Archive for the ‘financial planning’ Category

IFRS: THE IMPACT ON INDIAN CORPORATE

International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) has gained huge momentum in recent years across the world as it is used as a universal financial  reporting language. Almost 100 countries have adopted it while few other countries have declared their willingness to adopt or converge with IFRS over the next two-three years.

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In the world of globalization, world has become more dependent on each other, which forces more and more countries to open their doors for businesses expansion across borders and to foreign investment. A large number of multi-national companies are establishing their businesses in various countries especially in emerging countries; as a result the companies in emerging countries are increasingly accessing the global markets to fulfill their capital requirement by getting their securities listed on the stock exchanges outside their country. Few Indian companies are also being listed on overseas stock exchanges, but different countries follow their own accounting frameworks, which create a great confusion for users of financial statements, finally it leads to inefficiency in capital markets across the world.

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Therefore, there is a requirement for a single set of high quality accounting standards that should be spoken by all of them across the globe, to meet the increasing complexity of business transactions and globalisation of capital, which has prompted many countries to go for convergence of national accounting standards with IFRSs.

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In this changing scenario, India cannot cut off itself from the developments taking place worldwide. At present, the Accounting Standards Board (ASB) of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) formulates Accounting Standards (ASs). Complex nature of IFRSs and the differences between the existing ASs and IFRSs, the ICAI is of the view that IFRSs should be adopted for the public interest entities such as listed entities, banks and insurance entities and largesized entities from the accounting periods beginning effect from April, 2011. Convergence to IFRS would mean India would join a league of more than 100 countries, which have converged with IFRS. Converging to IFRS by Indian companies will be very challenging and on the contrary it could also be rewarding too.

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Benefits to corporates in the Indian context World Class Peer Standards for Financial Reporting: IFRSs will surely enhance the comparability of financial information and financial performance with global peers and industry. This will result in more transparent financial reporting of a company’s activities which will benefit investors, customers and other key stakeholders in India and overseas. The adoption of IFRS is expected to result in better quality of financial reporting due to consistent application of accounting principles and improvement in reliability of financial statements.

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Investors: It will be a great help for those investors who wish to invest outside their own country and looking for a Financial statements, which prepared by using a common set of accounting standards IFRS provides them better comprehensible investment opportunities as opposed to financial statements prepared using a different set of national accounting standards. For better understanding of financial statements, global investors have to incur more cost in terms of the time and efforts to convert the financial statements so that they can confidently compare opportunities. Investors’ confidence would be well-built if accounting standards used are globally accepted. Convergence with IFRSs contributes to investors’ understanding and confidence in high quality financial statements.

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The industry: It will be easier to raise capital from foreign markets at lower cost if the industry can create confidence in the minds of foreign investors that their financial statements comply with globally accepted accounting standards. The burden of financial reporting is lessened with convergence of accounting standards because it simplifies the process of preparing the individual and group financial statements and thereby reduces the costs of preparing the financial statements using different sets of accounting standards.

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The accounting professionals: Convergence with IFRSs also create more business opportunity to the accounting professionals in a great way that they are able to sell their services as experts in different parts of the world, it offers them more opportunities in any part of the world if same accounting practices prevail throughout the world. They are able to quote IFRSs to clients to give them backing for recommending certain ways of reporting.

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Challenges to Indian Corporate Laws and regulations: There is a need to bring a change in several laws and regulations governing financial accounting and reporting system in India. In addition to accounting standards, there are legal and regulatory requirements that determine the manner in which financial information is reported or presented in financial statements.

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Lack of adequate professionals: There is a lack of adequate professionals with practical IFRS conversion experience and therefore many companies will have to rely on external advisers and their auditors.

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Replacement and Up gradation in systems: Conversion to IFRS will require extensive upgrades or total replacement of major system. With sufficient planning, upgrades and replacements can occur as part of the overall strategic technology planning and procurement process.

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.Convert historical data: Historical data from recent prior periods will have to be recast for comparative purposes. This is necessary to permit accurate and comparative trend and ratio analysis. Record retention requirements should be reviewed to ensure that data currently being retained is detailed enough to permit proper restatement of prior-period financials.

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Coordination of Conversion System: For many organizations, the conversion to IFRS will be a multi-year exercise with numerous changes to technology infrastructure and systems. Development of new technology systems should be carefully examined so IFRS requirements can be incorporated.

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Conclusion

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Convergence to IFRS will greatly enhance the transparency of Indian companies which will surely help them to project themselves in global map, which will help Indian companies benchmark their performance with global counterparts. But companies will need to be proactive to build awareness and consensus amongst investors and analysts to explain the reasons for this volatility in order to improve understanding, and increase transparency and reliability of their financial statements. However, the responsibility for enforcement and providing guidance on implementation vests with local government and accounting and regulatory bodies, such as the ICAI in India will play a vital role. The ICAI will have to make adequate investments and build infrastructure for awareness and training program.

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Successful implementation of IFRS in India depends on the regulator’s immediate intention to convert to IFRS and make appropriate regulatory amendments.

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HOW IMPORTANT IS INTEREST RATE?

Essentially, interest is nothing more than the cost someone pays for the use of someone else’s money. In India, an individual willing to purchase a home uses bank’s money (through a mortgage) and in return pays interest to the bank for the privilege or the credit card user borrows money for the short term in order to buy something right away. But the very question that comes to everyone’s mind is how to determine where the rates are heading & what impact will it have?

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So in order to find where the interest rates are heading all one needs to do is to look at the deposits & loans advances of the banks. If banks credit growth is more than its deposits then banks may raise the deposit rates or may increase the lending rates in order to match the asset & liability mismatch. When the Central Bank (RBI) feels that the credit growth has started picking up & is higher than its target levels, RBI tinkers with its policy rates gives signals to the commercial banks to review the interest rates be it on the deposit front or on the lending front.

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Effects of the rising interest rates On individuals

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The first indirect effect of an increased rate is that banks increase the rates that they charge their customers to borrow money. Individuals are affected through increases to credit card and mortgage interest rates, especially if they carry a floating interest rate. This has the effect of decreasing the amount of money consumers can spend. After all, people still have to pay their EMI’s, and when these installments become more expensive, households are left with less disposable income.

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On the Corporates financials

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Corporates too borrow money from banks to run and expand their operations. When the banks make borrowing more expensive, corporates may  not borrow at all or may not borrow at the same pace that they were doing when the rates were lower. Less business spending can slow down the growth of a company, resulting in decreases in profit.

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Even businesses are also indirectly affected as a result of the actions of the individual consumers as individuals are left with less disposable income which affects the company’s top & bottom lines (that is, revenue and profits). Apart from having an indirect affect businesses are affected in a more direct way as well.

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On GDP Growth

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The government essentially has two weapons in its arsenal to help guide the economy towards a path of stable growth without excessive inflation; monetary policy and fiscal policy. Fiscal policy comes from the government in the form of taxation and federal budgeting policies. While fiscal policy can be very effective in specific cases to spur growth in the economy, most market watchers look to monetary policy to do most of the heavy lifting in keeping the economy in a stable growth pattern. Monetary policy is defined as any action to limit or increase the amount of money that is circulating in the economy. That means the central bank (RBI) can make money easier or harder to come by, thereby encouraging spending to spur the economy and constricting access to capital when growth rates seem to be approaching unsustainable levels.

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Stock Price Effects

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Clearly, changes in the rates affect the behavior of consumers and business; hence the stock market is also affected. Remember that one method of valuing a company is to take the sum of all the expected future cash flows from that company discounted back to the present. To arrive at a stock’s price, take the sum of the future discounted cash flow and divide it by the number of shares available. This price fluctuates as a result of the different expectations that people have about the company at different times and are willing to buy or sell shares at different prices. If the company is seen as cutting back on its growth spending or is making less profit – either through higher debt expenses or less revenue from consumers then, the estimated amount of future cash flows will drop. All else being equal, this will lower the price of the company’s stock.

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Investment Effects

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With a lowered expectation in the growth and future cash flows of the company, investors will not get as much growth from stock price appreciation, making stock ownership less desirable. Furthermore, investing in stocks can be viewed as too risky as compared to other investments. When the central bank raises its rate, newly offered government securities, such T- bills and bonds, are often viewed as the safest investments and will usually experience a corresponding increase in interest rates. In other words, the “risk-free” rate of return goes up, making these investments more desirable.

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Conclusion

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We should keep in mind, however, that these factors and results are all interrelated. What we described above are very broad interactions, which can play out in innumerable ways. Interest rates are not the only determinant of stock prices and there are many considerations that go into stock prices and the general trend of the market – an increased interest rate is only one of them. Therefore, one can never say with confidence that an interest rate hike will have an overall negative effect on stock prices.

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Stay Tuned for More Updates :)

NEWS ROUND UP 22nd – 26th March

Hello Friends here we come up with the News Round Up from various categories.

Economy

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·The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) unexpectedly raised interest rates from record-low levels for the first time since it began cutting in 2008, citing intensifying inflationary pressures and a steady economic recovery. The central bank raised the repo rate, the rate at which it lends to banks to 5.00 percent from 4.75 percent and reverse repo rate, the rate which it absorbs funds from the system to 3.50 percent from 3.25 percent with immediate effect.

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·India’s Wholesale price inflation accelerated to 9.89 percent in February from a year ago, above the Reserve Bank of India’s end March projection of 8.5 percent and higher than the 8.56 percent level recorded in January this year.

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·India’s food price index rose 16.30 percent in the 12 months to March 6, while the fuel index was up 12.68 percent. The rise in the food price index was lower than an annual rise of 17.81 percent in the previous week.

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Pharmaceutical

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·Elder Pharmaceuticals had increased its stake in Bulgarian subsidiary Elder Biomeda AD to 61 per cent from the present 51 per cent, as part of its strategy to strengthen its presence in the European market. The Rs 600- crore turnover Elder Pharma did not disclose the deal size. In April 2008, Elder had formed Biomeda AD in Bulgaria, to acquire three Bulgarian healthcare companies belonging to the local Biomeda group.

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Metal

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·Welspun Gujarat Stahl Rohren unit will acquire a 75 per cent stake in MSK Projects, marking its foray into infrastructure. Welspun will invest a total of Rs 400 crore, of which Rs 200 crore will be infused directly into MSK.

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Realty/ Construction.

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·Punj Lloyd has bagged a project worth $40 million (nearly Rs 181 crore) from Abu Dhabi Gas Industries (GASCO) for infrastructure related works.

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The company has secured a letter of award for engineering, procurement and construction works in UAE from GASCO.

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·Subhash Projects & Marketing has bagged two orders worth Rs 475.34 crore for infrastructure related works. The company, along with Kirloskar Brothers Ltd, has bagged a contract worth Rs 439.35 crore from Bangalore Water supply Sewerage Board for civil and electromechanical works.

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·· Hindustan Construction Company (HCC) acquired a controlling stake in Swiss real estate firm Karl Steiner AG in an all-cash deal for around Rs 150 crore (Swiss Francs 35 million), a move that will pave way for the company to enter the European and Gulf markets.

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·PT Madhucon Indonesia, a subsidiary of the Hyderabad-based infrastructure company Madhucon Projects Ltd, has been granted a new coal mining business permit for exploration of 30,970 hectares at Mauraduwa in south Sumatra, Indonesia.

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Oil & Gas

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·GAIL India plans to transit 21 per cent more natural gas through its pipelines at 114.8 million cubic meters per day in 2010-11 fiscal. The company in a press statement that it has set a target of transmitting 114.8 mmscmd of natural gas from domestic fields and imported LNG in 2010-11 fiscal as opposed to moving 94.8 mmscmd during current fiscal.

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Capital Goods

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·McNally Bharat Engineering Company has bagged an order worth Rs 173.2 crore for works at Mahanadi Coalfields in Sambalpur, Orissa. This is the third order that the company has bagged within a week, the first two being from NPCC and SAIL.

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·Larsen & Toubro (L&T) has bagged a project worth Rs 2,035 crore from ONGC Mangalore Petrochemicals Ltd to set up an aromatics complex at Mangalore special economic zone.

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Automobile.

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·Mahindra & Mahindra has joined the long list of corporate houses looking to obtain a banking licence after the finance minister’s budget speech revealed that banking regulator RBI was planning to allow more players in the sector. A top executive of the $6.3-billion group that it was planning to seek a banking licence for its non-banking finance company Mahindra & Mahindra Financial Services (MMFSL).

Take Control Of Your Golden Years Financial Planning Final Part:)

Continuing the final part 🙂

Sumit’s colleague, Ankit, who is 30 years old, commences his retirement planning at the same time. Given that he also aims to retire at the age of 60 years, he has an investment horizon of 30 years. Assuming, like Sumit, he invests Rs 50,000 every month @ 10% per annum, he will accumulate Rs 11.30 crore at retirement. On the same lines, Piyush, Sumit’s other colleague, commences investing at the age of 35 with an investment horizon of 25 years to accumulate Rs 6.63 crore at the age of 60 years (at Rs 50,000 per month @ 10% per annum).

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Given that all three of them have the same monthly investment (Rs 50,000), which is invested at the same rate (10% per annum), the difference can be attributed completely to Sumit’s early start vis-à-vis his colleagues. Ankit who has an investment tenure that is lower than Sumit’s by only 5 years accumulates a corpus that is nearly 40% lower than Sumit’s. Piyush, whose investment tenure is lower than Sumit’s by 10 years, accumulates approx 65% lower than him on retirement. A 5-Yr delay in retirement planning sounds like a small difference, but the power of compounding magnifies it to gigantic proportions.

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CHALK OUT YOUR CORPUS 🙂

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You’ll have to keep a realistic goal that you can realise in the time you have. Don’t expect that the zeroes will multiply automatically in your savings. See how much you can afford to save every month. Of course, if you start at a late age you will have to increase your savings substantially, so cut down on any superfluous expenses.

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Prepare a budget which lists what you spend on necessities so that you know how much your monthly/annual expenditure will be in the future. Account for inflation too. Keep a rough estimate of 7-8% inflation every year. Also, consider expenses that are bound to increase, such as medical and transport expenses. Then again, calculate the expenses that may cease to exist, such as your children’s education.

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DON’T TOUCH THOSE SAVINGS

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More often than not, people have combined savings, that is, they save money for all their financial goals together— retirement, children’s education, their marriage, buying a home, etc. Invariably, you spend more on your initial financial goal and end up depleting your savings. By the time you retire, you have barely any money left. Overcome this obstacle.

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Build your retirement corpus separately, and do not touch it. It’s always better to earmark the time period for your goals and make separate portfolios for each of these goals. For instance, your children’s education may be a short-term goal (compared with retirement, that is). Since retirement is a long-term goal, if you are starting early you can afford to take risks and invest primarily in equities. But if retirement is a short-term goal, that is, only 5 years away, you won’t be able to take any risks. You’ll be more concerned about security. In that case, invest primarily in debt instruments.

MAKE A PLAN

Before you embark on saving for retirement, you must have a plan in place. While a plan may sound fancy and even intimidating, rest assured it is not all that complicated. Your retirement plan is simply your wish list of how you wish to spend your twilight years. Among other expenses, when you plan for retirement, you must make it a point to set aside money for medical expenses and contingencies, as any retirement plan without them is incomplete.

While you have to decide how you wish to lead your life in retirement, your financial planner will help  you translate that dream in numbers. He will put a number to everything i.e. your dream house, vehicle, post-retirement income, medical expenses and contingencies among other inputs. He will tell you how much you need to save and where to invest your savings so as to achieve your retirement corpus. In other words, he will outline a roadmap and more importantly, will implement the same for you.

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TRACK AND REVIEW YOUR PLAN

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Once the plan is outlined and implemented you have to still ensure that you are on track at all times to meet your targeted return at the desired level of risk. This calls for a periodic review of your investment plan. Over time as you approach retirement; reduce allocation to risky assets like stocks and/or equity funds in favour of more conservative avenues like fixed deposits.

The future is closer than you think. Pick targets early and give them the right kind of support to take control of those golden years.

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For any financial planning queries, email us at financialplanning@smcwealth.com

How To Get Started in Online Investing? Final Part

Hello Friends here we come up with an extension of our previous blog “How To Get Started in Online Investing?” Part 1.

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How To Get Started in Online Investing?

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In previous blog, we have touched upon the questions, any beginner investors do have in their mind while going for investing.

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At the same time we had also tried to look in previous blog that what is Online Trading, resources needed first of all to invest online, few steps to start investing online and how SMC ONLINE helps investors in reaping the benefits of online trading.

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In this Blog, we would try to discuss about what are the further steps an investors need to take once the initial registrations are done with.

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Once the registration formalities are done with, you would be required to load your online investing trading account with funds.

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Once Funds would be deposited you would need to look out for the stocks on which you would like to invest prima facie.

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One thing you should bear in mind that before investing, you should do the in-depth research about the company’s profile, performances and services.

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In this respect investing firms like SMC ONLINE comes to your rescue usually by helping you with their excellent research support, stocks recommendations and quality statistics.

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These things are really very important while you invest in buying the shares of any company.

As a wise investor you should keep your eyes open, and don’t blindly trust anyone.

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Another very important thing is RISK FACTOR.

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You’ll have to take the risk in terms of investing your money in the stock market.

Stock market is a bit similar to gambling.

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But there is a big difference between the risk and calculated risk.

For a beginner, you should only go for calculated risk.

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Don’t put your entire money in terms of buying the shares of a new company, even if the future potential of that company seems very high.

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Start slowly, understand the market, earn some decent amount of money first of all and then go for big trading.

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Once you have gotten started, you should start by learning a little bit about chart reading.

If you can read the charts you will have a good idea what is going on.

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And as I said earlier, I would conclude this topic by saying that any beginner investor should look for a broker firm that gives good value for money with their commission fees.

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Stay Tuned for more and more on this 🙂

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However For More latest Industry,Stock Market and Economy News Updates, Click Here