Posts Tagged ‘global economy’

Weekly Update 26th – 30th July 2010

The markets witnessed good buying in the week gone by as the corporates from U.S. to Europe showed good performance raising the confidence in the strength of the global economic growth. Continuous buying by the foreign institutions and the strength in the developed markets helped stocks to scale 29 months high. U.S. Fed chief Ben S. Bernanke said that central bank would take additional action if the world’s largest economy does not continue to improve.

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European Banks Stress test result showed that from a sample of 91 European banks, representing 65% of the European market in terms of total assets, 7 banks would see their Tier 1 capital ratios fall below 6%. The focus of the test was mainly to assess the ability of the banks to absorb possible shocks on credit and market risks, including sovereign risks over a 2 years horizon, until the end of 2011. The test revealed that the aggregate Tier 1 ratio, used as a common measure of banks’ resilience to shocks, under the adverse scenario would decrease from 10.3 percent in 2009 to 9.2 percent by the end of 2011 (compared to the regulatory minimum of 4 percent and to the threshold of 6 percent set up for this exercise). However investors are still ambiguous about the credibility of the test as it ignores the majority of banks’ holdings of sovereign debt assuming a case of no default by Greece or any other European country.

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India Inc. has so far shown good performance. The net profit of 339 companies that have declared results has grown by 25.5 percent and sales have shot up by 17.8 percent compared to corresponding quarter last year. The annual monsoon rains improved 24 percent from the deficit in the previous week, but were still 17 percent below normal in the week to 21July 2010, as per the data of the India Meteorological Department on Thursday, 22 July 2010. The seasonal monsoon rains during 1 June to 22 July 2010 were 12 percent below normal.

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The expectation of another 25bps hike in policy rates has already been built in the market. Market would take a cue from what RBI says in its monetary policy on 27th July about the health of domestic market and the steps in its act of balancing growth while anchoring inflationary expectations.

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Trend of Indian Stock Markets is up since a month and now the world markets are also participating in the rally. The rise in Base metal commodities is giving more steam to the rally as that is a reflection of increasing demand for metals in the industry. Nifty has support between 5315-5250 levels and Sensex between 17700- 17500 levels.

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Better than expected earnings amid optimistic equity market bestowed the much needed direction to the commodity market and thus it headed for biggest gain since March. In the meantime, dollar is going down and likely to trade in a negative territory as investors are moving back to the risky asset, which is appearing more promising in current context. Gold is narrating the same story and it is moving in a range with downside bias. Gold silver ratio has declined as silver outperformed gold, getting support from terrific rise in base metals prices. Energy complex has ignored the negative news and shore up on better results and strong technicals. But yes, it’s a time to book profit in spices as they are overbought now, especially pepper.

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Weekly Update 19th – 23rd July 2010

The concerns over recovery in global economy resurfaced in investors mind as China economy grew 10.3 percent in the second quarter showing moderation from 11.9 percent expansion in the first quarter. In U.S., consumer confidence dropped in July to the lowest level in the year to 66.5 from 76 in previous month and factory output too fell by 0.4 percent in June.

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The minutes released by the office of the Federal Reserve said that “The economic outlook had softened somewhat and a number of members saw the risks to the outlook as having shifted to the downside”. The statement and weak data only added to the worries and led to the decline in most of the global markets.

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India’s Industrial Production growth came surprisingly low to 11.5 percent in May from a year earlier and the April growth was revised downward to 16.5 percent from 17.6 percent. It is expected that the Industrial Production will remain close to double digits as some of the leading indicators like vehicle sales remained buoyant in June.

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Keeping a vigil on the liquidity and in order to ensure smooth credit lines for both government and corporate to sustain the growth momentum, RBI has further extended the second liquidity adjustment facility (SLAF) on a daily basis till July 30, 2010. Strong credit growth in Banking system and Industrial production together with high food inflation may influence RBI to raise policy rates by another 25 bps in its first quarter review on 27th July.

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The latest statement by the IMD that the monsoon up to 15 July has so far been 14 percent below the long period average is a cause of concern.July, especially being the most important month for sowing the Kharif crops has led to the alteration of earlier beliefs that going ahead food inflation will moderate.

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Mostly world markets are in downtrend though Indian stock market is still in uptrend. The base metal commodities are not able to rise which is showing the underlying uncertainty in the markets. One should be cautious in such markets.

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Nifty has support between 5280-5220 levels and Sensex between 17600-17400 levels.Indian markets have gone up substantially in last one and half month and dollar index has fallen sharply from higher levels but the Indian rupee has not moved much which is a sign of concern as rupee should have strengthened in such an environment.

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Lack of clarity with reference to the direction of world economy is painting a hazy picture for commodity market. Even uncertain outcome of economic releases and result of second quarter is giving little direction to the commodities. Investors are refraining to make large position in current situation. This week, we have important data form UK and Canada. Housing data can give further direction to base metals. Bullions can trade in a slim spread. Expiry of July contract in NCDEX may result in more volatility in all agro commodities. After witnessing a multi week high some spices may see a pause in rally.

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STEEL … “ECONOMIC POINTER TO GLOBAL RECOVERY”

Steel, the backbone of infrastructure, has shown wild swings in its prices globally. Steel long prices in NCDEX have shown volatile movement from  January’10 till April’10 this year as prices which were trading around Rs 29000 per tonnes in January’10 plunged below Rs 24000 per tonnes in mid February’10 but it again jumped above Rs 29000 in the beginning of April and again melted nearly to Rs 25000 per tonnes tracking jittery stock market and European debt crises. Greek financial crisis is likely to impact the global economy and industry in Europe thereby denting the demand in this favorite destination of steel flat products.

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On the domestic front due to recovery in automobile, consumer goods and infrastructure sector finished steel registered a growth of 9.2% in March 2010 as against a negative result of 1.8% in March last year. The rise in input costs (iron ore prices shooting up by over 90% and coking coal prices rising by around 55%) coupled with steady demand is the prime reason for the prices recovery. But the rise in steel products prices, especially flat products is bound to affect the prices of the end user industries like automobiles, air conditioners, refrigerators and so on, leading to further inflation in India.

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The basic raw material of steel, the coking coal, has acute shortage of premium quality and the demand is mostly met through imports in India. Generally, India exports iron ore mainly to China but in recent days it has been seen that India is importing iron ore and the demand for Iron ore is increasing here. The share of total Chinese iron ore imports has decreased, from 22.92% in 2006, 20.73% in 2007, 20.51% in 2008, to 17.71% in 2009. Going forward, the increasing demand for iron ore in India will stimulate the Indian government and enterprises to invest in the steel industry.

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According to Indian Steel Minister Virbhadra Singh “Government is aiming to achieve a 120 to 125 million tonnes of steel production in the country by 2011-2012 with major chunk being provided by the public sector” India is both importer and exporter of steel. During the month of January and February 2010, India imported 510,000 mt of steel products from China, up 351.57 percent year on year basis. In the years 2006 to 2009, China imported 74.78 million mt, 79.53 million mt, 91.04 million mt and 107 million mt from India, marking respective increases of 9.08%, 6.36%, 14.47% and 18.08% respectively..

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Outlook: According to World Steel Association the apparent steel use will increase by 10.7% to 1,241 mmt in 2010 after contracting by -6.7% in 2009. This represents an improved figure over the Autumn 2009 forecast for both 2009 and 2010. With these projections, world steel demand in 2010 will exceed pre-crisis levels of 2007. In 2011, it is forecasted that world steel demand will grow by 5.3% to reach a historical high of 1,306 mmt. The resilience of the emerging economies, especially China, has been the critical factor enabling the earlier than expected recovery of world steel demand.

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The outlook of the global steel industry in 2010 looks positive based on the below written reasons:

First, Chinese steel production and demand are likely to continue their relentless rise. Government stimulus packages from China to increase consumer demand for cars and home appliances have supported the demand. Perhaps, more importantly, the state is funding massive construction in the West of the country and immense infrastructure projects for rail, road and bridges in the East. This could lift steel output to above 600 million tonnes in 2010.

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Second, Indian steel manufacturing will reach an “all time” high this year, after another peak outturn in the previous twelve months period. New record steel production rates are also likely to be set in several other countries, including, Turkey and several Middle Eastern countries.

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Most of the steel boom will come from the developing nations of the World. However, manufacturing activity in many of the industrialized countries is starting to improve. This will add to the rise in steel production this year.

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According to world steel association “Global steel output in 2010 is forecast at 1,350 million tonnes. This represents an 11.1 percent increase on the anticipated 2009 outturn, which in turn, will be 8.4 percent below the figure recorded in the previous twelve months”.

According to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee, the global steel industry is recovering faster than expected from the recession but the strength and timing of the upturn varies across regions and further improvements are expected in the short term although it may take years for some parts of the sector to fully recover.

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Finally steel long in NCDEX may remain sideways in near term considering the jittery situation in euro zone and tumbling stock markets. But it is expected to show recovery faster than expected as seen in recent past and the prices can scale higher towards Rs 28000 in third quarter of this year after taking support at Rs 22000- 23000 per tonnes.

Weekly Update 15th – 19th March

Here’s the weekly update again 🙂

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Its weekly overview of the Indian as well as of the Global economy.



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Despite volatility throughout the week, Indian market posted fifth consecutive weekly gains, the biggest stretch of weekly gains since June 2009, but closed flat on Friday erasing early gains as traders booked profits in selected stocks due to lack of triggers from global markets and as in line January IIP failed to lift sentiments of the market participants.

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On the contrary, though the broader index, Nifty closed in green but there was selling in mid cap and Small cap stocks as evident from the fact that BSE Midcap Index was down -0.51 per cent and BSE Small cap Index moved -0.79 per cent lower.

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On the Global Markets front; except Shanghai Comp., all the Asian markets closed in green.  🙂  European markets too closed in the positive terrain led by banking stocks.

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Both FTSE 100 and CAC 40 were up by 0.47 per cent and 0.42 per cent respectively. 🙂

Even mixed economic reports held the US stock market to only modest moves on Friday but gains for the week were strong.

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Uneven figures on retail sales and consumer confidence gave investors little new insight into the economy. If we talk about Indian economy, some concerns pertaining to further tightening in monetary policy after a partial withdrawal of fiscal stimulus in the budget have emerged in the light of robust manufacturing activity as indicated by IIP numbers.

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A sustained recovery in India’s industrial output which stood at 16.7% in January on a YoY basis as against 17.6% YoY growth recorded in the month of December and ballooning inflation is expected to force RBI to hike policy rates in its monetary policy review on 20’Th April.

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The food price index rose 17.81% in the 12 months to 27 February 2010, while the fuel price index was up 11.38%.

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FIIs net investment in Indian equity markets has crossed $75 billion mark. So far in calendar year 2010, FIIs have made net investments of $2.5 billion, of which $2.3 billion net flow made in last eight trading days since Union Budget 2010 held on February 26, reflecting the strong economic fundamentals of Indian economy, as well as confidence of the foreign investors in the growth and stability of the Indian market.

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For the forth coming weeks, advance tax payment by the major corporate will give an indication of fourth quarter earnings & would help market to take further direction in the coming week.

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Overall trend of world markets is up. The fall in the dollar index and rise in Euro from lower levels is giving support to stock markets.

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Nifty has support between 5030-4950 and Sensex between 16700-16400 levels. The coming week will give more clarity after the FOMC meet.

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As the rally after the budget had been swift and markets had a five week continuous rally, it seems that our markets are more in a consolidation mode before they take their next direction.

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Right now, investors are mostly following the “Wait & Watch” strategy and refraining to build heavy position at the time when market is expecting mixed outcome of economic releases and dollar index is oscillating between ranges.

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Market is waiting for clear direction. Recent downtrend in LME stocks is offset by still-slow pace of demand recovery, and we expect a range trading in base metals complex with downside bias.

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News that China has started work on its second phase of state strategic oil reserves in the southern province of Guangdong, is limiting the downside in crude oil prices.

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However, cautious trading is advised here as it appears overbought.

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Stay Tuned for More updates

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US Economy to Surge Up in 2010 : Economists

World Largest Economy to Expand in 2010

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Market forecasters and analysts have put forth the view that US economy will most probably turn in its best performance this year since 2004 owing to the factor that companies have increased the investment and hiring.

With the increase in the spending of perks, also, it seems a near probability.

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Many US economists have  said that the world’s largest economy may expand 3-4% in 2010.

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As per the top economists, the rebound in stocks and rising incomes will prompt Americans to do what they do best — consume.

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Faced with dwindling inventories and growing demand, companies will soon become confident the expansion will be sustained.

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Market experts and economists believe that Household spending would pick up the steam as US economy would move into the second half of 2010.

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The overall picture for 2010 will be an economy growing rapidly enough to bring down the unemployment rate to an average of 9.6%.

The rate will reach about 9% by the end of 2010, major economists quoted.

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US employers expect to hire more new workers in 2010 than they did in 2009, a sign the US recession may be easing its grip, a research showed.

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One-fifth of employers plan to add full-time, permanent employees this year, up from 14% in 2009, according to an online job site that surveyed considerable number of hiring managers and HR professionals.

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Just 9% said they plan to cut headcount in 2010, down from 16% in 2009, according to the nationwide survey.

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The number of employers who say they’re going to add full-time workers is up from last year, and that is very good news. There’s definitely an uptick.

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Banks May Not Up Interest Rates For Next Six Months

Banks May Not Up Interest Rates For Next Six Months

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New Year has brought a good news for the Corporate India.

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SBI Bank chairman has indicated that there will be no increase in interest rates for next six months despite inflationary pressure.

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As inflation is rising, there was speculation going around that RBI, (in its review of monetary policy) might take measures to tighten the money supply which would have led to the hardening of interest rates.

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As the global economy is still in the grip of recession, industry players feel that any hike in interest rates will affect the economic recovery in India.

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Banks authorities and market analysts feel that there was surplus liquidity in the system and credit offtake was slowly picking up.

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This situation of liquidity surplus will force banks not to increase interest rates, in current situation.

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Because of this surplus liquidity, banks have cut deposits rates.

But they are not cutting the lending rates due to slow credit offtake, despite the speculation that RBI can increase key rates (repo or reverse repo) to contain inflation.

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🙂

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In the eight months of the current financial year till December 4, while the deposits with the commercial banks rose by 3,69,535 crore, credit off take was only Rs 1,44,151 crore.

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This forced the banks to park around Rs 100,000 crore with the RBI at reverse repo rate of 3.25%.

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When the interest rate condition was benign, Banks had cut their lending rates, particularly home loan rate.

This had helped reviving real estate market. The buyers started coming back and cement and steel sectors also started improving.

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The recession did not hit India the way it had affected European countries last year.

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There was only a slowdown in the growth rate which came down to 7% from 9%.

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Market experts believe that withdrawal of stimulus package by the government should not be done in the prevailing situation, but should be phased out in staggered manner.

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Wheat Falls as Rally, Dollar Gain May Curb Demand for U.S. Crop

Hello Friends here we come up with the Latest Agri Commodities updates from various parts of the globe.

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Wheat Falls

Wheat Falls as Rally, Dollar Gain May Curb Demand for U.S. Crop:

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Wheat dropped on speculation that a price rally to a three-week high and the dollar’s rebound may reduce demand for the U.S. crop.

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Corn and soybeans also declined.

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The grain yesterday jumped 5 percent, the most since Nov. 11, leading gains in corn and soybeans on speculation that fund managers will purchase agricultural commodities at the start of 2010, anticipating improved demand as the global economy strengthens.

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Wheat for March delivery declined as much as 1 percent to $5.45 a bushel on the Chicago Board of Trade and traded at $5.4575 as of 10:49 a.m. in Tokyo.

The contract yesterday touched $5.51, the highest level since Dec. 8.

The grain has lost 11 percent this year.

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In Other major Commodities Updates, we have news of edible oil industry, urging a tightening of futures trading in oils and oilseeds.

Industry wants tighter oil, oilseeds futures norms:

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With oilseed crushers feeling the pinch on their margin due to rise in oilseed prices, which, they feel, have been fuelled by speculations in futures trading, the edible oil industry is urging a tightening of futures trading in oils and oilseeds.

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Raising the issue, the Solvent Extractors’ Association of India (SEA) has suggested the Union consumer affairs ministry that new futures contracts for oilseeds should be restricted to current plus one month only.

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As for existing futures contracts for the next six months, the traders should be asked to square them off on the date of settlement next month.

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Moreover, all contracts have to be backed by a minimum quantity of delivery, suggested SEA.

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It has further requested the ministry to enhance the margin on trading to such a level, which would discourage speculators entering into this arena.

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🙂

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