Posts Tagged ‘commodity futures prices’

LEAD “The Element of Earth’s crust”

Lead is a heavy, malleable, bluish grey metal. It is one of the metals most resistant to common corrosion problems. Lead has some important properties, in particular malleability (i.e. it can be hammered into shape), ease of production, ease of melting and joining, and good corrosion resistance.

Applications


There are many different uses of Lead. It may be used as a pure metal, alloyed with other metals, or as chemical compounds. The main end-uses for lead are as Batteries (80%) mainly cars, also industrial uses, Sheet (6%)- roofing, Lead compounds – stabilisers for plastics, Pigments – manufacturing of paints, Lead alloys – specialist alloys, Cable sheathing – power cables, Miscellaneous – includes radiation shielding, balancing weights.

Supply

The world’s top refined lead producing countries in 2009 were as follows:

1. China – 3.708 million tonnes

2. United States – 1.240 million tonnes

3. Germany – 388,000 tonnes

4. United Kingdom – 312,000 tonnes

5. South Korea – 290,000 tonnes

World production of refined lead totalled 8.815 million tonnes in 2009.

.

Capacity Production Figures in tonnes (1000s)

.


Demand Global lead demand this year is estimated at about 8.7 million tonnes, compared with 8.2 million tonnes in 2009. About 80 percent is used by battery producers. Demand for lead is less cyclical than that for most other base metals as about 40 to 50 percent is for replacement batteries, which makes it very resilient.

.

The top five lead consuming nations in 2009 were as follows:

.


China – 3.860 million tonnes, United States – 1.426 million tonnes, South Korea – 320,000 tonnes, Germany – 314,000 tonnes, Spain – 233,000 tonnes. In India about 75 per cent of total demand is from the domestic battery industries.

.

Tug Of War………..stocks V/s Price

.


Benchmark lead on the London Metal Exchange at around $2,221 a tonne is up more than 160 percent since hitting $850 a tonne in December 2008 when markets started to fear economic recession could turn into a 1930s style depression.

.

Since the beginning of the year 2009, lead prices as well as lead stocks are both increasing. The reason could be anything from large banks which are manipulating the market to gain profit on a short term to a big country which want to lower their USD currency reserves by stepping into metals.

.

In the year 2010, the graph of the lead price compared with the world stock of lead seems to look quite healthy. Lead stocks are getting up and as a reaction the lead price is going down. The basics of supply and demand seem to work.

.

News from Industry

.


·Xstrata’s sizeable Brunswick mine in eastern Canada is due to become depleted in 2011. It produced around 66,500 tonnes of lead in concentrate last year.

.

·Ivernia expects to produce about 60,000 tonnes of contained lead in concentrates in 2010 and expects that to ramp up to 85,000 tonnes a year from 2011 onwards.

.

DID YOU KNOW….???

.


Lead makes up only about 0.0013% of the earth’s crust.

.

Know the Basics of Commodity Trading :) Part 2

commodity-trade

Hello Friends,yesterday we discussed about the importance and need for Commodity Trading.

Now its time to understand and know that how can we do commodity trading, what is the process for that and how commodity trading works

🙂

Here we go with first question of the topic for the day 🙂

How do you do commodity Trading?

When you buy a Gold Futures contract, you undertake to do three things.

1. Buy the amount of gold specified in the contract.

2. Buy it at the price specified in the contract.

3. Buy it on the expiry of the contract.

This could be after one month, two months, three months and so on.

Of course, if you sell the Gold Futures contract before it expires, then you don’t have to worry about actually buying the gold.

🙂

Let’s say you buy the Gold Future contract at say Rs 15000 per 10 gm.

Your hunch comes true and the gold prices rally to Rs 16000 per 10 gm.

You can sell the Gold Futures any time before expiry of the contract.

Gold and other commodity futures prices are quoted on the commodity exchanges in exactly the same way in which stock prices or stock futures prices are quoted on a daily basis in the stock markets.

🙂

Now let us see How Commodity Trading works?

They work just like stock futures :).

When you buy a Futures, you don’t have to pay the entire amount, just a fixed percentage of the cost.

This is known as the margin.

Let’s say you are buying a Gold Futures contract.
The minimum contract size for a gold future is 100 gms.
100 gms of gold may be worth Rs 72,000.

The margin for gold set by MCX is 3.5%.
So you only end up paying Rs 2,520.

🙂

The low margin means that you can buy futures representing a large amount of gold by paying only a fraction of the price.

So you bought the Gold Futures contract when it was Rs 72,000 per 100 gms.

The next day, the price of gold rose to Rs 73,000 per 100 gms.

Rs 1,000 (Rs 73,000 Rs 72,000) will be credited to your account.

The following day, the price dips to Rs 72,500.

Rs 500 will get debited from your account (Rs 73,000 – Rs 72,500).

🙂

Things You need to know about Commodities Trading 🙂

Compared to stocks, trading in commodities is much cheaper, because margins are much lower than in stock futures.

Brokerage is low for commodity futures.
It ranges from 0.05% to 0.12%.

Because of this, commodity futures are a speculator’s paradise.

🙂

If you are a hard-core trader who follows the technical charts and do not really care what you trade, and if you are nimble and savvy, then commodity futures could be another asset class that you would be interested in.

The advantages in this line is that there are no balance sheets, no complicated financial statements.

All you need to do is follow the supply and demand position of the commodities you trade in very closely.

🙂

Visit the commodities trading exchanges – NCDEX,NMCE and MCX – to find out which commodities are offered for trading, their contract size and other criterias.

You will have to get hold of a commodities broker but that should not be a problem.

There are lots of brokers that offer commodity trading these days.

🙂

But, it would be wise to avoid commodity trading if you are a rookie or beginner.

A much better move would be always to initially trade in stock futures before opting for commodity futures.

🙂

Just like stock futures (Read How to trade in Futures to understand how futures work).

When you buy a Futures, you don’t have to pay the entire amount, just a fixed percentage of the cost. This is known as the margin.

Let’s say you are buying a Gold Futures contract. The minimum contract size for a gold future is 100 gms. 100 gms of gold may be worth Rs 72,000.

The margin for gold set by MCX is 3.5%. So you only end up paying Rs 2,520.

The low margin means that you can buy futures representing a large amount of gold by paying only a fraction of the price.

So you bought the Gold Futures contract when it was Rs 72,000 per 100 gms.

The next day, the price of gold rose to Rs 73,000 per 100 gms.

Rs 1,000 (Rs 73,000 Rs 72,000) will be credited to your account.

The following day, the price dips to Rs 72,500.

Rs 500 will get debited from your account (Rs 73,000 – Rs 72,500).