Posts Tagged ‘edible oils’

MINIMUM SUPPORT PRICE…… “The Farmer’s Armor”

MSP is a part of agricultural pricing policy of the central government. It is considered as a form of market intervention and also as one of the supportive measures (safety nets) to the agricultural producers.

In the phase of liberalization, MSP has a strong linkage to the market. In this situation, three important aspects deserve attention:

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(i) insulating the farm producers against the unwarranted fluctuations in prices, provoked by higher production and the international price variations and

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(ii) creation of an incentive structure for the farm producers in order to direct the allocation of resources towards desired crops and

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(iii) insulating consumers against sharp price rise, which may have been created by monsoon failure or even by vested interest by creating artificial scarcity. The focus is to providing remunerative prices for the cultivators.

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ROLE OF CACP

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The Commission on Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) discusses the price situation of various commodities with the representatives of the State government and various stakeholders to declare the prices of any agricultural product. The CACP while recommending MSPs takes into account factors such as cost of production, change in prices of inputs, demand and supply, market price trends and cost of living among other factors. MSP is determined by the principle of full cost of production that includes the rental value of land, an imputed value of family labor and returns to farmers.

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In fixing the support prices, CACP relies on the cost concept which covers all items of expenses of cultivation including in that the imputed value of inputs owned by farmers such as rental value of owned land and interest on fixed capital. Some of the important cost concepts used by CACP are the C2 and C3 costs.

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C2 cost includes all actual expenses in cash and kind incurred in production by actual owner plus rent paid for leased land plus imputed value of family labour plus interest on value of owned capital assets (excluding land) plus rental value of owned land (net of land revenue). Now, C3 cost is derived as: Cost C2 + 10 percent of cost C2 to account for managerial remuneration to the farmer.

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Costs of production are calculated both on per quintal and per hectare basis. Since cost variations are large over States, CACP recommends that MSP should be considered on the basis of C2 cost.

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Role of FCI

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On behalf of the Central Government, Food Corporation of India (FCI) along with State Governments and their agencies responsible for procurement of agri product on MSP fixed by CACP. But FCI procure the commodities from such states where production of any specific product is surplus. The main areas for procurement of wheat and rice are the surplus states like Punjab, Haryana, and some parts of Uttar Pradesh for both crops and Andhra Pradesh for rice. This has led two kinds of problems. One, growing buffer stock with FCI and our go-down are overflowing stocks of food grains, but, at the same time some parts of the country reported starvation. Second rest part of country producing these commodities doesn’t access the advantage of MSP.

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Farmers of those states do not fully get the benefit of the support price. This has created serious imbalances in demand and supply of principal crops in the country.

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Similarly, the country has been facing large shortages of pulses and edible oils .

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Latest Development

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The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, increased the minimum support price (per quintal): Arhar-Rs. 3,000, Moong-Rs. 3,170, Urad- Rs. 2,900, Paddy (common variety) Rs.1,000, and for grade A at Rs.1,030, Groundnut- Rs.2,300, Sunflower-Rs. 2,350, Niger seed Rs. 2,450,Soyabean (black)- Rs.1,400, Soyabean (yellow)- Rs.1440 and sesame- Rs.2900, Jowar (hybrid), bajra andmaize, the minimum support price has been raised by Rs. 40 and fixed at Rs. 880. MSPs of Jowar (Hybrid), Bajra and Maize each have been raised by Rs. 40 per quintal and fixed at Rs.880 per quintal.

Conclusion

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The policy has a favorable impact on farm income and has led to an economic growth. The implementation of Minimum Support Prices (MSP) has played an important role in meeting the ultimate goal of improving the agricultural production and the welfare of the agricultural community. Presently, 25 major crops are covered under the minimum support price program. Thus now MSP is oriented to crop diversification which had not encouraged earlier. Our policy makers are trying to effective implementation of MSP in all over the country.

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Futures Trading in Rice, Sugar and Pulses Should be Banned

Hello Friends here we come up with the Latest Agri Commodities updates from various parts of the country.

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'Futures trading in rice, sugar and pulses should be banned'

‘Futures trading in rice, sugar and pulses should be banned’:

A parliamentary panel today suggested that futures trading should be banned in case of wheat, rice, sugar and some pulses till the country becomes self sufficient in these food items.


The Estimates Committee asked the government to bring a new legislation to control the retail prices of essential commodities like rice,wheat, pulses, edible oils, sugar, milk and vegetables.


On futures trading, the report said: “Since food security of the country is at the stake, the Committee recommends that futures trading in wheat, rice, tur dal, urad dal and sugar should be banned till the country achieves self-sufficiency in the production of these items on a continuous basis”.


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In Other major Commodities Updates we can see exports of Spice declining and on the other hand price of pulses rising up 80% in a year time.

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Spice exports decline 1.3% in April-October:

Exports of spices fell 1.3 per cent in volume and 1.6 per cent in value during the April-October period of the current financial year.


According to the latest estimates of Spices Board, total exports in the period were 280,885 tonnes valued at Rs 3,031.59 crore against 284,560 tonnes valued at 3,080.25 crore in the same period last year.


Pepper exports suffered a serious setback as the figures dropped to 11,500 tonnes valued at Rs 179.16 crore as against 14,750 tonnes valued at Rs 246. 70 crore in the same period last year.


Export of chilli also declined to 100,500 tonnes valued at Rs 706.50 crore as against 121,500 tonnes valued at Rs 660.17 crore.


Coriander exports had a better performance at 25,250 tonnes valued at Rs 128.12 crore against 17,100 tonnes valued at Rs 116.80 crore.

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Pulse prices rise up to 80 per cent in one year:

The government today said prices of pulses have surged by up to 80 per cent in the national capital over the last one year.


While prices of tur have gone up by 80 per cent in the last one year to Rs 90 a kg, that of moong dal surged 74 per cent to Rs 82, according to the data presented by Food and Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar in a written reply to the Lok Sabha.


Even import of about 16 lakh tonnes of pulses between April and October has not eased pressure on the prices, the data showed.

Not just pulses, prices of sugar have almost doubled to Rs 38 a kg.

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