Posts Tagged ‘Kharif oilseeds’

MUSTARD/RAPESEED SEED

Mustard/Rapeseed oil is the third largest edible oil produced in the world after soy oil and palm oil with accounts of about 12% of the total World’s edible oil production. By crushing rapeseed or mustard seed, oil and meal are obtained. The average oil recovery from the seed is about 33%. The remaining is obtained as cake, which is rich in proteins and is used as an animal feed ingredient. Being an important source of edible oil and feed meal to the country, mustard is undoubtedly the focus of Indian edible oil industry. In EU, rapeseed oil is mainly used for biofuel production.

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Global scenario

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The production and consumption of this oil has been growing at the rate of 4.65% and 5.03% respectively over the last decade. According to USDA, global rapeseed output for 2010/11 is forecast 400,000 tonnes higher this month to 57.1 million as a larger crop in Canada. While world production of mustard oil is estimated to 20-22 million tonnes. Canada is the major producer and exporter of seed and oil followed by Australia. China, European Union, Canada and India are leading producers of mustard seed and consumer as well as. The major seed importing countries are Japan and Mexico and US leads the list of mustard and rapeseed oil importing countries. Global rapeseed exports are estimated 410,000 tonnes higher this month due to lower exports from Ukraine and Russia as record heat wave in August causes crop damage.

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Indian scenario

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The Central Organisation for OilIndustry and Trade, the apex trade body, estimated the country’s mustard seed output at 64.2 lakh tonnes in 2009-10 (October-September) as against 63.5 lakh tonnes a year earlier,
while oil is around 21 lakh tonnes in 2009-10. The country also generates 24 lakh tonnes of oil cake.

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Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana produce the major share of rape /mustard contributing to over 70% of the total Indian produce. The crop accounts for nearly one-third of the oil produced in India, making it the country’s second most important edible oil after groundnut. Mustard oil is consumed wholly in the domestic market. The demand for the consumption of mustard/rape seed comes mainly from eastern and northern areas of the country.


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Hence, India does not export mustard seed but imports some amount of oil. However India exports around 400,000 tonnes of oil cake. Recently due to the dominance of comparatively other cheaper oils like palm and soya, the import share has come down.

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Climatic conditions, especially progress of South-West monsoon is a major factor shaping the fortunes of  mustard seed. Price of other domestic and global oil seeds would also have significant bearing on mustard seed prices. Major trading centres  in mustard seed in the country are Jaipur, Sriganganagar and Alwar in Rajasthan, Hapur in UP, Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkatta.

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Outlook

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The mustard seed futures are likely to trade under selling pressure. Higher warehouse stock, poor buying interest, weakness in soy market, projection of record Kharif oilseeds production due to higher acreage and favorable weather condition is likely keep prices down. As on 13th September, NCDEX warehouses are
having a stock of 123,236 tonnes. Rise in volume, fall in open interest and price is indicating further weakness in the prices.

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