Posts Tagged ‘Monsoons’

ZONEWISE AGROMET ADVISORIES

Monsoons are needed to nourish crops and supplywater for farming communities. The quantity of monsoons in India has increased in the last 50 years. This year the much awaited South-WestMonsoon has reached the Indian territorialwaters. Below written are presented some Zonewise Agromet Advisories by taking the major crops into consideration.

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NORTH WEST INDIA [J & K, H. P., UTTARAKHAND, PUNJAB, HARYANA, DELHI, UP, RAJASTHAN]

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•Weather conditions are favourable for sowing of summer green gram and black gram in Delhi, select varieties for – Green gram– Pusa Ratna, Pantmung 1, Samrat, SML-668, Pusa Vaisakhi, Pusa Vishal, Pusa 105, PDM-11, SML-32; for Black gram – Pusa 1,AjadUrd 2,NarenderUrd-1,T-9, P.D.U.-1.

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•Harvesting of the already matured mustard is advised in Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan and Delhi & Immediate threshing after drying is advised.Attack of painted bugwill bemore if crop is kept in the field for long time after harvest. Farmers are advised to plough the field deep in hot summer to destroy the various stages of pest under heat.

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EAST INDIA[ JHARKHAND, BIHAR , ORISSA ,WEST BENGAL & SIKKIM ]

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•In view of prevailing dry weather condition during last few weeks and also during next fewdays alongwith persisting high temperature, farmers are advised to apply light and frequent irrigation to the standing rabi crops in Bihar and Jharkhand.

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•As therewas excess rainfall during last twoweeks in Sikkim, farmers are advised to postpone irrigation to large cardamom, potato andmaize.

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•Due to high humidity and increased temperature in the flowering and fruiting stages, chilli may be infested with blight and die. Black depressed small black, circular spots are appeared on the skin of fruits. Two spraying any one of the fungicides like Carbendazim 50WP @ 1g or Saaf @ 2g / litre of water at 10 days intervals,when the disease symptoms are appeared.

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NORTH EAST INDIA[ARUNACHALPRADESH,NMM&T,ASSAM,MEGHALAYA]

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•Utilizing the recent pre-monsoon showers and expected rain, undertake sowing of the crops likemaize, jute,mesta and summer vegetables.

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•Fieldmust be ploughed and get ready for planting of ginger and turmeric inAssam.

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•To prevent Black Heart Disease in potatoes in Assam, it should not be stored and transit at high temperature (above 320C). The storage rooms should be well ventilated and bags should not be piled up very high.

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SOUTH INDIA[TN,AP, KERALA, KARNATAKA, LAKSHADWEEP,ANDAMAN&NICOBAR ISLANDS]

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•Light rainfall is expected in Brahmavar region; hence farmers are advised to take precautions in drying of pulse crops like green gram, black gram, cow pea and cashewnut etc.

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•Farmers in Central Dry zone of Karnataka are advised to apply irrigation to areca nut and coconut and pepper as temperature is increasing and to avoid sun scorching.

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WEST INDIA[GOA,MAHARASHTRA,GUJARAT]

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•Due to increase in temperatures summer chilli is likely to be infested by thrips & mites inMaharashtra, sprayMethyl dimeton 25 EC@15ml or Dimethoate 30 EC2 16 ml + Sulphur 80 %@20 g in 10 litreswater.

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•As dry weather prevailed during last week over the State and dry weather is likely to prevail during next fewdays, apply protective irrigation to the standing crops of Maharashtra. In view of persisting high temperature in East Vidarbha, farmers are advised to apply light and frequent irrigation to the standing crops.

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CENTRAL INDIA [M.P.,CHHATTISGARH]

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•Weather conditions are favourable for proper germination of maize to be grown for green cobs in Chattisgarh Plain zone.Hence, the farmerswho have assured irrigation facility are advised to complete the sowing of summer maize at the earliest.

(source: Indian Meteorological Department)