Posts Tagged ‘agro commodities’

COMMODITY WEEKLY COMMENTARY 4th – 8th October

Once again international gold prices tested their new highs last week as prices breached the psychological level of $1300 and silver marked the 30 year high on COMEX division. However local gold prices were mostly remained sideways during the week amid stronger rupee and profit booking which limited the upside in prices.

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Nevertheless, silver once again overshadowed gold movements and surged high to claim 33000 mark on MCX. In base metal pack copper along with nickel, zinc and lead started the week with positive energy but dull economic data from U.S and Europe economies pressurized the prices in later part. However improved Chinese  manufacturing data once again underpinned the prices and supported copper and nickel to end the week in green zone.


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Earlier, shanghai copper dropped to its lowest in more than a month last week as China’s move to curb property prices dented sentiment, but losses were limited by improving demand prospects and ongoing weakness in the dollar. In energy counter crude oil settled up last week helped by data showing a drop in U.S. crude and product inventories.


Further fall in dollar index also helped the prices to move up. U.S. crude stocks fell 475,000 barrels last week, data from the Energy Information Administration showed. U.S. distillate inventories fell by 1.27 million barrels in the week to Sept. 24, counter to analyst expectations for a 300,000 barrel build.


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In agro commodities spices pack witnessed see saw moves during the week and remained volatile. Pepper futures ended the week with negative impression amid weak exports and low trading activity. As per Spices Board data, pepper exports from India have gone down by 5% in volume term during April-August 2010 as compared to same period last year. Jeera futures also traded on a negative note during the week on extended selling pressure backed by weak domestic and export demand. Expectations of rise in acreage under jeera crop this season have also supported the down side.

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In oil seeds section soya bean and mustard remained under pressure as factors like bumper soya crop expectation and pick up in fresh arrivals to the spot market led the market to show a negative trend. The chana futures traded on a positive note for most part of the week retreating from previous losses on fresh buying from retail sector.

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Weekly Update 20th – 24th September 2010

Global market rallied in the week gone by after Japan intervened in the currency market to weaken yen and Chinese and U.S. economic reports raised the confidence of global growth. Stocks rallied in Japan after it intervened in the currency market to stem the Yen appreciation. The yenweakened to 85.85 per dollar after climbing as high as 82.88 per dollar earlier inthe week, the strongest level since May 1995.

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Continuous reversal in Yen may leadto more investment in exporter companies in the region. The concerns overmoderate expansion in China got erased as the data showed that Industrial Production expanded 13.9 percent in August. The data gave optimism on global growth and led to rally in metals.

Consumer sentiment in U.S. fell to one year lowof 66.6 from 68.9 in August increasing the risk that consumer will cut back on theirpurchases.In India, RBI, in order to anchor inflationary expectations and as a step tocontinue the process of normalisation of the monetary policy instruments raisedborrowing costs for the fifth time this year.

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It raised Repurchase (repo) Rate to 6percent from 5.75 percent, and the reverse-repurchase rate to 5 percent from4.5 percent. It seems that for now, RBI has done enough to contain inflationarypressures and as the repo rate is the operative policy rate therefore thetransmission from policy rates to market rates has strengthened.

Going forward,we expect that RBI would give due weigh to the macro economic situation ratherthan only inflationary pressures before doing any adjustment in monetary policyinstruments.We expect the market to remain firm as even advance tax numbers were higherthan that of last year. Next week U.S. Federal Reserve is expected to give stimuluspackage in its meeting scheduled on 31st September seeing the worrisomesituation of high unemployment and weakness in construction activity asindicated by the latest Fed Beige book finding.

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With the positivity from the global front, we are steadily approaching near the alltime high zone and likely to extend the up move in the coming weeks withrequired consolidation for the sustainable move. Nifty has support between 5700-5550 and sensex between 19200-18800.Another round of quantitative easing by the fed amid falling dollar proved supportive to the bullions and once again lovable gold made life time high acrossthe bourses. Though it made life time high on MCX as well but upside was limiteddue to appreciation in local currency. Silver is also rocking on heavy investmentdemand. Even base metals recovered as many central banks maintained low borrowing cost but slow recovery is capping the upside of industrial metals. Evenfalling crude oil is indicating ambiguous trend. This week, bullions may see aconfident move further on fundamental and technical support.

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Nevertheless,appreciation in currency may lock the price movements to some extent on domestic bourses. FOMC meet regarding interest rate will provide further direction to commodities. Expect a volatile week for agro commodities as expiryof September contract is scheduled on Monday.

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COMMODITY WEEKLY COMMENTARY 6th-10th September 2010

International gold prices rose back above $1250 an ounce for the second time in a week, as government bonds ticked lower together with energy prices. Silver prices also touched a new 16-week high at $19.57 an ounce on international bourses while it made a life time high on MCX.

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Apart from bad economic news globally, a weak Rupee is also pushing up prices in India. Base metal pack also ended higher last week on positive manufacturing and improved jobless data from both China and US which pushed prices higher. However, lower dollar index also supported prices. After being top performer for many days, Nickel has marginally underperformed other base metals as inventories on LME increased. In energy counter, crude oil futures got jiggled in hands of both bulls and bears. Prices remained volatile for the week amid mixed fundamentals.

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On one hand, prices got support from improved economic data but upside was offset by building inventories. The positive sentiment was offset by the effect of the abysmal inventory status report.

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U.S commercial crude oil inventories increased by 3.4 million barrels from the previous week; at 361.7 million barrels. U.S. crude oil inventories are above the upper limit of the average range for this time of year. Total motor gasoline inventories decreased by 0.2 million barrels last week, and are above the upper limit of the average range.

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It was an action pack week for agro commodities in which they agro commodities saw big movements. Most of the spices closed on negative note bearing in mind the overseas weakness coupled with arrivals in some spices. Dip in Brazilian and Vietnamese pepper parity put pressure on Indian pepper as well and hence we saw two week continuous weakness. Similar to pepper, jeera futures also dragged down on dull spot trading. There was no respite for turmeric futures and they fell like nine pins for straight seven week on low stock buying amid the news of increase in acreage in Andhra Pradesh.

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Cardamom was sideways, while chilli was marginally up on short covering tracking the firm spot markets. Due to strong arrivals in major mandies coupled with beginning of fresh sowing of kharif pulses, chana futures surrendered their previous gain to some extent. Timely arrival of monsoon in southern and western regions has improved the sowing activity. Selling intensified in oil seeds and edible oil on the back of better crop estimate together with weakness in overseas market. Damaged crops in Russia, Europe and Canada, boosting demand for U.S. supplies to make animal feed, food and fuel revived maize futures. Guar counter was up on lower level buying.

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Weekly Update 26th – 30th July 2010

The markets witnessed good buying in the week gone by as the corporates from U.S. to Europe showed good performance raising the confidence in the strength of the global economic growth. Continuous buying by the foreign institutions and the strength in the developed markets helped stocks to scale 29 months high. U.S. Fed chief Ben S. Bernanke said that central bank would take additional action if the world’s largest economy does not continue to improve.

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European Banks Stress test result showed that from a sample of 91 European banks, representing 65% of the European market in terms of total assets, 7 banks would see their Tier 1 capital ratios fall below 6%. The focus of the test was mainly to assess the ability of the banks to absorb possible shocks on credit and market risks, including sovereign risks over a 2 years horizon, until the end of 2011. The test revealed that the aggregate Tier 1 ratio, used as a common measure of banks’ resilience to shocks, under the adverse scenario would decrease from 10.3 percent in 2009 to 9.2 percent by the end of 2011 (compared to the regulatory minimum of 4 percent and to the threshold of 6 percent set up for this exercise). However investors are still ambiguous about the credibility of the test as it ignores the majority of banks’ holdings of sovereign debt assuming a case of no default by Greece or any other European country.

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India Inc. has so far shown good performance. The net profit of 339 companies that have declared results has grown by 25.5 percent and sales have shot up by 17.8 percent compared to corresponding quarter last year. The annual monsoon rains improved 24 percent from the deficit in the previous week, but were still 17 percent below normal in the week to 21July 2010, as per the data of the India Meteorological Department on Thursday, 22 July 2010. The seasonal monsoon rains during 1 June to 22 July 2010 were 12 percent below normal.

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The expectation of another 25bps hike in policy rates has already been built in the market. Market would take a cue from what RBI says in its monetary policy on 27th July about the health of domestic market and the steps in its act of balancing growth while anchoring inflationary expectations.

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Trend of Indian Stock Markets is up since a month and now the world markets are also participating in the rally. The rise in Base metal commodities is giving more steam to the rally as that is a reflection of increasing demand for metals in the industry. Nifty has support between 5315-5250 levels and Sensex between 17700- 17500 levels.

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Better than expected earnings amid optimistic equity market bestowed the much needed direction to the commodity market and thus it headed for biggest gain since March. In the meantime, dollar is going down and likely to trade in a negative territory as investors are moving back to the risky asset, which is appearing more promising in current context. Gold is narrating the same story and it is moving in a range with downside bias. Gold silver ratio has declined as silver outperformed gold, getting support from terrific rise in base metals prices. Energy complex has ignored the negative news and shore up on better results and strong technicals. But yes, it’s a time to book profit in spices as they are overbought now, especially pepper.

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Weekly Update 19th – 23rd July 2010

The concerns over recovery in global economy resurfaced in investors mind as China economy grew 10.3 percent in the second quarter showing moderation from 11.9 percent expansion in the first quarter. In U.S., consumer confidence dropped in July to the lowest level in the year to 66.5 from 76 in previous month and factory output too fell by 0.4 percent in June.

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The minutes released by the office of the Federal Reserve said that “The economic outlook had softened somewhat and a number of members saw the risks to the outlook as having shifted to the downside”. The statement and weak data only added to the worries and led to the decline in most of the global markets.

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India’s Industrial Production growth came surprisingly low to 11.5 percent in May from a year earlier and the April growth was revised downward to 16.5 percent from 17.6 percent. It is expected that the Industrial Production will remain close to double digits as some of the leading indicators like vehicle sales remained buoyant in June.

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Keeping a vigil on the liquidity and in order to ensure smooth credit lines for both government and corporate to sustain the growth momentum, RBI has further extended the second liquidity adjustment facility (SLAF) on a daily basis till July 30, 2010. Strong credit growth in Banking system and Industrial production together with high food inflation may influence RBI to raise policy rates by another 25 bps in its first quarter review on 27th July.

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The latest statement by the IMD that the monsoon up to 15 July has so far been 14 percent below the long period average is a cause of concern.July, especially being the most important month for sowing the Kharif crops has led to the alteration of earlier beliefs that going ahead food inflation will moderate.

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Mostly world markets are in downtrend though Indian stock market is still in uptrend. The base metal commodities are not able to rise which is showing the underlying uncertainty in the markets. One should be cautious in such markets.

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Nifty has support between 5280-5220 levels and Sensex between 17600-17400 levels.Indian markets have gone up substantially in last one and half month and dollar index has fallen sharply from higher levels but the Indian rupee has not moved much which is a sign of concern as rupee should have strengthened in such an environment.

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Lack of clarity with reference to the direction of world economy is painting a hazy picture for commodity market. Even uncertain outcome of economic releases and result of second quarter is giving little direction to the commodities. Investors are refraining to make large position in current situation. This week, we have important data form UK and Canada. Housing data can give further direction to base metals. Bullions can trade in a slim spread. Expiry of July contract in NCDEX may result in more volatility in all agro commodities. After witnessing a multi week high some spices may see a pause in rally.

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Weeekly Update 17th – 21st May

Global markets saw a sigh of relief with the start of new week after the European Union unveiled a 750 billion-euro ($949 billion) financial assistance program backed by European Central Bank bond purchases aimed to prevent a broader sovereign-debt crisis in the region. But thereafter could not build onto the gains as it was felt that the rescue plan may not help in averting a slowdown in the region. The concerns from developed nations to developing nations like china continued to cast a dark shadow on the investors mind. Chinese market went into a bear market on the concerns that the government will make borrowing dearer to check spiraling inflation & growth.

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With the fallout of European crisis it is widely believed that the central banks may not adopt tighter monetary policies with the fragile recovery. Chief of Indian central bank said that he plans to raise interest rates in a calibrated way given the risks to global growth. The belief led to a rally in the interest rate sensitive’s like Realty, auto & consumer durables in the domestic markets.

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Whereas the growth concerns continued to punish sectors like metal & oil.

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However safe heavens like gold & bond markets continued to see money coming in with investors seeking for safe shelters.

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Continued double digit growth i.e. 13.5% in march in Industrial production for the sixth consecutive month has mirrored one clear thing that India per se is on strong footing if compared to any part of world. Planning commission chief Montek singh ahluwalia saying that government is working out a 500 billion rupee fund to improve the infrastructure, is making our belief strong that infrastructure sector will see a robust growth in India over the long period.

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Trend of all world stock markets is still down and even a strong rally of Monday could not bring much relief as the markets gave up the rally in later part of the week on the back of weaking Euro and uncertainity in Europe. Neither the base metal commodities nor Crude is able to rally which shows lack of strength in the rally in stock markets. Nifty faces resistance between 5100-5200 levels and Sensex between 17000-17500 levels.

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The underlying unease over health of EU economy has room for more buying in bullions. At the same time bullions are paying no attention to dollar index the way they used to in general. Inflation in China, which is on 18 months highs, is indicating further monetary tightening, which may weigh on commodity prices in future. Overall trend of base metals and energy may remain weak, however, lower level buying cannot be denied in between. Important data from Japanese economy front may also give further direction to base metals and energy. On agro commodities front, they may remain volatile before expiry.

Weekly Update 3rd- 7th May 2010

The week started on a positive note on the back of good global tidings. Markets worldwide have gained after Greece decided to tap into the EU- IMF loan, but the rally could not be sustained and fell like nine pins as heightened sovereign debt troubles in Europe sent global markets in a bit of a tizzy.

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On the global front, FOMC maintained the target range for the federal funds rate at 0 to 1/4 percent as the economy is still seeing high unemployment, modest income growth, employers reluctance to add to payrolls & bank lending contraction. It said that it would continue to monitor the economic outlook and financial developments and would employ its policy tools as necessary to promote economic recovery and price stability. Japan saw unemployment rate climbing to five percent indicating job rebound may moderate. Europe equity markets fell after Standard & Poor’s downgraded three Eurozone members.

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Investors withdrew money from the Europe equity funds & debt funds saw net inflow. Closer home too, markets witnessed volatility as traders rolled over their positions in the derivatives segment from the April 2010 series to the May 2010 series. On the flip side the Q4 March 2010 corporate earnings announced so far have been good with net profit of a total of 441 companies rose 28.70% to Rs 29125 crore on 36.40% rise in sales to Rs 249959 crore in the quarter ended March 2010 over the quarter ended March 2009. The IMF is optimistic about the growth of Indian Economy. It has estimated that India’s $1.2 trillion economy will expand 8.8% this year and 8.4% next year, higher than it projected in January. While RBI expects India’s economy to expand 8% in the year ending March 2011 (FY 2011) with an upward bias expecting normal monsoon this year and sustenance of good performance of the industrial and services sectors on the back of rising domestic and external demand. The IMD has predicted normal monsoons in 2010 at 98% of Long Period Average subject to an error of (+/- 5%). Besides the passing of the Finance Bill 2010 by FM on Thursday with some minor changes in tax proposals may boost sentiment as the government has pledged to the path of fiscal consolidation rather than political opportunism.

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Overall the world markets were quite volatile in the week gone by with wild swings on both sides. Shanghai and Hang Seng could not recover from the fall though other markets recovered. Base metals also took a sharp correction. The strength in the stock markets is there more in cash stocks rather than front line heavy weight index stocks. Nifty has support between 5200-5150 levels & Sensex between 17400-17300 levels.

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Recent moves in commodities are showing that they are moving in different directions. It is indicating the state of uncertainty, where commodities are moving on their own fundamentals. Safe haven buying may keep gold in upper range. While after a steep fall, base metals may try to trade in a range.

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Approaching summer demand amid availability of ample crude stocks can keep crude oil in a range. Some agro commodities viz., pepper, jeera, chilli, cardamom, mentha etc., may surge on good overseas as well as domestic demand.