Posts Tagged ‘financial institutions’

India’s Total External Debt Touched $243 Billion

India’s Total External Debt Touched $243 Billion

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India’s total external debt rose by 8.1% to $242.8 billion at the end of September 2009 from $224.6 billion at March-end 2009.

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The long term debt increased by 10.6% to $200.4 billion, while short term debt declined by 2.3% to $42.4 billion.

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Most of the increase in the debt ($8.3 billion or 45.6%) is due to depreciation of dollar against major global currencies, out of total increase of $18.2 billion, according to a finance ministry statement.

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The total external financial assets increased by $21 billion to $378.6 billion at September end 2009 over the previous quarter.

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Total external financial liabilities increased significantly by $32.7 billion over the previous quarter and stood at $476.4 billion at Septemberend 2009.

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Direct investment and Portfolio investment in India increased by $11 billion and $10.2 billion respectively over the previous quarter.

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Long-term debt at $ 220.4 billion accounted for 82.5% of the total debt.

As a positive development, India’s short term debt, which had increased sharply between March 2005 and March 2008, went down by $985 million to $42.4 billion at September-end.

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The decline was seen in all the components of short-term debt except trade related credits for period above six months and up to one year

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Short-term credit, that is a credit of less than 180 days, short-term liabilities of banking system and investment of foreign central banks and other global financial institutions in government’s treasury bills is considered bad for economy.

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Interest Rate Futures Section – Final Part :)

Interest Rate Futures Section Final Part

Interest Rate Futures Section Final Part

Hello Friends, we are here with the Final Part of our Interest Rate Futures educational section.
We would touch upon the benefits of the Interest Rate Futures and the future scenario related to it.

Here we go :

Key benefits of Interest Rate Futures:

Directional trading

As there is an inverse relationship between interest rate movement and underlying bond prices, so if one has strong view that the interest rates will rise in near future then he can take short position in IRF contracts and can be benefited from the falling futures bond prices.

Hedging portfolio

The holders of the GOI securities are exposed to risk of rising interest rates which in turn results in the reduction in the value of the portfolio.

So in order to protect against a fall in the value of the portfolio they can take short position in IRF.

Calendar spread trading

This spread is also known as an inter-delivery spread.

It is the simultaneous purchase of one delivery month of a given futures contract and the sale of another delivery month of the same underlying on the same exchange.

For example:

Buying a September 09 and simultaneously selling a December 09 contract.
A market participant can profit as the price difference between the two contracts widens.

The either case can also be possible.

Reduce the duration of portfolio:

Bonds with longer maturities are more sensitive to interest rate changes, and bond portfolio with longer duration will be more exposed to the vulnerability of the movement in interest rate.

So portfolio manager who is concerned about the rise in the short term interest rate risk would like to reduce the duration of the portfolio.

By entering into the IRF contract to NSE, the portfolio manager can reduce duration of the portfolio.

Arbitraging between cash and futures market:

Arbitrage is the price difference between the bond prices in underlying bond market and IRF contract without any view about the interest rate movement.

One can earn the risk-less profit from realizing arbitrage opportunity and entering into the IRF contract traded on NSE by initiating cash and carry trade.

Responses After launch:

After the launch of currency futures in August 2008, Interest-rate futures are the first major product to be introduced in India.

The interest rate futures began on August 31,2009 clocking trading volumes of Rs 276 crore in their first day of trade.

Market participants responded passionately to the product launch on the first day.

In around five hours of trading time available after inauguration, 1,475 trades were recorded resulting in 14,559 contracts being traded at a total value of Rs 267.31 crore.

In the beginning only two quarters has been introduced out of four, among which December 2009 was the most active with 13,789 contracts which has been traded actively.

There are nearly 638 members registered for this new product, out of which 21 are banks and there contribution to the total gross volume was 32.48 percent.

Future scenario:

BSE had received regulatory approval for interest rates futures and would launch in 8-10 weeks.

The Multi Commodity Exchange’s foreign exchange derivatives bourse has sought permission to launch trade in interest rate futures.

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INTEREST RATE FUTURES – Part 2

Hello Friends, just an extension of our previous blog on interest rates futures where we touched upon the topic of interest rates future and what is it exactly.

Now we would understand that why is there need for interst rate futures and many more related aspects in this regard.

Here we go :

Why Interest rate futures?

Why Interest rate futures?

Why Interest rate futures?

The risk associated with the interest rate is uncertain and it never has been constant in the past, infact it would not remain constant in future also.

The volatility of interest rates has increased manifold in the last couple of years and recorded 17.40% in 2008 as compared to 8.51% in 2007.

This high fluctuation in volatility increases risk and requires tools to manage those risks.

Interest rate futures are the product for managing such interest rate risk.

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Backbone of Interest Rate Future:

NSE, India’s largest stock exchange, began interest rate futures and offers the same reliable features as it provide to its other products with the following advantages:

Standardization and flexibility

•Price transparency and liquidity

•Leverage effect due to a wider collateral management

•Advance trading software and technological edge

•Centralized clearing supported by guaranteed settlement

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Who can be a part of it?

The major market participants of interest rate futures are

•Banks and Primary Dealers

• Mutual Funds and Insurance Companies

• Corporate Houses and Financial Institutions,

•FIIs and NRIs

• Member Brokers and Retail Investors.

In Final part of this topic (which we would cover in our next blog), we would throw light on the benefits of the Interest Rate Futures and the future scenario related to Interest rate futures.

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Stay Tuned 😉

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India To Press For Stimulus Package Continuance at G-20 Summit !

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India will seek continuance of the stimulus package that was devised to get the global economy out of the worst crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s at the G-20 Summit in Pittsburgh .

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Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, who leads the Indian delegation at the summit being hosted by President Barack Obama, will voice developing countries views that the developed countries should return to the trend growth and stabilization of the banking and financial sectors.

Such measures affects exports, capital flows and investment of the developing economies.

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Indian PM is going to pitch strongly against any attempts at protectionism and advocating reforms of the international financial institutions in this G 20 Summit .

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Planning Commission Deputy Chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia, National Security Adviser M K Narayanan, Finance Secretary Ashok Chawla are among the members of the Indian delegation which attending the summit.

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This Summit will also be attended by world leaders including British Prime Minister, German Chancellor, French President  among others.

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The summit represents 90 per cent of the world’s GDP, 80 per cent of the world trade and two-thirds of humanity.

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The summit is important for emerging economies like India, which have been affected by the global economic crisis not of its making, to tell the world that there was need to continue the stimulus package that was agreed at the Washington summit last November and a decision to pump in USD 1.1 trillion was decided at the London Summit in April last.

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Indian delegation are of view that the continuance of the stimulus package was in the interest of the poor countries and the emerging economies and developed economies should not adopt any strategy to exit from it.

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India will voice strongly the need for avoiding the temptation to resort to protectionism by the developed countries under the present crisis.

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India Inc Raises Rs.40K cr in Debt Market in Q1 :)

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Improved investment sentiments have led corporate India‘s fund raising plans to sky high level.

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With more than half of the fund being mobilized by financial institutions, India Inc’s fund raising through private placement of debt has touched Rs 40,300 crore in the Q1 of the current fiscal.

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This is an increase of huge 42% from first quarter of last financial year.

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However, the April-June quarter of the present financial year saw a mobilization through debt (bonds) on private placement basis of Rs 40,300 crore, staggering 42% up from Rs 28,385 crores, raised in the first quarter of last financial year.

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Moreover, the largest mobilization through the route came in from financial institutions and banks with more than 67 institutions and corporate houses raising the full amount during the June quarter.

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Private placement of Debt is issue of securities, usually bonds that are sold without an initial public offering to a small number of private investors.

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Further, fund raising of financial institutions through debt private placement increased 35% to Rs 21,002 crore in the June quarter.

Additionally, private sector beat public sector in terms of fund raising where its mobilization increased by 50% from Rs 11,184 crore to Rs 16,753 crore.

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On the other hand, public sector financial institutions combined together, saw a decline in fund raising activity, whose mobilization stands 58% of the total amount, slipping 61% that mobilized in the previous year.

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