Posts Tagged ‘Human consumption’


Guar gum enjoys prominent position in the exports of minor forest products. India exports guar gum in various forms to all parts of the globe. More than 80 per cent of exports of minor forest products are accounted for by guar gum.


The government has appointed Shellac and Forest Products Export Promotion Council (SHEFEXIL) as the canalising agency for export of guar gum to Europe. “Guar gum exports to European Union, originating in or consigned from India and intended for animal or human consumption have been allowed subject to endorsement by SHEFEXIL.


Around 90% of the total Guar Gum production is exported to countries like China,US, Germany and France.


Sowing and Harvesting Season….


The crop is sown from June and extends up to July. It is harvested from October and the peak arrival time continues till the end of December.


Guar complex mostly follows the seasonal pattern in its movement, but quite volatile during March- September. As given in the above chart, guar seed prices tend to remain low during January, June and September months. The price movement starts its bull run from February, the time of lean arrivals & reaches its peak in the month of July. Later on, during August the reports of sowing come into scenario which affects the prices. The arrival pattern during October & December further brings the prices down.


The early south- west monsoon forecasts and progress of monsoon from June to September influence the price movement. Later on, arrival pattern and demand from stockiest affect the prices.


The Road Ahead: Considering the supply side in the current crop season i.e. October 2009-September 2010, production is estimated to be lower at around 3-3.5 million bags compared with 8.5-9 million bags in 2008-09. Carryover stocks of last year for Guar seed stands at around 3-3.5 million bags. Thus, total supplies for 2009-10 stands at around 6 million bags, which is far below the total consumption of 7-7.5 million bags. Guar gum stock with the stockiest currently stands at around 150,000 tonnes. Guar futures have already discounted by almost 15-18% since the beginning of the year due to slowed down off-takes by millers. They were not buying Guar seed at high prices as they have huge stocks of Gum & also due to huge disparity in the price of seed and gum.


However, after the futures finishing their correction phase, the current scenario signifies that the stockiest have started stocking Guar seed at the current low prices on expectations that the prices would rise further due to a drop in output. However, further price rally would depend on the overseas demand for Guar gum which is expected to pick up which may lead prices to breach the level of 5100 in medium term.


Stay Tuned for More Updates :)

CORN- The Un-discovered Legend Part 2 :)

Hello Friends here we come up with an extension of our previous blog, CORN………. “The Un-discovered Legend” Part 1


CORN- The Un-discovered Legend Part 2

In previous Blog we had touched upon few points related to importance of Maize crop in Indian commodity market and its relevance in the context of Indian Scenario 🙂

In this blog, we would get to know of Potential sources of demand for Maize crops and industrial demand of maize crop.   Also read about the PVO (Price-volume-open Interest) Analysis of the Crop.


Potential sources of demand:

The apparent increase in consumption demand has been sourced from the preference for corn based food products for human consumption as well as increased use in feed industries.

Human consumption – corn flakes, corn oil, corn flour, etc.,

Feed industry – poultry & animal feed

Ethanol – maize has already proved to be a potential source of ethanol.


Corn consumption has seen a rapid growth during last few years.

Indeed, consumption patterns have changed at an accelerating pace especially during the winter season; from the time when it has
been introduced in numerous shopping malls around the world in the form of popcorns, baby corns etc.


Industrial demand:

This commodity has placed itself in an advantageous position & made its presence felt in the industry.

Maize is a key ingredient in animal feed mix, & being the animal feed sector growing at a healthy pace with increasing demand for
meat and milk and milk products, coupled with stagnation in cattle population, there is a rising need to feed the existing population
of cattle with quality feeding.

Therefore, this has opened a window of opportunity for strengthening of global corn prices, which in turn is triggering enormous
demand for Indian maize in the Asian regions.

With the growing demand & expansion of starch sector, the overall demand for maize is likely to grow at a brisk pace.


Change in % from 2008-09 to 2009-10 (India) Source: USDA

Area Harvested: 11.44%

Beginning Stocks: 51.72%

Production: 0.10%

Total Supply: 1.60%

Total Consumption: -1.1%

Ending stocks: 12.55%

Total Distribution: 1.60%

These positive figures indicate that India has sufficient & comfortable stocks of maize.

In 2009-10 the area harvested (India) is expected to increase by 11.44%, while the consumption is expected to remain almost flat or marginally down in next year.

The ending stocks are also quite high which can pressurize the prices in long term.

In a monthly update on 10th November 2009, USDA cut the corn forecast by 1 percent to 12.921 billion bushels (328 million tonnes).


PVO (Price-volume-open Interest) Analysis:

Maize futures have proved the old saying “Slow & steady wins the race”.

The prices, volume & open interest in maize futures both in NCDEX & CBOT which had taken a backseat during the beginning of the
year 2009, have been rising again without much volatility in their behaviour.

The prices have been rising from the levels of Rs.795 to Rs.965 during January to November’09, which resulted into bull-run and resultantly futures made a high of 1015 levels on 3rd November ’09, giving a return of 21% till now.

Since the month of March ’09 prices have been seen rising witnessing some corrections during their journey; however factors like
higher international prices & continuous demand from starch & poultry industries have supported the prices.


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