Archive for the ‘Monsoon’ Category

ZONEWISE AGROMET ADVISORIES

Monsoons are needed to nourish crops and supplywater for farming communities. The quantity of monsoons in India has increased in the last 50 years. This year the much awaited South-WestMonsoon has reached the Indian territorialwaters. Below written are presented some Zonewise Agromet Advisories by taking the major crops into consideration.

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NORTH WEST INDIA [J & K, H. P., UTTARAKHAND, PUNJAB, HARYANA, DELHI, UP, RAJASTHAN]

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•Weather conditions are favourable for sowing of summer green gram and black gram in Delhi, select varieties for – Green gram– Pusa Ratna, Pantmung 1, Samrat, SML-668, Pusa Vaisakhi, Pusa Vishal, Pusa 105, PDM-11, SML-32; for Black gram – Pusa 1,AjadUrd 2,NarenderUrd-1,T-9, P.D.U.-1.

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•Harvesting of the already matured mustard is advised in Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan and Delhi & Immediate threshing after drying is advised.Attack of painted bugwill bemore if crop is kept in the field for long time after harvest. Farmers are advised to plough the field deep in hot summer to destroy the various stages of pest under heat.

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EAST INDIA[ JHARKHAND, BIHAR , ORISSA ,WEST BENGAL & SIKKIM ]

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•In view of prevailing dry weather condition during last few weeks and also during next fewdays alongwith persisting high temperature, farmers are advised to apply light and frequent irrigation to the standing rabi crops in Bihar and Jharkhand.

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•As therewas excess rainfall during last twoweeks in Sikkim, farmers are advised to postpone irrigation to large cardamom, potato andmaize.

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•Due to high humidity and increased temperature in the flowering and fruiting stages, chilli may be infested with blight and die. Black depressed small black, circular spots are appeared on the skin of fruits. Two spraying any one of the fungicides like Carbendazim 50WP @ 1g or Saaf @ 2g / litre of water at 10 days intervals,when the disease symptoms are appeared.

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NORTH EAST INDIA[ARUNACHALPRADESH,NMM&T,ASSAM,MEGHALAYA]

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•Utilizing the recent pre-monsoon showers and expected rain, undertake sowing of the crops likemaize, jute,mesta and summer vegetables.

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•Fieldmust be ploughed and get ready for planting of ginger and turmeric inAssam.

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•To prevent Black Heart Disease in potatoes in Assam, it should not be stored and transit at high temperature (above 320C). The storage rooms should be well ventilated and bags should not be piled up very high.

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SOUTH INDIA[TN,AP, KERALA, KARNATAKA, LAKSHADWEEP,ANDAMAN&NICOBAR ISLANDS]

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•Light rainfall is expected in Brahmavar region; hence farmers are advised to take precautions in drying of pulse crops like green gram, black gram, cow pea and cashewnut etc.

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•Farmers in Central Dry zone of Karnataka are advised to apply irrigation to areca nut and coconut and pepper as temperature is increasing and to avoid sun scorching.

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WEST INDIA[GOA,MAHARASHTRA,GUJARAT]

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•Due to increase in temperatures summer chilli is likely to be infested by thrips & mites inMaharashtra, sprayMethyl dimeton 25 EC@15ml or Dimethoate 30 EC2 16 ml + Sulphur 80 %@20 g in 10 litreswater.

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•As dry weather prevailed during last week over the State and dry weather is likely to prevail during next fewdays, apply protective irrigation to the standing crops of Maharashtra. In view of persisting high temperature in East Vidarbha, farmers are advised to apply light and frequent irrigation to the standing crops.

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CENTRAL INDIA [M.P.,CHHATTISGARH]

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•Weather conditions are favourable for proper germination of maize to be grown for green cobs in Chattisgarh Plain zone.Hence, the farmerswho have assured irrigation facility are advised to complete the sowing of summer maize at the earliest.

(source: Indian Meteorological Department)

More Hybrid Varieties of Tur/Red Gram Set to Hit Market

Hello Friends here we come up with the Latest Agri Commodities updates from various parts of the country.

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More hybrid varieties of Tur/Red Gram set to hit market

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More hybrid varieties of Tur/Red Gram set to hit market

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The Hyderabad-based International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (Icrisat), a non-profit, non-political agricultural research organisation, is set to release three new hybrid varieties of pigeon pea (tur or red gram) for commercial multiplication by seed companies, a senior scientist said.

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“After the commercialization of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS)-based pigeon pea hybrid (ICPH 2671) two years ago, we have developed three more hybrid varieties.

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The test results are promising and we will give parental lines to seed companies for multiplication later this year,” CL Laxmipathi Gowda, Global Theme Leader, Crop Improvement and Management, Icrisat, told reporters.

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In Other major Commodities Update, there are news of Cane farmers in Maharashtra set to rake in at least Rs 4k crore of additional income in the current 2009-10 season and South India planters’ income dropping to Rs 1,479 cr.

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Cane farmers to reap bonanza

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Cane farmers in Maharashtra are set to rake in at least Rs 4,000 crore of additional income in the current 2009-10 season due to better prices paid by sugar mills.

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During the previous 2008-09 season (October-September), mills in the State crushed 400.27 lakh tonnes (lt) of cane and paid an average final rate of Rs 1,513 a tonne to growers at their farm-gate.

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That translated into a total income of Rs 6,056 crore for the farmers.

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For the ongoing season, total crushing is expected at 455 lt, with the final farm-gate price of cane averaging around Rs 2,250 a tonne.

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That would result in an income of Rs 10,237 crore or Rs 4,181 crore more than what was paid out in 2008-09, said Mr Prakash Naiknavare, Managing Director, Maharashtra State Cooperative Sugar Factories Federation.

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South India planters’ income drops Rs 1,479 cr:

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Going by the production figures and prices for coffee, tea, rubber, pepper,cardamom and vanilla, the plantation owners earned a total of Rs 14,834.84 crore in 2008.

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In 2009, it dropped to Rs 13,355.51 crore.

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Plantation industry sources said the data on the lower income for the growers do not take into account the rise in production costs.

This means, the plantation sector, as a whole, could have taken a bigger hit.

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The drop in rubber production has been a big drag on the income of the planters, who had to cope with Rs 10 a kg fall in prices.

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The average price in 2009 was Rs 97.56 a kg against Rs 107.74 in 2008.

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Currently, rubber prices average over Rs 130 a kg.

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Rajasthan Exempts VAT on Sugar

Hello Friends here we come up with the Latest Agri Commodities updates from various parts of the country.

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Rajasthan exempts VAT on sugar

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Rajasthan exempts VAT on Sugar:

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Now sugar would be cheaper by Rs 2 in Rajasthan.

Rajasthan government has decided to exempt VAT on imported sugar in the state till June 30.

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This will help in reining the spiralling sugar prices in a week’s time.

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“The state imposes 4% VAT on sugar. With this exemption, the prices will go down by Rs 160 per quintal,’ says a government official.

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According to Indian Sugar Mills Association, the world sugar economy is facing significant gap between world consumption and production for the second consecutive year.

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The first revision of the world sugar balance for October 2009 to September 2010 puts world production at 159.887 million tonnes, raw value, up by 6.911 million tonnes or 4.5% from the last season.

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The global use of sugar is expected to reach 167.134 mn tonnes.

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Therefore, the world statistical deficit is expected to reach 7.247 million tonnes as against 8.404 million tonnes projected in September 2009.

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Sugar Trade Association of Rajasthan secretary Ballabh Kabra said that this decision can make way for sugar mills to buy imported sugar. “This is the first step to cool down the prices.

We are waiting for government’s nod for importing sugar on our own.

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Sugar prices in Rajasthan are hovering around Rs 41- 43 a kg.

Apart from 4% VAT, sugar attracts mandi tax of 1.6% and an entry tax of 0.25% in Rajasthan,” he said.

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In Other major Commodities Update, we have news about the easing of food prices in coming days as signaled by the Food and Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar.

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Food prices to ease next fiscal: Pawar

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Food prices are expected to decline in the next fiscal on the back of higher farm output and the only worry then for the government would be on storage, Food and Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar has said.

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He, however, said that the country would remain import dependent when it came to pulses and edible oils for the next 10 years.

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On the possibility of prices coming down in the next financial year beginning April one, Pawar told in an interview to a news channel: “100 per cent”.

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In 2011-12 the problem which the government of India will have to worry about (is) what to do and where to store”.

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Food inflation touched 17.40 per cent for the week ended January 16 on account of high prices of vegetables and pulses.

On controlling prices of pulses, the minister said.

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Spices Exports to Cross $1 billion: V.Kurien

Hello Friends here we come up with the Latest Agri Commodities updates from various parts of the globe and country.

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Spices Exports to Cross $1 billion

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Spices exports to cross $1 billion: Kurien

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Spices exports from India will cross the $1-billion mark in the current financial year, according to VJ Kurien, chairman of the Spices Board.

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Till December, the country had exported spices worth $830 million, despite the economic recession.

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Addressing a press conference here, Kurien said in the first half of the current year, the export sector was in troubled waters due to the economic downturn.

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But, exports of chilli, coriander, mint and value-added spices picked up later, he said.

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At present, the demand from these countries is largely met through European re-sellers and the board plans to attract buyers from these countries to sourcing markets in India.

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Kurien said the Spices Park at Puttady in Idukki district of Kerala would commence operation in the first week of March.

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In Other major Commodities Updates we can read about palm oil prices growing at a weaker pace and about the starting of Wheat e-auction for open mkt sale from February.

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Palm oil prices likely to recover at weaker pace:

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Palm oil prices, which have lost about 8% so far this year, are expected to grow at a weaker pace as rival soyoil eats into the vegetable oil market following a bumper US and South American soybean crop.

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Benchmark crude palm oil futures on the Bursa Malaysia Derivatives Exchange hit an all-time record of 4,486 ringgit in early March 2008 and then tumbled  to a low of 1,331 ringgit in October the same year at the height of the financial crisis.

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It is now trading 44% below record levels.

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Indonesia, the world’s top palm oil producer has projected output in 2010 to reach 23 million tonnes, up from 21 million tonnes last year.

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Malaysia, the world’s No. 2 palm oil producer, may see production increase by 3.4%, to 18.1 million tonnes this year, on the weaker impact of the El Nino weather condition, which usually brings drier weather.

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A free trade agreement between China and the 10-member Association of South East Asian Nations will see China’s import tariffs for palm oil cut to zero and 5% by January 2018 from eight and 9%.

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Wheat e-auction for open market sale to start from February:

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The government has decided to sell its excess wheat stocks through e-auction by the Food Corporation of India (FCI) from February.

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The e-auction intends to cut down prices of wheat offered under the open market sale scheme (OMSS) by reducing transaction cost.

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Banks Warned Regarding Insurance to Farmers

Hello Friends here we come up with the Latest Agri Commodities updates from various parts of the country.

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Banks Warned Regarding Insurance to Farmers

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Banks Warned Regarding Insurance to Farmers:

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Severe action will be taken against banks if they adjust the amounts payable to farmers under crop insurance scheme (Rs. 801 crore) and input subsidy (Rs. 600 crore), against their old loan dues.

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Collectors have been asked to convene meetings of district level bankers’ committees to warn them against withholding these sums, affecting sowing of fresh crops.

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Also, they have been asked to take steps for re-scheduling of crop loans in 1,068 mandals declared as affected by drought or floods.

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The conference also decided to provide road connectivity to all SC and ST habitations with Rs 1,200 crore available for the purpose, begin procurement of kharif produce to build up buffer stocks for subsidizsd schemes.

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Mr Rao said a decision was taken to announce a new tribal policy aiming at empowerment of the tribals.

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In Other major Commodities Updates we can read that retail prices have sugar have started showing some signs of moderation in the national capital of the country.

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Retail sugar prices moderate in Delhi, high in other cities:

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In some good news for consumers, retail prices of sugar which have climbed by more than Rs 6 per kg since January 1 have shown some signs of moderation at least in the national capital Delhi, which has been bearing the brunt of the price spike.

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Latest data from food and consumer affairs ministry shows that retail sugar prices in the capital, which had risen to almost Rs 47 per kg around January 15 has dropped by Rs 2 per kg to Rs 45 in the last couple of days.

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In other major cities though there is hardly any big change.

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In Jammu, government data showed that retail sugar prices have climbed by Rs 8 per kg since January 11, while in Lucknow prices have hardened by Rs 6 and in Jaipur, Aizwal and Dehradun prices have moved by whopping Rs 9 to Rs 10 per kg since January 11.

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Jaggery(Gur) – “The Medicinal Sugar” Part 1

Hello Friends here we come up with another write up on “Commodity Corner Series”.

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Jaggery(Gur) - "The Medicinal Sugar" Part 1

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Here we would touch upon the aspects related to the commodity “Jaggery” also termed as a “Gur”.

We would also read about how it is formed, what is the market scenario of this commodity, current price value and production volume of jiggery in India.


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Jaggery (Gur) is a coarse, unrefined sugar that has been made from sugar cane juice.

It is the natural mixture of sugar and molasses.

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Formation:


This is considered unrefined and is produced by boiling raw sugar cane or palm juice in iron pans.

It is then formed into blocks.


As it does not go through additional processing, it does retain some of the natural vitamins and minerals of the ingredients used, though boiling the juice does deplete some of these.

Many people do consider jaggery healthier than more refined sugar since it is less stripped of natural nutrients.


This may be eaten in small slices alone as a dessert, or it may be combined with spices to make a variety of Indian desserts and candies.

Jaggery is most often available in cake form, and ranges from fairly crumbly to nearly rock-hard.

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Market Scenario:


It is popular throughout southern and Southeast Asia.

Maharashtra is India’s largest producer and consumer of gur, with even a dedicated agricultural export zone.

Anakapalle is the biggest jaggery market yard in Andhra Pradesh and it caters to Orissa,West Bengal, Assam and other states besides Andhra Pradesh.

The major spot market is at the major terminal markets including Muzaffarnagar and Hapur.

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Price-production Factor:


In 2009, the journey of gur futures at the NCDEX counter started at Rs.750 and is now ruling at Rs. 1100 per quintal.

These surges in prices have been influenced by the high sugarcane rates.


In 2008-09 season, which ended in September, some gur-making units in UP have paid as high as Rs 250-260 a quintal for sugarcane compared to Rs 150-155 a quintal by sugar mills, as the cane production was lower in the state.


Steep fall in production in the northern markets such as Uttar Pradesh and also in the South Karnataka has contributed to the price rise here.

Even in the other markets in AP, such as Nidadavolu in West Godavari, production has fallen drastically.


Drought in the State and uncongenial climate in the northern States were some of the contributory factors to the steep fall in production.

The sugarcane yields in Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, and East Godavari districts had fallen due to drought conditions and the recovery was also poor this year.


The festival demand for jaggery is strong all over the country thanks to Pongal festival in Tamil Nadu and Makara Sankranti in the northern and western regions.

It is nearly 56% over last year, largely due to dip in sugarcane availability.


Farmers are selling more cane to gur-making units as they pay higher than sugar mills.

The production in India is expected increase to 8.2 million tonnes in the 2009-10 season on higher prices.

Gur price has outpaced sugar price and as a result more sugarcane would be diverted for making gur during the ensuing 2009-10 season (October-September).

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In next blog we would read about the Karnatka Govt initiative of setting up a Jaggery park at Mandya, the country’s fourth largest jaggery market.

Stay Tuned 🙂

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Govt Sells 0.3 Million Tonne Wheat in Open Market

Hello Friends here we come up with the Latest Agri Commodities updates from various parts of the country.

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Govt Sells 0.3 Million Tonne Wheat in Open Market

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Govt Sells 0.3 mt Wheat in Open Mkt:

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The government’s move to sell excess wheat stocks to bulk buyers for reducing retail price of wheat and wheat flour finally taken off after months of delay.

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Private bulk buyers have purchased 0.3 million tonne (mt) of wheat under the Open Market Sale Scheme (OMSS) from Food Corporation of India (FCI), till now.

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It marks a substantial amount given that less than 50,000 tonne were bought by bulk users ever since the scheme was launched in October 2009.

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Besides this, another 0.54 million tonne of wheat has been approved for sale to bulk users by the high-level committee set up to oversee the sale of government wheat.

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In Other major Commodities Updates we can read about Government officials lauding BT cotton for generating higher yeild.

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Govt official lauds Bt cotton:

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Genetically modified cotton — commonly termed Bt cotton has been a blessing, according to a senior government official.

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The country has generated an additional income of Rs 10,000 crore to Rs 12,000 crore annually because of its higher yield, J N Singh, joint secretary in the Union textiles ministry, told Business Standard.

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According to official figures, 80 per cent of the overall cotton crop is from Bt seeds.

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The area under Bt cotton has been growing between four and five per cent a year, more so in region with irrigation facilities.

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Bt cotton is, however, unlikely to replace conventional cotton completely, especially in rain-fed regions like Vidarbha, Singh added.

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🙂

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