Posts Tagged ‘growth rate’

Global Market Outlook 2009 and 2010 :)

SMC Market Outlook

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With markets giving returns on investment more than 79% in 2009 and showing a strong sign of recovery from mid 2009 on the back of strong domestic demand, policy reforms and stimulus packages, 2009 calendar year emerged as the best year for investors since 2000.

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FII’s have once again proved to be the front runners in terms of the inflow, pumping more than Rs 82,000 crore in the Indian market this calendar.

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But 2010 promises to be another testing year as fiscal and monetary stimulus in many of the world’s major economies begins to wane.

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After being in consolidation for most of the month, in the week gone by the domestic markets suddenly jumped back to life and closed at their highest in 19 months as investors rushed to buy stocks on renewed optimism, after foreign direct investment into the nation jumped 60% in the first eight months of this fiscal year.

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The FM`s comments on GDP growth and encouraging cues from global markets also boosted the market.

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Both the indices, Sensex and Nifty made a new high for 2009 on the eve of Christmas, rekindling the festive spirit.

Bulls were in a mood of rejoice as Christmas took Nifty to a new high of 5,197.90.

The year ends with more than a spark of hope, and next year seems to be a stable and profitable one.

However, we believe that markets would continue to be volatile and hence it is important to manage risk in the coming year too.


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For the forthcoming week, markets may remain volatile as traders will roll their positions in the derivative segment from December 2009 series to January 2010 series ahead of the expiry of the near month December 2009 contracts on Thursday, 31 December 2009.

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On the flip side higher advance tax figures by India Inc which suggests better Q3 December 2009 results, may support the market.

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Corporate advance tax payments for the quarter were up 44% to Rs 48,300 crore against a 3.7% decline in April-June quarter and a 14.7% increase in July-September quarter.

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The global developments also need to be seen for any further directions.

Furthermore, food price index data for the year to 19 December 2009 will be closely watched which is going to release on Thursday, 31 December 2009.

The high food price inflation is a major worry for the policymakers as they contemplate a right approach to tame hike in inflation which seems to be more of a supply side issue.

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The next quarterly review of monetary policy is scheduled on 29 January 2010 which may also give some direction to the markets.

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On the global economic front, the US economy grew at a revised annual growth rate of 2.2% in the third quarter, much slower than initially projected.

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Japan’s unemployment rate rose to 5.2 percent from 5.1 percent in October, for the first time in four months in November, an indication job growth may not be strong enough to support the economy’s recovery from its deepest postwar recession.

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The world stock markets are not ready to react on the downside and after every consolidation they are moving up only.

4960 on nifty is strong support as was mentioned in last week magazine and the nifty touched there and moved up sharply.

Even the base metals and stocks are not reacting to the strong dollar.

Till the trend of stock markets is up, one should be playing from the long side of it.

Nifty has support between 5050-4970 and Sensex between 17100-16700 levels.

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New Year celebration may result in thin trading this week.It may impact domestic bourses as well.

Regarding outlook, dollar index will give next direction to precious metals. If it notices a pause in its rally then precious metals may trade in a range or vice a versa.

Base metals will remain volatile.

Gap between lead and zinc should shrink gradually.

Fresh buying in steel may keep nickel at higher side.

If US crude and other inventories continue to decline then fresh buying will stimulate in crude oil.

However, it already saw spiky moves hence upside is limited.

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Centre’s Fiscal Deficit is Rs 2.45 Lakh Crore in First 7 months of 2009-10

Centre's fiscal deficit exceeded Rs 2.45 lakh crore in the first 7 months of 2009-10.

The Centre”s fiscal deficit more than doubled to Rs 2.45 lakh crore in the first 7 months of 2009-10.

 

With this, fiscal deficit during April-October, 2009 reached over 61% of the targeted level of over Rs 4 lakh crore for the current fiscal.

 

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However, the government projected fiscal deficit of 6.8% of GDP for the current fiscal while with GDP likely to increase with a high growth rate of 7.9% recorded in Q2, there is more room to contain the fiscal deficit within the targeted level.

 

Meanwhile, the fiscal deficit already crossed over 87% of the targeted amount for entire 2008-09 as the government was expecting fiscal deficit of just 2.5% of GDP at this point of time last time.

 

Notably, Fiscal Deficit is a economic phenomena when a government’s total expenditures exceed the revenue that it generates (excluding money from borrowings).

 

Deficit differs from debt, which is an accumulation of yearly deficits.

 

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Moreover, when excise duty was cut by 6% and service tax by 2% from December onwards and plan expenditure rose as part of stimulus package, the government revised its target to 6% of GDP, which later turned out to be 6.2%.


The rise in fiscal deficit could be gauged from the fact that tax revenues decreased by around 8% to 2.13 lakh crore till October this fiscal against Rs 2.32 lakh crore a year ago.

 

The Centre’s revenue deficit, which is a gap between revenue receipts over revenue expenditure like salaries, rose by 138 per cent to stand at Rs 20.76 lakh crore during April-October, 2009.

 

Can India run ahead of China?

Can India run ahead of China?

Can India run ahead of China?

Indians have for long suffered from an advanced case of China envy. It has never been just a question of higher growth rates in China. Visitors from India have also inevitably come back with breathless tales about the new downtown Shanghai, the magnetic levitation trains or the new highways being built across that country.

However, the World Bank said on Monday that India is expected to grow at a slightly faster pace than China in 2010. And the two economies will expand at around the same rate in 2011.

Is this a turning point in the long race between the hare and the tortoise?

There is little doubt that the gap between the rates at which the two emerging giants are growing has started narrowing.

China used to grow around 3 percentage points faster than India earlier this decade. That gap has now narrowed to the point of insignificance in the past couple of years, even without discounting China’s dodgy macroeconomic numbers.

This change is likely to be enduring for several reasons.

First, China is more exposed to the vagaries of the world market because of its high trade intensity. A Japan-style secular slowdown in the US and Europe over the next decade will hurt China more than India unless China moved beyond its admittedly successful mercantilism.

Second, the foreign direct investment boom in China since the mid-1990s pushed up its investment rate, enabled technology transfer and plugged the nation into global supply chains. All this took China closer to the global efficiency frontier, but it now seems that diminishing returns are setting in. Future growth will have to depend more on domestic demand and local innovation, which means that China will have to change its growth model.

Third, China is a fast ageing society, thanks to a one-child policy. This demographic change will increase dependency ratios and social costs.

India seems to be on a stronger wicket right now, thanks to its higher dependence on domestic demand, its vibrant entrepreneurial culture and a young population. But that should not mean that catching up or overtaking China is inevitable.

The joker in the pack is the quality of national leadership.

India needs to do several things if it has to realistically overtake China in the next decade: economic reforms, better infrastructure, internal security check, less bureaucracy and intensive skill development, for example.