Posts Tagged ‘IMF’

Weekly Update 1-5th November 2010

Global markets saw profit booking ahead of the Federal Reserve’s decision on monetary easing at its meeting on 2-3 November 2010 in order to spur growth and to reduce the unemployment rate. Economists expect the Fed to buy between $80 billion and $100 billion worth of assets each month in a new program to stimulate the economy. IMF pointed out that global liquidity, by whichthey meant money supply growth in the G-4 economies of Japan, the US, the euro zone and the UK, has an impact five times as large as domestic liquidity on what it called the liquidity receiving economies, or the emerging markets.

.

.

 

The U.S. gross domestic product rose at a 2 percent annual rate in the third quarter after a 1.7 percent increase in the previous three months. Japanese factory production fell 1.9 percent in September from August and core consumer prices saw a decline of 1.1 percent from a year earlier added to worries that stronger yen is affecting economy expansion. G-20 finance ministers and central bankers said they will refrain from “competitive devaluation” and let markets have a bigger role in setting foreign-exchange values.

.

Citing Inflation a major concern, RBI has last hiked the policy rates by 25 bps in September for the fifth time. Headline inflation has come off to single digit and is likely to come down further going ahead as harvest season produce is expected to come in the market. The government recently allowed duty-free import of rice and wheat and has released grains from its stocks to rein in food price rise. On the manufacturing side, Industrial production growth dropped to 5.6 percent in August from 15.2 percent in July. The growth of six infrastructure industries has further slowed to 2.5% in September, pulled down by contraction in output of coaland petroleum refinery.Though possibility of hike of another 25 bps by RBI in its meeting on 2nd November cannot be ruled out but a large section of the market believes that this timearound RBI may not touch upon the policy rates citing inflation coming down going forward and moderation in manufacturing activity.

.

Further the actions taken so far by RBI has yet to give any material affect in the economy as even after the hikes in policy, the banks have yet to make adjustments in interest rates. Nifty has support between 5930-5840 and Sensex between 19640-19200.Sea saw movements in commodities is showing the nervousness among the investors ahead of Fed meeting which is scheduled in this week. If Fed goes for second round of quantitative then it can give confidence to economy and spill over can be seen in commodity as well. On the other side, if Fed goes for less than expected money injection in economy then we can see some downside in base metals and energy.

.

Dollar index slid about 6 percent since early September on the talk of same “QE2” in US. Bullions were the major beneficiary of this fall in dollar index. October was a volatile month for commodities in which commodities reacted on every speculation over quantitative easing and agricultural markets going their own way as crops forecasts were cut. Commodities end month with modest gain. Investors should adopt cautious approach ahead of meeting.

..

.

 

OUR Websites:  http://www.smcindiaonline.com,http://www.smccapitals.com,
http://www.smctradeonline.comhttp://www.smcwealth.com

.

Share/Bookmark

 

Weekly Update 2nd – 6th August 2010

Asian markets saw buying as more than half of the companies that announced results in the MSCI Asia Pacific Index have exceeded the analyst’s estimates, boosting confidence about the strength of the recovery. U.S. economy expanded at a 2.4 percent annual pace in the second quarter less than forecast, indicating that the world largest economy will see a moderate recovery.

.

The jobless recovery is curbing household purchases as consumer spending that accounts for about 70 percent of the economy rose 1.6 percent in last quarter, compared with a 1.9 percent rate in the previous three months. U.S. financial system recovery is fragile and as per IMF stress tests banks may need as much as $76 billion in capital. In India, as per expectations RBI hiked the policy rates and indicated that monetary steps will continue in order to moderate inflationary pressures.

.

RBI chief said that despite of the monetary measures, monsoon rains would play a critical role in moderating food prices. Now RBI will release eight monetary policy statements in a year that will cut short the time of monetary policy adjustments. The central Bank also revised its estimates for inflation and economic growth to 6 percent and 8.5 percent from earlier estimates of 5 percent and 8 percent respectively.

.

The annual monsoon rains bounced back from a 17-percent deficit in the previous week to 38 percent above normal in the week to 28 July 2010.Heavy, well distributed showers in the past week helped total rainfall rise to normal during July have raised the farm sector prospects thereby indicating a pickup in rural demand.

.

Till now the results announced so far have shown a mixed picture with some disappointment coming from the large caps.The combined net profit of a total of 1,085 companies declined 12.6 percent to `47280 crore on 23.1 percent increase in sales to 609368 crore in Q1 June 2010 over Q1 June 2009. Going next week some of the top companies like SBI, Bharti Airtel, Tata Motors, Tata steel, etc will announce their quarterly numbers and would help in setting the undertone of the market.

.

Indian Stock Markets are holding on to the gains though the momentum for rise is lacking. But the world stock markets are slowly inching up with base metals commodities also showing strength. The rise in Rupee and the midcap stocks rally in the week gone by gives a hope of further rally. It seems the market would take a clearer direction in the coming week. Nifty has support between 5315-5250 levels and Sensex between 17700-17500 levels.

.

It is quite visible that good corporate earnings have propped up the sentiments of financial market and commodity is not an exception. Hence we have seen that capital inflow switched to riskier asset from safe asset like gold and dollar index.

.

Base metals are the major beneficiary and they are trading at multi months high whereas crude is reacting on stocks pile up in US and ignoring other positive cues. If positive outcome of economic indicators and earnings continue to come in near future then all base metals will trade in a range with upside bias and vice a versa.

.

Even in crude oil some lower level buying may occur this week. Expect further fall in gold and if it breaches the mark of 17500 then we may see some spurt in physical buying. In agro commodities, spices may trade in a range on mix fundamentals.

.

.

OUR Websites:  http://www.smcindiaonline.com,http://www.smccapitals.com,http://www.smctradeonline.com
,http://www.smcwealth.com

Bookmark and Share

Weekly Update 12th – 16th July

Stocks in world markets saw huge gains as investors viewed that the recent correction out of fear of double-dip recession in advanced economies has actually overlooked improving outlook for the company’s earnings. Investors sitting on the sidelines bought stocks with the upward revision in earnings estimates for U.S. companies. The gains in markets got a further boost after China said that it will keep a moderately loose policy and South Korea raised interest rates.

.

.

Belief of Asian and Emerging nations will be able to withstand the storm coming from advanced economies rose with the interest rate increases in India, South Korea, Taiwan and Malaysia. The European Central Bank left interest rates unchanged as the sovereign debt crisis are still posing a serious threat to regions recovery.

.

.

The IMF raised its forecast for global growth to 4.6 percent in 2010, the biggest gain since 2007, compared with an April projection of 4.2 percent reflecting a stronger than expected recovery in first half and at the same time giving warning that financial market turmoil has increased the risks to the recovery. However, IMF has not revised the next year growth projections of 4.3 percent. The IMF urged developed economies governments to commit to implementing “credible” plans to lower their deficits over the medium term, including the adoption of binding, multiyear targets and said that they don’t need to start fiscal tightening before 2011. It said that monetary policy in advanced economies can remain “highly accommodative for the foreseeable future,” because inflation is expected to remain “subdued,” helping mitigate the effects of fiscal consolidation on growth. The growth forecast for emerging markets was raised to 6.8 percent, from 6.3 percent in April.

.

.

The fastest growth rate will be China’s 10.5 percent, followed by India’s 9.4 percent and Brazil’s 7.1 percent, the fund said. On the domestic front with the recent improved outlook in the monsoon situation and expectation of strong double digit gain in Index of Industrial production would keep the markets on a upbeat note. The result season that is going to start in the coming week and guidance by the companies for the rest of the year is further expected to set the momentum of the markets.

.

.

Indian stock markets are in a clear uptrend though other world markets which were in a downtrend took a sharp counter rally from lower levels. We will have to wait and watch whether the rally which has started in other markets can sustain or not..

.

Nifty has support between 5250-5200 levels and Sensex between 17500-17300 levels.

.

.

Volatility is spreading in entire commodity complex and thus investors are keeping a tight vigil on relative changes to find the best value. Fundamentals of Asian countries are still constructive but it is Euro zone which is still giving red signals. For the time being, commodities should move in a range. Later half of the week is full of event risk as some important data’s from US, UK, Japan etc. can speak about the health of economy, which may provide some much needed direction to the commodities. In NCDEX, volume of July contract is shifting towards August contract, hence some volatility in premium is expected in near term.
.

OUR Websites:  http://www.smcindiaonline.com,http://www.smccapitals.com,http://www.smctradeonline.com
,http://www.smcwealth.com

Weekly Update 28th June – 2nd July

China’s central bank move to increase flexibility in yuan against the dollar pushed global markets higher with the onset of the week. The optimism for the demand of commodities rose as the move is expected to increase Chinese consumers demand with the rise in purchasing power. Thereafter, the worrisome news flow from both U.S. & Europe only gave weakness to the markets.

.

Disappointing earnings forecast by U.S. companies reignited the growth concerns in the market during the week. Fed policy makers left the overnight interbank lending rate target unchanged in a range of zero to 0.25 percent. Fed echoed that low inflation, stable price expectations and high unemployment “are likely to warrant exceptionally low levels of the federal funds rate for an extended period.”

.

It said the U.S. recovery is progressive but not strengthening and “Financial conditions have become less supportive of economic growth on balance, largely reflecting developments abroad.” Concerns also rose about solvency position of both U.K. and Global banks. Bank of England said that U.K. banks remain “vulnerable” to further writedowns on their assets because of a potential decline in investor appetite for risk. Overall investors are circumspect of the global recovery and are not sure whether the austerity plan by various government will lead to economic prosperity.

.

The Indian government now seems to be batting its second innings in power by working on many reforms that were in its agenda for long time. On the recommendations of Kirit Parekh committee, the government decided to go ahead by linking petrol prices to market linked prices & giving Rs. 2/-, Rs. 3/- & Rs. 35/- hike in diesel, kerosine & LPG prices respectively. The long awaited step is expected to cool down the burgeoning under-recoveries of OMC’s & will help consequently in lowering the fiscal deficit. As per our estimates the said increase will accentuate inflation by close to 0.50%. The move that was quite necessary from the long term perspective may put some pressure on the Equity & Bond Markets. As we are already facing high inflation & are on mercy of good monsoon, the step is likely to increase worries. We expect now, with the robust manufacturing activity & clear signs of demand pull inflation the next step may come soon from the monetary body by hiking policy rates. The move may lead to some correction in the capital markets & bond prices may fall.

.

Trend of Indian stock markets is up though U.S. and other markets is down which is giving rise to volatility here. Even dollar index is taking some reaction which might give some relief rally to metals in coming week. Nifty has support between 5200- 5100 levels and Sensex between 17300-17000 levels.

.

Notwithstanding the doubt over the health of world economy, especially U.S. and Europe, commodity is reacting optimistically on every small news and statements.

.

CRB index is going through a consolidation phase; any positive news can result in good upside. Two factors; flattish dollar index amid strong Asian economic growth accompanied by commodity demand can keep commodity on stronger side. In past seven months dollar index has rallied around 20%, the move was not showing the inner strength of dollar, rather it was majorly due to European debt crisis and safe haven demand. If we see rangebound to bearish movements in dollar index again it will boost up commodities prices. However, we can see some correction in between, but that should be considered as good buying opportunity.

.

OUR Websites:  http://www.smcindiaonline.com,http://www.smccapitals.com, http://www.smctradeonline.com
,http://www.smcwealth.com

Weekly Update 21st – 25th June

Global markets saw synchronized gains of more than two percent this week except China’s Shanghai Composite Index which closed in the negative. The recent measures that were taken in China to cool down the economy like larger down payment for home buyers and increase in reserve requirements for banks seems to have started showing its effects as reflected by the weakening demand for construction metals like Nickel pig iron. Asset price bubble concerns rose after property prices in China rose by 12.4 percent in May.

.

.

China Banking Regulatory Commission said that risks associated with home mortgages are growing and a “chain effect” may reappear in real-estate development loans. The economic restructuring in China has raised the possibility of resurgence in credit risks. The index of leading indicators in US, a gauge of the outlook for growth over the next three to six months, climbed 0.4 percent in May. It is viewed that the largest economy will continue expanding though at a moderate pace in the second half of the year without stoking inflation & creating fewer jobs. This would help the Federal Reserve in continuing with low interest policy for longer time. The European Union’s decision to publish the results of stress tests came after more than a year when U.S. published the results of stress tests on 19 financial institutions. The details of the tests including whether they include a sovereign debt restructuring is not yet disclosed by the European Union. However the step is welcomed by the investors as it will reveal the soundness of the European financial system.

.

.

Coming back at home, as mentioned last week the possibility of hike in policy rates by RBI is gaining strength after Inflation accelerated to 10.16 percent in May giving concerns of generalized Inflation in the economy. Demand side pressures are quite evident now with the encouraging growth in Industrial production together with healthy growth in Exports and Imports. The European concerns that may have a bearing effect on the India’s trade and temporary liquidity squeeze in the Banking system has so far refrained the Banking regulator to continue its exit from an expansionary policy in a calibrated manner.

.

.

Indian Stock Markets went up sharply last week and are looking much better but the problem it seems is with other world markets. It has to be seen whether the Indian markets are able to pull the other markets up or the weaker markets pull down India. Base metal commodities are not doing well though precious metals are all looking good. It seems volatility is likely to continue in such a scenario.

.

.

Nifty has support between 5200-5100 levels and Sensex between 17300-17000 levels.

.

.

Market players were enthralled with the captivating movements commodities noticed last week. Base metals and energy touched multi months low in the beginning of the week while second half of the week witnessed steep profit booking. Sideways congestion may be witnessed in commodities this week, as investors are endeavoring to figure out the next direction in commodities.

.

.

However, the week is full of event risk and may trigger volatility in between.

.

Many meets and high importance economic releases from US, UK and other nations are scheduled this week. Traders may refrain to create large position before FOMC meeting, which is scheduled on Wednesday.

Weekly Update 14th – 18th June

The global Markets reacted in a negative fashion with the onset of the week due to concerns arising from small increase in non-farm payrolls in U.S. & default risk from Hungarian Economy. The investors concerns subsided after Germany factory orders surged for a second consecutive month in April.

.

European debt crisis which has pushed down Euro 20 percent against the dollar seems to be helping the industry as the demand for goods from emerging economies like China is encouraging companies to add workers. Bernanke statement that the recovery is moderate-paced in U.S. further helped the market in recouping the losses. Although he said that Unemployment may remain high for some time. He also said that “We have right now a very accommodative, very easy monetary policy”. “We can’t wait until unemployment is where we’d like it to be” or inflation gets “out of control” to tighten credit, giving signals that hike in interest rate may come sooner.

.

IMF is of the view that the risk to the growth has risen significantly and policy makers around the globe are left with little or no room to provide support to the growth. China surprised the markets as the economy withstood the European crisis after showing that exports grew close to 50 percent in the month of May from a year earlier and new loans were 630 billion Yuan ($92 billion), beating the expectations.

.

In the monetary policy, Bank of England remained committed to the record low interest rates to stave off the threat of contagion from the euro region’s sovereign debt crisis. Coming back home, India’s Index of Industrial Production showed a significant growth of 17.6% compared to a year before. The seventh consecutive double digit growth complemented by double digit growth in capital goods & consumer durables may tempt RBI to raise interest rates with the Inflation hovering close to double digits. High inflation & more likely pick up in credit offtake due to strong Industrial Production activity may induce RBI to give signals to banks to raise the interest rates by making an increase in policy rates.

.

Trend of world stock markets is still down though all markets took a sharp counterrally from lower levels. If the rally sustains this week, then we can say that temporarily they have made a bottom. But the fear of Euro zone would still linger on in the back of our mind. Nifty faces resistance between 5150-5180 levels and Sensex between 17200-17400 levels

.

At present there are lots of opportunities for traders to take advantage of volatility in the commodity prices, but this is also the fact that money may not be consistently made on only one side. Last week, we saw a smart recovery in metals and energy complex while bullions fell. However, the movement was not so confident that we can say that downside is overdone and now we can see rally from the current levels. However, one can expect a gradual recovery in base metals prices. In bullions, rally may get tired but buying is still intact and any bad news can stimulate buying with limited upside. If positive data comes further as last week then base metals may see further recovery and vice a versa.

.

OUR Websites: http://www.smcindiaonline.com ,http://www.smccapitals.com , http://www.smctradeonline.com ,http://www.smcwealth.com

.

Weekly Update 31st May – 4th June

Markets posted gains in the week gone by as the investors felt that stocks are battered down harshly in the short run. Buying came in Asian stocks on speculation that China will rein its effort to cool its economy as European debt crisis threatens a global recovery. Concerns also rose that the banks in Spain may face further losses after IMF urged Spain to do more to overhaul its ailing banking sector. The regulator is pushing ailing banks to merge with stronger partners.

.

US Treasury Secretary Geithner said that US, China along with India, Brazil and other emerging economies are experiencing stronger recovery as compared to earlier anticipation and are positioned well to face the challenges from the European Nations. The OECD revised India’s GDP growth forecast for 2010 to 8.2% from its earlier estimate of 7.3%. It also raised the growth forecast for 2011 to 8.5% from its earlier estimate of 7.6%. The OECD also said that underlying inflationary pressures are likely to persist given the strong outlook for demand. IMF pegged India’s GDP growth forecast at 8.75% in calendar 2010 and 8.5% in calendar 2011 on expectations of strengthening of domestic demand. Back at home, RBI in order to ensure optimum liquidity in the system so that the public and private sector credit demands are met, eased credit lines for the banks.

.

Banks can now borrow additional 0.5% of their net demand and time liabilities from the Central Bank under the repurchase agreement till 2 July 2010. In addition, RBI said that as an adhoc measure, banks can seek a waiver for any shortfall in maintenance of the prescribed 25% Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) while availing the temporary facility. This step is taken by the RBI in view of the temporary liquidity pressure in the market because of the 3G auction and advance tax payments in the coming days. Talking about the much awaited Indian monsoon, the arrival is expected to be delayed by three days after tropical cyclone laila stalled its progress.

.

Inspite of the big rally in last three days, overall trend of world stock markets is still down. Even the base metal commodities including Crude saw a rally but could not sustain at higher levels. Rupee which had crossed 47.70 levels intraday week came down to 46.30. Volatility is expected to remain high. Nifty faces resistance between 5100-5150 levels and Sensex between 17000-17200 levels.

.

Persistent fear about the European region’s sovereign debt situation may keep buying intact in bullions. Commodity market is still volatile and jittery as crisis is still looming over EU nations. However, satisfactory first-quarter economic figures from the prominent Asian countries viz., China, Japan, Singapore, Taiwan and Malaysia will try to offset steep decline in base metals and energy complex.

.

Furthermore, the week is full of event risk as well as many nations are coming with their first quarter GDP data, if any improvement occurs, it will stimulate buying in base metal and energy section. Dollar index, which is on track to give its best monthly performance since October, 2008 is likely to trade in a range in short run.