Posts Tagged ‘crop’

SUGAR……. “Ambas as extremidades de cana de açúcar não pode ser doce”

In Portuguese language “Ambas as extremidades de cana de açúcar não pode ser doce” means both ends of sugar cane cannot be sweet. Sugar travelling though its notorious cycle has always been continuously gathering news & issues all along these years. Starting with the sugar cycle, it follows a 3-4 years cycle with a bumper harvest resulting in higher inventory levels. Declining prices pressurizes the profits of sugar companies. Going around the downtrend in the sugar cycle starts with increased availability of sugars, decline in sugar prices. This prompts the farmers to switch over to other crops resulting in lower cane production. All these leads to higher sugar prices and the cycle turns around.

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FOREIGN NEWS

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•Mexico published a quota to import 100,000 tonnes of sugar to cover a shortfall in supply until the end of the year.

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•Tight supply supports raw sugar.

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•The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) has pegged India’s sugar production at 23.6 million tonnes, marking an increase of over 26 per cent from last year.

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•Brazil crops shrivel as Amazon dries up to lowest in 47 years.

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•Brazil will harvest 639 million tons in the year started May 1, 3.2 percent less than estimated in April.

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•Australia’s 2010/11 sugar output is being threatened by heavy rain in the northeastern cane growing state of Queensland, disrupting this year’s cane crush.

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•Liffe front-month, December white sugar ends $24.20 higher at $649.80 per tonne after earlier setting a 7-month high for the front month of $661.80 a tonne.

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•Market buoyed by a fresh wave of fund buying and crop concerns in South Africa, Argentina, Mexico and Australia.

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DOMESTIC NEWS

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•Sugar production in Uttar Pradesh, may rise to 6.2 million tonnes from 5.18 million tonnes in the review period.

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•Sugar output in Karnataka is likely to decline marginally to 2.3 million tonnes this year from 2.53 million tonnes last year.

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•Sugar output in Tamil Nadu may jump sharply to 2.1 million tonnes in the 2010-11 crop year from 1.25 million tonnes last year.

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•The output in Gujarat is pegged at 1.3 million tonnes against 1.19 million tonnes last year.

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•Cane growers seek higher prices of 200 rupees ($4.49) per 100 kilograms.

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•NCDEX seeks permission to do futures trading in sugar.

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•The Government has declared lower October sugar quota at 17.50 lakh tonnes (lt) against September’s 19 lt.

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•Sugar imported from India will be tested before its sale in Pakistan, said a minister who rejected the impression that Indian sugar was substandard.

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Seasonality – Indian Scenario

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Analyzing the seasonal index of Indian sugar prices, the prices remain under the pressure till the third quarter of the year. The fourth quarter is a seasonal buying period, as the market witness a recovery because of the festive season.As far as the medium to long-term outlook is considered, the price trends in international markets would be the key determinants of future profitability with the crude oil price trends, which determine the diversion of cane crop to ethanol.

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Coffee Board Cuts Output Estimates

The Coffee Board of India slashed India’s 2009-10 (October-September) output projection by approximately 5.5% to 289,600 tonnes. Reduced estimation is mainly due to crop damage by heavy rains in major growing states.

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“The reduction in crop output is seen largely in Karnataka, while regions in Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu showed a nominal drop,” Coffee Board Chairman GV Krishna Rau said.

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He said heavy rains in Karnataka during October-November led to adverse crop conditions like berry dropping and wet feet in certain growing areas. Karnataka alone accounts for a fall of 15,775 tonnes of the estimated 16,700 tonnes decline in coffee output.

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In Other major Commodities Update, there is news of pepper futures fell sharply on bearish sentiments that pulled down the prices of all contracts.

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Pepper Future Report Fall

On Monday, pepper futures fell sharply on bearish sentiments that pulled down the prices of all contracts.

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Bearish sentiment that new crop would arrive any time in the market and there is no domestic demand to absorb it was being spread widely.

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Besides, 1,200 tonnes of pepper’s validity will expire on Feb 5 and hence it will be liquidated in January and that will come for delivery next month, thus goes the misinformation, market sources said.

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December contract on NCDEX dropped by Rs 367 to close at Rs 14,055 a quintal. January and February fell by Rs 376 and Rs 382, respectively to close at Rs 14,332 and Rs 14,560 a quintal.

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Total turnover increased by 3,064 tonnes to 6,925 tonnes. Total open interest moved up by 391 tonnes to 13,113. December open interest fell by 499 tonnes while that of January increased by 755 tonnes and February up by 92 tonnes.

COMMODITY WEEKLY COMMENTARY

Most of the commodities finished lower last week on heavy profit booking. Recent bounce back in dollar index compelled commodity traders to quit their long positions. However, some commodities viz., aluminum, nickel and natural gas moved on their own fundamentals and ignored the upside of dollar index. Threat of closure of two mines of Alcoa amid the concern that about three quarters of LME  stockpiles have been tied up by long term financing deals by traders and merchants, raised the premium
on aluminum, sent aluminum prices higher.

Likewise, nickel surged on lower level buying. Rest of the  base metals erased their previous gains to some extent on rise in dollar index amid some negative data.

Gold and silver gave up their previous gain due to the improvement in dollar value. However, recent fall in gold prices brought back smile on consumers face and there is an expectation that import will increase. Negative data, fall in GDP of Japanese economy, higher dollar amid expectation of slower demand of crude in 2010 by EIA hammered crude oil prices and it touched two months low. On the contrary, natural gas jumped on increased seasonal demand. Cold snaps in northwest and Midwest revived the demand of natural gas and it recovered across the bourses, where natural gas is used 72% for heating purpose.

Coming to agro commodities, bears completely dominated all commodities. Selling pressure was witnessed throughout the week. Some short covering in many agro commodities witnessed on Friday.
Less demand from processors amid declining export queries exerted pressure on guar complex. Oil seeds and edible oil complex reacted on improvement in dollar amid new crop estimation by Brazil and Argentina generated selling in futures as well spot market across the board. Fall in crude oil prices gave further pressure on prices. Spices made lower trading range last week. Higher Indian parity, lower export queries in the middle of subdued domestic demand compelled spices to trade low.

Speculative activities in turmeric were on high last week. Throughout the week, December contract traded into upper circuits and April contracts traded moreover on lower side, which increased the gap between contracts to more than 3400 level. Wheat futures cooled down owing to increased supply in spot market. Crushing season of sugarcane has already started which has led to a nonstop decline since last three weeks.

Coconut Development Board Urges Govt to End Dependence on Import

On Wednesday, the Coconut Development Board organized a seminar and the main discussion over there was the hurdles in boosting production of coconut in West Bengal.

Mr Sugata Ghose, Director, Coconut Development Board, identified several factors responsible for poor production of coconut in the State.

They included lower oil content of copra, little headway in the effort to produce high copra yielding coconuts, limited production of coconut on commercial scale, difficulties in procuring good copra from the Andamans due to restriction on the export of copra from the islands and from Kochi due to high transportation cost and, last but not the least, absence of awareness of the local people about the potential of the coconut crop.

“A few months back, Coconut Development Board has been notified as Export Promotion Council for coconut products and keeping this in view, we’re trying to involve coconut growers, coconut oil millers and coconut product manufacturers not only to step up coconut processing in West Bengal but also to boost production of value-added and processed coconut products in the country,” Mr Ghose observed.

Mr Ashok Sethia, President, the Solvent Extractors’ Association of India, said that the overdependence on imported oil totally neglecting local growers and the local oil industry was a dangerous policy being pursued by the government.

CORN………. “The Un-discovered Legend” Part 1

Hello Friends here we come up with another write up on “Commodity Corner Series”.

Here we would touch upon the importance of Maize crop in Indian commodity market and its relevance in the context of Indian Scenario 🙂

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CORN………. “The Un-discovered Legend”

Maize, also known as corn, is a cereal which is an important crop after rice and wheat.

The domestication of maize has been dated back as far back as 12,000 years ago. Today, maize is widely cultivated throughout the world, in a greater size with top producing countries like United States, China, Brazil, France, Indonesia, India and South Africa.

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Indian Scenario:

Andhra Pradesh is now the largest producer contributing around 21% of annual maize production.

India ‘s area harvested of maize and yield have risen by mainly on account of rising production of single cross hybrids seeds, its demand and increasing acceptability among farmers.

In India, its cultivation extends from the hot arid plains of Rajasthan and Gujarat to the wet hills of Assam and Bengal.

There are three distinct seasons for the cultivation of maize:

the main season is kharif;

next is Rabi in Peninsular India and Bihar and

in spring in northern India.

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Normally, higher yields have been recorded in the rabi and spring crops.

Over 85 per cent of the maize acreage is sown under rain-fed conditions during the monsoon when over 80 per cent of the annual rainfall is received.

However, this year due to the erratic monsoon production has been affected, as a result of which maize prices have been in uptrend since the withdrawal of monsoon from the country.

During 2008-9, Indian exported 3 million tonnes of maize and 12,000 tonnes of maize seed worth of Rs 2,400 crore and Rs 2,000 crore respectively.

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Stay Tuned for more on this.

In next blog we would touch upon the issues like Potential source of demand for Maize crop, Industrial Demand and PVO (Price-volume-open Interest) of MAize crops.

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CROP FORECASTING – “PAST – PRESENT – FUTURE”

Hello Friends here we come up with our another write up on “SMC Gyan Series

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CROP FORECASTING - “PAST - PRESENT – FUTURE”

CROP FORECASTING - “PAST - PRESENT – FUTURE”

Here we would get into the nitty gritties of CROP FORECASTING.

Why is it required and what are the objectives of CROP ESTIMATION SURVEY?

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Agriculture occupies a dominant place in the economy.

It is the main source of livelihood of the majority of the population of the country.

Making available food-grains sufficiently to this huge population of the country throughout the year is very much necessary, & this needs making an advance plan or estimation to predict crop yields.

Crop estimation is a “MUST” for agriculture.

There are number of reasons why a good estimation is required.

Accurately estimating the size of the crop will take the pictures or the scenario size of the crop just before harvest, increasing farming costs for that year.

Overestimate the size of the crop will mean that the quality or quantity may not be achieved.

Therefore for the accurate results, many research advance techniques are used.

A sort of track record is maintained for maintaining & achieving the accuracy of crop estimation.

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OBJECTIVE OF CROP ESTIMATION SURVEY:

The main objectives of the crop estimation survey are:

i. To provide estimates of area under and production of principal food and non-food crops with a high degree of precision at the block/ district/state levels.

ii. To provide estimates of productivity of different crop at block/district/state levels.

iii. To collect useful ancillary information on the existing cultivation practices in the State.

iv. To throw lights on the cropping pattern of the State/Districts/Blocks etc.

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Stay Tuned for more on this where we would get to know of that what are the procedures of crop estimation survey.

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Wheat Sowing Starts, to Gather Pace After Cane Fields Vacated

Hello Friends here we come up with the Latest Major Agri-Commodities updates from various parts of the globe.

Wheat sowing starts, to gather pace after cane fields vacated

Wheat sowing starts, to gather pace after cane fields vacated

 

Wheat sowing starts, to gather pace after cane fields vacated:

Sowing of wheat, the biggest foodgrain grown during the rabi season, has started in some parts of the country.

The crop has been planted in around 25.7 lakh hectare till November 5, almost 9.4% less than the same period last year.

Though wheat sowing has got off to a slow start this year, but still there is not much concern as the delay is mainly due to late harvesting of kharif crops.

Sowing of rapeseed has also started on a weak note and till Thursday, around 3.48 lakh hectares of land has been brought under the crop as against 6.65 lakh hectares sown during the same period last year.

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In Other major Commodities Updates we can see that Mentha oil futures have turned weak and Corn and soybeans have fell for the third straight day.

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Mentha oil futures turn weak:

Mentha oil futures prices fell by 0.30 per cent today as traders indulged in profit-booking at higher prices amid fall in demand in the spot market.

Increased arrivals from producing belts in Uttar Pradesh also put pressure on the prices.

At the MCX counter, mentha oil for November contract declined by 0.30 per cent to Rs 533.60 a kg clocking business volume in 201 lots.

Similarly, mentha oil for delivery in December contract eased by 0.26 per cent to Rs 540.20 a kg in business turnover in 53 lots.

Fall in mentha oil prices was mostly due to profit-taking by speculators and subdued trend in spot markets.

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Corn, Soybeans Fall as Warm, Dry Weather May Speed U.S. Harvest:

Corn and soybeans fell for the third straight day on speculation that warm, dry weather will hasten U.S. harvesting, boosting supplies for food and feed producers.

Weather conducive to field work is expected across the Midwest in the next 15 days.

About 49 percent of U.S. soybeans and 75 percent of the corn remained to be gathered as of Nov. 1, according to government estimates.

Grain and oilseed markets also fell on reduced investment demand for raw materials as an inflation hedge.

The rising unemployment rate is not good news for demand.

Corn futures for December delivery fell 9.5 cents, or 2.5 percent, to $3.67 a bushel on the Chicago Board of Trade.

The decline pared the week’s gain to 0.3 percent, the fourth increase since Oct. 2.

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