Posts Tagged ‘International Monetary Fund’

India World”s 10th Largest Gold-Holding Country :)

The Economic Survey, which was tabled in the Parliament by the Finance Minister today noted that the year 2009-10 witnessed India becoming the world”s 10th largest gold-holding country, from a nation that pledged its bullion two decades ago to pay for imports.

The gold purchase by the government of 200 tonnes from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) took its total reserves to 557.7 tonnes, or about 6 per cent of the total foreign exchange reserves.


India in 1991 had to pledge its gold to the Bank of England in order to pay for its imports.


The survey said “Post-purchase, India has become the 10th largest official gold-holding country in the world,”.


The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in November last year concluded 200 tonnes of gold purchase from IMF as part of the country”s foreign exchange reserve management operation.


The purchase, which was executed over two weeks during October, was an official-sector off-market transaction.


Earlier, Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee had said that the purchase of gold provided a healing touch to the pride of the nation, which was dented about two decades earlier when the country sold its gold for a few hundred million dollars.


Meanwhile, the survey sates that IMF”s Executive Board, on September 18, 2009 announced its decision to sell 403.3 metric tonnes of gold as a central element of its New Income Model and in order to increase its resources for lending to low-income countries.


The IMF also decided that the initial offer of the sale would be directly to official holders, including the central banks. Consequent of this, the RBI concluded the purchase of 200 metric tonnes of gold from IMF, under the IMF”s limited gold sales programme, at the cost of US$ 6.7 billion, in November 2009, as part of its foreign exchange reserves management operation.


The purchase was an official- sector off-market transaction and was executed over a two-week period during October 19-30, 2009 at market-based prices.


With this purchase, gold holdings in the country”s foreign exchange reserves have increased to 557.7 tonnes from 357.7 tonnes, which is about 6 per cent of the reserves. Post-purchase, India has become the 10th largest official gold-holding country in the world.


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IMF Sells 200 Tonnes of Gold to RBI


IMF Sells 200 Tonnes of Gold to RBI

The International Monetary Fund has sold 200 tonnes of gold to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) for $6.7 billion in order to shore up the Fund’s finances to enable it to boost the concessional lending to the world’s poorest countries.

This sale of gold to India represents almost half of 403.3 tonnes of total sales volume, which was approved by the IMF Executive Board September 18.

IMF said that the transaction involved daily sales, which were phased over a period of two-week during October 19-30.

The price at which the each daily sale was conducted was set on the basis of market prices prevailing that day, it said.

This deal will increase India’s gold holdings to the tenth largest among the Central banks.


“I strongly welcome this transaction with the Reserve Bank of India,” Managing Director Dominique Strauss-Kahn stated.

“This transaction is an important step toward achieving the objectives of the IMF”s limited gold sales programme, which are to help put the Fund”s finances on a sound long-term footing and enable us to step up much-needed concessional lending to the poorest countries.”


The IMF, which currently holds 3,217 tonnes of gold, is the third-largest official holder of the precious metal after the US and Germany.

The IMF has made gold sales a key element of its new income model aimed at lowering its dependence on lending revenue to cover expenses.

Under the Fund’s Articles of Agreement, all gold sales must be conducted at prices based on market prices, including direct sales to official holders as in the case of this transaction with India, the IMF said.

The Group of 20 key developed and developing countries, at their April summit in London, agreed the gold sales should allow the IMF to offer favourable conditions on loans to the poorest countries.


income model

Dollar Supremacy to End? New Global Reserve Currency to Set In ?

UN called on Tuesday for a new global reserve currency to end dollar supremacy. Is dollar Supremacy at risk?

UN called for a new global reserve currency to end dollar supremacy. Is dollar Supremacy at risk?

The United Nations has called on for a new global reserve currency to end dollar supremacy, which has allowed the United States the “privilege’’ of building a huge trade deficit.

“Important progress in managing imbalances can be made by reducing the reserve currency country’s ‘privilege’ to run external deficits in order to provide international liquidity,’’ UN undersecretary-general for economic and social affairs, Sha Zukang, said.


Speaking at the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank in Istanbul, he explained:

“It is timely to emphasis that such a system also creates a more equitable method of sharing the seigniorage derived from providing global liquidity.’’

Greater use of a truly global reserve currency, such as the IMF’s special drawing rights (SDRs), enables the seigniorage gained to be deployed for development purposes,’’ he said.

The SDRs are the asset used in IMF transactions and are based on a basket of four currencies—the dollar, euro, yen and pound—which is calculated daily.


China had called in March for a new dominant world reserve currency instead of the dollar, in a system within the framework of the Washington based IMF.

Beside this another worrying news for Dollar lovers is floating around that Arab states had launched secret moves with China, Russia, Japan and France to stop using the dollar for oil trades, though denied by many of arab states.