Posts Tagged ‘investment bankers’

SEBI Chief Bhave Displeased with Overpricing of IPOs

CB Bhave, the Chairman of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), has voiced his concern over the unrealistic pricing of initial public offers (IPOs) by investment bankers. The chairman stated  that the bankers should not overlook the interests of investors at large just to maximize returns for promoters, as it is they who feel the brunt when the steeply priced shares of companies decline when market tide overturns. Bhave stated “in a bid to maximise returns for promoters, they (investment bankers) are not looking at the interests of investors…. You need to introspect whether it is a healthy practice. If you keep investors disappointed day in and day out, the cause of investors will only be a lip service.”

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Bhave’s displeasure on the IPOs by companies at prices disproportionate to their revenues, profits and net worth came after a recent report by one of the leading rating agency showed that out of the 116 IPOs that surfaced between August 2007 and August 2010 as high as 62% of the IPOs are trading lower than their respective price bands. In addition, the BSE IPO index which gained 14.5% in the last 12 months underperformed against the Sensex which increased by 19.45%.

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The investment banker’s ploy of quoting near-zero fees to garner divestment issuances too has not gone down well with the SEBI Chairman who expressed reservations over the prcatice as he stated “they need to decide as to whether they can go on charging zero fees for doing work. What mechanism they evolve is for them to decide.”  He also is of the belief that a code of conduct or ethics should be put into practice to avoid such competition. ‘The industry body can do this by bringing in a certain degree of quality and behaviour,’ said Bhave.

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As IPO Market Falters,Companies Eye New Funds !!

Market falters

The post-listing dismal performance of the initial public offering ( IPO) of public sector power major NHPC Ltd is set to force many companies to rework their fund- raising strategies in the coming months.

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Qualified institutional placements (QIPs), global depository receipts (GDRs) or those shares issued to overseas investors and listed on exchanges abroad are likely to be the most favoured means for these purposes, leading investment bankers said.

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Some of the companies are already planning to revise their issue prices downwards to ensure that offerings will not fall through.

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Oil India Ltd (OIL), which is open for subscription now, is the first to draw lessons from the NHPC episode and revise its issue price.

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OIL has revised their price band to Rs 950- 1,050 per share, from Rs 1,250- 1,400, after the NHPC episode as per few bankers.

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NHPC fixed the price of its IPO at Rs 36 per share last month.

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Though the stock listed on September 1 at eight per cent premium to the issue price, at Rs 39, it closed just 70 paise or 1.94 per cent above the issue price.

Over the last two days, the premium further narrowed to just 10 paise.

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Jagannadham Thunuguntla, equity head of SMC Capitals Ltd, cites heavy selling, coupled with no follow- up buying as the reasons for the lacklustre listing of NHPC.

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NHPC’s IPO price was 30 times its earnings per share (EPS).

“In fact, well- established companies like NTPC are available at much lower valuations. Hence, there was no follow- up buying from the investors on NHPC listing,” Thunuguntla explained.

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Further, majority of the oversubscription is not due to genuine investor interest but is due to the borrowed funding through ‘IPO financing“.

Naturally, all such investors were forced to sell on the day of listing as these involve a lot of interest cost. This resulted in heavy selling on the day of the listing,” he added.

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After the market rebound since March 2009, fundstarved companies started tapping the market.

And when the elections gave a more convincing victory to the UPA combine, the market gathered greater strength.

Since March, companies were able to raise funds to the extent of Rs 21,191 crore through 22 QIPs; and $ 1.88 billion through four GDRs/ ADRs (funds raised from US- based investors and listed in the US).

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However experts maintained that these are the sources of funds for which few institutional investors are to be convinced, rather than working on creating confidence among the whole investor community.

At the same time such companies should have a high corporate governance track- record as well.

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Lack of PSU divestment roadmap stalls IPO market

Jagannadham Thunuguntla, equity head of SMC Capitals.

In the absence of a roadmap for divestment of public sector units (PSUs), many private companies that were getting ready to raise funds through initial public offerings (IPOs) may now decide to wait. The market fall on Monday (the budget day) and Wednesday has made matters only worse.

However, investment bankers see light at the end of the tunnel in the finance minister Pranab Mukherjee’s announcement on the need for mandating a minimum 25 per cent public holding in all listed companies.

“Excitement is a bit down as there is no roadmap for PSU divestment. This initiative would have created an ecosystem for several public issues of private sector companies hitting the market,” said Jagannadham Thunuguntla, equity head of SMC Capitals.

“The divestment programme is unlikely to be as effective as was expected to be before the budget,” Thunuguntla added.

However, there is an air of expectation that companies would revive their plans to float initial public offerings (IPO) once the market revives.

The falling market, post-budget, has also put a question mark on the companies that were planning to raise funds through qualified institutional placements (QIPs), is a corporate fund raising instrument that enables completion of the process within a month against four months taken for a typical IPO.

According to a report published by Enam Securities While eleven companies have raised Rs 12,000 crore through QIPs before the budget, about 20 companies are planning to raise Rs 36,500 crore through this route, post- budget.

This list is liberally sprinkled with real estate companies, which have been facing a severe funds crunch since the outbreak of the global financial crisis in September 2008.