Posts Tagged ‘crude oil’

Weekly Update 13th – 17th December 2010

The fall in the domestic markets in the week gone by was really painful. The fall was seen across the board; both mid and small size company stocks were heavily punished. SEBI probed in some companies for price rigging reignited the concerns that there may be some cases which are yet to come.

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On the global front, thiswas the week when most of the major developed markets along with the emerging economies closed in positive. The disconnect reveals that overhand in the markets was more related to domestic issues only.U.S. economic data is continuing to point out that environment over there is improving. A consumer sentiment that reflects the strength of consumer spending rose six months high to 74.2 in the first half of December from 71.6 at the end of November.

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U.S. trade deficit in October shrank more that expected to $38.7 billion from a revised $44.6 billion shortfall the month before. Further more, the expected continuance of Bush tax for next two years which is likely to be cleared by U.S. senate in next two weeks will also help in improving sentiments. Japanese economy saw an annualized expansion of 4.5 percent for the quarter ended 30th September against expectations of 4.1 percent. In order to address inflationary pressures in the economy, China once again raised the reserve requirements for the third time in five weeks by 50 bps.

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The recent move takes reserve ratios requirement now to18.5 percent for the biggest banks. Chinese leaders have also indicated that the nation will shift to a tighter, “prudent” monetary policy for next year. Consumer and producer price index rose to 5.1 percent and 6.1 percent respectively for the month of November as against the expectation of 4.7 and 5.1 percent respectively. Moving ahead, we believe that the concerns pertaining to Indian Industrial growth and in turn overall growth of the economy would not be there after seeing the 10.8 percent growth in IIP for the month of October as compared to 4.4 percent last month. Moreover,we also believe that even for the month of November we could see the Industrial growth picking up close to 12 percent.

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The indicators like car sales growth of 20 percent,commercial vehicle sales growing by more than 18 percent and HSBC Manufacturing PMI rising to 58.4 in November from 57.2 in previous month give support to our belief.In the forthcoming days we believe we may continue to see bouts of volatility in the markets as nervousness is still there. In short term now we think the advance tax figures would help the markets in gauging the profitability of India Inc. as the result season is approaching. Nifty has strong support between 5900-5840 and Sensex between 19400-19000.In commodity section, bullions counter may trade on volatile path due to lack of clear direction on risk sentiment. Base metal counter will take cues from economic data from US. Crude oil further movement will depend on the demand from China, OECD countries and weather conditions in Europe.

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OPEC members are planning to increase output over the coming months. Copper will continue to make fresh high in near term as the global deficit will push its prices to new levels. The outcome of Central Economic Work Conference in China will further guide the movement in metal counter. In agro pack guar complex may remain on weaker side amid weak export demand. Jeera and peeper maytad lower on selling pressure on news of re-sowing. Mentha oil can tumble lower onarrivals. Soya will remain range tracking mixed movement in CBOT. CPO may trade on higher side tracking firm Malaysian CPO.

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Ace Derivatives & Commodity Exchange

Ace Derivatives & Commodity Exchange with over five decades of impeccable experience in commodity trading, has recently transformed itself and established an online multi-commodity platform with a pan-India presence. Kotak Group is the anchor investor in ACE Commodity Exchange with a 51 per cent stake, while Haryana”s Hafed has a 15 per cent interest and banks like Bank of Baroda, Union Bank and
Corporation Bank have an over 14 per cent stake. The remaining equity is held by Ahmedabad Commodity Exchange members.

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Products offered

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Ace offers futures trading the following commodity groups:

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Bullions: Gold, Silver

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Energy: Crude oil, Natural Gas

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Agri

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•Castor Seed (Ex-Warehouse Ahmedabad)

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•Mustard Seed (Ex-Warehouse Jaipur-inclusive of all taxes but exclusive of Sales tax/ VAT)

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•Soybean Ex-Warehouse Indore -inclusive of all taxes but exclusive of Sales tax/VAT)

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•Refined Soy Oil (Ex-Tank Indore-Inclusive of all Taxes and Levies)

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•Pulses

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•Chana

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•Spices

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•Turmeric

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The Kotak-anchored exchange started futures trading in soybean, soyoil, rape/mustard seed, chana and castor seed. With the launch, the first set of contracts will be available for trade for delivery on November 20, December 20 and January 20.

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The lot size of trading is fixed at 10 tonnes of each contract. According to the exchange data, the castor seed contract for December-expiry opened at `3,442 a quintal, chana at `2,440 a quintal, soyabean at `2,244 a quintal, mustard seed at `573 for every 20 kg and refined soy oil at`545.90 for every 10 kg.

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Trade Timings:

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Agri: 10:00 a.m. to 05:00 p.m. (Monday to Friday)

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10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. (Saturday)

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Bullion/Metals: 10:00 a.m. to 11.30 p.m. (Monday to Friday)

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10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. (Saturday)

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Risk Management

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The Exchange assumes the counter party risk by guaranteeing trade settlement. The Risk Management framework of the Exchange ensures timely settlement.

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More hands working on…..

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Haryana State Cooperative Supply and Marketing Federation (Hafed) is planning to set up spot exchanges of the recently launched Ace Derivatives and Commodity Exchange (ACE) in mandis soon. The association of Hafed with the ACE will help it in playing the role of an aggregator and a risk manager on behalf of thousands of farmers, who will be motivated to become participants of the ACE in the coming decade.

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In addition to its convenient trading platform, Ace provides a robust clearing & settlement infrastructure that supports the complete process of trade intermediation – including registration of trades, settlement of contracts and mitigation of counter party risk; giving traders the peace of mind in times of increased market volatility.

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Weekly Update 18th – 22nd October 2010

Most of the world markets rallied in the week gone by on the buzz of further quantitative easing by U.S. Without giving details about the strategies on how the central bank will act its Nov. 2-3 meeting, Federal Reserve Chairman Bernanke said additional monetary stimulus may be warranted because inflation is too low and unemployment is too high.

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Fed is considering ways for raising inflation expectations to encourage people to believe that prices will start rising at a faster pace so that they would spend more of their money now. Retail sales in U.S.climbed more than forecast as purchases rose 0.6 percent following a 0.7 percent gain in August and manufacturing in the New York region expanded in October at a faster pace than anticipated.

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China’s Shanghai Composite Index saw gains of 8.5 percent on the anticipation that China’s banks show strong earnings growth this quarter as the lending has beaten the forecast. Moreover the strong exports growth of 25.1 percent in September mirrors the strong underlying economic momentum. The country’s foreign-exchange reserves, the world’s largest, surged by a record to $2.65 trillion at the end of September.

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India’s wholesale price index rose to rose 8.62 percent in September from a year earlier after an 8.5 percent gain in August. Manufactured product inflation and Food price inflation rose by 0.3 percent and 1.6 percent respectively in September fromthe previous month. RBI Chief Subbarao said that inflation in India is being “quite stubborn,” a sign that controlling prices remains the central bank’s priority.

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Reserve Bank Deputy Governor Subir Gokarn signaled the central bank may intervene in the currency markets to shield exporters from the strengthening rupee. The capital account showed a surplus of $17.5 billion in the quarter to June 30, compared with a record shortfall of $13.7 billion in its current account.

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Foreign investors have so far poured approximately $23 billion in stocks and 10 billion indebt this year. Industrial production expanded by 5.6 percent in August after seeingan expansion of 15.2 percent in July.Going next week the main attraction for retail investors would be the primary market with Mega IPO of Coal India slated to open on 18th October. As Infosys has already rung the bell with positive surprise in terms of earning growth, the investors would now look forward to numbers of companies like L&T, HDFC, Bajaj Auto, etc that are scheduled to announce numbers next week.

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Nifty has support between5870-5950 and Sensex between 19200-19640 levels.With expecting second round of monetary easing, investors dumped dollar and endowed other investment avenues. Commodities extended a rally to the highest intwo years and CRB closed near the mark of 300. The dollar fell to its lowest in 10 months against a basket of currencies and breached the mark of 77. Five week continuous downfall enhanced metals and agricultural commodities.

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Gold gave heroic performance and made another life time high. It rose more than 25% in 2010.Silver is also trading near 30 year high. However, being prudent investors, one should book profit in gold and silver, considering safe trading. Base metals are expected to trade in a range. Crude oil should trade in range $80-85 in short run on mixed fundamental. OPEC has decided to keep the production quota unchanged in last meeting. Agro commodities should trade with high volatility ahead of expiry of October contract.

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COMMODITY WEEKLY COMMENTARY 4th – 8th October

Once again international gold prices tested their new highs last week as prices breached the psychological level of $1300 and silver marked the 30 year high on COMEX division. However local gold prices were mostly remained sideways during the week amid stronger rupee and profit booking which limited the upside in prices.

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Nevertheless, silver once again overshadowed gold movements and surged high to claim 33000 mark on MCX. In base metal pack copper along with nickel, zinc and lead started the week with positive energy but dull economic data from U.S and Europe economies pressurized the prices in later part. However improved Chinese  manufacturing data once again underpinned the prices and supported copper and nickel to end the week in green zone.


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Earlier, shanghai copper dropped to its lowest in more than a month last week as China’s move to curb property prices dented sentiment, but losses were limited by improving demand prospects and ongoing weakness in the dollar. In energy counter crude oil settled up last week helped by data showing a drop in U.S. crude and product inventories.


Further fall in dollar index also helped the prices to move up. U.S. crude stocks fell 475,000 barrels last week, data from the Energy Information Administration showed. U.S. distillate inventories fell by 1.27 million barrels in the week to Sept. 24, counter to analyst expectations for a 300,000 barrel build.


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In agro commodities spices pack witnessed see saw moves during the week and remained volatile. Pepper futures ended the week with negative impression amid weak exports and low trading activity. As per Spices Board data, pepper exports from India have gone down by 5% in volume term during April-August 2010 as compared to same period last year. Jeera futures also traded on a negative note during the week on extended selling pressure backed by weak domestic and export demand. Expectations of rise in acreage under jeera crop this season have also supported the down side.

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In oil seeds section soya bean and mustard remained under pressure as factors like bumper soya crop expectation and pick up in fresh arrivals to the spot market led the market to show a negative trend. The chana futures traded on a positive note for most part of the week retreating from previous losses on fresh buying from retail sector.

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Weekly Update 27th September – 1st October 2010

Indian Markets posted fourth weekly consecutive gains led by rising optimism of growth and portfolio investments. The run up in the market was phenomenal and beyond expectations of market participants. Global investors seems to be going more anxious about India consumption and growth, complemented by continued monetary accommodation by developed nations in  order to propel growth. Indian Government recently raised the cap of foreign investments by $ 5 billion in federal and corporate bonds with a residual maturity of over five years. The step is viewed very positively in the sense that the ease of limit in federal bonds will take out interest rate pressure from the banks. The ease in corporate bonds issued by companies in the infrastructure sector will fill the estimated financing requirement of $1 trillion in the five years to 2017.


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U.S. central bank kept its benchmark interest rate in the range of zero to 0.25 percent .The bank said that they are prepared to provide additional accommodation in the light of slower economic recovery. The statement raised the speculation that the bank may buy more treasuries down the year. Weaker growth has still kept the unemployment at above 9 percent levels and reflects that companies are still cautious. The U.S. markets surged to highest level since May as the orders for durable goods rose the double of market expectations.

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Another happening that market is keeping an eye on is the political pressure building on Obama administration to take a stance on the China’s currency policy. The yuan has appreciated about 2 percent against the dollar since the central bank said it would pursue a more flexible exchange. However U.S. wants to see more rapid and “significant” rise in the yuan’s value.

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With the visible positivity across the globe, Indian markets are maintaining up move and managed to close above the psychological mark of 6000 levels on the weekly basis. The weakness in the dollar index clearly strengthens the equity markets and lead to the fresh breakout especially in US and European counterparts.

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One should maintain the stance of buying on dips. The Midcap stock may provide handsome return in the near future. Nifty has support between 5900- 5810 and Sensex between 19640-19200 levels.

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It appears that bullion counter is taking advantage of every opportunity and making new highs now and then on rock solid fundamentals. Weaker than expected growth in manufacturing and services industries of euro zone, sovereign debt crisis in Ireland, plummeting dollar index amid some poor economic releases fuelled rally in bullions. Negative tone of global economy capped the upside of base metals and energy  counter, even fall in dollar index could not give much impact and they appeared shy to break the resistance. Local currency appreciation locked the movement of commodities. This week is full of event risk. GDP data of US and UK, consumer confidence data and employment data of US may give further direction to  commodities. Crude oil is witnessing lackluster trading and thus moving in range on ambiguity in the world economy. Energy counter needs big news for further direction. Spices should revive in this week.

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COMMODITY WEEKLY COMMENTARY 6th-10th September 2010

International gold prices rose back above $1250 an ounce for the second time in a week, as government bonds ticked lower together with energy prices. Silver prices also touched a new 16-week high at $19.57 an ounce on international bourses while it made a life time high on MCX.

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Apart from bad economic news globally, a weak Rupee is also pushing up prices in India. Base metal pack also ended higher last week on positive manufacturing and improved jobless data from both China and US which pushed prices higher. However, lower dollar index also supported prices. After being top performer for many days, Nickel has marginally underperformed other base metals as inventories on LME increased. In energy counter, crude oil futures got jiggled in hands of both bulls and bears. Prices remained volatile for the week amid mixed fundamentals.

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On one hand, prices got support from improved economic data but upside was offset by building inventories. The positive sentiment was offset by the effect of the abysmal inventory status report.

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U.S commercial crude oil inventories increased by 3.4 million barrels from the previous week; at 361.7 million barrels. U.S. crude oil inventories are above the upper limit of the average range for this time of year. Total motor gasoline inventories decreased by 0.2 million barrels last week, and are above the upper limit of the average range.

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It was an action pack week for agro commodities in which they agro commodities saw big movements. Most of the spices closed on negative note bearing in mind the overseas weakness coupled with arrivals in some spices. Dip in Brazilian and Vietnamese pepper parity put pressure on Indian pepper as well and hence we saw two week continuous weakness. Similar to pepper, jeera futures also dragged down on dull spot trading. There was no respite for turmeric futures and they fell like nine pins for straight seven week on low stock buying amid the news of increase in acreage in Andhra Pradesh.

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Cardamom was sideways, while chilli was marginally up on short covering tracking the firm spot markets. Due to strong arrivals in major mandies coupled with beginning of fresh sowing of kharif pulses, chana futures surrendered their previous gain to some extent. Timely arrival of monsoon in southern and western regions has improved the sowing activity. Selling intensified in oil seeds and edible oil on the back of better crop estimate together with weakness in overseas market. Damaged crops in Russia, Europe and Canada, boosting demand for U.S. supplies to make animal feed, food and fuel revived maize futures. Guar counter was up on lower level buying.

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Weekly Update 6th-10th September 2010

Stocks rallied this week as the manufacturing in U.S. and China expanded at faster pace reassured investors about the economic recovery. The ISM manufacturing increased to 56.3 for a sizable eight tenths gain from July.

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China’s PMI rose to 51.7 from 51.2, signaling that the economy’s slowdown is stabilizing. In U.S. payroll jobs in August slipped 54,000 after falling a revised 54,000 in July for the third straight month but there was a moderate gain in the private sector.

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Government jobs dropped 121,000 while private non farm employment continued to rise, gaining 67,000 in August. Also on the positive side, wages were up. President Barack Obama said there is “no quick fix” for the economy and will unveil new ideas next week to boost growth and hiring. Chief of Bank of Japan said that the bank is ready to take more actions after giving 10 trillion yen ($118 billion) to a bank loan facility and the nation’s Prime Minister said that the Japanese government is ready to take “bold” action on the currency if necessary which is threatening its exporters.

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India being second biggest emerging economy showed yet another strong performance in terms of growth. The economy saw an expansion of 8.8 percent in the first quarter ending June, the fastest pace in two and a half years giving an imprint of strong underlying domestic demand. Trade data showed that exports rose for the ninth straight month in July 2010, growing an annual 13.2% to $16.24 billion and Imports for the month rose 34.3% to $29.17 billion, widening the country’s trade deficit to $12.93 billion. Exports during the April-July period rose 30.1% to $68.63 billion.

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Being a short trading week, stock specific activity is expected to rule in the market as investors would like to see Industrial Production numbers for the month of July scheduled to be released on Friday, 10th September. In line with rebound in the global indices, Indian market too witnessed sharp bounce after testing the major support zone of 5350 levels. As expected, dollar index traded with the negative bias throughout the week and likely to be sideways to negative bias in the coming days as well. Keeping in the mind all the cues, one may stay long with trailing stop loss strategy or book partial profit on rally to avoid any notional loss. Nifty has support between 5400-5350 and Sensex between 17800-17600 levels.

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Currency play together with some improvements in economic releases invited bulls in industrial metals while energy pack could not retort positively. Bullions continued to rock on investment demand. Now there is a state of confusion on the subject of the further trend in commodities. Dollar index has taken the crucial support of 82 and moved northward. Base metals gave knee jerk reaction on weak unemployment data of US at the same time as precious metals are trading near multi week high. Various interest rate meeting may inject volatility in commodities. Buying is still intact but upside appears to be limited in short run in base metals. Furthermore, base metals and crude oil are moving in a different direction that is a cause of concern for the market players. It is creating an ambiguous situation and indicating unclear trend of commodities.

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CRUDE OIL…. “Black Gold …Key driver of Global Economy”

Crude oil is the key driver of every economy therefore it is known as “Life blood of Economy”. It has shown lot of volatile movements but has shown resilience despite below expectation US economic numbers and euro zone crises in May this year. Crude prices have more than doubled since dropping below $35 late in 2008, but are still significantly lower as compared to the record high near $147 a barrel in July 2008.

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Crude prices have been trading in wide range of $65 to $90 since last August 2009 .Crude prices have weathered the euro  zone crises very well as they did not break this wide range.

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In the month of June and July, the fall in the greenback and recovery in global equity markets have supported the prices higher. The pace at which crude oil is being used across the globe as fuel in transportation and its other byproducts in industrial applications, it is expected that prices will be well supported. Furthermore, the lack of major alternative fuel of crude and ever shrinking oil wells, coupled with lack of new exploration will give the bull’s upper hand in long run.

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But, as we have seen in the stunning run up to $147 in 2008 and then plunge from that high to below $37, it can be said that it is the speculative forces that run the crude oil more than the true fundamentals of supply and demand.

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The other energy source is natural gas and it’s available due to new found Shale gas supply in US but due to lack of proper infrastructure in place it is quite tough to presume natural gas to become a tangible replacement for oil any time soon.

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Today, China is the world’s largest consumer of energy. Continued demand of Chinese and Indian economies may support the crude prices in long term. But China’s crude oil imports in July fell 3.2 percent from a year earlier after record inbound shipments in June which has capped the upside.

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As the hurricane season in US is from 1 June to 30 November so hurricane premium also support the prices during this period. Recently hurricane premium has been seen in the crude prices as the prices did not see major sell off despite increasing stockpiles. Furthermore recovery in the global equity markets tends to be supportive for the prices.

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As the cost structure of drilling and exploration has gone up so the marginal cost of production has also increased. Companies are benefiting at present where crude oil prices hover between at $75 to $80, but if we do see upward pressure on the cost structure, again, over time we do see a rise in oil price.

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Recently contrasting economic data between the US and Euro zone as well as the earnings performances of the banking sector has been seen which continues to shore up the euro on the premise of broadening stabilization of interbank concerns and to a lesser extent robust recovery in Germany.

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OPEC opted for production cuts in earlier this year and 11 countries adhered to compliance except Iraq. OPEC countries boosted output from 24.845 million b/d by 80,000 b/d to 26.82 million b/d for the July 2010. This exceeded the OPEC 11 target by 1.975 million b/d and puts the group’s compliance rate at 53%.But in order to meet the growing demand OPEC produced an estimated 29.4 million b/d of crude oil in the second quarter of 2010 after remaining relatively steady for the past four quarters.

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US Distillate demand —-Pointer to industrial recovery

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The fall in the distillate demand in US is also a concerning factor as far as the demand scenario is concerned. The main driver of distillates demand is heavy use by industrial sector, which has been severely lacking in the second quarter. The U.S. actually had a year on year increase for distillate demand between 2009 and 2010 as high as 17.1% for the last week in May but it has cratered to +2.2% year on year in two months time.

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The stockpiles of distillate fuel in July month is at the highest level since the week ended Oct. 16. 2009. And this distillate inventory builds will cap the upside in the crude oil.

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Analysis:-The absolute change in the EIA crude inventories has shown fluctuation in wide range of -8 million barrels to +8 million barrels in the total weekly crude oil supply data.

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Current scenario

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Crude oil which often tracks events in the global economy is very much affected by the turbulences that take place in various key economic powerhouses. At present when the hysteria around the euro zone crisis began to subside, fears of US economic slowdown have begun to intensify. US recovery is still causing as indicated by its weak housing and labor markets.

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This slowdown is also captured in all the economic reports over the last two months, from housing and manufacturing, to employment and GDP. All these economic reports are below the expectations, and prior reports are being revised down. It appears the US economy really slowed down over the last two months in particular.

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The crude oil outlook going forward in rest of the quarter is quite bleak as the bulk of the summer driving season in US is over, and now we have less demand and inventory is rising at the same time in this commodity.

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Commodity Weekly Commentary 2nd – 6th August

Bullion counter hammered down last week as prices fell like nine pins after investors wind up their long positions in gold and silver. Gold slid nearly $100.0 from the historic record highs, recorded June 21 at $1265.30 an ounce, affected by traders reducing their stakes and investments in the SPDR Gold Trust, the world’s largest exchange-trade fund.

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The absence of fundamentals from Europe, led traders to turn to the US for signs of global recovery, but the disappointment came from US durable goods report which slumped in the month of June by 1.0 percent, compared with a revised -0.8%. Base metal pack extended their previous week gains as global inventory draw down and gains in the euro boosted the metals despite a surprise decline in U.S. orders for long-lasting
goods.

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Western world unwrought aluminium stocks fell to 1.192 million tonnes in June from a revised 1.306 million tonnes in May, industry data showed. Moreover, gains in equity market also supported the prices as investors anticipate robust demand in near future. In energy counter crude oil prices wiped out its previous week gains and just fell from the level of $80 after the U.S Energy department reported a surge in inventories in the US. However, crude oil prices managed tom conquer some part of the lost territory mainly on the back of the softer US dollar index.

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However, natural gas futures ended higher last week, backed by firmer cash prices and a government report
showing another light weekly inventory build despite ongoing concerns about too much supply.

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As regards agro commodity, the week gone by majorly known for profit booking at higher levels in many commodities. Traders preferred profit booking in most of the spices as they became overbought in the market. Cardamom futures caught the attention of traders as they traded in lower circuits throughout the week, supported by weak spot market.

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After trading in positive territory for many weeks, finally jeera, turmeric and pepper saw pause in the rally as stockiest released some stocks at higher levels. Good monsoon and improved sowing in producing area dragged down guar counter in both spot and future market.

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What surprised the market was the upside move oil seeds. R M seed, refined soya oil and crude palm oil witnessed nonstop four week rally on confident move in CBOT amid fall in dollar index.

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Maize futures ignored the positive sentiments of CBOT and moved down on profit booking. Additionally, soyabean saw good short covering. Good export demand supported mentha futures to recover from its week low. Weak sentiments in spot market continuously hammered the potato futures.

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Commodity Weekly Commentary 28th June – 2nd July

Last week we have experienced a profound volatile session in bullion section. On COMEX division gold August future contract notched another all-time high of $1266.50 on Monday and traded as low as $1225.20 during the Wednesday session. This volatility is a direct result of the continued uncertainty with the fiscal crisis in the European Union as well as the growing geo-political tensions world –wide. Silver also tracked moves in gold and equity markets and settled in red territory.

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However mixed economic data from U.S front kept the base metal pack sideways during the week. U.S. data last week has been a mixed bag so far with Thursday’s data showing weekly jobless claims falling last week and a bounce in U.S. durable goods orders in May helping offset poor new home sales data and the Federal Reserve’s subdued assessment of the economy on Wednesday.

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Once again, with a weakening economic outlook, some terrible housing numbers and a not so inspiring Energy Information Agency report, crude oil prices remain under pressure in early trades of the week but on Friday prices get underpinned and ended up to hit a seven-week high as odds increased that an Atlantic storm would form and head to the Gulf of Mexico, where oil production may be disrupted.

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Turmeric futures rebounded on fresh buying. Once again jeera and pepper followed the same direction as they did in past. They have seen continuous three week jump in the prices. It was a good short covering in jeera futures. Even lower level stimulated fresh buying despite fragile fundamentals.

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The overseas demand is weak due to the higher prices of Indian Cumin seed over Syrian and Turkey cumin seed prices. Pepper was up on good overseas demand. Good export demand propped up cardamom futures, however the upside was limited on improving arrivals and rains.

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Export of spices and spice products from India has crossed 5,00,000 metric tonnes for the first time in the history of spice trade this year. It was not a good week for chilli and again it marched towards it support of around 4600 on absence of buyers and profit booking at higher levels. Very uncertain movements were witnessed in oil seeds complex which kept investors aside throughout the week. Guar complex moved gradually as support came from lower level buying and fear of fall in acreage. There is a fear in market that farmers may switch to barley and other crops which are enjoying good MSP. Maize shot up on short covering.

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