Posts Tagged ‘currency futures’

CURRENCY FUTURE – BETTER FUTURE FOR CURRENCY TRADERS

There is good news for currency traders who would like to trade in currency futures. After trading in dollar-rupee futures, now corporate and retail investors will also be able to trade in currencies such as Euro, and Japanese Yen.

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Currently dollar-rupee futures are trading on three recognized exchanges, NSE, MCX Stock Exchange and BSE. But the currency derivative is liquid only on the first two bourses, which have together posted an average daily turnover of around Rs. 18,566 crore in December, up from a couple of thousand crore when the currency futures trading commenced in the second-half of 2008.

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NSE commenced currency futures trading in India on 29th August 2008. It has witnessed healthy growth in the turnover and open interest positions during its first completed month of currency futures trading in India.

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Brief of currency future

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Currency futures contracts are those contracts which allow investors to hedge against foreign exchange risk and traders to speculate on the movement in Currency. Since these contracts are marked-to-market daily, investors can exit from their obligation to buy or sell the currency prior to the contract’s delivery date.

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Major Profitable accounts

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The introduction of new currency pairs will go a long way in helping market participants, especially international traders, hedge against cross-currency Volatility and mitigate risk in export and imports across all major traded currencies and will add depth to the exchange-traded currency futures market.

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Along with the above mentioned participants, Currency futures trading in India has generated huge interest among Indian retail investors and traders.

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There is a strong demand for information gathering about the intricacies of currency futures from small investors and enterprises. For instance, entities that have borrowings in Euro will get one more avenue, apart from the over-the-counter market that is dominated by banks, to hedge them against volatility in the 16-nation common currency.

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Due to the transparent mechanism of execution in currency futures trade, increased participation by corporations and high net worth individuals, too, could be witnessed.

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Contract specification

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As in the case of the dollar-rupee futures, the contract size has been fixed at 1,000 units each for pound and euro, and 100,000 units for the yen, across 12 concurrently available contracts, one for each month.

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The contracts, like the existing dollar futures, would be cash-settled in rupees and the settlement price would be at RBI’s reference rate for all the four currencies.

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However, there are different initial margins (cash) that an investor needs to put up for trading each currency on day one and subsequently though this has not been changed for the dollar.

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The market regulator has also decided to modify the calendar spread margin to be applied on the dollar-rupee contracts.

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All the new contracts would be quoted in rupee terms, while the outstanding positions would be in the respective foreign currency terms.

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The maximum maturity of the contract would be 12 months, while all monthly maturities from 1 to 12 months would be made available.

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The contracts would be settled in cash in rupees.

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The client-level position limit has been capped at 6 per cent of the total open interest position.

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Responses:

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Market participants responded enthusiastically to the inclusion of these new currency pairs. The three new currency pairs clocked Rs. 1,98,761 contracts resulting from 7,762 trades at a total value of Rs. 1,277.13-crore on the NSE on day first, which is approximately comes out to be 9.61 percent of the total turnover in value terms. Out of the three new pairs, euro-rupee (EURINR) was the most traded currency pair clocking 1, 82,013 contracts.

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Total contracts and open interest in EUR/INR and GBP/INR:



First Traders inception of currency futures 🙂

The first trade in the new currency pairs was executed by East India Securities, IndusInd Bank executed the first trade amongst banks. Union Bank was the first PSU bank to trade and execute the single largest trade. ICICI Bank and State Bank also participated actively. This market has now become bigger than the cash segment of the equity market, which recorded average volumes of Rs. 20,000 crore last month.

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The beauty of exchange-traded currency futures are that they allow a participant to directly buy or sell the Dollar,Euro,Yen or GBP without having an underlying exposure, so it’s also a view-based market. One can take this opportunity of investing smartly in currency futures and gain by every tick.

Stay Tuned for More updates 🙂

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Moneywise…Be Wise ;)

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If you find yourself asking the question –

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Why should I Save ?

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Why should I Invest ?

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Where do I Invest ?

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Who would Guide me to take informed decision on my Investments ?

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…then look no further !

Why SMC?

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SMC Group, a leading Financial services provider in India, a vertically integrated investment solutions company, with a pan-india presence is there to guide you and provide complete investment solutions to you.

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SMC Group, having rich experience of more then two decades in financial markets, is one of the largest & most reputed investment solutions company that provides a wide range of services to its client base of more than 5, 50,000 clients with presence in more then 1500 cities.

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SMC Online, an unit of SMC Group, is one stop financial investment portal for investor’s all financial needs.

Investors can trade online in Equities, FNO, Currency Futures, Commodities, apply online for IPOs, and invest online in Mutual Funds.

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SMC is :

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a) 4th Largest broking house of India in terms of trading terminals (Source: Dun and Bradsheet, 2008)

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b) 5th largest distributor of Initial Public Offering (IPOs) in retail (Source: Prime Data Ranking)

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c) Awarded ‘Fastest Growing Retail Distribution Network in Financial Services’ (Source: Business Sphere, 2008)

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d) Recipient of ‘Major Volume Driver Award’ from BSE for last three years consecutively.

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e) Nominated among the top three in the CNBC Optimix Financial Services Award 2008 under National Level Retail Category.

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f) One of the largest Proprietary Arbitrage Desk doing risk free arbitrage in equities & commodities.

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g) Commanding turnover of more then 3% in equity market, 4% in commodity market and 10% in DGCX.

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h) Transparent and professional management.

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j) Relentless focus on investor care.

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k) World class in-house research facilities providing research support to investors.

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l) All financial products and services under one roof.

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Next Blog we would try to read more about the other SMC’s investment products and services.

Stay Tuned for more on this 🙂

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To know more about the SMC Products and Services, click here.

Interest Rate Futures Section – Final Part :)

Interest Rate Futures Section Final Part

Interest Rate Futures Section Final Part

Hello Friends, we are here with the Final Part of our Interest Rate Futures educational section.
We would touch upon the benefits of the Interest Rate Futures and the future scenario related to it.

Here we go :

Key benefits of Interest Rate Futures:

Directional trading

As there is an inverse relationship between interest rate movement and underlying bond prices, so if one has strong view that the interest rates will rise in near future then he can take short position in IRF contracts and can be benefited from the falling futures bond prices.

Hedging portfolio

The holders of the GOI securities are exposed to risk of rising interest rates which in turn results in the reduction in the value of the portfolio.

So in order to protect against a fall in the value of the portfolio they can take short position in IRF.

Calendar spread trading

This spread is also known as an inter-delivery spread.

It is the simultaneous purchase of one delivery month of a given futures contract and the sale of another delivery month of the same underlying on the same exchange.

For example:

Buying a September 09 and simultaneously selling a December 09 contract.
A market participant can profit as the price difference between the two contracts widens.

The either case can also be possible.

Reduce the duration of portfolio:

Bonds with longer maturities are more sensitive to interest rate changes, and bond portfolio with longer duration will be more exposed to the vulnerability of the movement in interest rate.

So portfolio manager who is concerned about the rise in the short term interest rate risk would like to reduce the duration of the portfolio.

By entering into the IRF contract to NSE, the portfolio manager can reduce duration of the portfolio.

Arbitraging between cash and futures market:

Arbitrage is the price difference between the bond prices in underlying bond market and IRF contract without any view about the interest rate movement.

One can earn the risk-less profit from realizing arbitrage opportunity and entering into the IRF contract traded on NSE by initiating cash and carry trade.

Responses After launch:

After the launch of currency futures in August 2008, Interest-rate futures are the first major product to be introduced in India.

The interest rate futures began on August 31,2009 clocking trading volumes of Rs 276 crore in their first day of trade.

Market participants responded passionately to the product launch on the first day.

In around five hours of trading time available after inauguration, 1,475 trades were recorded resulting in 14,559 contracts being traded at a total value of Rs 267.31 crore.

In the beginning only two quarters has been introduced out of four, among which December 2009 was the most active with 13,789 contracts which has been traded actively.

There are nearly 638 members registered for this new product, out of which 21 are banks and there contribution to the total gross volume was 32.48 percent.

Future scenario:

BSE had received regulatory approval for interest rates futures and would launch in 8-10 weeks.

The Multi Commodity Exchange’s foreign exchange derivatives bourse has sought permission to launch trade in interest rate futures.

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