Posts Tagged ‘initial public offerings’

Global Slowdown Caused Slump in Growth Rate of the Demat Accounts

Global Slowdown Caused Slump in Growth Rate of the Demat Accounts


Despite the blistering pace kept by the equities market in the past 10 months, the rise in the number of new retail investors has slowed down.


According to the data from National Securities and Depositories Limited, the growth rate of demat accounts has declined to 6 per cent, compared with 13 per cent last year.

Experts attribute this to the overall slowdown in the economy.


As per experts a prolonged, dull phase in 2008 made investors jittery about investing in the equities market.

Also, as many individuals were scared of losing their jobs, so they did not intend to invest more.

There has been an average growth of 14.75 per cent in investors opening demat accounts till 2008.


Financial intermediaries such as broking companies, whose fortunes are directly linked to the markets, have witnessed subdued sentiments in the equity space from retail investors.

Experts cited 2008 market crash and the global financial meltdown as the reason for this negative development.

Moreover recession of last year had demotivated and scared the retail investors good enough to drive them away from the further investing.

This caused enormous loss for Financial intermediaries and most of the brokerage houses had to shut shop and retrench many staff too.


β€œThe confidence of the retail investors is yet to be restored. Even in the case of new initial public offerings, only the institutional part is getting oversubscribed,” said Jagannadham Thunuguntla, head of research at SMC Capitals.


SEBI Allows Auctions for QIBs in FPOs :)

SEBI Allows Auctions for QIBs in FPOs

Market regulator, SEBI has introduced a significant change in the way institutional bidders invest in follow-on public offers by allowing allotments through auctions.


The Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) has amended the Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements Regulations (ICDR) to allow pure auctions for qualified institutional investors (QIBs) in follow-on public offerings to begin with.

The method may be later extended to initial public offerings.


Under the new method, bidders will be free to bid at any price above the floor price.

At present, allotments are made at the floor price.

Retail investors, however , will be allotted shares at the floor price.


The board also decided that the issuer is free to place a cap either in terms of the number of shares or percentage to issued capital of the company so that a single bidder does not garner all the shares on offer, ensuring a wider distribution of shareholding.


Jagannadham Thunuguntla, Equity Head,Β  SMC Capitals, said this means an institutional investor can continue to bid above the floor price and the QIB allotment will be made to the highest bidder.

β€œThe intent is to enable companies to mop up more funds. Earlier, even when there were huge subscriptions and huge demand for an issue, the company could not get more money. This becomes more relevant in the context of the recently announced divestment plans and FPOs by the government for public sector units,” he said.


Auction for QIBs is welcome as it would allow risk-taking entities and not just the promoters to be a part of the price discovery process, other analyst said.

A SEBI release issued after the board meeting also said the minimum market capitalisation required by listed firms to sell shares in follow-on offerings has been halved to Rs.5,000 croresΒ  from Rs 10,000 crore.


Moreover, the market regulator has also made it a mandatory that all listed companies would have to furnish audited or un-audited balance sheets on a half-yearly basis within 45 days from the end of the quarter instead of the current yearly basis.


This would imply that Indian companies will be required to disclose balance sheet items.

Shareholders would be able to access the statement of assets and liabilities of the company and its solvency position on a half-yearly basis.

Shareholders would receive immense help in making informed investment decisions now and would be in better position to assess the financial health of the companies, with the implementation of this SEBI regulation of mandating frequent disclosure of the asset-liability position of companies by companies.


Retail Investors Lying Low Despite Spate of IPOs/Market Surge

Retail Investors Lying Low despite IPOs and market surge

Retail Investors Lying Low despite IPOs and market surge

Despite the spate of initial public offerings and the surge in the equity market, demat accounts have not shown any acceleration in growth in August or September.


Demat accounts rose at a steady rate of 1.34 per cent both in August and September, show data collated from depositories NSDL and CDSL.

Fresh additions β€” at around 2 lakh every month for the last four months β€” might seem substantial, but are not commensurate with the bullish sentiment for stocks, said marketmen.

The total number of Demat accounts stands at 155.67 lakh accounts as on September against 153.61 lakh accounts as on August-end.

The increase in new demat accounts is not substantial, given the rising interest in equities, both from existing and new investors.

Experts have cited the reason this is because retail investors are still not entering the market in a big way, it is just a trickle.

There is no significant change in retail investor sentiment during the past few months.

Typically, there is a big surge in new investors during the IPO season, but this time the pattern is different.


One of the reasons is that this time the IPOs, unlike earlier, are not crowd pullers.

Maybe because the issues were rather aggressively priced.

As even the bigger IPOs have not given any remarkable returns on listing, retail investors are shying away from them, said some brokers.

The retail investor appears to be unsure about the sustainability of the rally in the equity markets, said Mr Jagannadham Thunuguntla, Equity Head, SMC Capital.

PE-backed Companies Queuing up the Market with IPOs :)

pressure from PE players is forcing companies to take the IPO route :)

pressure from PE players is forcing companies to take the IPO route πŸ™‚

The buoyancy in the capital markets over the past few weeks has seen a spate of initial public offerings (IPOs) hitting the market.

Sectors such as infrastructure, power and real estate are the ones that have been most bullish.


However, most companies that are taking the IPO route for raising funds are the ones that have strong private equity (PE) backing.

And in most cases, it is the pressure from these PE players that is forcing these companies to take the IPO route.


Recently, four real estate companies – Emaar MGF Land, Lodha Developers, Sahara Prime City and Ambience Ltd – filed draft red herring prospectuses (DRHPs) with the market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) to launch their IPOs.

All the four together are looking to mop up over Rs 11,000 crore.


Said Jagannadham Thunuguntla, equity head, SMC Capitals Limited, “Several companies are filing their IPO prospectuses with Sebi, with the confidence provided by the strong capital market bounceback and the healthy subscription levels seen by the IPOs of Adani, NHPC and OIL.”

“Taking the capital market bounce-back as a good exit opportunity, several PE-backed companies are queuing up with their prospectuses.

While this trend of PE-backed companies filing prospectuses can be seen across industries, it is quite prominent in the real estate industry,” he added.

According to him, “Several companies which have filed their prospectuses in the past three to four days have PE backing at the corporate or SPV levels.

The recent capital market bounce-back is giving a fresh breath of life to PE players” he added.


This trend of PE-backed companies going to the market with IPOs is not a surprise. PE firms are keen to capitalize on the buoyant financial markets and exit certain investments.


QIPs Outstripped PE Funding & IPOs in Fund Raising Process ;)


Qualified institutional placements (QIPs) have outstripped private equity (PE) funding since January by at least eight times, making it by far the most popular fund-raising route for firms this year.


QIPs raised at least Rs. 21,209 crore since January this year, while PE funds invested only Rs. 2,574 crore in listed firms.


QIPs have almost raised more than twice of initial public offerings.

A QIP is a private placement by a listed company of shares or securities convertible to equity with qualified institutional buyers approved by market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India(SEBI).


Data from Delhi-based investment bank SMC Capitals Ltd shows another 48 QIPs worth Rs.43,891 crore are in the pipeline.

But analysts do not expect a significant rise in the number of, or funds through, PE deals this year.


Typically, PE investments take up to six months to complete, whereas a QIP can be done in up to four weeks, making the fund-raising process faster and more reliable since the institutional buyers are selected carefully.


Also, in a QIP, the institutional buyers rarely seek a seat on the company board, or management control, a common practice in large PE deals.


Since PE is perceptionally intrusive for promoters, QIP serves as a good alternative.

However this QIP structure is liked by investors and firms as in a QIP the window is shorter and money can be raised quickly.


While real estate firms typically prefer QIPs for their need of capital at short notice, the companies currently waiting to do QIPs are across sectors, including telecom, entertainment, retail and information technology.


In line for QIPs are Reliance Communications Ltd, Pyramid Saimira Theatre Ltd, Pantaloon Retail (India) LtdΒ  and few more.


Some firms, though, have taken both routes for their funding needs.

Historically, PE investments in India have been in the form of private investments in public enterprises, or PIPEs, which also happen to the only firms eligible for QIPs.


β€œPrivate equity investors have missed the boat,” Jagannadham Thunuguntla, head of SMC Capitals, said in a statement.

Companies that are in the pipeline for QIPs may also look for American depository receipts or global depository receipts for funds, heΒ  added.


Lack of PSU divestment roadmap stalls IPO market

Jagannadham Thunuguntla, equity head of SMC Capitals.

In the absence of a roadmap for divestment of public sector units (PSUs), many private companies that were getting ready to raise funds through initial public offerings (IPOs) may now decide to wait. The market fall on Monday (the budget day) and Wednesday has made matters only worse.

However, investment bankers see light at the end of the tunnel in the finance minister Pranab Mukherjee’s announcement on the need for mandating a minimum 25 per cent public holding in all listed companies.

“Excitement is a bit down as there is no roadmap for PSU divestment. This initiative would have created an ecosystem for several public issues of private sector companies hitting the market,” said Jagannadham Thunuguntla, equity head of SMC Capitals.

“The divestment programme is unlikely to be as effective as was expected to be before the budget,” Thunuguntla added.

However, there is an air of expectation that companies would revive their plans to float initial public offerings (IPO) once the market revives.

The falling market, post-budget, has also put a question mark on the companies that were planning to raise funds through qualified institutional placements (QIPs), is a corporate fund raising instrument that enables completion of the process within a month against four months taken for a typical IPO.

According to a report published by Enam Securities While eleven companies have raised Rs 12,000 crore through QIPs before the budget, about 20 companies are planning to raise Rs 36,500 crore through this route, post- budget.

This list is liberally sprinkled with real estate companies, which have been facing a severe funds crunch since the outbreak of the global financial crisis in September 2008.