Posts Tagged ‘minimum support price’

MINIMUM SUPPORT PRICE…… “The Farmer’s Armor”

MSP is a part of agricultural pricing policy of the central government. It is considered as a form of market intervention and also as one of the supportive measures (safety nets) to the agricultural producers.

In the phase of liberalization, MSP has a strong linkage to the market. In this situation, three important aspects deserve attention:

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(i) insulating the farm producers against the unwarranted fluctuations in prices, provoked by higher production and the international price variations and

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(ii) creation of an incentive structure for the farm producers in order to direct the allocation of resources towards desired crops and

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(iii) insulating consumers against sharp price rise, which may have been created by monsoon failure or even by vested interest by creating artificial scarcity. The focus is to providing remunerative prices for the cultivators.

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ROLE OF CACP

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The Commission on Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) discusses the price situation of various commodities with the representatives of the State government and various stakeholders to declare the prices of any agricultural product. The CACP while recommending MSPs takes into account factors such as cost of production, change in prices of inputs, demand and supply, market price trends and cost of living among other factors. MSP is determined by the principle of full cost of production that includes the rental value of land, an imputed value of family labor and returns to farmers.

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In fixing the support prices, CACP relies on the cost concept which covers all items of expenses of cultivation including in that the imputed value of inputs owned by farmers such as rental value of owned land and interest on fixed capital. Some of the important cost concepts used by CACP are the C2 and C3 costs.

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C2 cost includes all actual expenses in cash and kind incurred in production by actual owner plus rent paid for leased land plus imputed value of family labour plus interest on value of owned capital assets (excluding land) plus rental value of owned land (net of land revenue). Now, C3 cost is derived as: Cost C2 + 10 percent of cost C2 to account for managerial remuneration to the farmer.

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Costs of production are calculated both on per quintal and per hectare basis. Since cost variations are large over States, CACP recommends that MSP should be considered on the basis of C2 cost.

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Role of FCI

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On behalf of the Central Government, Food Corporation of India (FCI) along with State Governments and their agencies responsible for procurement of agri product on MSP fixed by CACP. But FCI procure the commodities from such states where production of any specific product is surplus. The main areas for procurement of wheat and rice are the surplus states like Punjab, Haryana, and some parts of Uttar Pradesh for both crops and Andhra Pradesh for rice. This has led two kinds of problems. One, growing buffer stock with FCI and our go-down are overflowing stocks of food grains, but, at the same time some parts of the country reported starvation. Second rest part of country producing these commodities doesn’t access the advantage of MSP.

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Farmers of those states do not fully get the benefit of the support price. This has created serious imbalances in demand and supply of principal crops in the country.

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Similarly, the country has been facing large shortages of pulses and edible oils .

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Latest Development

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The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, increased the minimum support price (per quintal): Arhar-Rs. 3,000, Moong-Rs. 3,170, Urad- Rs. 2,900, Paddy (common variety) Rs.1,000, and for grade A at Rs.1,030, Groundnut- Rs.2,300, Sunflower-Rs. 2,350, Niger seed Rs. 2,450,Soyabean (black)- Rs.1,400, Soyabean (yellow)- Rs.1440 and sesame- Rs.2900, Jowar (hybrid), bajra andmaize, the minimum support price has been raised by Rs. 40 and fixed at Rs. 880. MSPs of Jowar (Hybrid), Bajra and Maize each have been raised by Rs. 40 per quintal and fixed at Rs.880 per quintal.

Conclusion

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The policy has a favorable impact on farm income and has led to an economic growth. The implementation of Minimum Support Prices (MSP) has played an important role in meeting the ultimate goal of improving the agricultural production and the welfare of the agricultural community. Presently, 25 major crops are covered under the minimum support price program. Thus now MSP is oriented to crop diversification which had not encouraged earlier. Our policy makers are trying to effective implementation of MSP in all over the country.

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Lower Output of Rice will Shift More Demand for Wheat

Hello Friends, just an extension of our previous blog “wheat may move in range with up bias”.

Lower Output of Rice will Shift More Demand for Wheat

Lower output of rice and maize will shift more demand for wheat

Despite record wheat production in 2007-08, wheat consumption in 2008/09 is estimated to have declined to around 70.2 million tonnes from 76.2 million tonnes in the previous year due to high prices.

Domestic prices have shot up after a significant hike in the minimum support price discouraging consumption.

Highly subsidized rice distribution program of some state government also tempered wheat demand.

Domestic wheat consumption in 2009-10 is expected to rise by 70.2 million tonnes to 76.88 million tonnes ; likely decline in rice and maize production may lift wheat demand.

Export ban may continue, import at this juncture is viable

With bumper production and significant built up of stock wheat export was earlier estimated to be 2 million tonnes in 2009-10.

Even government relaxing ban placed in February, 2007 allowed two million tonnes of government-to government export.

But weak monsoon and poor sowing prospects of paddy forced
government to scrap government-to-government export allowed earlier.

It is likely that government would continue with its stance on export of wheat at least till the end of current marketing year.

After importing wheat in 2006-07 (6.2 million tonnes) and 2007-08 (1.8 million tonnes), India did not import any wheat in 2008/09 as the domestic supply situation improved considerably.

As domestic supply situation is comfortable, import is also not likely in the current season.

However imports are currently viable as international prices of wheat (equivalent to domestic mill quality) are lower.

Ukraine origin wheat is trading $ 180-200 per tonne and

Australian wheat is at $ 210-230 per tonne, while wheat prices on Southern India is at around $275-300 per tonne.

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In Next Blog, We would touch upon the aspects like Domestic and International price trend of wheat. demand and supply scenario in coming months, price trend and on Export Ban.

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WHEAT MAY MOVE IN RANGE WITH UP BIAS

Domestic wheat prices have escalated by around 10 per cent

Domestic wheat prices have escalated by around 10 per cent

Domestic wheat prices have escalated by around 10 per cent amid concerns of adverse monsoon and flood in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, which has raised concern over kharif food grain production particularly rice and maize.

Although there is still some upside left as far as wheat prices are concerned.

The prices will face strong resistance at higher level as supply situation in India and in rest of the world is in healthy shape.

Ample availability of stock at domestic level

At domestic level, wheat inventories have increased after two back to back record crops in the country.

Due to better carry over stock and record purchase government stocks reached to second highest level in the history at 32.29 million tonnes almost double than buffer stock requirement of 17 million tonne.

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According to the Agriculture ministry’s fourth advance estimates, India produced a record crop of 80.58 million tonnes in 2008-09, while production was at 78.57 million tonnes in 2007- 08.

With bumper production and steep hike in minimum support price, government made record purchase of 25.3 million tonnes this year, 13 percent more as compared to last year.

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Prospects of next year crop

Despite having comfortable supply currently, weak monsoon, flood in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka and consequent Shortfall in kharif paddy output prospects has started fueling prices in the market.

A smaller paddy and maize crop will lift demand for their substitutes, primarily wheat.

As per crop weather watch report, acreage of kharif paddy this year remained at 324.28 million hectare till October 09, 2009 which is 16.2 percent or 6.26 million hectare lower than same period last year.

However kharif maize acreage remained higher this year but recent flood in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka has aggravated the concerns of lower output.

As per Agriculture department report, kharif maize acreage was at 71.08 lakh hectares, 0.8 percent or 0.5 lakh hectares higher than last year.

Besides, flood in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh and weak monsoon also raised concern over prospect of next wheat Crop.

Due to weak monsoon in northern part of India mainly in Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, soil moisture condition is not sufficiently good for next wheat sowing.

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Water storage in this region has also declined. As per Central Water Commission’s latest data in 81 important water reservoirs monitored by CWC in different parts of the country, total live storage has increased from 90.48 BCM on 01.102009 to 91.75 BCM on 08.10.2009.

But still is far from a satisfactory level.

Stay Tuned for More on this topic.

We would see demand and supply scenario in coming months, price trend and on Export Ban.

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