Posts Tagged ‘CRB’

Weekly Update 25th – 29th October

Losses due to profit taking in the Indian markets during initial part of the week were recouped seeing the huge response for Coal India offering especially from the overseas investors. The issue attracted bids that exceeded the combined gross domestic product of Latvia and Iceland. However most of the Asian markets corrected in the week gone by after China unexpectedly raised interest rates to curb inflation and to prevent an asset price bubble in the economy on concerns over regions economic growth.

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The move indicates that the consensus has been reached for lower growth. Albeit past experience has shown that initial interest rate hikes does not give much harm to economic growth. China’s economy expanded by 9.6 percent in the third quarterless than the growth experienced in the prior quarter but higher than the median estimates of 9.5 percent.

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Results of companies from Europe to U.S. supported markets. According to Bloomberg data of the 132 companies in the S&P 500 that reported results since Oct. 7, more than 85 percent have topped analysts’ per- share earnings estimates.Whereas in Europe, of the 46 companies in the Stoxx 600 that have posted results since Oct. 7, 32 have beaten estimates for per-share income.

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The result season has so far been good in India. Banks have posted decent to strong earnings growth. In the Information technology sector TCS and Infosys surprised positively while Wipro surprised negatively. Auto companies are expected to deliver strong set of numbers on the back of higher volumes with price increase. Higher metal prices are likely to provide good earnings to manufacturer of base metals. Cement companies are likely to post bad set of numbers on the back of lower realization and good monsoon season.

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Market is eyeing over G-20 finance chiefs meet to try to resolve differences over countries that are devaluing their respective currencies in order to spur economic growth and to endorse market-based exchange rates in a fresh effort to defuse mounting trade tensions before they hurt the world economy. We may see some volatility in domestic markets on account of expiry week.

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Stock specific activity is likely to play out as the results season is still going on. Nifty has support between 5950-5870 and Sensex between 19640-19200.Good corporate earnings amid falling dollar index are offering opportunities to bulls to keep the momentum in their favour, especially in base metals. 19-commodity Reuters-Jefferies CRB index, which serves as a broad benchmark for commodities investors, was up for a ninth straight week since Aug. 22.

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Monetary tightening by China could not give much impact on base metals prices. In case of bullions, trend is little different. Bullions prices retreated across the board as dollar index grew stronger and investors opted to sell some of their holdings for aprofit. For the time being bullions should move in a range. Market players appears cautious to some extent ahead of next month’s decision from the Federal Reserve about whether to take steps to stimulate the economy. Even energy pack is moving in a range on mixed fundamentals. Bulls are more active in agricultural commodities owing to the ongoing festive fever.

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Weekly Update 18th – 22nd October 2010

Most of the world markets rallied in the week gone by on the buzz of further quantitative easing by U.S. Without giving details about the strategies on how the central bank will act its Nov. 2-3 meeting, Federal Reserve Chairman Bernanke said additional monetary stimulus may be warranted because inflation is too low and unemployment is too high.

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Fed is considering ways for raising inflation expectations to encourage people to believe that prices will start rising at a faster pace so that they would spend more of their money now. Retail sales in U.S.climbed more than forecast as purchases rose 0.6 percent following a 0.7 percent gain in August and manufacturing in the New York region expanded in October at a faster pace than anticipated.

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China’s Shanghai Composite Index saw gains of 8.5 percent on the anticipation that China’s banks show strong earnings growth this quarter as the lending has beaten the forecast. Moreover the strong exports growth of 25.1 percent in September mirrors the strong underlying economic momentum. The country’s foreign-exchange reserves, the world’s largest, surged by a record to $2.65 trillion at the end of September.

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India’s wholesale price index rose to rose 8.62 percent in September from a year earlier after an 8.5 percent gain in August. Manufactured product inflation and Food price inflation rose by 0.3 percent and 1.6 percent respectively in September fromthe previous month. RBI Chief Subbarao said that inflation in India is being “quite stubborn,” a sign that controlling prices remains the central bank’s priority.

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Reserve Bank Deputy Governor Subir Gokarn signaled the central bank may intervene in the currency markets to shield exporters from the strengthening rupee. The capital account showed a surplus of $17.5 billion in the quarter to June 30, compared with a record shortfall of $13.7 billion in its current account.

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Foreign investors have so far poured approximately $23 billion in stocks and 10 billion indebt this year. Industrial production expanded by 5.6 percent in August after seeingan expansion of 15.2 percent in July.Going next week the main attraction for retail investors would be the primary market with Mega IPO of Coal India slated to open on 18th October. As Infosys has already rung the bell with positive surprise in terms of earning growth, the investors would now look forward to numbers of companies like L&T, HDFC, Bajaj Auto, etc that are scheduled to announce numbers next week.

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Nifty has support between5870-5950 and Sensex between 19200-19640 levels.With expecting second round of monetary easing, investors dumped dollar and endowed other investment avenues. Commodities extended a rally to the highest intwo years and CRB closed near the mark of 300. The dollar fell to its lowest in 10 months against a basket of currencies and breached the mark of 77. Five week continuous downfall enhanced metals and agricultural commodities.

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Gold gave heroic performance and made another life time high. It rose more than 25% in 2010.Silver is also trading near 30 year high. However, being prudent investors, one should book profit in gold and silver, considering safe trading. Base metals are expected to trade in a range. Crude oil should trade in range $80-85 in short run on mixed fundamental. OPEC has decided to keep the production quota unchanged in last meeting. Agro commodities should trade with high volatility ahead of expiry of October contract.

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TR/J CRB INDEX

Overview: The CRB Index, founded by Commodity Research Bureau in 1957, is the most widely followed Index of commodities futures which measures the overall direction of commodity sectors and the index is calculated by Thomson Reuters/Jefferies (TR/J CRB). The name of the index changed to the Reuters CRB Index in 2001. Since 1961, The CRB Futures Price Index has been adjusted on a regular basis in order to maintain its relevance. The Index has had 10 adjustments with the last being in 2005. Over the years, commodities have been replaced by more liquid and significant contracts. The last (10th) revision set up monthly rebalancing and rollover schedules. Currently “RJ/CRB” Index takes into account the prices of 19 commodity futures contracts. ICE Futures U.S. is the exclusive marketplace for futures and options contracts on the Reuters Jefferies/CRB Index.

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Weighting Factors: A four tiered approach These 19 commodities are weighted on a 4- tiered grouping system designed to reflect the significance of each commodity.

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Group I Petroleum product : Group I includes only petroleum products –W.T. I . c r u d e o i l ,h e a t i n g o i l a n d unleaded gasol ine which are the most liquid, widely followed and economically significant commodities futures contracts traded globally and historically have contributed meaningful return

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Group II Highly Liquid Commodities:Group II in the Reuters/Jefferies CRB Index consists of seven highly liquid commodities.

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Group III Liquid Commodities: This group of four commodities is also highly significant and liquid but slightly lower level than those in Group II. These commodities help further the goals of diversification, broad representation and liquidity of the Index.

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Group IV Diversifying Commodities: This final group of five commodities provides meaningful diversification to the Index, bolstering the exposure to the Softs, Grains, Industrial Metals, Meats and Precious Metals markets.

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Rollover & Rebalancing Methodology: To maximize liquidity and simplicity, the Reuters/Jefferies CRB Index uses a four day rollover schedule for each commodity beginning on the first business day of the month and ending on the fourth business day.

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The Reuters CRB Index is continuously rebalanced through geometric averaging, .The Reuters/Jefferies CRB Index employs arithmetic averaging with monthly rebalancing.

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Monthly rebalancing helps maintain the stability and consistency of Index weightings.

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Importance

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?The CRB Index can be used as a leading indicator of inflation which causes commodities to increase in price. Therefore, an increase in the futures prices of a group of commodities indicates a potential increase in the general price level of an economy.

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?The CRB index is good indication of market sentiment because it is monitored and updated by market participants throughout the day.

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?The CRB Index can be used as an investment tool. Investors can invest in a commodity index such as the CRB index directly which would provide them exposure to a basket of commodities.

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?The CRB Index trades on theNewYork Board ofTrade at a contract size ofUSD500.

?Generally commodity prices move opposite to bond prices. This is because inflation causes commodities to increase in price while devaluating the price of bonds. This is one of the reasons that the CRB is so closely watched by both bond and commodity traders.

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Weekly Update 23rd – 27th August 2010

The buying continued in the Indian markets and helped broader indices to surge to two and a half year highs. While negative sentiments in the global markets led to profit booking with major markets closing in the negative on weekly basis. The Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia’s general economic index dropped to the lowest reading since July 2009 to minus 7.7 this month, signaling contraction in the area covering eastern Pennsylvania, southern New Jersey and Delaware.

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The unemployment claims unexpectedly shot up by 12,000 to 500,000 last week more than the economist estimates. U.S. recovery is fading and European governments would struggle to reduce their deficits are the worrisome factors that are lingering on in the investors mind. The producer price index in U.S. increased 0.2 percent following a 0.5 percent drop in June.

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Excluding food and energy costs it climbed 0.3 percent signaling that world’s largest economy may not face deflation moving with slower growth. China, the Emerging Market frontier that saw an unparallel growth in the past is facing threats of faltering demand for exports as U.S. and European consumers are cutting spending, rising wages and the risk of bad loans from record lending by banks in the past. Japan Economy saw an expansion of an annualized 0.4 percent in the quarter ending June pushing it into third place behind the U.S. and China.

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In India, with good monsoon season the prospects of harvest have improved and now it is widely believed that inflation would come down by the end of this quarter. The primary articles index rose 14.85% in the year to 7 August 2010, lower than previous week’s annual rise of 15.66%. The food price index rose 10.35%, lower than previous week’s annual rise of 11.4%, as prices of vegetables, potatoes and onions fell.

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Going forward the domestic market is expected to remain firm with the support of foreign investment.

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However, investors will continuously monitor the global developments after some of the recent disappointing data coming from U.S.markets. Trend of Indian Stock Markets is up though other world markets are coming under pressure especially the European and US markets. Dollar index is showing some strength which is giving jitters to commodities. But till the trend of our stock markets is up, one should be playing on the long side with a cautious approach. Nifty has support between 5400-5350 and Sensex between 18000-17800 levels.

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Gold has benefited from last few weeks as investors are escalating the insurance like metals in their portfolio. However, gold silver ratio is rising once again as silver is moving in a range due to falling base metals. With the looming weakness in various economies, gold may invite bulls further. After touching many week highs, base metals washed off their previous gain on unexpected drop in Philadelphia Fed survey and bad employment data. Now the pulse of base metals is likely to be guided by the outcome of housing and durable goods data of US this week. Weakness in equity market, swelling inventories, slow recovery may weigh on the crude prices further, which already hit six week low last week. Dollar gain against euro is dampening the commodities demand, compelling CRB index to trade range bound with bearish bias.

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Nevertheless, lower level buying cannot be denied in between.

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Weekly Update 28th June – 2nd July

China’s central bank move to increase flexibility in yuan against the dollar pushed global markets higher with the onset of the week. The optimism for the demand of commodities rose as the move is expected to increase Chinese consumers demand with the rise in purchasing power. Thereafter, the worrisome news flow from both U.S. & Europe only gave weakness to the markets.

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Disappointing earnings forecast by U.S. companies reignited the growth concerns in the market during the week. Fed policy makers left the overnight interbank lending rate target unchanged in a range of zero to 0.25 percent. Fed echoed that low inflation, stable price expectations and high unemployment “are likely to warrant exceptionally low levels of the federal funds rate for an extended period.”

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It said the U.S. recovery is progressive but not strengthening and “Financial conditions have become less supportive of economic growth on balance, largely reflecting developments abroad.” Concerns also rose about solvency position of both U.K. and Global banks. Bank of England said that U.K. banks remain “vulnerable” to further writedowns on their assets because of a potential decline in investor appetite for risk. Overall investors are circumspect of the global recovery and are not sure whether the austerity plan by various government will lead to economic prosperity.

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The Indian government now seems to be batting its second innings in power by working on many reforms that were in its agenda for long time. On the recommendations of Kirit Parekh committee, the government decided to go ahead by linking petrol prices to market linked prices & giving Rs. 2/-, Rs. 3/- & Rs. 35/- hike in diesel, kerosine & LPG prices respectively. The long awaited step is expected to cool down the burgeoning under-recoveries of OMC’s & will help consequently in lowering the fiscal deficit. As per our estimates the said increase will accentuate inflation by close to 0.50%. The move that was quite necessary from the long term perspective may put some pressure on the Equity & Bond Markets. As we are already facing high inflation & are on mercy of good monsoon, the step is likely to increase worries. We expect now, with the robust manufacturing activity & clear signs of demand pull inflation the next step may come soon from the monetary body by hiking policy rates. The move may lead to some correction in the capital markets & bond prices may fall.

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Trend of Indian stock markets is up though U.S. and other markets is down which is giving rise to volatility here. Even dollar index is taking some reaction which might give some relief rally to metals in coming week. Nifty has support between 5200- 5100 levels and Sensex between 17300-17000 levels.

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Notwithstanding the doubt over the health of world economy, especially U.S. and Europe, commodity is reacting optimistically on every small news and statements.

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CRB index is going through a consolidation phase; any positive news can result in good upside. Two factors; flattish dollar index amid strong Asian economic growth accompanied by commodity demand can keep commodity on stronger side. In past seven months dollar index has rallied around 20%, the move was not showing the inner strength of dollar, rather it was majorly due to European debt crisis and safe haven demand. If we see rangebound to bearish movements in dollar index again it will boost up commodities prices. However, we can see some correction in between, but that should be considered as good buying opportunity.

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