Posts Tagged ‘Bonds’




The year 2009 was an unconventional year with surprises galore.

The sharp recovery in the benchmark Sensex is evident of the same.


The year came with some shocks and some surprises, be it Satyam opening the Pandora’s Box, government coming to the rescue through fiscal stimulus or gold touching the new highs.

With appreciation of more than 75%, 2009 calendar year emerged as the best year bringing back hope and strengthening the faith and confidence of investors.


As we welcome the New Year, let’s have a glance at how was the sunset of 2009 with the happenings in the month of December.

The month started with not much action as the indices were little changed as every rise was seen as an opportunity to book profits as fear of rising inflation barred investors from building large positions.


The India’s industrial output jumped 11.7% in November 2009 from a year earlier, helped by stimulus measures and robust domestic demand.

The momentum in the country’s industrial output is likely to sustain in the coming months.

The facility for Indian companies to buy back their Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds (FCCBs) under the automatic route and approval route would be discontinued from January 2010 due to the improvement in the equity market.


The central bank said it would allow non-bank financial companies which are focused on financing infrastructure projects to borrow from overseas markets under the approval route.

During the middle of the month, profit taking pulled the key benchmark indices lower.


The worst monsoon since 1972 and flood in some parts of the country have pushed up food prices nearly to 17.28% annually in beginning of January, while the headline inflation accelerated to 7.31% in December.

The food supplies need to be boosted to stem the price rise as the current acceleration in inflation rate is not only due to loose monetary stance.

The government towards this, has cut the open sale price of wheat, while ministers have pledged to import food items that are in short supply to boost local supplies and stem inflation.


Dollar also showed strength and sparked fears of unwinding of dollar carry trade.

The Christmas week saw a ‘Santa Claus’ rally that took the market to 19 months’ closing high in a truncated trading week.


Further, the latest data showed that corporate advance tax payments for the October-December 2009 quarter shot up sharply, suggesting a higher profit growth in corporate sector in the third quarter (October-December) of the current fiscal.


The corporate advance tax payments for the quarter were up 44% to Rs.48300 crore against a 3.7% decline in April-June quarter and a 14.7% increase in July-September quarter.

The company-wise break-up of advance tax collection suggests a broad-based recovery with automobiles, cement, metals and consumer goods, doing well.


Amidst all this, we had the Finance Minister‘s statement that containing inflation and cutting fiscal deficit are the major challenges for the government in the short-to-medium term.

Towards this the government can even alter the proposed draft for the direct tax code to sustain the high economic growth.


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RBI, Monetary Projections And Indian Economy

Hello Friends,

Just an extension of our previous blog ”RBI And Its Policies – Part 1β€³.

RBI, Monetary Projections And Indian Economy

RBI, Monetary Projections And Indian Economy

In this Blog we would touch upon the aspects as that of Monetary projection from RBI, assessment of economy scenario at present and relevance of RBI policy on economy.

Monetary projection:

For policy purposes, money supply (M3) growth for 2009-10 is placed at 17.0 per cent, down from 18.0 per cent projected in the Annual Policy Statement.

Consistent with this, aggregate deposits of scheduled commercial banks are projected to grow by 18.0 per cent.

The growth in adjusted nonfood credit, including investment in bonds/debentures/shares of public sector undertakings and private corporate sector and Commercial Papers (CPs), has been revised downwards at 18.0 per cent as in the Annual Policy Statement.



Since the last review in July 2009, there has been a discernable improvement in the global economy.

The recovery is underpinned by output expansion in emerging market economies, particularly in Asia.

World output has improved in the second quarter, manufacturing activity has picked up, trade is recovering, financial market conditions are improving, and risk appetite is returning.


A sharp recovery in equity markets has enabled banks to raise capital to repair their balance sheets.

If we talk about the home country then there are definitive indications of the economy attaining the ‘escape velocity‘ and reverting to the growth track.


The performance of the industrial sector has improved markedly in recent months.

Domestic and external financing conditions are on the upturn.

Capital inflows have revived.

Moreover activity in the primary capital market has picked up and funding from non-bank domestic sources has eased.

Liquidity conditions have remained easy and interest rates have softened in the money and credit markets.

Growth projection for GDP for 2009-10 on current assessment is placed at 6.0% with an upward bias, the same as the previous policy review.

But some darker parts also persist.

There are clear signs of rising inflation stemming largely from the supply side, particularly from food prices.

Private consumption demand is yet to pick up.

Agricultural production is expected to decline.

Services sector growth remains below trend.

Bank credit growth continues to be sluggish.

The central bank has warned of possible asset price bubbles, raised banks’ provisioning requirements for commercial real estate loans and lifted inflation forecast.

WPI inflation for end-March 2010 is projected at 6.5 per cent with an upward bias.

This is once again higher than the projection of 5.0 per cent made in the Annual Policy Statement in July 2009.


Stay Tuned for more on the topic.

We would look into Monetary Policy stance, more facts about economic indicators and Analysis from the Analyst from monetary point of view.

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Bear and Bull – Part 1

Hello Friends here we come up with our another write up on β€œSMC Gyan Series” πŸ™‚

Have you all ever wondered that what exactly this Bull and Bear Market is ?


Bull markets and bear markets...what are they?

Bull markets and bear markets...what are they?

What are they? What do they look like? What’s the origin of this terminologies?

Lets Talk about it


When we talk about bull and bear stock markets it reminds us that it’s a zoo out there. And, like any zoo, there are quite a few wild species to be found πŸ˜‰

The first two are the bulls and the bears.

Bull market is when stock prices are climbing strongly and a Bear market is when they’re languishing.

Bear Market

To be more precisely, in finance, a bear market is a market condition that occurs when the prices of shares decline or are about to decline.

Figures may vary, but if prices decrease by 15 to 20% then the market is assumed as a bear market.

In general, a bear market resumes if the government goes into recession and if the inflation rate is high.

Bull Market

A bull market is a condition of a financial market of a group of securities in which prices are rising or are expected to rise.

The term “bull market” is most often used to refer to the stock market, but can be applied to anything that is traded, such as bonds, currencies and commodities.

Bull markets are characterized by optimism, investor confidence and expectations that strong results will continue.


Myth About Bull and Bear Markets

One common myth is that the terms “bull market” and “bear market” are derived from the way those animals attack a foe, because bears attack by swiping their paws downward and bulls toss their horns upward.

This is a useful mnemonic, but is not the true origin of the terms.

Long ago, “bear skin jobbers” were known for selling bear skins that they did not own; i.e., the bears had not yet been caught.

This was the original source of the term “bear”.

This term eventually was used to describe short sellers, speculators who sold shares that they did not own, bought after a price drop, and then delivered the shares.

Because bull and bear baiting were once popular sports, “bulls” was understood as the opposite of “bears.” I.e., the bulls were those people who bought in the expectation that a stock price would rise, not fall.


Stay Tuned for more on this where we would touch upon if bull and bear markets are inevitable and what are the basics investors should keep in mind while trading in bear and bull market.

Sensex to Seek Direction from RBI’s Monetary Policy Review

Sensex to Seek Direction from RBI's Monetary Policy Review

Sensex to Seek Direction from RBI's Monetary Policy Review

Dalal Street will closely track the Reserve Bank‘s monetary policy review this week to seek direction, as weak global and domestic cues may continue to dampen sentiments in opening trade on Monday, experts say.

Besides, the expiry of the futures and option contracts this week is expected to keep the market volatile.

With global markets deteriorating and shares of Reliance Industries acting as a drag, market may open weak on Monday.

Marketmen said as valuations are overstretched, investors are now booking profit even at the slightest bad news.

Also, liquidity crunch is keeping frontline stocks under pressure.

On Friday, RIL scrips declined by 4.5 per cent.

β€œRIL, which is already reeling under uncertainty over the ongoing court case, would face further pressure. The scrip would be a dampener on the already weak market sentiment,” SMC Global Vice President Rajesh Jain said.

The Bombay Stock Exchange barometer Sensex lost three per cent, its biggest weekly fall in 11 weeks, to 16,810.81 points.

The index is up over 74 per cent so far in 2009, aided by foreign fund flows of over $14 billion.

India Inc Raises Rs.40K cr in Debt Market in Q1 :)

Indian-inc-raises-40k crores

Improved investment sentiments have led corporate India‘s fund raising plans to sky high level.


With more than half of the fund being mobilized by financial institutions, India Inc’s fund raising through private placement of debt has touched Rs 40,300 crore in the Q1 of the current fiscal.


This is an increase of huge 42% from first quarter of last financial year.


However, the April-June quarter of the present financial year saw a mobilization through debt (bonds) on private placement basis of Rs 40,300 crore, staggering 42% up from Rs 28,385 crores, raised in the first quarter of last financial year.


Moreover, the largest mobilization through the route came in from financial institutions and banks with more than 67 institutions and corporate houses raising the full amount during the June quarter.


Private placement of Debt is issue of securities, usually bonds that are sold without an initial public offering to a small number of private investors.


Further, fund raising of financial institutions through debt private placement increased 35% to Rs 21,002 crore in the June quarter.

Additionally, private sector beat public sector in terms of fund raising where its mobilization increased by 50% from Rs 11,184 crore to Rs 16,753 crore.


On the other hand, public sector financial institutions combined together, saw a decline in fund raising activity, whose mobilization stands 58% of the total amount, slipping 61% that mobilized in the previous year.


Let’s Talk About Mutual Funds ;)


Friends we will discuss now as to what are mutual funds before going on to seeing why to invest in mutual funds instead of stock πŸ™‚

What is a Mutual Fund?

A mutual fund is an investment that pools money from many investors, and that money is used to invest in stocks, bonds and other securities.


One mutual fund share includes a portion of a share of each stock held in the fund’s portfolio.

The stocks these mutual funds have are very fluid and are used for buying or redeeming and/or selling shares at a net asset value.


Mutual funds posses shares of several companies and receive dividends in lieu of them and the earnings are distributed among the share holders.


Who Decides What a Mutual Fund Invests In?

Mutual fund managers decide what securities to buy or sell guided by the mutual fund’s objectives.


If a mutual fund’s objective is to invest in the energy sector, the manager cannot buy shares in technology stocks.

Fund objectives let you know what to expect now and in the future.

Mutual funds can be either or both of open ended and closed ended investment companies depending on their fund management pattern.


An open-end fund offers to sell its shares (units) continuously to investors either in retail or in bulk without a limit on the number as opposed to a closed-end fund.

Closed end funds have limited number of shares.


Why Invest in Mutual Funds Instead of Stock?

You can invest in both mutual funds and individual stocks, but mutual funds are particularly useful in some cases.


*Diversification: If you do not have a lot of money to invest, creating your own diversified portfolio to spread risk will be difficult.

Diversification is automatic in mutual funds.


*Time : Successful investors take hours every week to analyze their holdings, stock market conditions and to educate themselves further on investing.

Mutual funds are a wise choice for those who lack the time to follow stocks so closely.


* Experience: Consistently investing well takes a few years of experience and learning from mistakes and successes.
If you are not experienced with trading stocks but want returns over and above what a savings account offers, investing in mutual funds is a good way to grow your personal assets.


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