said Jagannadham Thunuguntla, the equity head for brokerage firm SMC Capitals.

“The budget did help in breaking from the side-ways movement, but it is not going to help much going forward. A lot of the budget news has been factored in and one should not expect a major rally,” he added.

The top gainers during the week included Hindalco (up 7.7 percent), Maruti Suzuki (up 6.8 percent), L&T (up 6.2 percent), Hero Honda (up 5.5 percent) and ICICI Bank (up 5 percent).

Among top losers were ITC (down 6.5 percent), Reliance Communications (down 2.8 percent), Tata Power (down 2.2 percent), Hindustan Unilever (down 2.2 percent) and Reliance Industries (down 0.6 percent).

Data with markets watchdog Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) showed that foreign funds were net buyers during the week, having bought scrips worth $313.56 million.

Benchmark indices in the US ended slightly lower this week with Dow Jones industrial average dipping 0.8 percent, the Standard and Poor’s 500 Index 500 down 0.4 percent and the Nasdaq composite falling 0.3 percent.

Now, Trading in Derivatives Contracts in 3 More Currency Pairs :)

Trading in Derivatives Contracts in 3 More Currency Pairs

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Spirits of indian investors and institutions dealing in foreign currencies were boosted by the latest news of regulators allowing Indian bourses to start trading in derivatives contracts in three more currency pairs.

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Rupee-Euro, Rupee-Japanese Yen (JPY) and Rupee-British Pound (GBP).

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Currently, only trading in futures contracts in Rupee-US Dollar is allowed on the bourses, which began on the NSE on August 29, 2008, followed by MCX-SX.

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Permission from the banking regulator Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) came within a month of the combined turnover of the two forex derivative boursesNSE’s foreign forex trading segment and MCX Stock Exchange (MCX-SX)— crossing the combined turnover of the cash market of NSE and BSE.

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Last fortnight, the forex derivatives markets recorded a turnover of nearly Rs 34,500 crore, compared to about Rs 23,200 crore on the two bourses’ cash segments.

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Although BSE offers forex derivatives trading, the segment is yet to take off.

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Following the global trend, where forex trading volumes dwarf volumes in both equities and commodities, the forex derivatives segment in India took just a year and a half since their launch to surpass the turnover in the cash segment of the bourses.

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However, spokespersons from both NSE and MCX-SX said that these bourses will start trading in these three new pairs very soon.

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🙂

Indians Equities Gained a Meagre 14 Points this Week

Indians Equities Gained a Meagre 14 Points this Week

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A benchmark index of Indian equities gained a meagre 14 points this week from its last weekly close even as broader indices managed to move up significantly and foreign investors bought into a wide range of scrips.

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Trading this week was range-bound on most days, and brushed aside improved industrial output numbers.

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The 30-share sensitive index (Sensex) of the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) rose 14.1 points or 0.08 percent to end Friday at 17,584.87 points, from its previous weekly close at 17,540.29 points.

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The broader S&P CNX Nifty of the National Stock Exchange (NSE) moved up 0.14 percent or 7.45 points from its last weekly close to end at 5,252.2 points.

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Broader market indices, however, reflected the buying interest in mid-to-small sized scrips as the BSE midcap index ended 1.5 percent up and the BSE smallcap index rose 3.14 percent.

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Data with markets watchdog Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) showed that foreign funds were net buyers during the week, having bought scrips worth $981.55 million.

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According to Jagannadham Thunuguntla, the equity head for brokerage firm SMC Capitals, the benchmark indices will continue to see a lot of sideways movement, having rallied over 90 percent in a year.

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‘Such sideways movement is expected, and will be the norm for some time to come.

Positive economic numbers and encouraging corporate results will not always translate into gains in the market,’ said Thunuguntla.

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The week started on a lackluster note Monday, with the Sensex ending 13 points lower at 17,526.71 points due to profit booking in front line stocks — Reliance Industries, ICICI Bank, and SBI.

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The Nifty, which followed a similar trajectory to the BSE benchmark, managed to gain marginally at 5,249.4 points, a rise of 0.09 percent.

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The top gainers in the Sensex were TCS (up 13.1 percent), Wipro (up 10.2 percent), Infosys (up 8.6 percent), ACC (up 7.5 percent) and Ambuja Cements (up 6.9 percent).

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Among top losers were SBI (down 6.2 percent), Hindalco (down 3.9 percent), ICICI Bank (down 3.6 percent), Hindustan Unilever (down 3.6 percent) and Reliance Infra (down 3.3 percent).

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🙂

FLASHBACK 2009


For India, 2009, been a great year with the return of a stable government at centre, good FII inflow, 80% increase in the Indian stock market and less terror attacks. But globally, H1N1 influenza and a series of bankruptcy by some big international giants are some events, which we never want to happen again.

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Putting behind the worst annual performance ever, Indian equities were on a roll in 2009, catapulting a key index by more than 80 percent, to close the year with one of the best gains among emerging markets.

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At closing bell Thursday, the 30-share benchmark sensitive index (Sensex) of the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) was ruling at 17,464.81 points with an impressive gain of 7,817.5 points, or 81.03 percent, over the previous year’s close at 9,647.31 points.

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This was the best annual performance since 1999 and was in sharp contrast to 2008, when the Sensex ended with a hefty loss of 10,639.68 points or 52.45 percent making it the third-worst performing equities index among emerging markets.

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The story was no different at the National Stock Exchange (NSE), the other major bourse in the country, where the broader 50-scrip S&P CNX Nifty gained a hefty 2,241.9 points or 75.76 percent when it closed at 5,201.05 points Thursday.

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The main factors that made key indices rise like a Phoenix was resilience of the Indian economy and impressive growth despite global slowdown that also reflected in corporate earnings and the return of the foreign institutional funds.

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According to markets watchdog, the Securities and Exchange Board of India, such overseas funds pumped about $17.46 billion into the Indian stock markets in 2009, as opposed to a net sale worth $13.135 billion for the first time in over a decade..

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‘The performance in 2009 surpassed the expectations of even the most optimistic person. There were not many places left for foreign funds to invest and India was among the few attractive destinations,’ said Jagannadham Thunuguntla, equity head at SMC Capitals.

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Even as the Sensex gained 7,817.5 points, some of the 13 sector-specific indices stood out because of their performance — the metals index appreciated the most, up 233.68 percent, while auto followed with a gain of 204.16 points..

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Similarly, the indices for information technology was up 132.78 percent, capital goods gained 104.26 percent, consumer durables rose 97.8 percent, banking gained 83.9 percent, state-run enterprises inflated 80.54 percent, power moved up by 74.3 percent.

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On the whole, the year started on a promising note with the government unveiling a second dose of fiscal stimulus to help the economy weather the adverse impact of a slowdown in the global economy — touted as the worst in eight decades.

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As a result, the Sensex rallied till Jan 6 and gained 7.13 percent in just three days of trading. But then came the confession of a multi-million dollar fraud by Satyam Computer founder B. Ramalinga Raju, triggering a 7.25 percent fall in just one session.

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Till February, the barometer index was oscillating between 9,000-odd points and 10,300-levels. But as signs of a prolonged economic recession receded the world over, Indian equities found more takers and reflected in steady rise in the index.

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By the beginning of May it was trading comfortably around the 12,000-point mark and gave a thumping welcome to the electoral victory of the Congress party-led United Progressive Alliance — that even saw suspension of trading as indices hit the upper circuit twice.

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On that eventful day of May 18, the Sensex stood at 14,284.21 points, gaining 2,110.79 points, or 17.33 percent, over the previous close, while Nifty also rose 17.3 percent, or 636.4 points, to close at 4,308.05 points.

The remaining months of the year saw a steady rise in the index with interim corrections even as events like the presentation of an industry-friendly national budget and a high growth for the economy during the second quarter boosted investor sentiments.

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Looking at individual stocks that go into the Sensex basket, the top five gainers during 2009 were Tata Motors, up 398.33 percent at Rs.792.60; Mahindra and Mahindra, up 293.23 percent at Rs.1,080.80; Sterlite Industries, up 230.45 percent at Rs.861.65; Hindalco, up 211.23 percent at Rs.160.75; and Maruti Suzuki, up 199.88 percent at Rs.1,559.65.

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Only three stocks ended lower — Bharti Airtel was down 54.02 percent at Rs.328.80; Reliance Communications was down 23.92 percent at Rs.172.90; and Reliance Industries which ended lower since the company declared a 1:1 bonus.

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Looking ahead, the markets expect some more action once the government’s divestment programme gets underway even as investors have their fingers crossed on when the Sensex will breach the magical 21,000 mark.

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So, overall, the year 2009 has been one of the most significant chapters in the stock market growth with an increase of 80% in its value. Further, we keep our spirits high on FM’s comment that Indian economy can grow at 7.75% in FY10.

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