Posts Tagged ‘corporate profits’

Economic Indicators – Leading the World Part 2

Hello Friends here we come up with an extension of our previous blog, ECONOMIC INDICATORS… “Leading the World” Part 1.

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Economic Indicators - Leading the World Part 2

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In previous Blog, we had touched upon the aspect like

what are Economic Events & Indicators and important sources of data provider for calculating & determining economic indicators.

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However in this Blog, we would try to know about the classified categories of Economic indicators in details and what is Time Era.

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Classified Categories:

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1. Leading indicators:

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These indicators are to forecast trends of the overall economy.

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The indicators included in the figure are:

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interest rate spread, M2 money supply, average manufacturing work week,

manufacturers’ new orders, S&P 500, average weekly unemployment claims,

vendor performance, housing permits, consumer expectations and

manufacturer’s new orders for non-defense capital goods.

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2. Lagging indicators:

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An indicator to generate transaction signals or to confirm the strength of a given trend.

It is a measurable economic factor, for example, corporate profits or unemployment that changes after the economy has already moved to a new trend.

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3. Coincident indicators:

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It provides information on the current state of the economy.

For example, coincident indicators move up when GDP is growing and down when GDP is shrinking.

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This indicator varies directly with, and at the same time as, the related economic trend.

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The four economic statistics comprising the Index of Coincident Economic indicators are

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– Number of employees on non-agricultural payrolls,

– Personal income less transfer payments,

– Industrial production,

– Manufacturing and

Trade sales.

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Time Era:

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Knowing when each piece of information will be released is important to successful trading.

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The economic calendars are found on many websites.

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These figures helps to decide how to trade using these events, it can help explain unanticipated price actions during those periods.

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These indicators play a vital role in determining the trend or movement of the stock market & the commodities futures.

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It has been seen many times that when a positive data of these indicators like GDP or Industrial Production comes into picture & looks promising,

the trade of currencies like Euro, USD, INR; precious metals like Gold, Silver, base metals of Copper, Zinc, Lead show a positive move & short-term rally immediately.

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Stay Tuned for more and more on this 🙂

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However For More latest Industry,Stock Market and Economy News Updates, Click Here

Economic Indicators Part 2 :)

Hello Friends, just an extension of our yesterday’s blog on economic indicators where we talked about the categories of Economic indicators and relationship between various indicators.

ECONOMIC INDICATORS WITH A FOCUS ON STOCK MARKETS AS A LEADING INDICATOR

ECONOMIC INDICATORS WITH A FOCUS ON STOCK MARKETS AS A LEADING INDICATOR

Now in this Blog, we would look upon issues like what current economic indicators reflect about the state of Indian and global economy in coming months, factors that impact the degree of correlation and general effects of the stock maket indices(economic indicators) on the economic performance of the country.

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For Indian Markets, we can refer collected data for sensex growth, GDP growth and IIP index growth for 40 quarters over the last decade i.e FY99-FY09.

On the basis of the observation, it is analyzed that there is a correlation between the indicators; however, there is a time lag of at least 3 months between the sensex performance and economic indicators performance.

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Out of the 40 time periods being observed, the time lag and the correlation has been reflected in 80% of the cases.

Therefore, on the basis of the study, we can conclude that Indian economy might witness a revival over the next 3 to 6 months.

However, the Indian stock market indices are not only the reflection of the expectation of India Inc performance; the Indian markets are highly influenced by FII inflow too.

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Thus, Indian markets not only indicate the future economic conditions of the country but the global liquidity conditions too.

Therefore, if the stock market improvements that started towards the end of the first quarter of 2009 can be further sustained, it may be an indication that economic activity levels might start to improve towards the end of 2009 / beginning of 2010 backed by the correlation theory and time lag of 6 months to 1 year.

The Leading effect of the stock maket indices on the economic performance of the country can be rationalized on the following basis:

1) Futuristic approach of stock prices

Current stock prices reflect the expected operational performance of industry. The price of a stock equals the present value of future dividends.

Hence, stock prices should rise because of higher expected corporate profits, giving the rate of return used by investors to discount future earnings.

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Since investor’s expectations about corporate profits depend on expectations about the prospective state of the economy, then stock prices should rise or fall before the actual rise or fall of general economic activity and corporate earnings.

Thus, the stock market is forward-looking, and current prices reflect the future earnings potential, or profitability, of companies.

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Since stock prices reflect expectations about profitability and since profitability is directly linked to economic activity, fluctuations in stock prices are thought to lead the direction of the economy.

If the economy is expected to enter into a recession, for example, the stock market will anticipate this by bidding down the prices of stocks.

2) Wealth Creation Effect

The “wealth effect” is also regarded as support for the stock market’s predictive ability.

Since fluctuations in stock prices have a direct effect on aggregate spending, the economy can be predicted from the stock market.

When the stock market is rising, investors’ wealth increase and they spend more.

As a result, the economy expands.

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On the contrary, if stock prices are declining, investors experience a decrease in wealth levels and spend less.

This results in slower economic growth.

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However, the factors that impact the degree of correlation are:

the variability in interest rate,

the money supply,

the rate of inflation and

the degree of confidence of market participants regarding the state of the economy.

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Thus, although the stock market is relatively reliable as a predictor, it should be used with caution and in conjunction with other leading indicators in forecasting the turning points of business cycle.

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We can also rationalize the view of 97% economists that U.S economy will be out of recession by end of CY2009.

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