Posts Tagged ‘maize’

Commodity Weekly Commentary 20th – 24th September 2010

Its seems that sky is the limit for bullion counter now a days, as prices surged high to their life time highs on domestic bourses. However, strong Indian rupee limit the upside movement in prices in both gold and silver. In international markets gold hit a record high above $1,280 per ounce last week, as currency market jitters and broader economic uncertainty enticed more investors towards the metal’s safe-haven credentials. The metal’s rise this year has been fueled largely by investor nervousness that stemmed from the fallout from the euro zone debt crisis and from economic data that has suggested global economic growth may be losing momentum.

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Base metals also surged high last week on weakness in dollar index and after reassuring comments from China’s central bank about its plans to keep monetary policy loose. In energy counter crude oil lost its esteem and traded down. Crude traded around $76 per barrel amid low U.S inventories, while Chicago pipeline leak continues weighing on prices as new Tropical Storm Karl threatens the Gulf of Mexican. The EIA report showed a drop in fuel demand by 1% to 19.5 MB. Gasoline also shed 694 thousand barrels to 224.5 MB. This comes at a time where imports have reached their lowest level in five months.

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Unlike metals, agro commodities fell like nine pin, even fall in dollar index could not supported them very much. It was not a good week for spices as sellers were more active than buyers in spot market. Future market reacted in the same fashion. Panic selling was continued in turmeric, jeera and chilli as well. Cardamom was also the victim of arrival pressure and closed down. Stockiest liquidation at higher levels dragged down chana futures on NCDEX as well. With declining prices of churi and korma, guarseed and guargum continuously traded southward.

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Wheat closed down on negative cues. Furthermore, traders preferred profit booking at higher levels in menthe futures. Strong crop projection of soya bean along with rise in crop projection of mustard seed crop in rabi season compelled oilseeds and edible oil futures to trade in negative zone. Higher domestic stocks, imports in the middle of arrivals in the domestic mandies further pressurized the oil seeds prices. As per expectation, the total crop size of soyabean in the current season is likely to be around 95 lakh tonnes, up 2% from last year.

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However there was a commodity which surprised the market with its nonstop three week upside on higher offtake amid tight supply and it was maize.

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COMMODITY WEEKLY COMMENTARY 13th – 17th September 2010

Silver along with gold once again shoot up last week as international prices tested $20 and $1255 respectively on COMEX division. Each time a rise in gold hits the headlines, it steals the limelight from silver. But this time silver has not only followed rallies in gold, but usually out performed, as can be seen in a fall in the gold/silver ratio. Prices went towards north last week as global stocks tumbled and the euro slipped on renewed fears about the health of the global economy.

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Base metals witnessed see saw movements as highly volatile currency market is rolling the prices in both direction. However, bias remained down side as fresh concerns about the health of the European banking sector fed a wave of risk reduction in the broader market and helped drag red metal (copper) prices away from four-month highs. Energy counter also remained under pressure as investor’s eye U.S economic strength and demand on fuel, while the dollar gains against a basket of foreign currencies amid the jittery sentiment. In other related news the dull hurricane season also limiting the upside in prices. The U.S. National Hurricane Center was monitoring three tropical systems in the Atlantic basin, one approaching the Caribbean Sea and two near Africa’s west coast. The NHC said cloudiness and showers over the Leeward Islands and northeastern Caribbean Sea were associated with Gaston’s remnants, but the system had just a 20 percent chance to become a tropical cyclone.

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Despite holiday’s shortened week, agro commodities witnessed active trading. After a noteworthy decline, oil seeds and edible oil counter was somehow able to cap the downside on the news of better soyameal export amid short covering in overseas market. Crude palm oil was also trading up. On the other hand upside was limited on the absence of fresh demand.

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Favourable weather and better outlook of crop shed the gain of wheat futures. Northward journey of maize futures supported by multi month’s higher prices in CBOT surprised the market players. Spices counter traded with downside bias moreover. Chilli, jeera, turmeric and cardamom were down on lower offtake in physical market. Turmeric futures were in complete grip of bears on lower demand in spot market. It touched multi week lows on NCDEX as well. It was only pepper in spices counter which propped up on fresh buying. Mixed sentiment in guar compelled guarseed to trade in slim spread whereas guargum was rangebound with upside bias.

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Chana continued to witness downtrend following lower demand in the domestic market.

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MAIZE……… “A-maize-ing”

The changing desires of eating taste have changed the periphery of the cereal. The change of label from “makka” on the road side to “masala corn” or “sweet corn” in the shopping malls across the country, has given an edge to this commodity.

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ACERAGE REPORT – INDIA

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Area, production and yield of maize in India had been increasing for the last five decades and India had reached near self sufficiency in production. “But this year there is a small twist in the story”.

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Maize is grown in both kharif and rabi seasons. According to data provided by industry players, kharif maize output is estimated at 12.5 million tonnes for 2009-10 as compared to 14 million tonnes in the previous year. The rabi season output is estimated at 4.68 million tonnes as against 5.60 million tonnes in the previous year. Overall, maize production in 2009-10 is likely to be 17.28 per cent lower, or 3.41 million tonnes less, at 16.32 million tonnes, from 19.73 million tonnes in 2008-09.

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Punjab: Maize acreage in Punjab is expected to increase by about 1.50 lakh hectares to 2.82 lakh hectare this season. In the last few years, maize is also grown in spring, particularly in the potato belt of the state.

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Haryana: Haryana farmers have increased the corn acreage to 40,000 hectares against the government target of 4000 hectares. This might not have an impact on domestic corn prices for the reason that Haryana is not a major corn producer and acreage in major corn producing states Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh has declined..

Tamil Nadu: Acreage of corn in Tamil Nadu has increased by around 71% till June 7, 2010 compared to last year.

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Andhra Pradesh: Despite of the normal rains in Andhra Pradesh, acreage under maize as on 16/06/10 has reduced significantly. Lucrative returns in other crops like sugarcane, sesamum have attracted farmers to shift corn area into those crops. Area covered under maize in Andhra Pradesh as on 16/06/10 is reported at 8945 hectares compared to the normal area covered till date 31403 hectares..

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On the whole, the total sowing acreage of maize as on 26th June 2010, reduced by 35% to 5.39 lakh hectares due to delayed monsoon in northern and central part of India..

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ACERAGE REPORT – WORLD.

Global maize production was likely to be a record 822 million tonne (MT) in the 2010-11 season, the International Grains Council (IGC) said in its latest report. “The world maize production forecast for 2010-11 is increased by 15 MT to a record 822 MT, up from 807 MT last season, due to improved prospects in US, Mexico and parts of Africa” the IGC report said.

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In its weekly crop ratings report, USDA said 73 percent of the corn crop was in good or excellent condition, down from 75 percent a week before.

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FUNDAMENTAL OUTLOOK

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·Chicago Board Of Trade (CBOT)

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U.S. corn futures market is caught between pressure from expectations for a big U.S.crop and support from uncertainty about weather and Chinese demand. Corn futures headed for the biggest monthly decline in three months as planting advances in the U.S., the world’s largest exporter, boosting expectations that the next harvest may exceed last year’s record. The USDA kept its estimate on the nation’s corn production unchanged at 13.37 billion bushels in the year beginning September, with 88.8 million acres planted, beating last harvest’s record of 13.11 billion bushels.

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·National Commodity Derivative Exchange (NCDEX)

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Maize NCDEX July future prices had seen consolidation in a range of 1010-1025. Recently, the counter making a technical break out, made a high of 1034.50. Despite of the higher acerage reports, the prices have maintained a continuous uptrend journey. Maize futures have given a profit return of about 9% in a span of six months dwelling between both bulls & bears. Most interestingly, the July contract has registered a profit of more than 11.69% within 8 weeks – 48 trading sessions – 336 hours of trade (approx.). Prices maintaining an upright stand & expecting the same with continuous buying from the consuming industries, the cereal is anticipated to make new highs. Maize NCDEX July future prices are in CONTANGO situation as
against June contract.

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Therefore to sum-up, there is a lot’s potential for corn futures supported by the fact of upcoming demand & rising consumption from every corner of the world. The day is not very far for the cereal to be the most “A-maize-thing” amazing commodity on trading platforms, giving their best returns.

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BARLEY…. “CLOCKING WITH VOLUMES”

When analyzing a particular commodity, it is very important to attempt to identify the “leader finished product” of that commodity which would drive the prices of the raw material and provide the most impressive investor returns. Here, in this column, illustrating some of the features of barley and the potential of barley futures which has directly or indirectly entered into the new luxury segment of malt industry & distilleries evolving within premium Indian brands.

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DEMAND COMING IN FROM…

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Demand from the distilleries and malt industries have always supported the barley market. Out of the total output, around 70 per cent goes to the malt industries which use it for beer making. The rest is used mostly as cattle feed. Major malt industries are located in and around the National Capital Territory (Delhi) in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.

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However, the facing a competition from Ukraine and Uzbekistan (the main competitors of India in barley production) where its availability is at cheaper rates, barley procurement by different companies has been slowed down from the Indian markets.

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The grain commodity has also taken supportive cues from the rising rates of other grains such as maize, jowar, bajra and guarseed. Another factor, which may contribute in rise of barley prices is the higher rates of molasses from the sugarcane industry. Apart from these consuming industries, poultry is another big consumer of barley in the country.

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EVOLVING MARKETS

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Keeping in mind the growth & design to meet the growing demand from the European Malting Barley sector, NYSE Liffe, the Europe-based derivatives business of NYSE Euronext (NYX), has launched Malting Barley futures and options on 10 May 2010, which will encompass Malting Barley from any European origin in a 50-tonnes lot size. It is unique in being the only market available worldwide to meet the specific hedging requirements of maltsters, brewers and distillers as well as those engaged in the production and trade of Malting Barley.

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CROP PROSPECTS

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Area under barley in India is stagnant near to 1600 metric tonnes, whereas the yield is expected to lower down to 2.03 metric tonnes per hectare in 2010-11 as compared to 2.17 in the year 2009-10. Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh are the main barley producing states in the country.

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As per the latest released by Canadian Wheat Board, global barley production in 2010-11 is at 138 million metric tonnes, down from 144 million tonnes the previous year. The global malting barley import demand would increase slightly, to 4.46 million tonnes in 2010-11, from 4.36 million. The stocks will remain more than sufficient to meet the demand.

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FUTURES & SPOT UPDATE

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Travelling through a volatile path, with lots of upside & down, barley prices have managed to gain profits at 15.68% to Rs 1,040 per quintal in spot market (NCDEX) & by 22.24% to Rs. 1100 per quintal in the futures trade following increased positions by the investors. Tracking the spot & futures prices, it has been seen that from the beginning of month of April, with summer temperatures soaring, prices of barley heats up. There is a huge surge in the trading volumes. Last year volume in the same quarter was at about 16,160, whereas it has now clocked to 82,470 quintal.

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Taking into consideration, of increasing procurement by consuming industries & brewing industry operating at their full capacity during this period of summer, an investor can buy barley before the commencement of summer season during the harvesting period around March and April & accumulate till the month of June for getting decent returns on investment.

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In recent days, the barley futures (NCDEX June contract) have shown a breakout above its weekly resistance of 1080 levels, trading at 1108/quintal, depicting & apprehending that prices may remain stronger with an upside target of 1120 in medium term, & downside is likely to be restricted at 1020 levels, supported by continuous pipeline demand from the consuming industries.

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The fact brewing industry growing at 15-18 per cent a year, & increasing stock-touse ratio, barley cultivation is slated to become the next big opportunity.

WEEKLY COMMENTARY 1st – 05th March

Series of economic data amid Indian Union Budget resulted in erratic price movements in commodities throughout the week. Market participants indulged actively themselves in the market. Bullions cut some of their losses in the later part of the week on short covering.

Expiry of February contract of base metals also made them very volatile. Most of them surrendered their previous gain on poor outcome of economic data.

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Strong dollar together with the most recent signs that the U.S. economy is still struggling to recover, led bearishness in all base metals. On the date of expiry, lead closed down and the gap between lead and zinc  narrowed down to 90 paisa. Similar to base metals, even energy complex drifted lower on negative economic releases in the middle of strong dollar.

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A stronger dollar makes oil and other commodities less affordable for holders of other currencies. On MCX, it touched the 3722 and moved down towards the level of 3600 on profit booking. Rising number of rigs coupled with rising mercury in Midwest cooled down natural gas prices further. On Friday, commodities recovered marginally on improved US GDP.

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Bears were seen active in agro-commodities last week as most of the future contracts on NCDEX settled in red zone on weekly basis. Guar pack settled in red territory as weak domestic and export demand hammered maize prices on future bourses.

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In oil seeds section, soyabean also ended the week with negative impression as the Indian market moved in line with weak overseas market. Continuation of subdued demand for soy meal from South East Asian countries and ample stocks of edible oil kept prices under check during the week.

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Mustard seed futures traded range bound. Lack of demand and improvement in weather condition had a bearish impact on market in the week gone by.

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In spices pack except turmeric futures all other futures settled in red zone. Pepper and jeera futures maintained their downtrend during the week taking cues from the higher fresh arrivals to the physical market. However turmeric futures ended the week on positive note supported by good export demand. Maize also traded in negative zone due to fresh crop arrivals and higher output estimates. According to latest government estimates the total output of current rabi season will be at 5.64 million tonnes over 5.61 million tonnes last year.

Rabi Sowing Picks Up in State

Hello Friends here we come up with the Latest Agri Commodities updates from various parts of the country.

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Rabi sowing picks up in State

Rabi sowing picks up in State:

The recent rain in several parts of Karnataka seem to be playing a key role in rabi sowing with farmers going in for large-scale coverage of jowar, Bengal gram and sunflower, particularly in the northern districts.


As sowing is in progress, data from the Agriculture Ministry shows that rabi crops were sown on 27.05 lakh hectares of land accounting for 73 per cent progress against the target of 37 lakh hectares as on November 18.


Sowing of maize, wheat, Bengal gram and sunflower continued in the northern districts while transplanting of paddy and sowing of black gram was in progress in parts of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi.

Bengal gram has been sown on 8.78 lakh hectares of land against 7.67 lakh hectares during the corresponding period last year, while jowar, the major rabi crop, has been sown on 9.25 lakh hectares, wheat on 1.9 lalkh hectares, and sunflower on 2.90 lakh hectares.


Overall coverage of pulses such as Bengal gram, horse gram, black gram, green gram, cowpea and avare stood at 9.93 lakh hectares against the coverage of 8.99 lakh hectares last year.


However, the area under cereals — rice, jowar, ragi,maize, wheat, and minor millets — trails at 12.32 lakh hectares against 14.39 lakh hecatres during the corresponding period last year.

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In Other major Commodities Updates we can see  FMC has recently instructed bourses to ensure compliance of the PMLA and Sugar production in India may exceed estimated figures.

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Commodity bourses must follow PMLA norms : “FMC”

In order to step up the regulatory grip on commodity derivatives market, Forward Markets Commission (FMC) has recently instructed bourses to ensure compliance of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act 2002 (PMLA) by their members.


“This is more of a pre-emptive step to prevent unscrupulous money coming into our (commodity futures) market,” BC Khatua, chairman, FMC, said.

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Sugar output may beat estimates “Survey”:

Sugar production in India, the world’s second-largest grower, may be 11 percent more than estimated after farmers boosted planting and yields improved because of increased fertiliser use.


Output may jump to 17.68 million metric tonne in the season started Oct. 1, according to interviews with 631 farmers across six states by Geneva-based SGS SA for Bloomberg.


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CORN- The Un-discovered Legend Part 2 :)

Hello Friends here we come up with an extension of our previous blog, CORN………. “The Un-discovered Legend” Part 1

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CORN- The Un-discovered Legend Part 2

In previous Blog we had touched upon few points related to importance of Maize crop in Indian commodity market and its relevance in the context of Indian Scenario 🙂

In this blog, we would get to know of Potential sources of demand for Maize crops and industrial demand of maize crop.   Also read about the PVO (Price-volume-open Interest) Analysis of the Crop.

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Potential sources of demand:

The apparent increase in consumption demand has been sourced from the preference for corn based food products for human consumption as well as increased use in feed industries.

Human consumption – corn flakes, corn oil, corn flour, etc.,

Feed industry – poultry & animal feed

Ethanol – maize has already proved to be a potential source of ethanol.

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Corn consumption has seen a rapid growth during last few years.

Indeed, consumption patterns have changed at an accelerating pace especially during the winter season; from the time when it has
been introduced in numerous shopping malls around the world in the form of popcorns, baby corns etc.

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Industrial demand:

This commodity has placed itself in an advantageous position & made its presence felt in the industry.

Maize is a key ingredient in animal feed mix, & being the animal feed sector growing at a healthy pace with increasing demand for
meat and milk and milk products, coupled with stagnation in cattle population, there is a rising need to feed the existing population
of cattle with quality feeding.

Therefore, this has opened a window of opportunity for strengthening of global corn prices, which in turn is triggering enormous
demand for Indian maize in the Asian regions.

With the growing demand & expansion of starch sector, the overall demand for maize is likely to grow at a brisk pace.

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Change in % from 2008-09 to 2009-10 (India) Source: USDA

Area Harvested: 11.44%

Beginning Stocks: 51.72%

Production: 0.10%

Total Supply: 1.60%

Total Consumption: -1.1%

Ending stocks: 12.55%

Total Distribution: 1.60%

These positive figures indicate that India has sufficient & comfortable stocks of maize.

In 2009-10 the area harvested (India) is expected to increase by 11.44%, while the consumption is expected to remain almost flat or marginally down in next year.

The ending stocks are also quite high which can pressurize the prices in long term.

In a monthly update on 10th November 2009, USDA cut the corn forecast by 1 percent to 12.921 billion bushels (328 million tonnes).

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PVO (Price-volume-open Interest) Analysis:

Maize futures have proved the old saying “Slow & steady wins the race”.

The prices, volume & open interest in maize futures both in NCDEX & CBOT which had taken a backseat during the beginning of the
year 2009, have been rising again without much volatility in their behaviour.

The prices have been rising from the levels of Rs.795 to Rs.965 during January to November’09, which resulted into bull-run and resultantly futures made a high of 1015 levels on 3rd November ’09, giving a return of 21% till now.

Since the month of March ’09 prices have been seen rising witnessing some corrections during their journey; however factors like
higher international prices & continuous demand from starch & poultry industries have supported the prices.

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Lower Output of Rice will Shift More Demand for Wheat

Hello Friends, just an extension of our previous blog “wheat may move in range with up bias”.

Lower Output of Rice will Shift More Demand for Wheat

Lower output of rice and maize will shift more demand for wheat

Despite record wheat production in 2007-08, wheat consumption in 2008/09 is estimated to have declined to around 70.2 million tonnes from 76.2 million tonnes in the previous year due to high prices.

Domestic prices have shot up after a significant hike in the minimum support price discouraging consumption.

Highly subsidized rice distribution program of some state government also tempered wheat demand.

Domestic wheat consumption in 2009-10 is expected to rise by 70.2 million tonnes to 76.88 million tonnes ; likely decline in rice and maize production may lift wheat demand.

Export ban may continue, import at this juncture is viable

With bumper production and significant built up of stock wheat export was earlier estimated to be 2 million tonnes in 2009-10.

Even government relaxing ban placed in February, 2007 allowed two million tonnes of government-to government export.

But weak monsoon and poor sowing prospects of paddy forced
government to scrap government-to-government export allowed earlier.

It is likely that government would continue with its stance on export of wheat at least till the end of current marketing year.

After importing wheat in 2006-07 (6.2 million tonnes) and 2007-08 (1.8 million tonnes), India did not import any wheat in 2008/09 as the domestic supply situation improved considerably.

As domestic supply situation is comfortable, import is also not likely in the current season.

However imports are currently viable as international prices of wheat (equivalent to domestic mill quality) are lower.

Ukraine origin wheat is trading $ 180-200 per tonne and

Australian wheat is at $ 210-230 per tonne, while wheat prices on Southern India is at around $275-300 per tonne.

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In Next Blog, We would touch upon the aspects like Domestic and International price trend of wheat. demand and supply scenario in coming months, price trend and on Export Ban.

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