Posts Tagged ‘farmers’

MINIMUM SUPPORT PRICE…… “The Farmer’s Armor”

MSP is a part of agricultural pricing policy of the central government. It is considered as a form of market intervention and also as one of the supportive measures (safety nets) to the agricultural producers.

In the phase of liberalization, MSP has a strong linkage to the market. In this situation, three important aspects deserve attention:

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(i) insulating the farm producers against the unwarranted fluctuations in prices, provoked by higher production and the international price variations and

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(ii) creation of an incentive structure for the farm producers in order to direct the allocation of resources towards desired crops and

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(iii) insulating consumers against sharp price rise, which may have been created by monsoon failure or even by vested interest by creating artificial scarcity. The focus is to providing remunerative prices for the cultivators.

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ROLE OF CACP

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The Commission on Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) discusses the price situation of various commodities with the representatives of the State government and various stakeholders to declare the prices of any agricultural product. The CACP while recommending MSPs takes into account factors such as cost of production, change in prices of inputs, demand and supply, market price trends and cost of living among other factors. MSP is determined by the principle of full cost of production that includes the rental value of land, an imputed value of family labor and returns to farmers.

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In fixing the support prices, CACP relies on the cost concept which covers all items of expenses of cultivation including in that the imputed value of inputs owned by farmers such as rental value of owned land and interest on fixed capital. Some of the important cost concepts used by CACP are the C2 and C3 costs.

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C2 cost includes all actual expenses in cash and kind incurred in production by actual owner plus rent paid for leased land plus imputed value of family labour plus interest on value of owned capital assets (excluding land) plus rental value of owned land (net of land revenue). Now, C3 cost is derived as: Cost C2 + 10 percent of cost C2 to account for managerial remuneration to the farmer.

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Costs of production are calculated both on per quintal and per hectare basis. Since cost variations are large over States, CACP recommends that MSP should be considered on the basis of C2 cost.

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Role of FCI

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On behalf of the Central Government, Food Corporation of India (FCI) along with State Governments and their agencies responsible for procurement of agri product on MSP fixed by CACP. But FCI procure the commodities from such states where production of any specific product is surplus. The main areas for procurement of wheat and rice are the surplus states like Punjab, Haryana, and some parts of Uttar Pradesh for both crops and Andhra Pradesh for rice. This has led two kinds of problems. One, growing buffer stock with FCI and our go-down are overflowing stocks of food grains, but, at the same time some parts of the country reported starvation. Second rest part of country producing these commodities doesn’t access the advantage of MSP.

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Farmers of those states do not fully get the benefit of the support price. This has created serious imbalances in demand and supply of principal crops in the country.

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Similarly, the country has been facing large shortages of pulses and edible oils .

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Latest Development

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The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, increased the minimum support price (per quintal): Arhar-Rs. 3,000, Moong-Rs. 3,170, Urad- Rs. 2,900, Paddy (common variety) Rs.1,000, and for grade A at Rs.1,030, Groundnut- Rs.2,300, Sunflower-Rs. 2,350, Niger seed Rs. 2,450,Soyabean (black)- Rs.1,400, Soyabean (yellow)- Rs.1440 and sesame- Rs.2900, Jowar (hybrid), bajra andmaize, the minimum support price has been raised by Rs. 40 and fixed at Rs. 880. MSPs of Jowar (Hybrid), Bajra and Maize each have been raised by Rs. 40 per quintal and fixed at Rs.880 per quintal.

Conclusion

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The policy has a favorable impact on farm income and has led to an economic growth. The implementation of Minimum Support Prices (MSP) has played an important role in meeting the ultimate goal of improving the agricultural production and the welfare of the agricultural community. Presently, 25 major crops are covered under the minimum support price program. Thus now MSP is oriented to crop diversification which had not encouraged earlier. Our policy makers are trying to effective implementation of MSP in all over the country.

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COMMODITY NEWS DIGEST

  • Farmers raising the Rabi crop under Krishna Delta this year will fall due to short of water by 16 tmcft (thousand million cubic feet).

  • Government has decided to temporarily wind up its sale of wheat for bulk consumers by March-end in states of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.

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  • Monsanto’s Bt cotton fails to control pests in 4 Gujarat districts.

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  • The validity period for sale and delivery/dispatch of nonlevy sugar has been extended on a weekly basis to the weeks ending March15, 22, 31 and April 7 respectively.

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  • The Centre could extend the ban on pulses exports until March 31, 2011 besides allowing duty-free imports for another year.

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  • The data received from States reveal that about 278.17 lakh hectares wheat has been sown as compared to last year’s coverage of 275.89 lakh hectares.

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  • Rice procurement by state-run agencies has dropped by just 3.25% to 23.8 million tonnes till now in the 2009-10 crop marketing season.

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  • British retail sales recovered last month from January’s snow-related slide.

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  • Confidence among U.S. consumers unexpectedly declined for a second month in March, 2010.

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Stay Tuned for More updates

Banks Warned Regarding Insurance to Farmers

Hello Friends here we come up with the Latest Agri Commodities updates from various parts of the country.

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Banks Warned Regarding Insurance to Farmers

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Banks Warned Regarding Insurance to Farmers:

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Severe action will be taken against banks if they adjust the amounts payable to farmers under crop insurance scheme (Rs. 801 crore) and input subsidy (Rs. 600 crore), against their old loan dues.

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Collectors have been asked to convene meetings of district level bankers’ committees to warn them against withholding these sums, affecting sowing of fresh crops.

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Also, they have been asked to take steps for re-scheduling of crop loans in 1,068 mandals declared as affected by drought or floods.

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The conference also decided to provide road connectivity to all SC and ST habitations with Rs 1,200 crore available for the purpose, begin procurement of kharif produce to build up buffer stocks for subsidizsd schemes.

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Mr Rao said a decision was taken to announce a new tribal policy aiming at empowerment of the tribals.

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In Other major Commodities Updates we can read that retail prices have sugar have started showing some signs of moderation in the national capital of the country.

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Retail sugar prices moderate in Delhi, high in other cities:

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In some good news for consumers, retail prices of sugar which have climbed by more than Rs 6 per kg since January 1 have shown some signs of moderation at least in the national capital Delhi, which has been bearing the brunt of the price spike.

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Latest data from food and consumer affairs ministry shows that retail sugar prices in the capital, which had risen to almost Rs 47 per kg around January 15 has dropped by Rs 2 per kg to Rs 45 in the last couple of days.

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In other major cities though there is hardly any big change.

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In Jammu, government data showed that retail sugar prices have climbed by Rs 8 per kg since January 11, while in Lucknow prices have hardened by Rs 6 and in Jaipur, Aizwal and Dehradun prices have moved by whopping Rs 9 to Rs 10 per kg since January 11.

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Jaggery(Gur) – “The Medicinal Sugar” Part 1

Hello Friends here we come up with another write up on “Commodity Corner Series”.

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Jaggery(Gur) - "The Medicinal Sugar" Part 1

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Here we would touch upon the aspects related to the commodity “Jaggery” also termed as a “Gur”.

We would also read about how it is formed, what is the market scenario of this commodity, current price value and production volume of jiggery in India.


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Jaggery (Gur) is a coarse, unrefined sugar that has been made from sugar cane juice.

It is the natural mixture of sugar and molasses.

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Formation:


This is considered unrefined and is produced by boiling raw sugar cane or palm juice in iron pans.

It is then formed into blocks.


As it does not go through additional processing, it does retain some of the natural vitamins and minerals of the ingredients used, though boiling the juice does deplete some of these.

Many people do consider jaggery healthier than more refined sugar since it is less stripped of natural nutrients.


This may be eaten in small slices alone as a dessert, or it may be combined with spices to make a variety of Indian desserts and candies.

Jaggery is most often available in cake form, and ranges from fairly crumbly to nearly rock-hard.

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Market Scenario:


It is popular throughout southern and Southeast Asia.

Maharashtra is India’s largest producer and consumer of gur, with even a dedicated agricultural export zone.

Anakapalle is the biggest jaggery market yard in Andhra Pradesh and it caters to Orissa,West Bengal, Assam and other states besides Andhra Pradesh.

The major spot market is at the major terminal markets including Muzaffarnagar and Hapur.

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Price-production Factor:


In 2009, the journey of gur futures at the NCDEX counter started at Rs.750 and is now ruling at Rs. 1100 per quintal.

These surges in prices have been influenced by the high sugarcane rates.


In 2008-09 season, which ended in September, some gur-making units in UP have paid as high as Rs 250-260 a quintal for sugarcane compared to Rs 150-155 a quintal by sugar mills, as the cane production was lower in the state.


Steep fall in production in the northern markets such as Uttar Pradesh and also in the South Karnataka has contributed to the price rise here.

Even in the other markets in AP, such as Nidadavolu in West Godavari, production has fallen drastically.


Drought in the State and uncongenial climate in the northern States were some of the contributory factors to the steep fall in production.

The sugarcane yields in Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, and East Godavari districts had fallen due to drought conditions and the recovery was also poor this year.


The festival demand for jaggery is strong all over the country thanks to Pongal festival in Tamil Nadu and Makara Sankranti in the northern and western regions.

It is nearly 56% over last year, largely due to dip in sugarcane availability.


Farmers are selling more cane to gur-making units as they pay higher than sugar mills.

The production in India is expected increase to 8.2 million tonnes in the 2009-10 season on higher prices.

Gur price has outpaced sugar price and as a result more sugarcane would be diverted for making gur during the ensuing 2009-10 season (October-September).

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In next blog we would read about the Karnatka Govt initiative of setting up a Jaggery park at Mandya, the country’s fourth largest jaggery market.

Stay Tuned 🙂

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NABARD Favours Increasing Credit Flow by Rs. 10,000 cr. in 2010-11

Hello Friends here we come up with the Latest Agri Commodities updates from various parts of the country.

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NABARD favours increasing credit flow by Rs. 10,000 cr. in 2010-11

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NABARD favours increasing Credit Flow by Rs. 10,000 cr. in 2010-11

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Chairman of the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD),Umesh Chandra Sarangi on Wednesday stressed the need for enhancing the credit potential in the State by at least by Rs. 10,000 crore in 2010-11 over the previous year’s Rs. 27,543 crore.

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NABARD’s regional office has estimated a credit flow potential at Rs. 31,254.74 crore for 2010-11.

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Crop loans of farmers affected by floods would be rescheduled.

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These credit estimates provided the basis for preparation of district credit plans by lead banks in each district, he said.

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In Other major Commodities Updates we have news of Agri Commodities turning bearish since the beginning of the new year and downward revision of reserve price of wheat by the Centre.

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Agri commodities FALL on global cues

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Barring wheat and sugar, all other agri commodities have turned bearish since the beginning of the new year, providing much needed relief to consumers and policy makers.

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Prices of agricultural commodities have declined by up to 11 per cent since January 1 which analysts attribute to a downward turn in the global markets.

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Also, fresh arrivals, including pulses, have provided relief to the government.

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New pulses crop arrivals have started in Maharashtra which, for sometime, will keep prices under pressure.

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Delay in government tenders coupled with higher quotes kept wheat prices firm while unavailability of cane for crushing pushed prices of sugar up.

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Lower price of wheat cheers roller flour mills:

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The roller flour mills in Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh got a new beginning in the new year with the downward revision of reserve price of wheat by the Centre for bulk buyers.

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The price cut of Rs 200 per quintal under the open market sales scheme(OMSS) from Rs 1,440 per quintal to Rs 1,240 per quintal has helped over 80 roller flour mil is in the region to streamline their operations.

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Under OMSS the states are given a specific quantity of wheat.

Punjab got 140,000 tonnes and Chandigarh got about 14,000 tonnes.

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The roller flour mills and big chakkis get an allocation of about 1,000 tonne per month at the price quoted in the tender.

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The price at which the millers buy wheat under OMSS is slightly higher than the reserved price but substantially lower than the price offered by private players.

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SEA Demands More Curbs on Oilseed Futures

Hello Friends here we come up with the Latest Agri Commodities updates from various parts of the country.

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SEA demands more curbs on oilseed futures


SEA demands more curbs on oilseed futures:


The Solvent Extractors’ Association (SEA) has asked the government to raise margins and impose more curbs to prevent the misuse of futures trading in oilseed contracts.

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In a pre-budget memorandum to the finance ministry and the consumer affairs secretary (who regulates futures trade),

SEA asked, “the margin money required for oilseeds futures be enhanced to a level that will discourage pure speculative activity.”

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To curb this, oil seeds contracts should be restricted to one month, against six-monthly contracts currently, he said.

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“Existing futures contracts for the next six months should be squared off on the date of settlement of next month contract,” Sethia added.

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SEA has also said a percentage of the total traded volume by any trader be compulsorily settled by delivery so that it corresponds to prices in the physical market.

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These elements were using futures trade to build big positions and manipulate prices even at the time of harvesting, the official said.

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In Other major Commodities Update, there is news of 75 per cent of the local crushing capacity being remain unutilised even after two months of the beginning of the season.

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Three-fourth veg oil crushing capacity unutilized

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At a time when vegetable oil companies are worried over the growing dependence on imports due to stagnant domestic output,

about 75 per cent of the local crushing capacity remains unutilised even after two months of the beginning of the season.

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Generally, the Indian vegetable oil industry consisting of oil mills, solvent extraction units, vegetable oil refineries and vanaspati units commence the season during early to mid October.

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During this time, harvesting of soybean and arrivals in the mandi increase.

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Small to medium farmers commonly sell their produce to local traders (arhatiyas) who bring the seeds to mandis.

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But, big farmers are holding back their produce in anticipation of higher prices.

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Therefore, mandi arrivals in totality have declined by over 25 per cent so far this season from the normal 2.5-3 million bags during previous seasons.

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Also, crushers are not willing to take up their business due to price disparity.

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Seasonal Index – “Time is Money” Final Part

Hello Friends here we come up with an extension of our previous blog, “Seasonal Index……“Time is Money” Part 2

In previous Blog, we had touched upon the aspect like analysis part of seasonal patterns in predicting the future prices of the commodity.

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Seasonal Index - “Time is Money” Final Part

In this Blog, we would read about that how an annual average method can be used to generate a seasonal pattern in predicting the future prices of the commodity and seasonal pattern in the year 2009.

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Annual Average Method

The annual average method can be used to generate a seasonal pattern as well as predicting the future prices of the commodity.

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This seasonal price index is derived by calculating the annual average price, and then by expressing the price for each month during the year as a percent of the annual average.

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Here, the data which is used to derive the seasonal price patterns are the monthly prices taken between the year April’2004 & November’2009.

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The monthly indexes over the years are averaged to derive a price index that represents those years.

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An example of the technique is presented in Table 1.

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The seasonal price index table suggests that the index increases from the month of June, the time the buyers enter the market with full potential & reaches the highest till the end of the year.

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In The Year 2009

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The prices movement of this year almost followed the seasonal pattern, except few months.

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The supply constraints of lower output, as farmers opted for cotton, worked as a high base effect for the futures with a flat production figure of 8.5 lakh tonnes in 2008-09.

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The recovery in prices was noticed owing to the unforeseen failure of monsoons & comfortable stocks of 25-30 lakh bags from last year for which guar prices traded higher all through-out the year.

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This commodity created a history as it made a life time high, since the date of launch at national bourse, on reports that the output is estimated at 30-35 lakh quintals, down 62% due to factors like scanty rains in the major growing areas.

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Stronger Rupee along-with volatile Crude oil prices brought some corrections in export earnings from Guargum markets in Europe/US.

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However, upcoming demand for by-products such as churi & korma from international markets kept the millers interested in processing guar.

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In a nutshell, if investors want to spin their money safely & stabilize their net returns, using seasonal Index can prove to be a fair advantage.

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