Posts Tagged ‘global depository receipts’

QIPs Outstripped PE Funding & IPOs in Fund Raising Process ;)

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Qualified institutional placements (QIPs) have outstripped private equity (PE) funding since January by at least eight times, making it by far the most popular fund-raising route for firms this year.

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QIPs raised at least Rs. 21,209 crore since January this year, while PE funds invested only Rs. 2,574 crore in listed firms.

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QIPs have almost raised more than twice of initial public offerings.

A QIP is a private placement by a listed company of shares or securities convertible to equity with qualified institutional buyers approved by market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India(SEBI).

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Data from Delhi-based investment bank SMC Capitals Ltd shows another 48 QIPs worth Rs.43,891 crore are in the pipeline.

But analysts do not expect a significant rise in the number of, or funds through, PE deals this year.

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Typically, PE investments take up to six months to complete, whereas a QIP can be done in up to four weeks, making the fund-raising process faster and more reliable since the institutional buyers are selected carefully.

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Also, in a QIP, the institutional buyers rarely seek a seat on the company board, or management control, a common practice in large PE deals.

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Since PE is perceptionally intrusive for promoters, QIP serves as a good alternative.

However this QIP structure is liked by investors and firms as in a QIP the window is shorter and money can be raised quickly.

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While real estate firms typically prefer QIPs for their need of capital at short notice, the companies currently waiting to do QIPs are across sectors, including telecom, entertainment, retail and information technology.

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In line for QIPs are Reliance Communications Ltd, Pyramid Saimira Theatre Ltd, Pantaloon Retail (India) Ltdย  and few more.

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Some firms, though, have taken both routes for their funding needs.

Historically, PE investments in India have been in the form of private investments in public enterprises, or PIPEs, which also happen to the only firms eligible for QIPs.

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โ€œPrivate equity investors have missed the boat,โ€ Jagannadham Thunuguntla, head of SMC Capitals, said in a statement.

Companies that are in the pipeline for QIPs may also look for American depository receipts or global depository receipts for funds, heย  added.

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Bharti-MTN Deal May Hit Turbulent Weather with New Takeover Norms in Place!!

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The $23-billion equity swap deal proposed by Bharti Airtel and South Africaโ€™s MTN may hit turbulent weather with Indiaโ€™s capital markets watchdog amending the merger and takeover norms involving international transactions, experts said Tuesday.

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In a move that surprised the corporate sector, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) Tuesday said the mandatory open offer norm will be triggered even if the overseas equity holdings, in the form of global depository receipts or American depository shares, exceed 15 percent of the total paid-up capital of the target company.

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Earlier, the open offer was mandatory only when the acquisition of shares in the target company exceeded 15 percent during transactions entered into within the country, either through stock market operations or through preferential deals.

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In the Bharti-MTN deal, the two sides proposed to exchange shares in addition to payout of cash that exceeds 15 percent.

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Bharti had proposed to buy 36 percent of the South African company by offering shareholders half a Bharti share, whereas MTN was to get a 25 percent stake in the Indian telecom major for $2.9 billion by issuing global depository receipts.

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โ€œIn its existing form, the Bharti-MTN deal will become more complicated because of this amendment. The dynamics have changed and both MTN and Bharti will have to go back to the drawing board to see the deal through,โ€ said SMC Capitals equity head Jagannadham Thunuguntla.

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As per the existing provisions of the SEBI takeover code, no acquirer can buy shares of 15 percent or more in a listed company without making an open offer to acquire a minimum of 20 percent of such listed companyโ€™s shares from the public shareholders.

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Announcing the changes in the takeover code, SEBI chairman C.B. Bhave also said that there would be no retrospective effect on earlier deals because of this amendment.

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As IPO Market Falters,Companies Eye New Funds !!

Market falters

The post-listing dismal performance of the initial public offering ( IPO) of public sector power major NHPC Ltd is set to force many companies to rework their fund- raising strategies in the coming months.

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Qualified institutional placements (QIPs), global depository receipts (GDRs) or those shares issued to overseas investors and listed on exchanges abroad are likely to be the most favoured means for these purposes, leading investment bankers said.

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Some of the companies are already planning to revise their issue prices downwards to ensure that offerings will not fall through.

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Oil India Ltd (OIL), which is open for subscription now, is the first to draw lessons from the NHPC episode and revise its issue price.

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OIL has revised their price band to Rs 950- 1,050 per share, from Rs 1,250- 1,400, after the NHPC episode as per few bankers.

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NHPC fixed the price of its IPO at Rs 36 per share last month.

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Though the stock listed on September 1 at eight per cent premium to the issue price, at Rs 39, it closed just 70 paise or 1.94 per cent above the issue price.

Over the last two days, the premium further narrowed to just 10 paise.

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Jagannadham Thunuguntla, equity head of SMC Capitals Ltd, cites heavy selling, coupled with no follow- up buying as the reasons for the lacklustre listing of NHPC.

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NHPC’s IPO price was 30 times its earnings per share (EPS).

“In fact, well- established companies like NTPC are available at much lower valuations. Hence, there was no follow- up buying from the investors on NHPC listing,” Thunuguntla explained.

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Further, majority of the oversubscription is not due to genuine investor interest but is due to the borrowed funding through ‘IPO financing“.

Naturally, all such investors were forced to sell on the day of listing as these involve a lot of interest cost. This resulted in heavy selling on the day of the listing,” he added.

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After the market rebound since March 2009, fundstarved companies started tapping the market.

And when the elections gave a more convincing victory to the UPA combine, the market gathered greater strength.

Since March, companies were able to raise funds to the extent of Rs 21,191 crore through 22 QIPs; and $ 1.88 billion through four GDRs/ ADRs (funds raised from US- based investors and listed in the US).

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However experts maintained that these are the sources of funds for which few institutional investors are to be convinced, rather than working on creating confidence among the whole investor community.

At the same time such companies should have a high corporate governance track- record as well.

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