Posts Tagged ‘Cotton Corporation of India’

PRICE INDEX “The Score Card”

The price index is an indicator of the average price movement over time of a fixed basket of goods and services. The objective is to monitor & measure the retail, wholesale or producer prices etc.

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Base Year for calculation: Presently WPI series compiled are — Assam (base 1993-94), Bihar (1991-92), Haryana (1980-81), Karnataka (1981-82), Punjab (1979-82), U.P.(1970- 71) and West Bengal (1980-81). The National Statistical Commission has recommended that base year should be revised every five year and not later than ten years. Step-wise introduction to compilation of WPI: Like most of the price indices, WPI is based on “Laspeyres formula” for reason of practical convenience. These steps are discussed in detail in the following sections:

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1) Concept of Wholesale Prices: It is the rate at which relatively large transaction of purchase, usually for further sale, is effected. The price pertaining to bulk transaction of agricultural commodities may be farm harvest prices, or prices at the village mandi /market of the Agricultural Marketing Produce Committee/ procurement prices, support prices.

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2) Choice of Base Year: The criteria for the selection of base year are (i) a normal year i.e. a year in which there are no abnormalities in the level of production, trade and in the price level and price variations, (ii) a year for which reliable production, price and other required data are available and (iii) a year as recent possible and comparable with other data series at national and state level.

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3) Selection of Items, Varieties/ Grades, Markets: The importance of an item in the free market will depend on its traded value during the base year. In agriculture commodities the selection of new items in the basket is done on the basis of increased importance in wholesale markets. In the existing WPI series, items, their specifications and markets have been finalized in consultation of with the Directorate of E&S (M/O Agriculture), National Horticulture Board, Spices Board,Tea board, Coffee Board and Rubber Board, Silk Board, Directorate Of Tobacco, Cotton Corporation of India etc.

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4) Derivation of Weighting Diagram: Weights of Agriculture commodities: These weights are based on the Marketed value (MV) arrived at by multiplying Marketed Surplus Ratio (MSR) to the estimates of Value of Production (VOP) of agricultural commodities.

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5) Collection of Prices: The collection of base prices is done concurrently while the work on finalization of index basket is on. Therefore, price collection is normally done for larger number of items pending finalization. Once the basket is ready, current prices are collected only as per the final basket from the designated sources. Weekly prices need to be collected for pre-determined day of the week. For the current series prices are quoted on the basis of the prevailing prices of every Friday.

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6) Treatment of prices collected from open market & administered prices: The issue of using administered prices for index compilation is resolved by taking into account appropriate ratio between the levy and non-levy portions. Where these ratios are not available, the issues can be resolved through taking the appropriate number of price quotations of the administered prices and the open market prices after periodic review.

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7) Classification structure: The classification is based on NIC renders the WPI data amenable to comparison with the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) and National Income data.

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8) Methodology of Index Calculation: In the first stage, once the price data are scrutinized, price relative for each price quote is calculated. Price relative is calculated as the ratio of the current price to the base price multiplied by 100 i.e. (P1/Po) X100. In the next stage, commodity/item level index is arrived at as the simple arithmetic average of the price relatives of all the varieties (each quote) included under that commodity. Next, the indices for the sub groups/groups/ major groups are compiled and the aggregationmethod is based on Laspeyres formula.

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9) Provisional Vs Final: The weekly indices are compiled after a short gap of two weeks only as compared to other indices, which are compiled on monthly basis. The WPI are, therefore released provisionally and final revised indices, incorporating all possible quotations, are released after a gap of two months.

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10) Data collection mechanism : At present data collection for WPI is solely based on voluntary basis. Price data pertaining to Primary articles and Fuel & petroleum products are mainly collected through administrative Ministries/ Department’s, PSU’s and state government departments. For ‘Manufactured products’, apart from some government sources, data collection is done through Chambers of Commerce, Trade Associations, Business Houses and leading Manufacturing Units.

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OUR Websites:  http://www.smcindiaonline.com,http://www.smccapitals.com,
http://www.smctradeonline.comhttp://www.smcwealth.com

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COTTON…. “The soft, fluffy plant doing a great job”

China becoming export-oriented &‘hungering’ for most commodities for their industries at an alarming rate has been the main driver for high and increasing cotton prices.

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Cotton season 2009-10

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To start with the some statistics of current season 2009-10, the Cotton Advisory Board, in its recent meeting held on 8th April 2010 has placed the cotton acreage in the country during 2009-10 to 101.71 lakh hectares as against the acreage of 94.06 lakh hectares during the previous year. However, due to the vagaries of monsoon (irrigation coverage is 63%) & severe pest attack, cotton production in the country during this season has been revised downward from the earlier estimate of attack, cotton production in the country during this season has been revised downward from the earlier estimate of 295.00 lakh bales to 292.00 lakh bales as against cotton production of 290.00 lakh bales in the previous year.

Quantity in lakh bales of 170 kgs each Source: Cotton Advisory Board vide its meeting dt.08-04-2010

Arrivals scenario

As per the latest release by Cotton Corporation of India (CCI), cotton arrivals in India’s local markets were up by 3.3% to 27.90 million bales during the October- April period.

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Cotton Season 2010-11

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Assuming normal 2010 monsoon, India’s cotton production may increase by over 6% to a record 25 million bales in 2010-11 season, acc to the US Department of Agriculture. Productivity is also expected to rise by 6 per cent at 528 kg per hectare in the next season.

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Cotton mill use in 2009-10 rebounded faster and stronger than expected after a sharp drop in 2008-09 caused by the global financial and economic crisis.

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•Cotton ending stocks, a measure of available supply, for the current 2009- 10 year will drop by 43.35% to 40.5 million bales.

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Government Intervention

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In order to check the rise in prices of raw cotton in the domestic market, the government of India has imposed a duty on the export of the commodity. Apart from this, the Centre has also decided to levy a 3 per cent duty on cotton waste exports. An export duty of Rs 2,500 a ton is imposed export duty of Rs 2,500 a ton is imposed from April 9, 2010.

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The Deep Impact….

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•Ban on cotton exports has forced Pakistani buyers to look for alternative supplies.

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•Pushed cotton prices in New York to a two-year high on concern reduced exports from the nation may worsen tight global supplies.

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Global Scenario

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•World cotton production is forecast up by 13% in 2010/11 to 24.8 million tonnes, driven by high cotton prices.

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•World cotton mill use is expected to continue to recover in 2010/11, growing by 2% to 24.8 million tonnes, pushed by continued improvement in global economic growth but limited by high cotton prices.

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•World cotton trade is expected to increase to 7.7 million tons. Global cotton ending stocks are expected to remain stable in 2010/11. Global cotton stocks are expected to drop by 18% to 10.4 million tons by the end of July 2010, the smallest level in six years.

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•U.S. cotton plantings are accelerating, reinforcing expectations for a bumper crop following a wet winter in the big producing states. The U.S. cotton crop was 26% planted in the week to May 2, up from 16% the week before and slightly higher than the five-year average of 25% for this time of year, according to the latest data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

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Optimistic Outlook for Cotlook

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The continuous increase in Cotlook index was driven mainly by a rising gap between declining production and recovering consumption. The Cot look A Index jumped to over 90 cents per pound in the last part of April, after the Indian government announced the suspension of cotton export registrations and requested that cotton exports already registered, but not yet shipped, be revalidated, with a monthly  cap on revalidations to be determined.

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Conclusion

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To sum up, cotton futures last week declined in New York, but physical prices remained at a very high level on the international market irrespective of stronger U.S. dollar index. In absence of Indian exports, an expected short-supply is increasingly looming, especially for higher grades. Cotton prices will sustain its rally on back of shrinking stocks and non- availability of fine lint besides arrival of new cotton lots not before July 2010.