Posts Tagged ‘gross domestic product’

Fiscal deficit at $65.7 billon for Apr-Nov: Govt

The fiscal deficit of India for the period between April to November stood at Rs 3.06 trillion ($65.7 billion), or 76.4 percent of the full-year target, the government said in a statement on Thursday. The tax receipts stood at Rs 2.33 trillion and a total expenditure stood at Rs 6.22 trillion for the first eight months of the financial year 2009/10.

In July, the government had forecasted fiscal deficit of Rs 4 trillion, or 6.8 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), for 2009/10.

The finance minister Pranab Mukherjee earlier this month had said that the fiscal deficit would not cross the target of 6.8 per cent of the gross domestic product (GDP). With the prevailing trends in the receipts and expenditure, along with better than expected economy performance in the second quarter of the current fiscal, it is expected that the fiscal deficit will remain with the estimate of 6.8 per cent.

However, the direct tax collections by the government increased by a marginal 3.7% to Rs 1.83 lakh in the first 8 months of this fiscal. Further, in the personal income tax segment, the government collected Rs 70,262 crore, up 4.53% while in November, the tax collections were nearly similar to last year as the mop-up was Rs 10,375 crore.

Moreover, the corporate tax collections declined by about 30% to Rs 3,214 crore against Rs 4,561 crore last fiscal while in the April-November period, the collections by way of the Security Transaction Tax stood at Rs 4,349 crore, up 4.44%.

The Finance Minister, Mr. Pranab Mukherjee, yesterday stated that the Indian economy cannot sustain a high fiscal deficit for very long and it is, however, still too early to pull out of the fiscal stimulus.

“We shall have to strike a balance between the requirement of the economy and also the capacity of the economy to bear this level of fiscal deficit and borrowing,” the Finance Minister said on the sidelines of a Corporation Bank event.

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Government Will Take Necessary Steps to Control Inflation

Finance Minister, Mr. Pranab Mukherjee, said on Tuesday that rising inflation is a major area of concern and the government will take necessary steps to control prices.

Mr. Mukherjee said Inflation has risen mainly due to the prices of food that have gone up in last month. According to the provisional data issued on Monday by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, the reported inflation rate accelerated to 4.78% in November to 1.34% in October.

Pranab Mukherjee also said the government is taking necessary steps to cut its recorded fiscal deficit to 3 % of GDP after 2001/12, from 6.8 % estimated for the current financial year ending March 2010.

During 2005-06 and 2007-08, the economic growth was recorded at 9 % is mainly coming down due to Inflation and high financial loss, which is creating obstacles in the way of economic development.

Mukherjee told in parliament, “Prices are a major area of concern and we shall have to address it.” He also added “Whatever steps are needed, we will take those steps,”

The government agencies are paying high prices to farmers for buying grains and supply shortage of food items in the country, resulted in increase of inflation in the last four decades.

According to the latest government data released shows food inflation at 16.7 % in November, which have pushed the inflation to 4.78 %.

Taking the steps to control inflation, the Reserve Bank of India (BBI) has cut its policy lending rate by 425 basis points between October 2008 and April 2009, reduced Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) and brought in liquidity in financial markets to control the increasing Inflation rate.

The government also increased the tax slabs and higher spending, which widened the fiscal deficit that has to be funded by a record borrowing of 4.51 trillion rupees ($96.6 billion) in 2009-10.

Mr. Mukherjee also said the deficit was “unsustainable”, and the government would reduce it to 5.5 % in financial year 2010-11 and to 4 % in 2011-12″ and thereafter, we shall have to come back to 3%.”

The government”s fiscal deficit has touched almost half of the full-year estimate in the first six months of FY”10. The fiscal deficit for the six-month period stood at Rs 1,97,775 crore, which is 49.3 per cent of the total estimate of Rs 4,00,996 crore for this fiscal. The fiscal deficit during the same period last year was at 77 per cent of the annual estimate.

It swelled to 6.2 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) last fiscal against budget estimates of 2.5 per cent.

ECONOMIC INDICATORS… “Leading the World” Part 1

Hello Friends here we come up with our another write up on “SMC Gyan Series”.

 

Topic is ECONOMIC INDICATORS… “Leading the World”.

Here, we would go through the Brief of like what are Economic Events & Indicators and important sources of data provider for calculating & determining economic indicators.

🙂

 

ECONOMIC INDICATORS… “Leading the World”

..

Economic Events & Indicators are statistics that precede an economic event.

 

The goal is to track the economy & derive a forecast for future performance.

 

Economic indicators have tremendous potential to generate volume and to move prices of commodities futures as well as the financial markets including Forex.


Tools of Construction: This would include separate sections of statistical methods including

– Calculating indices and re-basing them,

– Differences between arithmetic and geometric averages,

– Standard deviations,

– Regression analysis,

– Correlation and causation,

– Margins of error in statistics calculations and

– What this means for interpretation, subsequent revisions and why they happen.

🙂

 

Economic indicators include various indices, earnings reports, and economic summaries.

 

Examples : unemployment rate,  housing starts,  Consumer Price Index (a measure for inflation),  Consumer Leverage Ratio,  industrial production,  bankruptcies,  Gross Domestic Product,  broadband internet penetration,  retail sales,  stock market prices,  money supply changes etc;

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The important sources of data provider for calculating & determining economic indicators are like:

– Bureau of Labor Statistics,

– Census of Construction Industries,

– Bureau of Economic Analysis &

– Reserve Bank.

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The value of the indicator data is considered important if it presents new information, or is instrumental to drawing conclusions which couldn’t be drawn under other reports or data.

 

Each indicator is marked with “H”-“M”-“L” (High-Medium-Low), according to its level of importance, as commonly considered.

🙂

 

Next Blog we would try to know about the classified categories of Economic indicators in details and what is Time Era.

Stay Tuned for more and more on this 🙂

 

However For More latest Industry,Stock Market and Economy News Updates, Click Here

Indian Stocks Rose After Govt Approved Disinvestment Plans

Indian Stocks Rose After Govt Approved Disinvestment Plans

Indian Stocks Rose After Govt Approved Disinvestment Plans

Indian stocks rose, extending the benchmark index’s longest string of gains in five weeks, after the government approved a plan to sell more shares in state- controlled companies, helping it raise funds to boost spending.

MMTC Ltd., India’s biggest state-owned trading company, surged 20 percent, the most in 10 months.

Rico Auto Industries Ltd., an auto component maker that supplies General Motors Co. and Ford Motor Co., climbed 5.1 percent after workers ended a 45-day strike.

🙂

The Bombay Stock Exchange’s Sensitive Index, or Sensex, rose 94.38, or 0.6 percent, to 16,158.28.
The measure this week gained 1.7 percent, snapping two weeks of losses.

The S&P CNX Nifty Index on the National Stock Exchange rose 0.6 percent to 4,796.15.
The BSE 200 Index added 1.1 percent to 2,011.08.

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“The disinvestment move will help moderate India’s fiscal deficit,” said Jagannadham Thunuguntla, head of equities at SMC Capitals Ltd. in New Delhi.

“Also, it may help in higher GDP growth led by increased government spending.”

🙂

MMTC soared 20 percent to 36,146.85 rupees, the most since Dec. 17.
State Trading Corp., the No. 2, leapt 15 percent to 353.6 rupees.

NMDC Ltd., India’s largest iron-ore producer, climbed 10 percent to 338 rupees. 

Hindustan Copper Ltd., India’s biggest copper miner, 99.59 percent state-owned, gained 10 percent to 256.35 rupees.

🙂

Budget Deficit

The government owns 99.33 percent in MMTC and 91.02 percent in State Trading, while it holds 98.38 percent in NMDC, according to filings to the Bombay Stock Exchange.

The government will use the money raised from the sale of shares of state companies for social spending.

India’s fiscal deficit reached 6 percent of gross domestic product in the year ended March 31, surpassing the 2.5 percent government target.

The key Sensitive stock index has more than doubled from this year’s lowest level, in March.

Govt’s stand to sell state assets and accept more overseas funds into insurance and banking, has strengthened, after Prime Minister Manmohan Singh resounding re-election victory in May.

🙂


UNCTAD Projects 5% Growth for India :(

Indian economy

The UN body United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) on Monday projected a lower growth of five per cent for India in 2009 as against Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Government”s forecast of more than six per cent in the current financial year.

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Releasing its “Trade and Development Report 2009” in New Delhi, UNCTAD report said that it expected Indian economy to grow by five per cent in 2009.

The economy grew by 6.7 per cent in 2008-09 fiscal while in the first quarter of the 2009-10 financial year the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expanded at 6.1 per cent.

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However, the UNCTAD report listed India as the second fastest growing economy after China, in the backdrop of the global economy set to shrink by 2.7 per cent in 2009.

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“The economic winter is far from over: tumbling profits in the real economy, previous over-investment in real estate and rising unemployment will continue to constrain private consumption and investment for the foreseeable future.

Even economies that will grow this year, such as those of China and India, are slowing significantly compared to previous years. The crisis is unprecedented in its depth and breadth leaving virtually no country unscathed,” it said.

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Further, the report said that improvement of certain financial indicators reached in the first quarter of 2009 as well as falling interest rate spreads on emerging-market debt and corporate bonds and the rebound in securities and commodity prices were seen as green shoots of economic recovery.

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UNCTAD has said the growth rate of developed nations is expected to contract by 4.1 per cent in 2009, while it is likely to decelerate to 1.3 per cent in 2009 from 5.4 per cent in 2008 for developing countries.

😦

The UN body United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) on Monday projected a lower growth of five per cent for India in 2009 as against Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Government”s forecast of more than six per cent in the current financial year.

Releasing its “Trade and Development Report 2009” in New Delhi, UNCTAD report said that it expected Indian economy to grow by five per cent in 2009. The economy grew by 6.7 per cent in 2008-09 fiscal while in the first quarter of the 2009-10 financial year the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expanded at 6.1 per cent. However, the UNCTAD report listed India as the second fastest growing economy after China, in the backdrop of the global economy set to shrink by 2.7 per cent in 2009.

“The economic winter is far from over: tumbling profits in the real economy, previous over-investment in real estate and rising unemployment will continue to constrain private consumption and investment for the foreseeable future. Even economies that will grow this year, such as those of China and India, are slowing significantly compared to previous years. The crisis is unprecedented in its depth and breadth leaving virtually no country unscathed,” it said.

Further, the report said that improvement of certain financial indicators reached in the first quarter of 2009 as well as falling interest rate spreads on emerging-market debt and corporate bonds and the rebound in securities and commodity prices were seen as green shoots of economic recovery.

UNCTAD has said the growth rate of developed nations is expected to contract by 4.1 per cent in 2009, while it is likely to decelerate to 1.3 per cent in 2009 from 5.4 per cent in 2008 for developing countries.

KEY FEATURES OF BUDGET 2009-2010

UNION BUDGET 2009-2010

CHALLENGES

To lead economy to high GDP growth rate of 9 per cent per annum at the earliest

• To deepen and broaden the agenda for inclusive development to improve delivery mechanisms of the government.

OVERVIEW OF THE ECONOMY

• Growth rate of Gross Domestic Product dipped from an average of over 9 per cent in the previous three fiscal

years to 6.7 per cent during 2008-09.

• Whole sale price index rose to nearly 13 per cent in August, 2008 and had an equally sharp fall to zero per

cent in March, 2009.

• The structure of India’s economy changed over the last ten years with contribution of the services sector to

GDP at well over 50 per cent and share of merchandise trade doubling to 38.9 per cent of GDP in 2008-09.

• Recognising economic recovery and growth as co-operative effort of the Central and State Governments,meeting with Finance Ministers of States held as part of preparation of the Budget. This is intended to become an annual feature.

Highlights of Union Budget 2009-10

* Govt plans to bring back economy to high growth of 9%

* GDP growth dipped to 6.7% in FY’09

* FM to make pre-budget talks with state FMs annual affair

* Fiscal deficit up from 2.7% to 6.8% of GDP

* Return to fiscal prudence at the earliest

* ‘Aam admi’ is focus of all programmes and schemes

* IT exemption limit raised; Rs 15,000 for Sr.citizens

* Limit raised by Rs 10,000 for tax payers, including women

* 10% surcharge on personal income tax scrapped

* Fringe Benefit Tax abolished

* No change in corporate tax

* Defence gets Rs 1,41,703 cr, up 34%

* Total fiscal stimulus in 2008-09 amounts to Rs 1,86,000 cr

* IIFCL to evolve mechanism for increased funding of infra

* IIFCL to re-finance commercial bank loans up to 60 per cent in critical projects through PPP to tune of Rs 1,00,000 cr

* Allocations for highways being stepped up by 23 per cent

* Funds for housing, amenities for urban poor up Rs 3,973 cr

* Funds for JN Urban Renewal Mission up 87% to Rs 12,887 cr

* Assistance for storm-water drainage project up by Rs 300 cr

* Farm credit target up at Rs 3,25,000 cr from Rs 2,87,000 cr

* Interest rates incentive to farmers to repay loans on time

* Additional Rs 1,000 crore for accelerated irrigation scheme

* Export Credit Guarantee scheme extended till March 2010

* 2% interest subvention (IS) scheme extended till March 2010

* IS scheme to cover 7 job-oriented sectors, including textile, handicrafts and handlooms.

* Commodity Transaction Tax abolished

* New pension system trust exempted from STT; DDT

* Minimum Alternate Tax hiked to 15% from 10%

* Tax holiday on petro sector extended to natural gas.

* 100% tax deduction on political donation * Stimulus for print media for another six months

* Fertiliser subsidy to be nutrient-based, not price

* Expert Grp to form viable pricing for imported petro goods

* Banks and insurance firms to remain in public sector

* Rs 100 cr one-time grant to expand banks in unbanked areas

* Govt committed to provide Rs 100 a day as wages under NREGA

* Allocation of Rs 39,100 cr to be made for NREGA

* NREGA coverage increased to 4.74 crore households in FY’09

* Work National Food Security scheme has begun

* Allocation for Bharat Nirman being raised by 45 per cent

* Rs 2,000 cr rural housing fund under National Housing bank

* Mission for female literacy with focus on minorities, SC/ST

* 50% of all rural women to be brought into SHG programmes

* Full interest subsidy for students in select institutions

* Five lakh students to benefit

* Modernisation of national exployment exchanges

* Action for social security to unorganised sector workers

* New pension benefits for 12 lakh jawans and JCOs from July

* One lakh dwelling units for paramilitary forces personnel

* Unique Identification Card to citizens in 12-18 months

* Provision of Rs 120 crore for UIC project

* Rs 2,113 crore allocated for IITs and new IITs

* Rs 3472 cr for Commonwealth Games from Rs 2112 cr

* Customs, excise and service tax base rates unchanged

* For Indira Awas Yojana, allocation increased 63%

* IT returns to be made simpler

* 8 missions being launched under Plan on climate change

* Allocation for market development assistance scheme up 148%

* Allocation for Rural Health Mission raised by Rs 257 cr above interim budget

* Rs 500 cr for rehabilitation of Sri Lankan Tamils

* Rs 1,000 cr for infrastructure in cyclone-hit area in WB

* Total expenditure crosses Rs 10 lakh cr for first time

* Share of direct taxes in revenue increased to 56% in FY’09

However, the failure of Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee’s Budget in slashing securities transaction tax, the status quo when it came to short-term capital gains tax, no substantial increase in exemption level for calculating personal income tax and no complete tax exemption on interest income earned by senior citizens was a huge letdown.

I would rate this Budget at 5 on a scale of 1 to 10.