Posts Tagged ‘ATM’

VEGA IMPACT IN OPTION PRICING FINAL PART :)

The Vega is highest in ATM option and slightly less at OTM and ITM options. The change in Implied Volatility will impact the most on the price of ATM option ascompared to the ITM and OTM options. The Implied Volatility can only impact the time value not the intrinsic value of the option so while comparing in betweenthe OTM and ITM options the OTM option’s Vega will be higher.

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The Impact of the Theta (time decay) to the Vega is negative. As the time passes if other thingremain unchanged the Vega decrease near to the expiration. As stated above the Vega valueis the most at ATM options and near to expiration the time value get decreased so does theVega. This is also called as Vega decay.

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The graph display that keeping all factors same(Volatility, price of underlying) the ATM Strikeoption of nifty the Vega on decreasing mode as it comes near to the expiration. When thedays left for expiration is 24days the Vega is 5.521 and 4.366 when it only 15 days are leftwhereas it is only 1.128 on the last day.There are various volatility strategies which options traders execute at the times of high/lowvolatility.

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For example, during times of earnings, elections or other major events thevolatility generally raise and to capture this opportunity the trader or investor buy strangle/straddle which is Vega positive strategy.Many traders time to time require adjusting their position to reduce the risk exposure in the market. This can be done by various ways it can be either adjustingvega with decreasing theta or adjusting vega with increasing the theta. If there is a large movement expected in the market then a buy call or put, debit spread,long strangle and long strangle adds the vega to the position but there will be risk of theta decay whereas on sideways market long ATM butterfly and long ATMcondor decrease the Vega as well as theta in the position.

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If the goal is to increase the vega and theta then the calendar spread, double calendar and Iron condorstrategy should be added to the portfolio whereas the sell iron condor, ATM Calendar and sell call or put are vega negative and theta positive strategies.In nutshell, the option trader/investor should understand the risks involved in it before entering into the trade and how the volatility impacts the position.Before entering into a trade one must have view about the direction and volatility. If there is an expectation of rise in volatility then long strangle, long straddle,debit spread, ratio and calendar spread should be followed whereas in expectation of fall in volatility one should go for short straddle, short strangle, creditspread, backspread and butterfly spread.

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Default On Even One?? Face Blocking of All Your Credit Cards :)

Banks to block all credit cards for default on one

Banks to block all credit cards for default on one

Due to severe measures being adopted by the banks, the comfort of using either of the multiple credit cards owned by the customer in case they default on making payments for even one will now not be allowed as the banks have now amended their credit card terms and conditions.

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Additionally, ICICI Bank already informed its customers about the change, coming into effect from October 5.

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Moreover, according to the new terms, if a customer holds two or more cards and fails to pay in one of the card accounts, the bank can block the credit limit as made available to the card member under all other ICICI Bank’s card accounts.

Also they will pull out such privileges/ benefits as made available under all such card accounts, till such time the defaulting card account is regularized by the card member.

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In addition, banks also authorized themselves with a tool that allows them to ask employers to subtract the outstanding amount from the salary while employees who may have defaulted on payment cannot object to this deduction of dues at source.

On the other hand, such deductions will be submitted to the bank and continued till the entire dues are recovered.

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Moreover the revised terms and conditions state no law or contract governing either the card holder or employers stops the bank from seeking such deduction and subsequent payment by the employer to the bank.

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The country’s largest private sector lender, ICICI Bank, has already informed its customers about the change, coming into effect from October 5, while other banks will soon follow the suit.