Archive for the ‘income’ Category

CIL sets IPO record; to list on Nov 4

India’s IPO market created history on Thursday with state-owned Coal India share issuer in the becoming the biggest country, beating Reliance Power’s 2008 initial public offering.

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At the time of going to press, the CIL issue was subscribed 15.26 times, collecting Rs 2,36,113.28 crore. The shares will debut on the market on November 4, a day before Muhurat trading that marks Diwali.

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Responding to late rush from retail investors, the company postponed the close of the issue to 9 pm.

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At the upper end of the band, CIL will be the seventh biggest Indian company by market cap, after ONGC, State Bank of India, TCS, Reliance Industries, Infosys Technologies and NTPC, based on Thursday’s closing price. CIL’s Rs 15,474 crore IPO has overtaken Reliance Power’s Rs 11,700 crore issue.

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Buoyant demand from retail and wealthy investors on the final day added to the strong response from institutional buyers. This also signalled success for the government’s upcoming share sales.

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Retail investors, who often take cues from institutions in IPOs, had put in bids for shares 1.44 times or for 28,60,44,375 shares. Retail investors will get a five per cent discount on the final issue price.

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Wealthy individuals had separately bid for 13.89 times the shares available for them.

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Bidding for the mega IPO closed on Wednesday for qualified institutional buyers, including foreign institutional investors, mutual funds and insurance firms. And for the portion reserved for them, the issue was over subscribed by 24.70 times, lead by FIIs.

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The IPO has generated a demand of 493,38,72,050 shares from FIIs. Calculated at the upper end of the price band, this demand is worth Rs 1,20,879.86 crore and at the lower end worth Rs 1,11,012.12 crore. Even at the low end, the demand surpasses the record Rs 1.08 lakh crore pumped in by FIIs into the capital
market.

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India’s largest new issue came amid a flurry of big deals in Asia.

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At the top of its price range, Coal India would be valued at 15.7 times trailing earnings. The issue also got the highest demand for an Indian issue, helped by qualified institutional buyers.

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The demand from QIBs for CIL was at Rs 1,73,398 crore with 100 per cent application amount, compared with Rs 1,88,923 crore with 10 per cent margin for Reliance Power IPO. In case of Reliance Power, the QIB portion was covered 30.68 times.

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“The response to Coal India IPO, from all classes of investors, has surpassed even the most optimistic predictions. It has caught even the biggest optimists by surprise,” SMC Global Securities strategist Jagannadham Thunuguntla said in a note.

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He said the response puts the government on target to achieve its divestment target of Rs 40,000 crore in fiscal 2011 and even exceed it if other issues like the follow-on offering of Power Grid, Steel Authority of India, ONGC, Shipping Corporation of India, Indian Oil Corporation and IPO of Manganese Ore fall in place.

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The government, which has collected Rs 17,500 crore from public issues, including Coal India, may raise its divestment target and get over Rs 58,500 crore, SMC Capital added.

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At the upper end of price range, Coal India issue is worth Rs 15,474 crore and at the lower end it would fetch about Rs 14,211.81 crore.

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The upper band would also give it a market capitalisation of Rs 1.54 lakh crore ($34.7 billion).

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Meanwhile, the broader market recovered from a two-day slump and closed up 1.95 per cent at 20,260.58 points. Now all eyes will be on whether it will be a strong listing on the eve of Diwali.

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COMMODITY WEEKLY COMMENTARY 4th – 8th October

Once again international gold prices tested their new highs last week as prices breached the psychological level of $1300 and silver marked the 30 year high on COMEX division. However local gold prices were mostly remained sideways during the week amid stronger rupee and profit booking which limited the upside in prices.

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Nevertheless, silver once again overshadowed gold movements and surged high to claim 33000 mark on MCX. In base metal pack copper along with nickel, zinc and lead started the week with positive energy but dull economic data from U.S and Europe economies pressurized the prices in later part. However improved Chinese  manufacturing data once again underpinned the prices and supported copper and nickel to end the week in green zone.


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Earlier, shanghai copper dropped to its lowest in more than a month last week as China’s move to curb property prices dented sentiment, but losses were limited by improving demand prospects and ongoing weakness in the dollar. In energy counter crude oil settled up last week helped by data showing a drop in U.S. crude and product inventories.


Further fall in dollar index also helped the prices to move up. U.S. crude stocks fell 475,000 barrels last week, data from the Energy Information Administration showed. U.S. distillate inventories fell by 1.27 million barrels in the week to Sept. 24, counter to analyst expectations for a 300,000 barrel build.


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In agro commodities spices pack witnessed see saw moves during the week and remained volatile. Pepper futures ended the week with negative impression amid weak exports and low trading activity. As per Spices Board data, pepper exports from India have gone down by 5% in volume term during April-August 2010 as compared to same period last year. Jeera futures also traded on a negative note during the week on extended selling pressure backed by weak domestic and export demand. Expectations of rise in acreage under jeera crop this season have also supported the down side.

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In oil seeds section soya bean and mustard remained under pressure as factors like bumper soya crop expectation and pick up in fresh arrivals to the spot market led the market to show a negative trend. The chana futures traded on a positive note for most part of the week retreating from previous losses on fresh buying from retail sector.

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COMMODITY WEEKLY COMMENTARY 6th-10th September 2010

International gold prices rose back above $1250 an ounce for the second time in a week, as government bonds ticked lower together with energy prices. Silver prices also touched a new 16-week high at $19.57 an ounce on international bourses while it made a life time high on MCX.

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Apart from bad economic news globally, a weak Rupee is also pushing up prices in India. Base metal pack also ended higher last week on positive manufacturing and improved jobless data from both China and US which pushed prices higher. However, lower dollar index also supported prices. After being top performer for many days, Nickel has marginally underperformed other base metals as inventories on LME increased. In energy counter, crude oil futures got jiggled in hands of both bulls and bears. Prices remained volatile for the week amid mixed fundamentals.

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On one hand, prices got support from improved economic data but upside was offset by building inventories. The positive sentiment was offset by the effect of the abysmal inventory status report.

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U.S commercial crude oil inventories increased by 3.4 million barrels from the previous week; at 361.7 million barrels. U.S. crude oil inventories are above the upper limit of the average range for this time of year. Total motor gasoline inventories decreased by 0.2 million barrels last week, and are above the upper limit of the average range.

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It was an action pack week for agro commodities in which they agro commodities saw big movements. Most of the spices closed on negative note bearing in mind the overseas weakness coupled with arrivals in some spices. Dip in Brazilian and Vietnamese pepper parity put pressure on Indian pepper as well and hence we saw two week continuous weakness. Similar to pepper, jeera futures also dragged down on dull spot trading. There was no respite for turmeric futures and they fell like nine pins for straight seven week on low stock buying amid the news of increase in acreage in Andhra Pradesh.

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Cardamom was sideways, while chilli was marginally up on short covering tracking the firm spot markets. Due to strong arrivals in major mandies coupled with beginning of fresh sowing of kharif pulses, chana futures surrendered their previous gain to some extent. Timely arrival of monsoon in southern and western regions has improved the sowing activity. Selling intensified in oil seeds and edible oil on the back of better crop estimate together with weakness in overseas market. Damaged crops in Russia, Europe and Canada, boosting demand for U.S. supplies to make animal feed, food and fuel revived maize futures. Guar counter was up on lower level buying.

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PRICE INDEX “The Score Card”

The price index is an indicator of the average price movement over time of a fixed basket of goods and services. The objective is to monitor & measure the retail, wholesale or producer prices etc.

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Base Year for calculation: Presently WPI series compiled are — Assam (base 1993-94), Bihar (1991-92), Haryana (1980-81), Karnataka (1981-82), Punjab (1979-82), U.P.(1970- 71) and West Bengal (1980-81). The National Statistical Commission has recommended that base year should be revised every five year and not later than ten years. Step-wise introduction to compilation of WPI: Like most of the price indices, WPI is based on “Laspeyres formula” for reason of practical convenience. These steps are discussed in detail in the following sections:

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1) Concept of Wholesale Prices: It is the rate at which relatively large transaction of purchase, usually for further sale, is effected. The price pertaining to bulk transaction of agricultural commodities may be farm harvest prices, or prices at the village mandi /market of the Agricultural Marketing Produce Committee/ procurement prices, support prices.

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2) Choice of Base Year: The criteria for the selection of base year are (i) a normal year i.e. a year in which there are no abnormalities in the level of production, trade and in the price level and price variations, (ii) a year for which reliable production, price and other required data are available and (iii) a year as recent possible and comparable with other data series at national and state level.

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3) Selection of Items, Varieties/ Grades, Markets: The importance of an item in the free market will depend on its traded value during the base year. In agriculture commodities the selection of new items in the basket is done on the basis of increased importance in wholesale markets. In the existing WPI series, items, their specifications and markets have been finalized in consultation of with the Directorate of E&S (M/O Agriculture), National Horticulture Board, Spices Board,Tea board, Coffee Board and Rubber Board, Silk Board, Directorate Of Tobacco, Cotton Corporation of India etc.

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4) Derivation of Weighting Diagram: Weights of Agriculture commodities: These weights are based on the Marketed value (MV) arrived at by multiplying Marketed Surplus Ratio (MSR) to the estimates of Value of Production (VOP) of agricultural commodities.

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5) Collection of Prices: The collection of base prices is done concurrently while the work on finalization of index basket is on. Therefore, price collection is normally done for larger number of items pending finalization. Once the basket is ready, current prices are collected only as per the final basket from the designated sources. Weekly prices need to be collected for pre-determined day of the week. For the current series prices are quoted on the basis of the prevailing prices of every Friday.

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6) Treatment of prices collected from open market & administered prices: The issue of using administered prices for index compilation is resolved by taking into account appropriate ratio between the levy and non-levy portions. Where these ratios are not available, the issues can be resolved through taking the appropriate number of price quotations of the administered prices and the open market prices after periodic review.

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7) Classification structure: The classification is based on NIC renders the WPI data amenable to comparison with the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) and National Income data.

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8) Methodology of Index Calculation: In the first stage, once the price data are scrutinized, price relative for each price quote is calculated. Price relative is calculated as the ratio of the current price to the base price multiplied by 100 i.e. (P1/Po) X100. In the next stage, commodity/item level index is arrived at as the simple arithmetic average of the price relatives of all the varieties (each quote) included under that commodity. Next, the indices for the sub groups/groups/ major groups are compiled and the aggregationmethod is based on Laspeyres formula.

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9) Provisional Vs Final: The weekly indices are compiled after a short gap of two weeks only as compared to other indices, which are compiled on monthly basis. The WPI are, therefore released provisionally and final revised indices, incorporating all possible quotations, are released after a gap of two months.

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10) Data collection mechanism : At present data collection for WPI is solely based on voluntary basis. Price data pertaining to Primary articles and Fuel & petroleum products are mainly collected through administrative Ministries/ Department’s, PSU’s and state government departments. For ‘Manufactured products’, apart from some government sources, data collection is done through Chambers of Commerce, Trade Associations, Business Houses and leading Manufacturing Units.

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Weekly Update 30th August – 3rd September 2010

The global equity markets fell in the week gone by after a record plunge in U.S. home sales and slowing export growth in Japan raised concerns that developed economies are losing momentum. However losses in the equity markets were recouped during the end of the week when Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke said the U.S. central bank “will do all that it can” to safeguard the recovery and growth and stronger-than-forecast U.S. economic growth eased concern the world’s biggest economy will return to recession. According to the EPFR Global, risk aversion led global investors to put some $5.2 billion into bonds and withdrew a net $7.1 billion from equity funds worldwide.

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European Central Bank President Jean-Claude Trichet called for immediate fiscal austerity measures. He said that the lesson from past history is that dealing with the legacy of accumulated imbalances is not simply a duty to be fulfilled after the economic recovery, but rather an important precondition for sustaining a durable recovery.

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However he was skeptical of the argument that cutting back deficits now would risk derailing the recovery. Bank of Japan is expected to hold an emergency meeting next week to consider more monetary easing and Japan’s Prime Minister is expected to give economic stimulus package as strong appreciation in Yen to 15 year high against the dollar is threatening the export-led recovery.

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On the domestic front, RBI in its Annual Report said that the growth outlook for the current fiscal year is robust but inflation has emerged as a major concern. It said that it would remain committed to contain generalized inflationary pressures through its calibrated monetary policy based on careful assessment of risks to both inflation and growth.

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Going next week, investors will keep an eye over the GDP growth number for the first quarter of 2010-2011 to be released on 31st August. The expansion in the economy is expected to match up the growth of 8.6 percent seen in the last quarter of the fiscal 2009-2010. Stock specific activity, specifically in Auto and Cement stocks may not be ruled out as companies would be reporting monthly production numbers.

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In comparison to world indices, Indian markets are still in the better position as it fell marginally lower as comparised to global counterparts. On the weekly closing basis, dollar index is struggling around 83.50 levels which may trigger technical recovery across the board especially in the US and European markets. Accordingly, one should opt for staying long for the next week till our levels withhold. Nifty has support between 5350- 5300 and Sensex between 17800-17600 levels.

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Risk aversion in the financial markets may continue to keep the safe haven appeal of bullions intact. US GDP came slightly lower than previous figure but was better than expected. Fed comments to safe guard the US economy may extend some support to the base metals counter however the continued weakness in the housing and job sector may keep the upside capped. Fed commented that the central bank will act if “unexpected developments” cause the recovery to falter. Euro zone GDP and US housing data next week will guide the movement in crude oil and base metals pack in near term. Crude oil may trade choppy as marginal short covering can be witnessed in near term.

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In Agri pack bears may keep the selling pressure intact especially in spices complex. Oilseeds complex may witness an increased activity as the fundamental storyline in the global markets as well as in the domestic, have improved. India’s new business opportunity of soy meal export to Thailand & China’s strong export demand for U.S soybean crop coupled with strength in crude oil futures may provide psychological support to attract buying. Outflow of Potato stocks from UP cold storages and farmers eying the exports to Pakistan may provide some support to the prices.

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Weekly Update 24th – 28th May

Global markets nosedived after German financial regulator introduced a temporary ban on naked short selling and naked credit-default swaps of Euro-area government bonds to provide stability to the financial system from the excessive price movements. The move shattered the confidence among investors that the various efforts like 750 bn euro package to tackle the situation are not enough to stem the crisis.

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EU countries efforts to cut down on their deficits by reducing spending & increase in taxes may lead to contraction in the region. The situation poses a serious threat to US & World economy as it could lead to slide in world trade & economic growth.

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According to Emerging Portfolio Fund Research(EPFR), investors withdrew $12 billion from European & US equity funds in the week to May 19. In order to tighten the US finance industry regulation, the senate approved a bill to impose restriction on banks proprietary trading & to create a consumer protection agency having powers to write & enforce rule to ban abusive lending. In another development Fed raised the US growth estimates to a range of3.2% to 3.7% this year & lowered forecast for unemployment & inflation. The European crisis has not only hit hard the equity markets but also commodities as well. With the commodity prices coming down especially oil, it has somewhat reduced the inflationary pressures building up in the economies.

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RBI deputy governor Subir Gokaran said “cautious pace is the best way to go and that is the stance,” after the Global economy outlook changes in the last six weeks. One the domestic positive development for the Indian Government that happened was 3G auction. The government managed to garner close to Rs. 70,000 crore, double the amount it anticipated in the budget estimates. This extra money is likely to lift the pressure on the market borrowing and will give some extra room to the government  for the developmental purposes. For the time being the markets are expected to remain in pressure & will eye on the monsoon to gauge how Indian economy will behave in the rest of year as agriculture is the mainstay for the overall development.

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Overall trend of world stock markets is down though in the short term they are oversold and a bounce can be expected in the coming week which would be more of a relief rally. Till the European markets do not stabilize, the recovery might be short lived. One should be cautious in such markets. Nifty faces resistance between 5040-5120 levels and Sensex between 16800-17100 levels.

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Volatility in the global financial markets is expected to calm down in near term which will lead to some recovery in base metals and crude oil. European Union finance ministers pledged to stiffen sanctions on high-deficit countries and ruled out setting up a mechanism to manage state defaults. Bullions may continue to trade on weaker path as decline in safe haven status can keep the prices pressurized.

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Weakness in local currency has curtailed the volatility in bullions in domestic bourses to greater extent. Key economic releases like US GDP will set the course this week for base metals. Bulls may again take center stage in spices while oilseeds counter may try to find direction taking cues from CBOT and BMD. Wheat and Chana can trade in range with marginal buying.

Commodity Weekly Update

Fearing the worst, investors were heading their bets and turning to gold. Last week gold futures hit arecord high of $1,249.70 an ounce on COMEX division, a gain of nearly 20 percent since early February2010, as investors sought safety from turmoil in government bond markets and the risks of Greece’s debt crisis spreading to other countries.

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Domestic silver also kissed the crucial level of Rs.30, 000 per kg tailing the gains in international market. In base metals section, copper along with nickel and zinc slide in later part of the week as the investors continued to fret about China’s growth profile.

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Demand concerns within China, as world’s top copper consumer may try to curb inflation and cool its economy after data this week showed consumer inflation climbed to 18-month high in April. Also, gains in dollar index remain intact which capped the upside in future prices. In energy counter crude oil prices once again dragged down last week by economic concerns and rising U.S. petroleum inventories.

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The front month contract on NYMEX division had tested the lowest level since Feb. 12, 2010 and has erased more than $14 from a high of $87.15 hit on May 3, 2010, the highest in almost 19 months. Crude oil inventories at U.S. Cushing, Oklahoma hit a fresh record of 39 million barrels in the week to May 11, according to Genscape, an energy industry data provider. However natural gas witnessed some gains last week backed by short-covering after a government report showed a smaller-than-expected weekly inventory build.

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The U.S. Energy Information Administration report showed total domestic gas inventories rose 94 billion cubic feet to 2.089 trillion cubic feet for the week ended May 7.

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Most of the agro commodities caught up in the negative mood. Despite steep fall in production, guar complex surrendered its previous gain on the news of normal monsoon amid dull demand. Even spices were sideways to downwards on profit booking at higher levels, except pepper. The king of spices, pepper saw a smart recovery on raising quality issue by US for Vietnam pepper. Now Indian pepper has taken the center stage worldwide and demand has shifted towards India. Rally in turmeric appeared tired and traders preferred profit booking. Similarly, after witnessing a whopping rise in thecardamom prices last to last week, prices cooled down on profit booking.

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On the back of steady supply together with restricted supply propped up gur prices in both spot and future market. Range trading with downside bias noticed in oil seeds complex on mix fundamentals. Total vegetable oil imports in India during the April period were down 22% to 5.43 lakh tonnes on the account of ample stocks of vegetable oil at major ports. After making new contract low in recent trade chana futures were just trying to consolidate at lower levels. After a steep fall, mentha oil futures recovered marginally on short covering.