Posts Tagged ‘CBOT’

COMMODITY WEEKLY COMMENTARY 13th – 17th September 2010

Silver along with gold once again shoot up last week as international prices tested $20 and $1255 respectively on COMEX division. Each time a rise in gold hits the headlines, it steals the limelight from silver. But this time silver has not only followed rallies in gold, but usually out performed, as can be seen in a fall in the gold/silver ratio. Prices went towards north last week as global stocks tumbled and the euro slipped on renewed fears about the health of the global economy.

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Base metals witnessed see saw movements as highly volatile currency market is rolling the prices in both direction. However, bias remained down side as fresh concerns about the health of the European banking sector fed a wave of risk reduction in the broader market and helped drag red metal (copper) prices away from four-month highs. Energy counter also remained under pressure as investor’s eye U.S economic strength and demand on fuel, while the dollar gains against a basket of foreign currencies amid the jittery sentiment. In other related news the dull hurricane season also limiting the upside in prices. The U.S. National Hurricane Center was monitoring three tropical systems in the Atlantic basin, one approaching the Caribbean Sea and two near Africa’s west coast. The NHC said cloudiness and showers over the Leeward Islands and northeastern Caribbean Sea were associated with Gaston’s remnants, but the system had just a 20 percent chance to become a tropical cyclone.

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Despite holiday’s shortened week, agro commodities witnessed active trading. After a noteworthy decline, oil seeds and edible oil counter was somehow able to cap the downside on the news of better soyameal export amid short covering in overseas market. Crude palm oil was also trading up. On the other hand upside was limited on the absence of fresh demand.

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Favourable weather and better outlook of crop shed the gain of wheat futures. Northward journey of maize futures supported by multi month’s higher prices in CBOT surprised the market players. Spices counter traded with downside bias moreover. Chilli, jeera, turmeric and cardamom were down on lower offtake in physical market. Turmeric futures were in complete grip of bears on lower demand in spot market. It touched multi week lows on NCDEX as well. It was only pepper in spices counter which propped up on fresh buying. Mixed sentiment in guar compelled guarseed to trade in slim spread whereas guargum was rangebound with upside bias.

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Chana continued to witness downtrend following lower demand in the domestic market.

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Commodity Weekly Commentary 2nd – 6th August

Bullion counter hammered down last week as prices fell like nine pins after investors wind up their long positions in gold and silver. Gold slid nearly $100.0 from the historic record highs, recorded June 21 at $1265.30 an ounce, affected by traders reducing their stakes and investments in the SPDR Gold Trust, the world’s largest exchange-trade fund.

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The absence of fundamentals from Europe, led traders to turn to the US for signs of global recovery, but the disappointment came from US durable goods report which slumped in the month of June by 1.0 percent, compared with a revised -0.8%. Base metal pack extended their previous week gains as global inventory draw down and gains in the euro boosted the metals despite a surprise decline in U.S. orders for long-lasting
goods.

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Western world unwrought aluminium stocks fell to 1.192 million tonnes in June from a revised 1.306 million tonnes in May, industry data showed. Moreover, gains in equity market also supported the prices as investors anticipate robust demand in near future. In energy counter crude oil prices wiped out its previous week gains and just fell from the level of $80 after the U.S Energy department reported a surge in inventories in the US. However, crude oil prices managed tom conquer some part of the lost territory mainly on the back of the softer US dollar index.

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However, natural gas futures ended higher last week, backed by firmer cash prices and a government report
showing another light weekly inventory build despite ongoing concerns about too much supply.

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As regards agro commodity, the week gone by majorly known for profit booking at higher levels in many commodities. Traders preferred profit booking in most of the spices as they became overbought in the market. Cardamom futures caught the attention of traders as they traded in lower circuits throughout the week, supported by weak spot market.

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After trading in positive territory for many weeks, finally jeera, turmeric and pepper saw pause in the rally as stockiest released some stocks at higher levels. Good monsoon and improved sowing in producing area dragged down guar counter in both spot and future market.

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What surprised the market was the upside move oil seeds. R M seed, refined soya oil and crude palm oil witnessed nonstop four week rally on confident move in CBOT amid fall in dollar index.

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Maize futures ignored the positive sentiments of CBOT and moved down on profit booking. Additionally, soyabean saw good short covering. Good export demand supported mentha futures to recover from its week low. Weak sentiments in spot market continuously hammered the potato futures.

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MAIZE……… “A-maize-ing”

The changing desires of eating taste have changed the periphery of the cereal. The change of label from “makka” on the road side to “masala corn” or “sweet corn” in the shopping malls across the country, has given an edge to this commodity.

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ACERAGE REPORT – INDIA

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Area, production and yield of maize in India had been increasing for the last five decades and India had reached near self sufficiency in production. “But this year there is a small twist in the story”.

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Maize is grown in both kharif and rabi seasons. According to data provided by industry players, kharif maize output is estimated at 12.5 million tonnes for 2009-10 as compared to 14 million tonnes in the previous year. The rabi season output is estimated at 4.68 million tonnes as against 5.60 million tonnes in the previous year. Overall, maize production in 2009-10 is likely to be 17.28 per cent lower, or 3.41 million tonnes less, at 16.32 million tonnes, from 19.73 million tonnes in 2008-09.

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Punjab: Maize acreage in Punjab is expected to increase by about 1.50 lakh hectares to 2.82 lakh hectare this season. In the last few years, maize is also grown in spring, particularly in the potato belt of the state.

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Haryana: Haryana farmers have increased the corn acreage to 40,000 hectares against the government target of 4000 hectares. This might not have an impact on domestic corn prices for the reason that Haryana is not a major corn producer and acreage in major corn producing states Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh has declined..

Tamil Nadu: Acreage of corn in Tamil Nadu has increased by around 71% till June 7, 2010 compared to last year.

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Andhra Pradesh: Despite of the normal rains in Andhra Pradesh, acreage under maize as on 16/06/10 has reduced significantly. Lucrative returns in other crops like sugarcane, sesamum have attracted farmers to shift corn area into those crops. Area covered under maize in Andhra Pradesh as on 16/06/10 is reported at 8945 hectares compared to the normal area covered till date 31403 hectares..

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On the whole, the total sowing acreage of maize as on 26th June 2010, reduced by 35% to 5.39 lakh hectares due to delayed monsoon in northern and central part of India..

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ACERAGE REPORT – WORLD.

Global maize production was likely to be a record 822 million tonne (MT) in the 2010-11 season, the International Grains Council (IGC) said in its latest report. “The world maize production forecast for 2010-11 is increased by 15 MT to a record 822 MT, up from 807 MT last season, due to improved prospects in US, Mexico and parts of Africa” the IGC report said.

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In its weekly crop ratings report, USDA said 73 percent of the corn crop was in good or excellent condition, down from 75 percent a week before.

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FUNDAMENTAL OUTLOOK

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·Chicago Board Of Trade (CBOT)

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U.S. corn futures market is caught between pressure from expectations for a big U.S.crop and support from uncertainty about weather and Chinese demand. Corn futures headed for the biggest monthly decline in three months as planting advances in the U.S., the world’s largest exporter, boosting expectations that the next harvest may exceed last year’s record. The USDA kept its estimate on the nation’s corn production unchanged at 13.37 billion bushels in the year beginning September, with 88.8 million acres planted, beating last harvest’s record of 13.11 billion bushels.

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·National Commodity Derivative Exchange (NCDEX)

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Maize NCDEX July future prices had seen consolidation in a range of 1010-1025. Recently, the counter making a technical break out, made a high of 1034.50. Despite of the higher acerage reports, the prices have maintained a continuous uptrend journey. Maize futures have given a profit return of about 9% in a span of six months dwelling between both bulls & bears. Most interestingly, the July contract has registered a profit of more than 11.69% within 8 weeks – 48 trading sessions – 336 hours of trade (approx.). Prices maintaining an upright stand & expecting the same with continuous buying from the consuming industries, the cereal is anticipated to make new highs. Maize NCDEX July future prices are in CONTANGO situation as
against June contract.

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Therefore to sum-up, there is a lot’s potential for corn futures supported by the fact of upcoming demand & rising consumption from every corner of the world. The day is not very far for the cereal to be the most “A-maize-thing” amazing commodity on trading platforms, giving their best returns.

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Weekly Update 24th – 28th May

Global markets nosedived after German financial regulator introduced a temporary ban on naked short selling and naked credit-default swaps of Euro-area government bonds to provide stability to the financial system from the excessive price movements. The move shattered the confidence among investors that the various efforts like 750 bn euro package to tackle the situation are not enough to stem the crisis.

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EU countries efforts to cut down on their deficits by reducing spending & increase in taxes may lead to contraction in the region. The situation poses a serious threat to US & World economy as it could lead to slide in world trade & economic growth.

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According to Emerging Portfolio Fund Research(EPFR), investors withdrew $12 billion from European & US equity funds in the week to May 19. In order to tighten the US finance industry regulation, the senate approved a bill to impose restriction on banks proprietary trading & to create a consumer protection agency having powers to write & enforce rule to ban abusive lending. In another development Fed raised the US growth estimates to a range of3.2% to 3.7% this year & lowered forecast for unemployment & inflation. The European crisis has not only hit hard the equity markets but also commodities as well. With the commodity prices coming down especially oil, it has somewhat reduced the inflationary pressures building up in the economies.

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RBI deputy governor Subir Gokaran said “cautious pace is the best way to go and that is the stance,” after the Global economy outlook changes in the last six weeks. One the domestic positive development for the Indian Government that happened was 3G auction. The government managed to garner close to Rs. 70,000 crore, double the amount it anticipated in the budget estimates. This extra money is likely to lift the pressure on the market borrowing and will give some extra room to the government  for the developmental purposes. For the time being the markets are expected to remain in pressure & will eye on the monsoon to gauge how Indian economy will behave in the rest of year as agriculture is the mainstay for the overall development.

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Overall trend of world stock markets is down though in the short term they are oversold and a bounce can be expected in the coming week which would be more of a relief rally. Till the European markets do not stabilize, the recovery might be short lived. One should be cautious in such markets. Nifty faces resistance between 5040-5120 levels and Sensex between 16800-17100 levels.

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Volatility in the global financial markets is expected to calm down in near term which will lead to some recovery in base metals and crude oil. European Union finance ministers pledged to stiffen sanctions on high-deficit countries and ruled out setting up a mechanism to manage state defaults. Bullions may continue to trade on weaker path as decline in safe haven status can keep the prices pressurized.

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Weakness in local currency has curtailed the volatility in bullions in domestic bourses to greater extent. Key economic releases like US GDP will set the course this week for base metals. Bulls may again take center stage in spices while oilseeds counter may try to find direction taking cues from CBOT and BMD. Wheat and Chana can trade in range with marginal buying.

CORN- The Un-discovered Legend Part 2 :)

Hello Friends here we come up with an extension of our previous blog, CORN………. “The Un-discovered Legend” Part 1

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CORN- The Un-discovered Legend Part 2

In previous Blog we had touched upon few points related to importance of Maize crop in Indian commodity market and its relevance in the context of Indian Scenario 🙂

In this blog, we would get to know of Potential sources of demand for Maize crops and industrial demand of maize crop.   Also read about the PVO (Price-volume-open Interest) Analysis of the Crop.

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Potential sources of demand:

The apparent increase in consumption demand has been sourced from the preference for corn based food products for human consumption as well as increased use in feed industries.

Human consumption – corn flakes, corn oil, corn flour, etc.,

Feed industry – poultry & animal feed

Ethanol – maize has already proved to be a potential source of ethanol.

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Corn consumption has seen a rapid growth during last few years.

Indeed, consumption patterns have changed at an accelerating pace especially during the winter season; from the time when it has
been introduced in numerous shopping malls around the world in the form of popcorns, baby corns etc.

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Industrial demand:

This commodity has placed itself in an advantageous position & made its presence felt in the industry.

Maize is a key ingredient in animal feed mix, & being the animal feed sector growing at a healthy pace with increasing demand for
meat and milk and milk products, coupled with stagnation in cattle population, there is a rising need to feed the existing population
of cattle with quality feeding.

Therefore, this has opened a window of opportunity for strengthening of global corn prices, which in turn is triggering enormous
demand for Indian maize in the Asian regions.

With the growing demand & expansion of starch sector, the overall demand for maize is likely to grow at a brisk pace.

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Change in % from 2008-09 to 2009-10 (India) Source: USDA

Area Harvested: 11.44%

Beginning Stocks: 51.72%

Production: 0.10%

Total Supply: 1.60%

Total Consumption: -1.1%

Ending stocks: 12.55%

Total Distribution: 1.60%

These positive figures indicate that India has sufficient & comfortable stocks of maize.

In 2009-10 the area harvested (India) is expected to increase by 11.44%, while the consumption is expected to remain almost flat or marginally down in next year.

The ending stocks are also quite high which can pressurize the prices in long term.

In a monthly update on 10th November 2009, USDA cut the corn forecast by 1 percent to 12.921 billion bushels (328 million tonnes).

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PVO (Price-volume-open Interest) Analysis:

Maize futures have proved the old saying “Slow & steady wins the race”.

The prices, volume & open interest in maize futures both in NCDEX & CBOT which had taken a backseat during the beginning of the
year 2009, have been rising again without much volatility in their behaviour.

The prices have been rising from the levels of Rs.795 to Rs.965 during January to November’09, which resulted into bull-run and resultantly futures made a high of 1015 levels on 3rd November ’09, giving a return of 21% till now.

Since the month of March ’09 prices have been seen rising witnessing some corrections during their journey; however factors like
higher international prices & continuous demand from starch & poultry industries have supported the prices.

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